The Library of Virginia

Mitchell's Editorial cartoons:

editorial cartoon

November 28, 1891

T. Thomas Fortune, through his counsel, T. McCants Stewart, L.L.D., both Afro-Americans, entered suit against Mr. Trainor, white, for assault and false imprisonment, when he applied at his hotel for refreshments. He was awarded $825 damages and counsel fees--$1016.23 in all.

Note the early use of the term: Afro-American.

editorial cartoon

December 1891

It has been ascertained that when two cars are provided for the coloured and white people respectively, often the white travel overruns that of the colored. The amusing spectacle is presented of white persons with scarcely standing room casting longing glances towards the car for colored people which contains only about two or three colored persons and plenty of room to spare. As the Separate Car Law provides that the races must not be together in the same car, the white brother has to put up with the situation.

editorial cartoon

February 27, 1892

The Following appeared in the Richmond, (Va.) Dispatch of Feb. 20th:

"A Caucus was held last night to consider the bill providing for separate cars for whites and Negroes, and decided by an overwhelming majority that the passage of the measure would be inexpedient.

The question was first agitated in the Powhatan Club. the Governor recommended a separate car bill in his message to the General Assembly, and Mr. Williams introduced the bill referred to into the House."

In the following cartoon the Democratic Party can be seen marching up to the table-land of liberal ideas and prosperity. The grave diggers with their shovels and pick-axes bring up the rear.

editorial cartoon

January 16, 1892

A Bill has been introduced in the Virginia Legislature re-enacting the Whipping Post Law. As to the prospect of its passage, the Richmond (Va.) Dispatch, one of the leading Democratic journals in the South says:
"Virginia will never set up the whipping post again. It has been tried in recent years and rejected. Those of our people who have seen a white man or woman hand-cuffed to a post and ;lashed until great bloody whelps furrowed the flesh cannot possibly wish to have that law re-enacted. It is a law unsuited to our times, since no discrimination can be made in its enforcement. You would have to whip the white boy as well as the colored boy--the white woman as well as the colored woman."

editorial cartoon

March 19, 1892

The recent brutal lynching of Afro-Americans in Arkansas has given that state a surprising notoriety for barbarity. Two of their victims were strung up to telegraph poles in front of the Court House at Pine Bluff, while another was burned alive at Texarkana, a white woman lighting the funeral pyre by pressing the torch to the victim's quivering body which had been previously saturated with coal oil. All died protesting their innocence. The following cartoon represents a Southern lyncher and Ku Klux applying at the old entrance to Hell, told he must enter by way of Arkansas.

editorial cartoon

February 2, 1895

The Crusade in England against lynch-law in the United States has not been without its effect, and the reaction has had a tendency to create public sentiment in this country against the atrocity.

In the following cartoon may be seen that Anti-Lynching Society in England with Miss Catherine Impey assisting, directing the cannon of public opinion against the outrages. The kings and emperors of Europe have their attention attracted, and are gazing upon the Southern States where the bodies of colored men may be seen hanging to trees.

Miss Ida B. Wells is lecturing to a crowd in the Northern States, while President CLEVELAND is endeavoring to call attention to the outrages in Armenia.

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