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Civil War Records in the Archives

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[-----], Andrew. Letter, 9 April 1864.
Accession 44127. 4 pages.

Letter, 9 April 1864, from an unknown Union officer named Andrew, stationed at Fort Scott, Arlington, Virginia, to his wife Sarah. The subject of the letter includes, the officer’s tooth ache and extraction, his wife’s tooth extraction and gold filling, being charged in error for light blue military pants, studying field and light artillery, and the 1864 election of William Alfred Buckingham as Governor of Connecticut.

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[-----], B. Letter, 20 April 1864.
Accession 50594. 4 pages.

Letter, 20 April 1864, from B. [-----], hospital, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, in Louisa County, Virginia, to his wife, possibly in North Carolina, regarding his work in the 2nd Corps hospital in Louisa County, noting one patient with smallpox, and commenting that the overall number of sick in the hospital is down. He wonders when fighting between the armies might commence. He asks about his children and adds that he has not received any letters from his wife.

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[-----], Charlie. Letter, 8 July 1863.
Accession 44129. 2 pages.

Letter, 8 July 1863, from Charlie [-----], a Union soldier at Fort Scott, near Alexandria, Virginia, to Emma in Litchfield, Connecticut, discussing the celebration in camp during the 4th of July and for recent victories such as the capture of Vicksburg and Battle of Gettysburg. He also discusses the removal of secessionists from Alexandria; Baltimore, Maryland; and Washington, D.C.

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[-----], Daniel. Letter, 26 March 1862.
Accession 42225. 4 pages.

Letter, 26 March 1862, from Daniel [-----], a Union soldier in General Alpheus Williams' (1810-1878) division at Strasburg, Virginia, to his mother describing his division's role in the aftermath of the battle of Kernstown near Winchester, Virginia, in which Union troops under the command of General James Shields (1810-1879) defeated a Confederate force commanded by General Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863).

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[-----], Fannie. Letters, 1889-1896.
Accession 38853. 10 pages.

Letters, 1889-1896, from Fannie [-----] in Nottoway County, Virginia, to her relatives consisting of news of her family, information on her crops and livestock, and news of people in Nottoway County including deaths. Letter, 23 July 1893, discusses the unveiling of the Confederate soldiers monument in Nottoway County, at which General Fitzhugh Lee (1835-1905) spoke.

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[-----], Frank. Letter, 8 June 1862.
Accession 51181. 4 pages.

Letter, 8 June 1862, from Frank [-----], a Massachusetts soldier, to his brother, informing his brother that he is headed to the hospital in Washington D.C.; commenting on rumors of the death of Confederate General Joseph Johnston at the battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks); noting that the Confederates have improved in their treatment of Union wounded and prisoners; and complaining about an address given by Massachusetts Governor John Andrews, stating that Massachusetts men are fighting for the Union, not to abolish slavery.

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[-----], George. Letter, 1 January 1864.
Accession 38864b. 3 pages.

Letter, 1 January 1864, from George [-----] serving in Company B, 6th United States Cavalry to his parents stating that his regiment along with much of the Army of the Potomac is currently at Brandy Station, Virginia; and adding that little campaigning has been done because of the wet, cold weather and muddy conditions, but that some Union cavalry is operating in the Shenandoah Valley. There is also a transcript of the letter.

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[-----], Henry. Letters, 1864.
Accession 42201. 10 pages.

Letters, 30 November-23 December 1864, written by a Confederate soldier named Henry [-----], in the Army of Northern Virginia likely in Chesterfield Couny, Virginia, near the Jame River, to his brother Tom commenting on Henry's homesickness and longing for the war's end, his sense of satisfaction at the sight of Northern dead, a Union ironclad assault on the Howlett Line, the general expectation of an impending attack by General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), attempts led by General Benjamin F. Butler (1818-1893) to construct a canal at Dutch Gap, thoughts on General William T. Sherman's (1822-1885) ongoing march to the coast, sounds of nearby shelling at Signal Hill, and his frustration at a recent order by General James Longstreet (1821-1904) regarding hair and beard length.

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[-----], Henry. Letter, no date.
Accession 44831. 4 pages.

Letter, 16 October (no year), from Henry [-----], a Union soldier possibly in a New York company, to Catharine thanking her for her letter and discussing picket duty, his attendance at religious meetings, arrest of a drunk provost guard, and other news.

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[-----], James. Letters, 8-17 May 1863.
Accession 44134. 4 pages.

Letters, 8-17 May 1863, from James [-----], a Union sharpshooter in Suffolk, Virginia, to Emeline, commenting on his broken rifle and the need to get it repaired, orders to destroy railroad tracks from Carrsville to Suffolk before Confederate forces can do the same, and the help that Chaplin Hyde has been to the morale of his camp. He also discusses harvesting of local fruits and berries and fishing.

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[-----], James. Letter, 11 July 1861.
Accession 44843. 2 pages.

Letter, 11 July 1861, from James [-----] of Fairfax County, Virginia, to his sister "Puss" announcing the arrival of a new son; help of a physician from the 6th Alabama Regiment; preparation of Confederate troops at Manassas, Virginia; military movements in Fairfax County; sharpshooters; and news of their father from Alexandria, Virginia.

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[-----], James. Letter, 26 February 1865
Accession 50163. 2 pages.

Letter, 26 February 1865, to James [-----] from Tait[?] in Richmond, Virginia, concerning the probable fall of Petersburg, Virginia, and the probable evacuation of Richmond to the Union army. The writer notes that there is Unionist sentiment in Richmond and many would welcome the Union army.

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[-----], Judson. Letter, 23 August 1862.
Accession 43330. 2 pages.

