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Veterans and Memorials

Postcard of the Home For Needy Confederate WomenIn the aftermath of the war, a number of Civil War veterans' organizations came into being. The most extensive and powerful of the Union's veterans' organizations was the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), founded in 1866. In 1889, the Confederates veterans' formed the comparably influential United Confederate Veterans (UCV). Additional organizations, honoring those who served the Confederacy and assisting widows of Confederate veterans, were the United Daughters of the Confederacy, United Sons of Confederate Veterans, and the Board of Managers for the Home for Needy Confederate Women. Civil War veterans and their organizations had profound effects on Reconstruction and on state and national politics in the postwar period.

How to Search the Catalogs:

Conduct a keyword or subject search heading in the catalog using the following examples of Library of Congress subject headings.

Associations, institutions, etc. Virginia Civil War, 1861-1865
Confederate States of America Societies, etc.
Veterans Confederate States of America
Women in charitable work Virginia Civil War, 1861-1865

Selected Published Resources

Bernard, George S. War Talks of Confederate Veterans. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 2003.

Ferguson, Chris. Hollywood Cemetery, Her Forgotten Soldiers: Confederate Field Officers at Rest. [Alexandria, Va.: The Author], 2001.

Janney, Caroline E. Burying the Dead But Not the Past: Ladies’ Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.

Krick, Robert K. Roster of the Confederate Dead in the Fredericksburg Confederate Cemetery. Fredericksburg, Va.: Krick; Berryville, Va.: [distributed by] Virginia Book Co., 1974.

Ladies' Hollywood Memorial Association. Register of the Confederate Dead, Interred in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia. Richmond: Gary, Clemmitt & Jones, Printers, 1869; Xerox copy made 1970.

Library of Virginia's Online Confederate Military Dead Database: (Click Here for Online Access)

Markham, Jerald H. List of Confederate Veterans Buried in Hollywood Cemetery From Camp Lee Soldiers Home, 1894–1946. Lynchburg, Va.: J. H. Markham, 1986.

Mitchell, Mary H. Hollywood Cemetery: The Story of a Southern Shrine. With a new foreword and illustrations. Richmond: Library of Virginia, 1999.

Record of the Federal Dead Buried From Libby, Belle Isle, Danville & Camp Lawton [GA] Prisons, and at City Point [Now Hopewell], and in the Field Before Petersburg and Richmond. Philadelphia: J. B. Rodgers, printer, 1865. Facsimile reprint: Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1990.

Roll of Honor: Names of Soldiers Who Died in Defense of the American Union, Interred in the National Cemeteries. Vols. 12 and 16. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1994. Contains Union burials at Belle Island (bodies later moved to Richmond National Cemetery) and other Richmond burials. Check Index to the Roll of Honor for specific names.

Spratt, Thomas M. Men in Gray Interments. 17 vols. to date. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing, 1996–  .

———. Virginia's Men in Gray Interments (Outside the State of Virginia). 4 vols. to date. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing, 2001–  .

Selected Online Collections

Confederate Disability Applications and Receipts – applications to the Board of Commissioners on Artificial Limbs from injured soldiers.

Confederate Pension Application of Elizabeth A. WoosleyConfederate Pension Rolls, Veterans and Widows – searchable database of pension applications and amended applications filed by resident Virginia Confederate veterans and their widows.

Confederate Pension Rolls, Veterans and Widows Electronic Card Index – index to pension applications and amended applications filed by resident Virginia Confederate veterans and their widows. See also Database above—it may contain different information.

Application for admission of W. P. Collins, 1912 January 20Robert E. Lee Camp Confederate Soldiers' Home Applications for Admission

Index to Confederate Veteran Magazine – index to personal names of Confederate soldiers as they appear in the Confederate Veteran magazine published between 1893 and 1932.

Selected Manuscript Collections

Dept. of Accounts. Confederate Pension Records, 18841978. Accession 44105. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Confederate Pension Records, 1884–1978, of the Dept. of Accounts, include applications, correspondence, invoices, reports of expenses, card files, registers, and other sundry items. Series have been designated for Applications, Card Files, Certificates, Confederate Memorial Association, Correspondence, Funeral Expenses, Miscellaneous, and Volumes. This collection documents pension payments to Confederate veterans, widows, daughters, and servants. These records should not be confused with The Library of Virginia's Confederate Pension Rolls which should be searched before any examination of the Confederate Pension Records. The Confederate Pension Records differ from the Confederate Pension Rolls in that they serve as the administrative and financial documentation for the pension rolls. Even though there are pension applications for daughters of Confederate veterans within the Confederate Pension Records, the Confederate Pension Rolls are the best source for these types of records. It is these applications that provide the most extensive information on the Confederate pensioners. The strength of the Confederate Pension Records is that they provide information on maiden daughters or widowed daughters of Confederate veterans who received a pension from the state of Virginia. The Confederate Pension Rolls do not provide information on Confederate daughters who received pensions. In addition, the Confederate Pension Records document pension payments forty years beyond the documentation in the Confederate Pension Rolls.

