A GUIDE TO THE

Anderson-Latham Collection, 1777-1881 (bulk 1780-1850)

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The Library of Virginia
800 E. Broad Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219
www.lva.virginia.gov/

Processed by: Jim Greve
Date completed: 16 November 2000

Personal Papers Collection, Acc# 23634
Extent:   4.7 cubic feet

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Provenance:
Purchased from Mr. Percy W. Fuller, Baltimore, Maryland, 26 December 1950

Restrictions:
None

Preferred citation:
Anderson-Latham Collection, 1777-1881. Accession 23634, Personal Papers Collection, The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va.

Separations:
None

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

Col. Richard Clough Anderson (1750-1826) served with distinction in the Revolutionary War and, in 1783, the Governor and council of Virginia appointed him principal surveyor of the lands appropriated by Virginia for the soldiers of the Virginia line on state and continental establishments. The land was located in Kentucky and Ohio; hence Anderson established his office near Louisville. Upon his refusal to locate his office in Chillicothe he was relieved of his post as principal surveyor in 1819.

Allen Latham, a native of New Hampshire, settled in Chillicothe shortly before 1817 to practice law. In partnership with B.G. Leonard, he established an agency for soldiers' claims to land in Ohio. Latham married a daughter of Anderson and became executor of his estate, and no doubt acquired his papers.

Joseph Kerr (1765-1837) was a surveyor and land agent during the opening of the western territory. He served also as deputy surveyor of the Virginia military lands in Ohio. Kerr was very active in the business, political, and military affairs of Ohio.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

This collection concerns claims for military bounty land in Ohio and Kentucky which were awarded to Virginia soldiers and sailors of the Revolutionary War or to their heirs. The material is organized into the following groups: Richard C. Anderson correspondence, Allen Latham correspondence, Land Office military warrants, wills, surveys, subject files, Joseph Kerr papers, and oversized items.

SERIES DESCRIPTION

Series I: Richard C. Anderson Correspondence
Series II. Allen Latham Correspondence

The correspondence to Richard C. Anderson and Allen Latham is largely concerned with claims for land based on Revolutionary War service, especially the disposition of those claims. There is a large amount of genealogical information contained in the letters. Many times a descendant or acquaintance is writing to Anderson or Latham inquiring about the final disposition of the claim, and they also provide details on the veteran's military service. Also contained in the letters are comments concerning speculation in these lands, as well as political matters. Notable correspondents include Duncan MacArthur, Humphrey Marshall, Peter Muhlenberg, Timothy Pickering, and Thomas Worthington.

Series III: Land Office Military Warrants

The Land Office military warrants contain information on a particular claim to land, including warrant number, veteran's name, number of acres, length of service and in what branch, and date of the warrant. Many of these warrants contain assignments, or transfers, of the land made by the veteran or their heirs to other individuals. These assignments are noted on the back of the warrant. The warrants are arranged alphabetically by veteran's surname.

Series IV: Wills

There are a number of wills contained in this collection. Many of them are copies. A list of the testators, their residence, and date of probate can be found in the container list to the collection.

Series V: Surveys

The surveys in this collection were prepared by Anderson or Latham acting in their capacities as principal surveyors of the lands appropriated by Virginia for soldiers of the Virginia line of the State and Continental establishments. Many of these surveys were made for individuals who owned the property, not necessarily a veteran. The owner in many cases was an heir, or an individual to whom assignment had been made. The surveys are arranged alphabetically by owner's surname.

Series VI: Subject Files

The subject files contain a variety of material, including accounts, affidavits, agreements, assignments, bonds, circulars, declarations, deeds, depositions, estate papers of Benjamin Hough (deputy surveyor), land entries, lists of heirs, lists of officers of the State Line and Navy, powers of attorney, receipts, and suit papers.

Series VII: Joseph Kerr Papers

The Joseph Kerr Papers document his career as a farmer, politician, and deputy surveyor of Virginia military lands in Ohio. Included are accounts, agreements, Chillicothe Farm ledger, correspondence, lists of land warrants, powers of attorney, receipts, sales of cargo, suit papers, and tax receipts.

Series VIII: Oversized Items

The oversized items include accounts, assignments, circulars, deeds, a letter from Timothy Pickering to Governor Robert Brooke, plats and surveys, powers of attorney, and tax receipts.