Letter, 23 August 1862, from Judson [-----] at the Mansion House Hospital, Alexandria, Virginia, to Sarah, writing about his health, taking care of the wounded at the hospital, amputations, and his weariness of the war. He also mentions the arrival of McClellan's Army to reinforce General Pope's Army.

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[-----], Lucen. Letter, 1862.
Accession 39592. 6 pages.

Letter, 1862, from Lucen [-----] in Richmond, Virginia, to his father, regarding the high prices of clothing and shoes, and his work and pay as a clerk in the Medical Directors office in Richmond.

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[-----], Nellie. Letter, May 1864.
Accession 40630. 6 pages.

Letter, 5-11 May 1864, from a soldier in the 33rd Battery New York Battery Light Artillery, 3rd Division, 10th Army Corps, who was sailing up the James River on the ship Rip Van Winkle and subsequently fighting between Petersburg and Richmond. Contains descriptions of the number of soldiers aboard ship, the James River and the shoreline along the James River, food and living conditions aboard ship, and participation in military operations south of the James River between Petersburg and Richmond. Sent to his wife (?) Nellie [-----] at an undetermined location.

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[----], Newton. Letter, 9 June 1862.
Accession 25656. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 9 June 1862, from Newton [-----], Ropers Mills, Virginia, to his brother Robert, describing action in the battle of Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, Virginia.

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[-----], Richard. Letter, 6 November 1864.
Accession 45224. 4 pages.

Letter, 6 November 1864, from Richard [-----], in the Officers' General Hospital Ward 2, near Fort Monroe, Virginia, to his wife Libby in Lynn, Massachusetts, discussing his stay in the hospital, other patients, his hope of receiving a leave of absence or of being transferred to a Massachusetts hospital, and his family.

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[-----], Rob. Letter, 19 December 1861.
Accession 38476. 3 pages.

Letter, 19 December 1861, from Rob [-----], a soldier in the Confederate cavalry camp at Centreville, Virginia, discussing Union General George B. McClellan’s (1826-1885) reluctance or fear to move the Union army and fight, reporting a rumor about England’s outrage over the removal of the Confederate emissaries Mason and Slidell in the Trent Affair, and commenting on camp life including the types of tents and building, the camp food, and personal gossip about people he and his sister know.

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[-----], Robert. Letter, 12 January 1866[?]
Accession 50327. 4 pages.

Letter, 12 January 1866[?] from Robert [-----] to his brother John about serving as a member of the provost guard for Winchester, Virginia. Robert comments that he is suffering from jaundice, but is getting better; notes that the guard arrested some cavalrymen for a disturbance in a barber shop; states that citizens seeking passes must take the oath of allegiance; and asks for a pair of boots. He provides a list of prices for goods in Winchester.

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[-----], Samuel. Letter, 15 December 1862.
Accession 38775. 4 pages.

Letter, 15 December 1862, from Samuel [-----] in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to his brother serving in the Union army, congratulating his brother on his promotion and requesting money to help settle an estate. He also laments the destruction at Fredericksburg, Virginia, but expresses his belief that General Burnside's campaign will ultimately capture Richmond.

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[-----], Thomas W. Letter, 20 April 1862.
Accession 38838. 2 pages.

Letter, 20 April 1862, from Thomas W. [-----] of the United States Navy to his mother describing a run his flotilla made to Fredericksburg, Virginia, to try to prevent Confederate forces from burning some vessels. The Navy had received information from runaway slaves, but the Navy was too late to prevent the burning, and that Confederate forces had burned other vessels and some bridges during a retreat. Thomas adds that the flotilla had captured other vessels on the Rappahannock River, and that Union troops, under General Irvin McDowell had arrived in Fredericksburg. He comments that the girls of Fredericksburg are very pretty and he regrets that the flotilla is returning to the Potomac River.

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[-----], Tom. Letter, 19 March 1863.
Accession 43818. 1 page.

Letter, 19 March 1863, from Tom [-----], a Union solder at Winchester, Virginia, to his mother, discussing a march to West Virginia to vote on the new state constitution, the illness of his father who is in the same company as the author, and the confiscation of a rebel wagon. Tom also requests socks, letter paper, envelopes, a necktie, and a knife.

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[Brooks?]. Letter, 6 December 1862.
Accession 38466. 2 pages.

Letter, 6 December 1862, from a Union soldier probably named Brooks to his uncle, stating that his company is stationed about 18 miles outside Baltimore, Maryland, protecting the railroad, commenting on the landscape, discussing the whereabouts of the Army of the Potomac under the command of Ambrose E. Burnside (1824-1881), and sending other news including information on the sick and dead.

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[Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 17th.] Extract from mss. history of the 17th Virginia regiment detailing the movements of the regiment in campaigns of 1863 and 1864.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5228. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Extracts from a history, December 1864, of the 17th Virginia Infantry, detailing the movements of the unit during the period 14 February 1863 to 25 June 1864. Entries describe the regiment’s marches through Fredericksburg, Petersburg, Ivor Station, Suffolk, Chesterfield County, Caroline County, Culpeper Court House, Winchester, Front Royal, and Washington County, Virginia, and into Tennessee and North Carolina. Topics covered include the weather, picket duty, skirmishes with the enemy, building fortifications, taking prisoners, and various battles in which the unit participated in at Suffolk, Glade Springs, New Bern, and Drewry’s Bluff.

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[Confederate States of America. Army.]. Records of the Virginia Forces, 1861.
Accession 29226. 7 reels. Microfilm.

