Testimony in the Trial of Gabriel, 6 October 1800.
The trial of Gabriel
Ben- Gabriel was appointed Captain at first consultation respecting
the Insurrection and afterwards when he had enlisted a number of men was
appointed General- That they were to kill Mr Prosser Mr. Mosby and all
the neighbours, and then proceed to Richmond, where they would kill
every body, take the treasury, and divide the money amongst his Soldiers
after which he would fortify Richmond, and proceed to discipline his
men, as he apprehended force would be raised elsewhere to repel him-
That if the White people agreed to their freedom they would then hoist a
White flag, and He would dine and drink with the merchants of the City,
on the day when it should be so agreed to- Gabriel enlisted a number
Mrs Prices John-
He saw the prisoner at a meeting who gave a general invitation to the negro men to attend at the Spring to drink Grog- That when there he mentioned the Insurrection, and proposed that all present should join him in the same, and meet in 3 weeks for the purpose of carrying the same into effect, and injoined several of the negroes then present to use the best of their endeavours in enlisting men, and to meeting according to the time appointed-
The prisoner was present at the meeting at Mr Youngs who came to get persons to join him to carry on the War against the white people- That after meeting they adjourned to the spring and held a consultation when it was concluded that in 3 Weeks the business hsould commence- Gabriel said he had 12 dozen of swords made, and had worn out 2 pair of Bullet moulds in runing bullets, and pulling a third pair of his pocket observed that was nearly worn out- That Bob Cooley and Mr Tinsleys Jim was to let them into the Capitol to get the arms out- That the lower part of the town towards Rocketts was to be fired, which would draw forth the Citizens (that part of the town being of little value) this would give an opportunity to the negro's to seize on the arms and ammunition, and then they would commence the attack upon them- After the Assembling of the negroes near Prossers and previous to their coming to Richmond a Company was to be sent to Gregories Tavern to take possession of some arms there Deposited- The prisoner said at the time of meeting the witness at Mr. Youngs, that he had the evening before received six Guns, one of which he had delivered to Colonel Wilkinson's Sam- That he was present when Gabriel was appointed General and George Smith second in Command That none were to be spared of the Whites, except quakers Methodists and French people- The prisoner and Gilbert concluded to purchase a piece of Silk for a flag on which they would have written death or liberty, and they would kill all except as before excepted unless they agreed to the freedom of the Blacks, in which case they would at least cut off one of their Arms- That the prisoner told the Witness that Bob Cooley had told him if he would call on him about a week before the time of the Insurrection, he would untie the Key of the room in which the Arms and Ammunition were kept at the Capitol and give it to him or if he did not come, then on the night of the Insurrection being commenced he would hand him Arms out as fast as he could arm his men, and that he had on s sunday previous to this been shown by Cooley every room in the Capitol.
Ben Woolfolk- The Witness and others in company with the prisoner at Mr. Youngs communicates the insurrection they said they would join- On his way to Caroline he fell in with the prisoner at the bridge (called Littlepages)-He enquired about the business and how they were to get Arms which being mentioned he said he would certainly attend at the time and place appointed that he could and would be at the place of rendezvous by 12 OClock at Night-
by the prisoner. Who were present at the Bridge at the of the
Conversation above mentioned? Answer. George, Scipio, Edmund, Thornton
Trial of Randolph
The same Testimony as against Dick at Mr Youngs, he afterwards saw the prisoner at Hanover Ct House and informed him the time appointed for the rising he said he knew it before- he saw him the same day afterwards to Littlepages Bridge at a preaching where the Subject was again renamed and the prisoner said he would attend if life permitted- that two Negroes who were at the Meeting had threatened to Communicate the Insurrection to the White people were pursued by the prisoner & others on their return home with an intention as they said of putting them to death- but who when overtaken by them denied that they had any such intention-
[on reverse] Commth v. Gabriel &at. Testimony Oct 6th 1800 No. 11 Record vs Gabriel enclosed within
Governor's Office, Letters Received, James Monroe, Record Group
3, Library of Virginia.