CONTAINER LIST

Box Folder Contents
  Series I. Richard C. Anderson Correspondence
1 1 1780-1783
2 1784
3 1785
4 1786
5 1787
6 1788
7 1789
8 1790
9 1791
10 1792
11 1793
12 1794
13 1795
14 1796
15 1797
16 1798
17 1799
18 1800
19 1801
20 1802
21 1803
22 1804
23 1805
2 1 1806
2 1807
3 1808
4 1809
5 1810
6 1811
7 1812
8 1813
9 1814
10 1815
11 1816
12 1817
13 1818
14 1819
15 1820
16 1821
17 1822
18 1823
19 1824
20 1825
21 1829
22 1830
23 n.d.
Series II. Allen Latham Correspondence
3 1 1806
2 1816
3 1817
4 1818
5 1819
6 1820 (January-September)
7 1820 (October-December)
8 1821 (January-February)
9 1821 (March-June)
10 1821 (July-September)
11 1821 (October-December)
4 1 1822 (January)
2 1822 (February-April)
3 1822 (May-July)
4 1822 (August-September)
5 1822 (October-December)
6 1823
7 1824 (January-May)
8 1824 (June-December)
9 1825 (January-June)
10 1825 (July-December)
11 1826
12 1827
13 1828
14 1829
5 1 1830
2 1831
3 1832
4 1833
5 1834
6 1835
7 1836
8 1837
9 1838
10 1839
11 1840
12 1841
13 1842
14 1843
15 1844
16 1845
17 1846
18 1847
19 1848
20 1849
21 1850
22 1851
23 1852
24 1853
25 1854
26 1855
27 1856
28 n.d.
Series III. Land Office Military Warrants
6 1-3 Warrant Book
4 A
Allen, Daniel
Allen, David
Anderson, Jordan
Armstrong, Edward
Arnold, Charles
Arthur, Barnabas
Atkinson, Reuben
Avery, Billy H. (7)
5 B
Bacon, Ludwell
Bacon, Robert
Bailey, William
Baker, Richard
Barton, James
Baughan, William
Bayles, Henry
Bayles, William
Becknall, James
Becknall, Thomas
Bell, Ning
Bennett, John
Blackson, Pridax
Bland, James
Bond, Joseph
Bowdry, Lewis
Boyd, James
Boykin, Francis
Bradley, John
Brian, William
Briscoe, Reuben
Brown, Edmund
Bryant, William
Burk, Samuel
Burnley, James
6 C
Calfrey, Charles
Cave, James
Chilton, Andrew
Conner, William
Cooper, Hillary
Cope, Thomas
Copin, John
Cornelius, Josiah
Courtney, Philip
Coverley, Thomas
Crawford, John
7 D
Davis, James
Decker, Samuel
Dickie, William
Dillard, James
Dodd, John
Draper, Robert
Drummond, James
Dunbare, James
Dunn, John
8 E
Edmunds, Thomas
Elliott, Wyatt
Emmanuel, Henry
9 F
Farmer, Jesse
Fautz, Valentine
Finnie, William
Fitzpatrick, Solomon
Flournoy, Samuel
Fox, John
Fox, Nathaniel
10 G
Gaines, William Fleming
Galt, John Minson
Gibbs, Harod
Gladding, John
Goff, Philip
Gosset, John
Grattan, John
Graves, John
Green, John
11 H
Hall, John
Harden, Innes
Hargis, John
Harrison, Battaile
Hays, Daniel
Higginbotham, William
Holland, Drury
Hood, William
Hopkins, David
Hudson, William
Hull, Hopewell
Humphreys, John
Hungerford, Thomas
Hunt, Samuel
Hupp, Philip
12 J
Jarvis, Francis
Johnson, James
Johnson, Matthew
Johnson, Philip
Jones, Charles
  Jones, John
  Jones, Richard
  Jordan, John
13 K
  Knight, John
  Kouts, Jacob
14 L
  Laws, John
  Lawson, Robert
  Lear, George
  Lear, John
  Lee, Philip Richard Francis
  Lewis, Andrew
  Lipscomb, Thomas
  Lucas, Thomas
15 M
  Maddox, Claiborne
  Martin, John
  Mayfield, Henry
  Mayfield, John
  McCallister, John
  McDonald, Terence
  McDorman, David
  McFadon, James
  Menzie, George
  Middleton, John
  Miller, Thomas
  Mills, Moses
  Minor, Thomas
  Moon, Archibald
  Mooney, Isaac
  Moore, Jacob
  Morris, Nathaniel G.
  Moseley, William
  Moss, John
  Munford, William Green
  Muse, George
  Myers, Casper
16 N
  Neal, Charles
17 O
  O'Neal, Ferdinand
  Owen, Richard M.
18 P
  Parker, Thomas
  Paul, Edward
  Payne, Daniel
  Perkins, Joseph
  Perry, William
  Pettus, John
  Philips, John
  Pool, Baxter
  Powell, Thomas
  Price, Jacob
  Pullen, William
19 R
  Rains, Robert
  Ramsay, John
  Ray, Thomas (3)
  Redwood, John
  Resner, John
  Ritchie, Abraham