Records of Virginia Forces, 1861, consisting of fourteen volumes of letters sent, registers of letters received, general and special orders, morning reports of troops around Richmond, Virginia, and unbound letters and telegrams received. Records concern raising and organizing troops in Virginia and Maryland, appointment of officers, construction of fortifications, dispatching of troops and supplies, the military use and defense of railroads, the capture and removal of machinery at the Harper’s Ferry arsenal, and efforts to defend Richmond and Manassas Junction.

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[Confederate States of America. Department. of the Treasury]. Tax returns, 1863-1865
Accession 22401. .375 cubic feet.

Tax returns, 1863-1865, from Bland and Wythe Counties, Virginia, in compliance with an act passed by the Confederate Congress 24 April 1863 “to lay taxes for the common defence, and carry on the Government of the Confederate States.” These returns were filed in accordance with the said act and the subsequent tax laws passed to amend and supplement it.

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[Lane, James Henry]. Glimpses of army life in 1864, 1890.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5320. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Manuscript draft, 1890, of article titled "Glimpses of Army Life, 1864," containing extracts of letters written between 5 February 1864 and 1 April 1865 by Brigadier General James Henry Lane (1833-1907). Letters were written while he was commanding his brigade at Liberty Mills in Orange County, Virginia, and near Petersburg.

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[Robertson, George]. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 25316. 14 leaves. Photostats (negatives).

Typescript roster containing the names of former Confederate soldiers from Petersburg, Virginia. Included are rosters from Company K, 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment; Company E, 41st Virginia Infantry Regiment; Wise’s Brigade; and Captain Edward Graham’s Battery of Horse Artillery (Petersburg Artillery). The collection also includes histories on Company K, 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment, and Graham’s Battery of Horse Artillery, written in 1909 by George Robertson.

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[United States. War Department]. Selected records of the War Department relating to Confederate prisoners of war, 1862-1865.
Accession 32800, Miscellaneous reel 1029-1033. 5 reels. Microfilm.

Registers of deaths of Confederate prisoners, 1862-1865, compiled by the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners (reel 1029-1030); and registers of death of Confederate prisoners, 1862-1865, compiled by the Surgeon General’s Office (reel 1031-1033). Information provided includes name, rank, regiment, company, where and when captured, date of death, cause, and location of grave.

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[United States. War Deptartment]. Rendezvous list, ca. 1861-1865.
Accession 23476ay. 4 pages.

List of rendezvous points, ca. 1861-1865, for troops from various counties in Virginia.

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[Unknown]. A list of Confederate States officers who are prisoners, held by federal authority, on Morris Island, S.C., under Confederate fire, from Sept. 7th to Oct. 21st 1864.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5249. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Register, 1864, of Confederate officers held as prisoners on Morris Island, South Carolina. It is organized by state, and then lists each individual’s name, rank, command, place of capture, and residence. There are also sections on prisoners sent to the hospital, those sent from Hilton Head to Beaufort, South Carolina, those that died on Morris Island, and those who were exchanged.

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[Various]. Virginia poetry, 1795-1892.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 4646. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Poetry, 1795-1892, by obscure or unknown Virginia authors, including poetry about family, love, nature, and the Civil War. Poets include: John E. Cooke, Judith Cordoza, William Duval, Louise Ellenjay, John M. Gregory, William S. Hawkins, William M. Holden, Joseph J. Lewis, Walter Leman, Hugh Ragland, Lucy W. Thweatt, and William H. Valentine.

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[Various]. Virginia banks collection, 1841-1879.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reels 4592-4595. 4 reels. Microfilm.

Business correspondence and documents, 1841-1879, from various Virginia regional banks, consisting of correspondence and documents related to the Clarksville branch of the Exchange Bank of Virginia; correspondence of Savings Institution of Richmond (1828- 1841), Pittsylvania Savings Bank (1861-1864), William M. Sutton & Company (1863- 1869), First National Bank (1865-1875), Merchants’ National Bank (1870-1872), Lancaster & Company (1874), Davenport and Company (1876-1879), and others. There are items relating to the Civil War, including financing of the Confederate army, civilian relief, and blockade-runners. Also contains William M. Sutton letters, including letter from William M. Read of the 1st Virginia Artillery describing earlier stages of the Gettysburg campaign. Also includes letters relating to the New York State Bank (Albany, N.Y.) and the First and the Second Banks of the United States, especially their Virginia branches, as well as applications to the First and Second Banks of the United States for branches in Fredericksburg and Lynchburg, Virginia.

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[Wright, M. J.]. Clippings, no date.
Accession 23476bb. 1 leaf.

Clipping, undated, containing transcripts of letters, 1861-1862, between General Robert E. Lee, General Stonewall Jackson, and Governor John Letcher. Entitled "Letters from Generals Lee and Jackson, Heretofore Withheld from Publication. [From the Richmond Whig]." Note states that the clipping was received at the Archives office from General M. J. Wright, 21 June 1879. Wright served as an agent for the United States War Department for collecting Confederate military records.

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Abell, Caspar K. Papers, 1862.
Accession 25243. 5 pages.

Papers, 1862, of Caspar K. Abell, Company D, 72nd New York Infantry, consisting of correspondence, roster of the 19th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Company K, and a blank muster roll sheet. Abell found the muster roll at a house in Yorktown, Virginia, and the roster on the battlefield near Chickahominy, Virginia.

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Albee, George E. Diary, 1864.
Accession 41695. 1 volume.

Diary, 1864, of George E. Albee, 3rd Wisconsin Light Artillery and Company F, 36th Wisconsin Infantry. Topics include camp life, troop movements, list of soldiers in his company, battle of Cold Harbor, siege of Petersburg, battle of Ream’s Station, imprisonment at Libby Prison in Richmond, and his exchange and return to Madison, Wisconsin, after visiting family in New Hampshire. Also includes a pass, 22 January 1864.