Drawing of the Home For Confederate Need WomenHome for Needy Confederate Women. Records, 1862–1997. Accession 34092. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Records, 1862–1997, of the Home for Needy Confederate Women of Richmond, Virginia, include correspondence; board meeting minutes; charter, bylaws, rules and regulations; estate files consisting mainly of wills and court documents; Home histories; guest registers; various documents pertaining to state oversight of the Home; fund-raising literature; individual files and collective notebooks containing information on residents and applicants; bills and receipts; ledgers; audit reports; endowment fund and investment statements; copies of relevant state legislation; documents pertaining to various properties owned by the Home; general infirmary records and individual patient files; newspaper clippings; photographs and drawings; and miscellaneous other files, including a small group of letters written by Confederate President Jefferson Davis (1808–1889) and reproductions of the controversial "Dahlgren Papers." The Home was established to provide a home for needy wives, widows, sisters, and daughters of Confederate soldiers, sailors, and marines.

Souvenir Book of the Tulsa Reunion 1918 and Atlanta Reunion 1919H. Norton Mason. Papers, 1793–1968. Accession 27922. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Papers, 1793–1968 (bulk 1952–1968), of H. Morton Mason (1880–1978) including brochures, clippings, correspondence, editorials, medals, newsletters, pamphlets, photographs, postcards, programs, and publications relating to segregation, integration, conservative and liberal issues, Confederate veterans groups, Civil War history, and Virginia history.

Richmond, City. Confederate War Dead Buried in Hollywood Cemetery and Oakwood Cemetery Register of Interments in Confederate Plots. Microfilm Reels 112 and 121.
Records, 1869–1946, listing Confederate soldiers buried in Hollywood and Oakwood Cemeteries in Richmond, Virginia. The registers are arranged alphabetically by last name and include regiment and company numbers, date of burial, and plot number. Also included is a list of Confederate soldiers from Lee Camp Soldiers Home buried in Hollywood.

United Confederate Veterans. Records, 1932–1953. Accession 41777.
Records, 1932–1953, of the United Confederate Veterans including information on the forty-second annual reunion held in Richmond, 1932; a list of Confederate veterans and widows on the pension rolls in several states, 1940; and list of surviving veterans, 1953.

United Confederate Veterans. Records of the Forty-Second Annual Reunion, 1931–1932. Accession 36703. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Records, 1931–1932, of the forty-second annual reunion of the United Confederate Veterans, held in conjunction with the thirty-seventh convention of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, and the thirty-third convention of the Confederated Southern Memorial Association, in Richmond, Virginia, 21–24 June 1932. Robert T. Barton Jr. served as general chairman of the event. Includes correspondence, reports, lists, financial records, forms, and clippings concerning the preparations for the reunion by thirty committees with a staff of more than 600 individuals. There is a large amount of information concerning the housing accommodations for the veterans while they were attending.

General Order of Grand Commander Thomas LewisUnited Confederate Veterans, Virginia Division. Records, 1890–1903. Accession 23354. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Records, 1890–1903, including applications, bills, bylaws, clippings, constitutions, letters, minutes, programs, publications, reports, rosters, and scrapbooks. These records document the membership and work of the Grand Camp Confederate Veterans, Department of Virginia, before they merged with the United Confederate Veterans, Virginia Division.

United Daughters of the Confederacy Southern Cross of Honor. Records, 1900–1950. Accession 43275. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Records, 1900–1950, including certificates of eligibility, record of recipient's ledgers, and correspondence. The Southern Cross of Honor award originated in 1862 as an act of the Confederate Congress to recognize officers, noncommissioned officers, and privates of the Confederate Army. The award was later extended to men who, in addition to having a Confederate ancestor, served in the U.S. military.

Photo of the Civil War Centennial Center, Richmond, Va., undated.Virginia Civil War Commission. Records of the Virginia Civil War Commission, 1952–1966 (bulk 1958–1966). Accession 26215. (Click Here for Finding Aid)
Records, 1952–1966, of the Virginia Civil War Commission including correspondence, subject files, maps, minutes, photographs, publications, scrapbooks, site plans, reference material, films, and audio recordings created and collected by the Virginia Civil War Commission. The material documents the creation of the commission, its day-to-day administrative operations, and, most important, its efforts to commemorate Virginia’s role in the Civil War. Topics include commemorations; state, local, and national centennial committees; construction and use of the Centennial Center; exhibitions; film productions; and publications.

Raymond W. Watkins. Collection, 1861–1995. Accession 32384, 34604.
Collection, 1861–1995, of Raymond W. Watkins consisting primarily of lists of Confederate deaths and burials of Virginians throughout Virginia and in other states. These lists were compiled by Mr. Watkins from records at the National Archives, church, and private cemeteries, and battlefield and city burial grounds. Company and birth and death dates are often provided.