  Robertson, George
  Royall, William
  Rudolph, Michael
  Rumney, William
20 S
  Sailor, Martin
  Scarbrough, John
  Scott, James
  Scott, John
  Scott, John Eppes
  Sims, John
  Skinner, Alexander
  Slaughter, Philip
  Smith, Francis
  Smither, Benjamin
  Stewart, Charles
  Stewart, Robert
  Stokes, John
  Sublett, Benjamin
21 T
  Taliaferro, Nicholas
  Tannehill, Thomas
  Taylor, Archibald
  Tharp, Elkanah
  Thelaball, Robert
  Thompson, John
  Tolin, Elias
  Turk, Thomas
  Turner, David
  Turner, Isham
  Turner, Thomas
  Turner, William
22 V
  Vandewall, Marks
23 W
  Wade, Moses
  Walker, John
  Wallace, David
  Ward, William
  Wayland, Joshua
  Welch, Patrick
  Williams, David
  Wills, Edward
  Wishart, Thomas
  Wood, Benjamin
  Wood, Jesse
  Woofolk, William
  Wooten, Thomas
  Wright, John
24 Y
  Yager, John
  Young, George
  Young, Stephen
n/a Warrant Book, nos. 1 - 6730
Series IV. Wills
25 Andrews, William - Oglethorpe County, Georgia, 1821
26 Bell, Thomas - Albemarle County, 1800
27 Burgess, Dawson - Frederick County, 1799
28 Campbell, Robert - Brown County , Ohio, 1831
29 Gaines, Henry - King and Queen County, 1789
30 Hill, Thomas - King and Queen County, 1799
31 Holt, Thomas - Harrison County, Kentucky, 1822
32 McAdams, John - Northumberland County - 1784
33 McNeil, Hector - Petersburg, 1824
34 Miller, William - Caroline County, 1816
35 Snead, Sarah - Richmond County, 1833
36 Walker, Mary - Bedford County, 1820
37 West, Anna B. - Logan County, Kentucky, 1825
Series V. Surveys
7 1 General Instructions to Deputy Surveyors
2 Road from Foot of the Rapids of the River Miami of Lake Erie to the Western Line of the Connecticut Reserve in the State of Ohio (Field Notes)
3 A
  Ayres, Francis
4 B
  Bailey, Henry
  Barton, James
  Barton, Roger
  Baughan, William
  Bayles, Henry
  Bayles, William
  Bayles, William and Henry
  Belfield, John
  Bernard, William
  Bibb, Richard
  Blackson, Samuel
  Blackwell, Joseph
  Blanton, Richard
  Bowles, Knight
  Boyle, Hugh
  Brown, Aaron
  Brown, John
  Brush, Henry
5 C
  Campbell, John
  Carnes, Patrick
  Casey, Peter
  Cave, John
  Chambers, Joseph
  Clark, William
  Cochran, Robert
  Conner, William
  Cornelius, Josiah
  Crawford, John
  Culbertson, James
  Culbertson, Robert
6 D
  Dunbar, James
  Duncan, David
7 E
  Ellison, Andrew
8 F
  Farmer, Jesse
  Flecher, Henry
  Foster, Singleton
  Fox, Nathaniel's heirs
  Fulton, John A. (5)
  Fulton, William
9 G
  Gatewood, Andrew
  Gholson, Ann
  Grinter, John
10 H
  Hall, John
  Harden, Innes
  Hardin, John and Gray, David
  Harness, Joseph
  Harrison, John
  Harwell, Hartwell and Mitchell, Isaac (2)
  Hickman, William
  Holland, Drury
  Hulse, James
  Hulse, William
  Hunt, James
11 J
  James, Thomas
  Jeffries, Gowin
  Johnston, William (3)
12 K
  Kerr, Joseph (4)
13 L
  Ladd, Joseph & Benjamin and Norvell, Thomas (6)
  Landford, William
  Latham, Allen (2)
  Lear, John
  Lee, Henry
  Lee, Richard heirs (3)
  Lipscomb, Thomas
  Lucas, Thomas (2)
14 M
  McCormick, George
  McDowell, John G.
  McKay, Jesse (2)
  Massie, Henry
  Massie, Nathaniel
  Maupin, Gabriel
  Means, Robert
  Mires, Jacob
  Montgomery, Patrick
  Mooney, Isaac
  Moore, Robert
  Morgan, Daniel
  Moseley, William
  Moss, John and Fulton, John A.
  Myers, Stephen
15 N
  Nicholas, John
16 P
  Paul, Edward
  Perry, William
  Pierce, William
  Powel, Robert
  Pursell, Alfred (3)
17 R
  Ratliff, Francis
  Rawlings, Sealy
  Redwood, John
  Robertson, George
  Robinson, William (2)
  Rudolph, Michael (3)
  Russell, William
18 S
  Scarborough, John
  Scot, Maria Bella and William B.
  Shepherd, Abraham
  Smith, Obediah
  Smith, Samuel
  Smith, Simeon
  Snead, Sarah T.
  Stewart, Charles (2)
  Stokes, John (2)
  Sullivant, Lucas
  Swan, John and Taylor, James
19 T
  Tench, John (6)
  Thomas, Jesse
  Turk, Thomas
20 W
  Walke, Anthony (2)
  Wallace, David (2)
  Watkins, John (3)
  Watts, John
  Welch, Patrick
  Wilkins, William
  Williams, David (4)
  Woodson, Tarleton
  Wotton, Thomas
  Wyatt, Hubbard (2)
Series VI. Subject Files
8 1 Accounts, 1778-1852
2 Advice of Council re: Removal of Richard C. Anderson as Principal Surveyor, 18 February 1819
3 Affidavits, 1799-1825
4 Agreements
5 Agreement of Deputations re: Boundaries of Lands for Soldiers of Continental and State Lines, 17 December 1783
6 Appointment - Matthew Bonner, Deputy Surveyor, 1829
7 Apprentice Indentures, 1795
8 Articles of agreement, 1789-1821
9 Articles of impeachment against Calvin Pease, n.d.
10 Assignments, 1784-1837
11 Bonds, 1792-1823
12 Circulars, 1816-1845
13 Copyrights, 1806, 1814
14 Declaration of Thomas Glenn, n.d.
15 Declaration of James Orr, 1818
16 Declaration of William Stewart, 1835
17 Deeds, 1802, 1819-1853
18 Depositions, 1819-1832
19 Discharges, 1780, 1815
20 Estate Papers of Benjamin Hough, 1800-1820
21 Execution, 1819
22 Gregg, Daniel - Correspondence, 1858-1881
23 Guardian's Appointments, 1820-1821
24 Lancaster & Chilicothe Turnpike Company - Articles of Association, 1817
25 Land Entries, 1784-1816
26 Lists of Heirs
27 Lists of Item in the Collection
28 Lottery Book, 1784
29 Military Pass, 1777
30 Miscellaneous
31 Officers of the State Line and Navy
32 Patents, 1830, 1841
33 Potomack and Shenandoah Navigation Lottery
9 1 Powers of attorney, 1785-1819
2 Powers of attorney, 1820-1824
3 Powers of attorney, 1825-1848
4 Promissory note, 1819
5 Protests, 1818, 1820
6 Receipts
7 Resolutions, 1832, 1843
8 Return of Thomas Mathews' Regiment, 1781
9 A Roll of the Officers in the Virginia Line of the Revolutionary Army Who Have Received Land Bounty, in the States of Ohio and Kentucky, 1822 (copy)
10 Sale of the Lands of Col. Francis Muir, 1819
11 Stewart, Margaret - Relinquishment of Land, 1820
12 Stock Certificate, 1840
13 Suit Papers
14 Summonses, 1820, 1826, 1864
15 Tax Receipts, 1802, 1814, 1837
Series VII. Joseph Kerr Papers
10 1 Accounts, 1798-1820
2 Apprenticeship Indenture, 1799
3 Articles of Agreement, 1796-1821
4 Bills of Exchange, 1815
5 Cancelled Checks, 1812, 1815
6 Chilicothe Farm Slaughter Ledger, 1811-1812
7 Correspondence, 1788-1824
8 Deed of Conveyance, 1836
9 Letters of Administration, Estate of James Daugherty, 1798
10 Lists of Land Warrants
11 Miscellaneous
12 Powers of Attorney
13 Promissory Note, 1812
14 Receipts
15 Sales of Cargo, 1812-1814
16-25 Suit Papers
26 Survey, 1806
27 Tax Receipts, 1800-1814
Series VIII. Oversized Items
11 1 Accounts, 1812-1813 (Joseph Kerr)
2 An Act to Quiet Land Titles in the Virginia Military District Northwest of the Ohio River, 1842
3 Assignments
4 Bill of Fare, 1853
5 Claims for Property Lost or Destroyed While in Military Service, 1817 (circular)
6 Columbus and Xenia Railroad Company Bond and Coupons, 1850
7 Compensation of Benjamin Hough and Alexander Holmes as Deputy Surveyors, 1817
8 Deeds, 1806-1822
9 Letter, Timothy Pickering to Gov. Robert Brooke, 13 June 1795
10 Lists of Individuals Entitled to Bounty Land, 1821-1822 (circulars)
11 Plats and Surveys
12 Powers of Attorney, 1798-1823
13 Tax Receipts, 1813, 1818
Map Case G-14 Drawer 10 Plat and List of Lots Located Agreeable to Lottery on 5 July 1819

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