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Albemarle County (Va.). Circuit Court. Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1863-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Albemarle County. .01 cubic feet.

Albemarle County, Virginia, Reports of Indigent Soldiers’ families, 1863-1865, consisting of reports of agents providing support to the families of indigent soldiers. Also includes orders appointing agents to purchase supplies for the families. Reports record that funds were to be used for the purchase of corn and outline problems that the agents faced in procuring supplies and concerns about supplies getting to the the families in need rather than being used by the military.

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Albemarle County (Va.). Circuit Court. Military and Pension Records, 1785-1919.
Accession Local Government Records, Albemarle County. 2.45 cubic feet.

Albemarle County, Virginia, Military and Pension Records, 1785-1921, containing military and pension records documenting the military service of African Americans in Albemarle County from 1785 to 1921. Many of the records include personal information about individuals who served in the military, such as date and place of birth and names of family members.

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Albemarle Minute Men. Papers, 1863.
Accession 18355. 6 pages.

Papers, 1863, of the Albemarle Minute Men consisting of a letter, 28 June 1863, from four Albemarle County, Virginia, residents to Captain William Dinwiddie requesting that he call out his local defense company to help defend the town of Gordonsville from a Union attack. Letter was written in response to a request from the Confederate Secretary of War. Papers also contain a roster listing the names of Albemarle County residents, including Dinwiddie, who were part of a local defense force organized in June 1863 and identified as the Albemarle Minute Men.

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Alden, Seth H. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 42689. 11 leaves and 12 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, from Seth H. Alden of the 16th Maine Infantry serving in Virginia, to his family in Turner, Maine, including his father, Azel, sister Eunice, and cousin Losania C. Harris. Topics include troop movements, casualties, weather and landscape in Virginia, camp life and conditions, paychecks and supply costs. Alden also asks about home life and crops. Includes transcripts and partial transcripts for some of the letters.

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Alderman, John P. Carroll County Civil War soldiers records, 1861-1865.
Accession 28455. 266 leaves. Photocopies.

Carroll County, Virginia, Civil War soldiers records, 1861-1865, compiled by John P. Alderman consisting of typescripts of Confederate service records of soldiers from Carroll County. Many of the entries also contain additional biographical information gleaned from a number of sources. The entries cover “BA-BO.” The typescripts were copied from records in the National Archives.

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Alderman, John P. Carroll County Civil War soldiers records, 1861-1865
Accession 28474. 164 leaves. Photocopies.

Carroll County, Virginia, Civil War soldiers records, 1861-1865, compiled by John P. Alderman consisting of typescripts of Confederate service records of soldiers from Carroll County. Many of the entries also contain additional biographical information gleaned from a number of sources. The entries cover “A.” The typescripts were copied from records in the National Archives.

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Alderman, John P. Carroll County Civil War soldiers records, 1861-1865.
Accession 28475. 142 leaves. Photocopies.

Carroll County, Virginia, Civil War soldiers records, 1861-1865, compiled by John P. Alderman consisting of typescripts of Confederate service records of soldiers from Carroll County. Many of the entries also contain additional biographical information gleaned from a number of sources. The entries cover “BR-BY.” The typescripts were copied from records in the National Archives.

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Alderman, John P. 24th Virginia Infantry abstracts.
Accession 28479. 135 leaves. Photocopies.

Abstracts of the 24th Virginia Infantry compiled by John P. Alderman containing an introduction and abstracts from the regimental records in the National Archives. The introduction contains information on the regiment’s formation, regimental officers, brigades under which it fought, and the campaigns in which it participated. Abstracts of the regimental records consists of a list of officers, a chronological record of events, and abstracts of individual service records arranged alphabetically as they appear on the microfilm. These service records include a muster date where available and a brief summary of the soldier’s service. Only a fraction of the data in the service records has been abstracted.

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Alderson, Charles. Letter, 18 August 1863.
Accession 41956. 2 pages.

Letter, 18 August 1863, from Charles Alderson, Washington County, Virginia, offering thanks to a neighbor who had watched his son’s, Joseph Alderson, horse after he was hurt at the battle of Brandy Station. Alderson talks of retreiving the horse and asks if any Federal troops are in the area.

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Alexander, Peter Wellington. Letter book, 1864.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5228. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Letter book, 23 October - 13 November 1864, containing dispatches written from Richmond by journalist Peter Wellington Alexander (1825-1886) on various aspects of the Civil War. There are four weekly dispatches. Notations indicate that they were sent to London, England.

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Alexander-Baldwin-Bedinger-Briscoe-Morgan-Washington-Whiting family. Genealogical notes.
Accession 29436d. 50 leaves. Photocopies.

Collection consists primarily of materials relating to the Alexander, Baldwin, Bedinger, Briscoe, Morgan, Washington, and Whiting families of Jefferson County, Virginia (now West Virginia). Also contains the Civil War reminiscences of Mrs. William Fontaine Alexander of Jefferson County. Allied families mentioned include: Ball and Ranson.

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Alexandria Union Association (Alexandria, Va.). Minute book, 1861-1866.
Accession 14051. 1 volume.

Minute book, 28 August 1861-2 April 1862 and 21 December 1866, of the Alexandria Union Association of Alexandria, Virginia, consisting of the minutes of the association, list of members and some accounts. One loose page contains what appears to be a list of members’ dues.

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Allen, A. W. Letter, 7 August 1862.
Accession 38841. 4 pages.

Letter, 7 August 1862, from A. W. Allen (b. 1840) of Company I, 42nd Ohio Infantry, at the Cumberland Gap, Lee County, Virginia, to his father William Allen (1811-1892) of Madison County, Ohio. Allen details his regiment’s fighting in southwestern Virginia as part of the 26th Brigade, 7th Division, Army of the Ohio. He describes a campaign to Tazewell, Claiborne County, Tennessee, 26 July 1862, and the fighting during the Cumberland Gap campaign from 2 August to 6 August 1862. He also discusses the civilian reaction to the fighting. Allen’s regiment, the 42nd Ohio, was commanded by James A. Garfield (1831-1881).

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Allen, John Harvey Reminiscences of Civil War service, 1913.
Accession 32238. 6 leaves. Photocopies.

Transcript of reminiscences, 1913, of John Harvey Allen (1838-1913) recalling his Civil War service aboard the CSS Alabama from 13 November 1863 to 19 June 1864, when it was sunk by the USS Kearsarge in the English Channel off Cherburg, France. Reminiscences include descriptions of various members of the crew, life aboard ship, the sinking of the USS Hatteras by the Alabama, and an account of the Alabama's final battle with the Kearsarge. Also includes portraits of Allen and Rachel Murray Thompson (1846-1912).

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Allen, Littlebury Woodson. Diary, 1863-1864.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5228. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Diary, 18 November 1863-17 March 1864, of Littlebury Woodson Allen (1803-1871), while a prisoner of war at Johnson’s Island, Ohio, and Point Lookout, Maryland. Allen writes about the justness of the Confederate cause, his patriotism, family news, reasons for joining the army, prison conditions, lack of rations and water, mail deliveries, weather observations, illnesses and deaths of fellow prisoners, battle news and Confederate victories, preaching to fellow inmates, his opinions of various army officers, prison administrators, and Presidents Davis and Lincoln, attempted prison escapes, news from Union newspapers he reads, and rumors of prisoner exchanges. Allen also provides descriptions of the layout of both prisons. There is also a plan of escape written by him following the diary, as well as some letters written by his wife Ann Martin Allen.

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Allison, William H. Papers, 1861-1864.
Accession 23305b. 100 leaves.

Papers, 1861-1864, of Captain William H. Allison (1838-1904) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of passes, furlough papers, medical certificates and notices, courts martial, transfer papers, receipts, and other items concerning personnel of Company H, 25th Virginia Infantry Battalion. Also includes a note, 1896, with names for a possible reunion, an envelope, 1900, with addresses, and a typewritten list of locations of Confederate hospitals in Richmond, Virginia, in 1863.

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Almond, J. Lindsay Address 4 February 1961.
Accession WRVA - 228. 1 sound disc: digital; 4 3/4 in.

Address, 4 February 1961, by Governor J. Lindsay Almond, at ceremonies commemorating the 100th anniversary of the peace conference held in Washington, D.C. in 1861, sponsored by the Richmond Civil War Centennial Commission and the Virginia Civil War Centennial Commission. The ceremonies took place at the State Capitol, and marked the opening of the Civil War Centennial observances in Richmond. Almond discusses the history of events leading up to the peace conference, gives information about the delegates from Virginia and their positions, and offers his suggestions as to why the conference failed.

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Almond, Louise Ashby. Confederate Soldiers' Home: a report.
Accession 28966. 59 pages.

Report of Louise Ashby Almond (1911-1990) of Richmond, Virginia, concerning the Confederate Soldiers’ Home (also called Camp Lee Soldiers’ Home, Lee Camp Soldiers’ Home, R. E. Lee Camp Soldiers’ Home, or Robert E. Lee Confederate Soldiers’ Home) and the ownership of the land in the area around it.

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Alton, Benjamin. Letter, 2 December 1864.
Accession 44834. 4 pages.

Letter, 2 December 1864, from Benjamin Alton to Alonzo (1828-1878) and Marilla King (1832-1878) of DeKalb County, Indiana, concerning his enlistment into the 13th Indiana Regiment as a hired substitute, description of camp life and camp fortifications, and a report of the capture of a railroad south of Richmond, Virginia, by Union troops. In his letter, Alton directs mail to be sent to him in Company D, but the roster of Indiana soldiers states he served in Company A.

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Amelia County (Va.) Militia. Militia Enrollment Records and Unidentified Cash Account Ledger, 1816-1817, 1864.
Accession Local Government Records, Amelia County. 1 volume (84 pages).

Amelia County Militia enrollment records and unidentified cash account ledger, 1816-1817, 1864, contains a militia enrollment ledger, 1864, containing enrollment lists of persons eligible for militia service, including persons who applied for exemption from militia duty, persons applied to be detailed, persons exempt from militia duty on the basis of number of slaves owned or occupation, list of conscripts in Amelia County, and a list of free negroes. Lists include date of enrollment, name, age, occupation, birth place, height, eye color, hair color, skin complexion, and how disposed i.e, whether exemption was approved or disapproved, reason for exemption, whether detailed or not. Also recorded was a list of deserters and absentees in Amelia County, list of persons forwarded to Camp Lee in Petersburg; monthly reports providing lists of conscripts, persons exempt, and deserters. Loose papers include circulars requesting full accounts of all male free blacks, of all slaves impressed in the county; and a request to post notices as soon as possible. Also a list of names with numbers beside them, possibly indicating number of slaves owned. First 10 pages of the volume is a business ledger, 1816-1817, possibly of Benjamin Bragg of Amelia County.

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Ames, Lorin J. Letter, 3 November 1864.
Accession 43654. 2 pages.

Letter, 3 November 1864, from Dr. Lorin J. Ames (1815-1891), while serving as a surgeon at a field hospital in City Point, Virginia, to his son Henry D. Ames (b. 1857) in Mount Morris, Livingston County, New York. Subjects include the weather, hospital conditions, and the suffering of the wounded.

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Anable, Gloria H. Miscellaneous receipts, 1770-1783.
Accession 42663. 12 items.

Collection of Gloria Hollister Anable containing of several receipts signed by prominent Virginia statesmen of the 18th century which were collected by Union Chaplain Reverend Philander Hatch Hollister of the 29th Connecticut Infantry following the Confederate evacuation of Richmond. According to a note by the donor, Gloria Hollister Anable, her paternal grandfather found the signatures in receipt books in the Virginia State House and sent them back home to Stamford, Connecticut. Included are certificates signed by the following individuals: John Randolph, Charles Tompkins, Thomas Jefferson, John Montgomery, John Marshall, William Wirt, James Monroe, B[olling] Stark, Edward Carrington, Robert Vance, John Washington, and Richard Lee. Most of the receipts relate to wages received in the House of Burgesses, House of Delegates, Privy Council, etc. Includes a black and white photograph of Reverend Hollister and a photograph of the original framed receipts collected by him.

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Ancell family. Papers, 1788-1909.
Accession 38783. .225 cubic feet.

Papers, 1788-1909, of the Ancell family and related families of Fluvanna County, Virginia; and Ohio, containing accounts, articles of agreement, Bible records, a military commission, deeds, genealogical notes, letters, military orders, a plat, promissory notes, and receipts. Correspondence principally concerns Ancell, Pettit and Winn family matters and business transactions and the Civil War. Includes the Civil War letters, 1862-1865, of John J. Ancell (1831-1894) received from and sent to family members, friends, and other soldiers and concerning family matters, camp conditions, troop movements, and the weather.; and military orders written for John J. Ancell and a military commission from Governor Henry A. Wise to John J. Ancell. Collection contains Ancell family correspondence, 1840-1885, concerning family matters and family health and illness. There is also correspondence concerning John J. Ancell's duties as an officer of the Freemasons fraternal organization; deeds and articles of agreement, 1788-1837 for the purchase of land and slaves; a plat for land in Flouvanna County; receipts, promissory notes, and accounts, 1853-1861, of the Ancell, Pettit and Winn families; and trustee accounts of William B. Pettit for Mary E. Pettit (1796-1859). Collection also contains Bible records and genealogical notes for the for the Bugg-Shores, Ancell, and Winn families.

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Anderson Seminary (Petersburg, Va.). Papers, 1863-1864.
Accession 21158. 2 leaves.

Papers, 1863-1864, of the Anderson Seminary in Petersburg, Virginia, containing a letter from Charles Campbell giving the number of pupils in attendance during the 1863-1864 school year and reporting the death of a student; and an account of money, 1864, for subscriptions for purchasing shoes for enrolled students.

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Anderson, Charles E. Discharge papers, 1864-1865.
Accession 51016. 4 pages.

Discharge papers, 1864 and 1865, for Charles E. Anderson (b. 1843) of Captain Elias Powell's Company (K), 7th Regiment of West Virginia Cavalry.

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Anderson, Charles J. Recollections, 15 May 1864.
Accession 40085. 7 leaves.

Recollections of the Battle of New Market in 1864, by Charles J. Anderson. Anderson was enrolled at the Virginia Military Institute when they were called into battle at New Market, Virginia.

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Anderson, James Patton. Autobiography, 1865.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5370. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Autobiography, 1865, entitled “Autobiography of General Patton Anderson, CSA, 1865.” Autobiography details Anderson’s political life prior to 1861 and his service during the Civil War.

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Anderson, Joseph R. Papers, 1861-1867.
Accession 26167. 7 leaves and 2 pages.

Papers, 1861-1867 of Joseph R. Anderson consisting of insignia and the commission of Joseph R. Anderson as brigadier general, as well as letters from Robert E. Lee. The later concern Anderson’s war service, Washington Academy, and personal social matters.

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Anderson, Joseph R. Papers, 1846-1896.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 4348. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1846-1896, of Joseph R. Anderson of Tredegar Iron Works, Richmond, Virginia. Includes business correspondence regarding purchases of iron and munitions from Tredegar. Of note are letters and orders from the Confederate States Ordnance Department. Also includes correspodence with Robert A. Brock regarding the Anderson family genealogy.

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Anderson, Lucy London. Letter, 1 August 1932.
Accession 39257. 2 leaves.

Letter, 1 August 1932, from Lucy London Anderson (b. 1878), historian of the United Daughters of the Confederacy in Raleigh, North Carolina, to the editor of the Baltimore News. Anderson requests permission to write a column for the newspaper containing the biographical story of Civil War heroine Rose O’Neal Greenhow (1814-1864). The letter contains some biographical information on Rose O’Neal Greenhow.

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Anderson, Richard Heron. Letter book, 1854-1863.
Accession 36087, Miscellaneous Reel 464. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Letter book, 1854-1863, of Lieutenant General Richard Heron Anderson (1821-1879) containing letters sent from Texas, Utah, South Carolina, and for the Civil War period from Fredericksburg, Virginia. Includes a description of the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863.

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Andrews, John T. Letters, 1864-1865
Accession 50258. 26 pages.

Letters, 1864-1865, from John T. Andrews of Company D, 179th New York Infantry Regiment, at Petersburg, Virginia, to his family in Schuyler County, New York, describing camp life, fighting, and the siege of Petersburg. He comments on the weather, conditions, and deserters from both Union and Confederate forces.

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Anthony family. Papers, 1861-1870.
Accession 21606. .10 cubic feet.

Papers, 1861-1870, of the Anthony family of Bedford County, Virginia, including letters from Charles Lewis Anthony (1837-1922), who served in Company B, 10th Heavy Battalion, of Virginia Artillery, to his father Abner Anthony (1790-1884), his mother Almira Anthony (1820-1893), brother Pinkney Anthony (1843-1936), and sister Bettie Banks Anthony (1839-1914). Also includes letters from Pinkney Anthony, Charles Lewis Anthony’s brother and also a member of the same unit, to his father, mother, and sister. Letters give detailed accounts of military life, including a tour of duty at Jamestown, Virginia. Also contains letters from James Lewis Arthur (1834-1893) and Milton C. Arthur (1838-1864), brothers of Almira Anthony, who served in the 58th Virginia Infantry. Other letters are to or from other members of the Anthony family in Bedford County, and discuss personal and religious matters during the Civil War and Reconstruction.

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Anthony family. Papers, 1785-1952.
Accession 35647 and 35648. 4.95 cubic feet

Papers, 1785-1952, of the Anthony family of Campbell County, Virginia, containing letters, accounts and receipts, estate papers, and subject files. Letters are primarily to Charles Anthony (1793-1884), his daughter Callie J. Brandon (1839-1886), and his granddaughter Charles Anthony (1883-1966) and discuss family news, births, marriages, and deaths in the community, farming, travel, health, and the Civil War. Of particular note is a letter, 8 May 1862, concerning the Monitor-Merrimac battle. Estate papers include information on the administrations of the estates of William Black, Achilles M. Douglas, John L. Douglas, William Frazier, Charles Terrell, Christopher Urquhart, and John West, Sr. Subject files contain affidavits, bonds, commissions, and oaths, contracts and agreements, deeds, diplomas and certificates, depositions, an 1835 muster roll, obituaries, plats and surveys, poetry and lyrics, post office drafts, powers of attorney, promissory notes, genealogical information, school exercises, miscellaneous suit papers, summonses, and a copy of the will, 1801, of Elizabeth Anthony.

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EAD Guide
Anthony, Callie J. Letter, 5 February 1862.
Accession 41709. 3 pages.

Letter, 5 February 1862, to Callie J. Anthony (Brandon) (1839-1886) in Arnoldton, Campbell County, Virginia, from her cousin, a soldier at Camp Alabama, Dumfries, Virginia. The cousin writes that he is pleased at receiving her letter and talks about marrying in the spring. He also tells her to cheer up after hearing about her “blues” and asks about family news.

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Anthony, Charles. Oath, 29 May 1865.
Accession 39600. 2 pages.

Oath of allegiance, 29 May 1865, of Charles Anthony of Campbell County, Virginia.

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Apperson, John S. Apperson and Black diaries, 1847-1865.
Accession 28992, Miscellaneous reel 535-536. 2 reels. Microfilm.

Diary, 1861-1865, of John S. Apperson (1837-1908) detailing his Civil War experiences as a hospital steward in the Stonewall Brigade, transcribed by Dr. William G. Bean (1891-1974); and diary, 1847 and 1849, of Dr. Harvey Black (1827-1888), describing Black’s military service in Virginia and Mexico in 1847 and a private journey through (West) Virginia, Ohio, and Wisconsin in 1849.

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Archer, Fletcher Harris. Letter, 9 July 1862.
Accession 41182. 1 leaf.

Letter, 9 July 1862, from Fletcher Harris Archer (1817-1902), Petersburg, Virginia, attesting to the service record of J. O. Thomas, captain of the Isle of Wight militia.

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Archer, Fletcher Harris. Papers, 1861.
Accession 44962. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Papers, 1861, of Fletcher Harris Archer (1817-1902) of Petersburg, Virginia, and colonel of the Archer Rifles, consisting of a telegram, 1861, from F. A. Cairns regarding arms from North[?] Carolina, and a letter, 11 September 1861, from Thomas Whitworth concerning Archer’s farm, crops, and hogs.

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Archer, Robert P. Letter, 28 August 1863.
Accession 20907. 1 leaf.

Letter, 28 August 1863, from Robert P. Archer, major in the Quartermaster’s Department, to U. T. Jones of Richmond, Virginia, informing Jones of his (Archer’s) transfer and requesting that old accounts be settled.

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Arlington County (Va.). Circuit Court. Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected, 1863-1869.
Accession Local Government Records, Arlington County. 1 volume. (143 pages) and 1 microfilm reel.

Arlington County (Va.) Book of Records Containing the Marriages and Deaths That Have Occurred Within the Official Jurisdiction of Rev. A. Gladwin Together With Any Biographical or Other Reminiscences That May Be Collected, 1863-1869, is a marriage and death register kept by the Superintendents of Contrabands in Alexandria, Virginia, during and directly after the Civil War. Reverend Albert Gladwin was the first Superintendent of Contrabands and his successors kept up the register after his departure. The book records death, burial, and marriage information about freedmen and free blacks in the Alexandria area.

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Arlington County (Va.). Circuit Court. Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Arlington County. 1 volume and 2 microfilm reels.

Arlington County (Va.) Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865, contains general orders convening the court martial, lists of the detail for the court, special orders appointing new or additional members, and lists of the soldiers who appeared before the court. Information recorded for each soldier includes name, company, regiment, witnesses, summons sent to appear, date case commenced, date case finished, and date case sent to headquarters. The soldiers are all from Union or United States army units. Volume also includes [Census of the Black Population of Alexandria County], Surnames Q-Y and B only, 1865, recording name, color (black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon), sex, age, status, occupation, and number of district; as well as summaries and estimates by district numbers 1-8 and "outside city" of the numbers of persons in each of these categories.

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Arter family. Letters, 1864,1919.
Accession 33913. 10 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1864 and 1919, of the Arter family consisting of a letter, 23 June 1864, from Captain Albert Richardson Arter (1822-1897) of Company C, 143rd Ohio Infantry, at Wilson’s Landing, Charles City County, Virginia, to a friend in Hanover, Ohio, describing the army’s camp along the James River, fighting with Confederate troops, raids on and confiscation of rebel property including slaves, a raid on Sherwood Forest home of President John Tyler (1790-1862), and general camp life; and a letter, 20 February 1919, from Gilbert Michael Arter (1865-1941) of Hanover, Ohio, to George Sullivan, sending the letter by his father, A. R. Arter, and mentioning the raid on Sherwood Forest and items taken. There are transcripts of both letters.

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Ashby, John A. Descriptive list and pay and clothing account, 19 April 1864.
Accession 21654. 1 leaf.

Descriptive list and pay and clothing account, 19 April 1864, for Private John A. Ashby of Company A, 12th Virginia Cavalry. List provides Ashby’s rank; description; place of birth; date and place of enlistment; date and amount last paid and by whom; and other miscellaneous information.

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Ashby-Thornton-Dickerson family. Genealogical notes.
Accession 32179. 1 volume (111 pages) and 87 leaves. In part photocopies.

Genealogical notes of the Ashby, Thornton, and Dickerson families of Virginia, and includes information on the Camp, Fitzhugh, and Strother families. Collection consists of a volume compiled by Mary Ashby Camp (d. 1930) containing clippings, genealogical notes, a biographical sketch of Captain John Ashby (1740-1815), abstracts of letters and Bible records, and anecdotes concerning the American Revolution; clippings; a pamphlet concerning the death of Confederate Brigadier General Turner Ashby (1828-1862) written by Thomas D. Ranson (1843-1918); material related to Covenant Presbyterian Church, Petersburg, Virginia; and a fictional story by Alice Ashby Coghill entitled “Twice Captured,” concerning Culpeper County, Virginia, during the Civil War. Geographic areas in which the families lived include Culpeper and Stafford Counties and Petersburg, Virginia, and England.

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Aspinwall, S. D. Letters, 1862
Accession 44034. 1 leaf and 3 pages.

Letters, 14 March 1862 and 13 October 1862, from S. D. Aspinwall, a Union soldier, to his sister. Aspinwall’s first letter describes his trip to Alexandria, Virginia, where his brigade relieved General Oliver O. Howard’s men, and the building of a bridge near Alexandria and discusses encountering fugitive slaves from Manassas, one of whom acted as a scout for Union forces. Aspinwell’s second letter describes the weather at Camp Parole, Annapolis, Maryland, and his boredom with waiting to be returned to his regiment after being held as a prisoner of war by Confederate forces.

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Atherton, Arlon S. Letter, 7 June 1864.
Accession 45222. 4 pages.

Letter, 7 June 1864, from Arlon S. Atherton (1842-1922), Company I, 3rd New Hampshire Infantry, at Bermuda Hundred, Virginia, to Susan Caldwell (Atherton) (1846-1925) concerning fighting the regiment had been in and its casualties. Also comments on the regiment’s stay at Bermuda Hundred.

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Atkinson, Neville Lemmon. Reminiscences, 1978.
Accession 29947. 8 leaves. Photocopies.

Reminiscences, 1978, of Neville Lemmon Atkinson (1888-1988) of Fauquier County, Virginia, concerning trips from her home in Baltimore, Maryland to to her grandfather Richard Henry Dulany’s (1820-1906) house “Welbourne” in Loudoun County, Virginia. She describes life there and in adjoining Fauquier County, comments on family visits and horse rides, and relates some of her grandfather’s anecdotes about the Civil War when he was colonel of the 7th Virginia Cavalry.

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Atwood, White and Company (Philadelphia, Pa.). Letter, 1 February 1861.
Accession 41114. 4 pages.

Letter, 1 February 1861, from Atwood, White and Company, dry goods merchants in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to D. L. Hopkins in Lexington, Kentucky, referring to some business matters but principally concerning the view of Pennsylvanians for Virginians at the start of the Civil War. The author writes of the friendly regard of Pennsylvanians toward their border states and their irritation toward states further from Pennsylvania. He also writes his opinions on the Fugitive Slave Laws and the Republican Party, and the arrest of the Harper’s Ferry perpetrators in Pennsylvania.

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Augusta County (Va.) Circuit Court. Volume of Free Negro and Slave Records, 1866.
Accession Local Government Records, Augusta County. 1 reel.

Augusta County, Virginia, Volume of Free Negro and Slave Records, 1866, contains three separate records in one volume. The first is a List of Quarter Masters Stores etc., at Wisewell Barracks and Hospital (1865), the second is a register of former slaves registering their marriages and their children as provided for by the change to Virginia's marriage law (1866), and the final a list of indentures of minor freed children (1866).

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Avent, Tamlin. Letter, 9 March 1869.
Accession 33618. 4 leaves Photocopy.

Letter, 9 March 1869, from Tamlin Avent (b. ca. 1800) of Greensville County, Virginia, to Mary Jane Greenway Avery Smith of Warren County, Mississippi, discussing how things have changed in Greensville County since she moved away, and commenting on a plantation she still owns in the county. He also writes about the effects of the Civil War on his family, his plantation, and Greensville County. There is also a typescript copy of the letter.

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Avery, Daisy Lester. