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Units and Unit Histories

Re-Union of Co. E, 1st Virginia Cavalry Booklet, 1911An ordinance passed by the Secession Convention on 17 April 1861 called into service volunteers to be organized into regiments, brigades, and divisions. On June 6, 1861, Governor John Letcher issued a proclamation transferring all the volunteer forces in Virginia to the Confederate States of America. Virginia's contribution to the Confederate cause consisted of more than one hundred independent artillery batteries, more than fifty regiments and battalions of cavalry, more than sixty infantry regiments, and various units of militia, local defense, home guard, and others.

How to Search the Catalogs:

Conduct a keyword or subject search heading in the catalog using the following examples of Library of Congress subject headings.

Confederate States of America Army Virginia Artillery Otey Battery
Confederate States of America Army Virginia Cavalry Regiment 1st
Confederate States of America Army Virginia Infantry Battalion 23rd
Virginia History Civil War, 1861-1865 Regimental Histories
Virginia Regimental History Series

Selected Published Resources

Driver, Robert J. 1st Battalion Virginia Infantry, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, 24th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers. Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, 1996.

Jackson, Harry L. First Regiment, Engineer Troops, P.A.C.S.: Robert E. Lee's Combat Engineers. Louisa, Va.: R.A.E. Design and Pub., 1998.

Wallace, Lee A., Jr. 1st Virginia Infantry. Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, 1984.

———. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861–1865. Rev. 2nd ed. Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, 1986.

———. The Richmond Howitzers. Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc., 1993.

Weaver, Jeffrey C. The Virginia Home Guards. Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, Inc., 1996.

———. Virginia Regimental History Series Index. 4 vols. Saltville, Va.: J. C. Weaver, 2005.

Since 1982, H. E. Howard Inc., of Lynchburg, Virginia, has published more than 200 regimental and other Civil War histories in its Virginia Regimental History Series. Searching under that subject heading reveals all of the titles. Individual regiments may be searched by name; e.g., 1st Virginia Infantry, 2nd Virginia Infantry. (Click Here for a List of Additional Titles)

Selected Manuscript Collections

John P. Alderman. Twenty-fourth Virginia Infantry Abstracts. Accession 28479.
Introduction and abstracts from the regimental records in the National Archives for the Twenty-fourth Virginia Infantry Regiment. The introduction contains information on the regiment's formation, regimental officers, brigades under which it fought, and campaigns in which it participated. The abstracts of the regimental records consists of a list of officers, a chronological record of events, and abstracts of individual service records arranged alphabetically as they appear on the microfilm. These service records include a muster date where available and a brief summary of the soldier's service. Only a fraction of the data in the service records has been abstracted.

Fourth Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Records, 1862–1865. Accession 41008. Miscellaneous Microfilm Reel 4363.
Records, 1862–1865, of the Fourth Virginia Cavalry Regiment including certificates, commissions, dispatches, horse and equipment valuation, invoices, letters, medical exemptions, oaths of allegiance, orders, petitions, and reports concerning military operations, supplies, and personnel. Many of the records are endorsed. Also included is a copy of the Preamble and Resolutions on the Hampton Roads Peace Conference adopted at a meeting of the 2nd Regiment of Virginia Cavalry (28 February 1865, Fredericksburg, Va.), written by Thomas Taylor Munford.

Sketch of a Richmond Light Infantry Blues Soldier, 1874Richmond Light Infantry Blues. Records. 1794–1933. Accession 29873.
Records, 1794–1933, of the Richmond Light Infantry Blues containing records of the famous infantry company, which was one the longest continually active militia units in the United States at the time of its disbanding in the mid-twentieth century. It entered Civil War service as Company A, 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment on 24 April 1861 and served throughout the war until its surrender at Appomattox Court House, 9 April 1865. Two of the eleven volumes pertain to the Civil War. Volume One is a record book of the company from 1794–1883, which includes minutes of its meetings, an early history of the unit, muster rolls, and a unit roster. Volume Four is a scrapbook for the years 1859–1866, which includes newspaper accounts, invitations, ribbons, and other memorabilia related to the unit.

Tenth Virginia Infantry Regiment. Records, 1861–1864. Accession 20295, 20296, and 20297.
Records, 1861–1864, of the Tenth Virginia Infantry Regiment consisting of three volumes. The first is a volume of morning reports that contain the number of men present for or absent from duty, and the location of the regiment. Also included is a volume of morning reports captured from the 4th Maine Militia Regiment at the First Battle of Manassas. The second is a volume of quartermaster records kept by Captain A. S. Byrd, Assistant Quartermaster. Included are monthly reports of forage received and issued, moneys received and paid, public animals, wagons, and tools in use, non-commissioned officers and privates employed on extra duty, and statements of accounts with the Confederate States of America. The final volume is that of guard reports for the regiment that include names of those on each relief of the guard, their station, the parole and countersign, list of prisoners, and various remarks.

William M. Tuck and the Third Virginia Infantry. Papers, 1861–1900. Accession 25188.
Papers, 18611900, concerning the military service of William Munford Tuck (1832–1899) of Halifax County, Virginia, as an soldier and officer in the 3rd Virginia Infantry, Company K. Accounts describe Tuck’s and his regiment's performances in Civil War battles from the Battle of Williamsburg until the Battle of Gettysburg when Tuck was captured and later imprisoned at Johnson's Island, Ohio. Includes negative Photostats of muster rolls for Company K, receipts for Tuck's pay, prison records and rosters, and Tuck's signature on the oath of allegiance.

History of Crenshaw Battery of Pegram's Battalion Booklet, 1904Virginia Department of Confederate Military Records, Series II: Unit Records, 1861–1993 (bulk 1861–1865, 1884, 1900–1918). Accession 27684. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Unit records, 1861–1993, of the Virginia Department of Confederate Military Records containing rosters, muster rolls, powers of attorney, special orders, descriptive lists of pay and clothing, notes, correspondence, certificates by company commanders, and other sundry items. These materials document Confederate veterans who served in the Virginia artillery, cavalry, infantry, local defense, reserves, home guard, Virginia State Line, and militia. There are both original materials from the Civil War and secondary materials gathered by the Secretaries of Virginia Military Records or the Adjutant General. For example, there are both original muster rolls and rosters compiled per the acts of the General Assembly in 1884 and 1900. There are often handwritten notes and rough drafts of rosters by Major Robert W. Hunter or Colonel Joseph V. Bidgood with each unit's file. The rough drafts of rosters simply duplicate the information contained in the Confederate rosters compiled by the department.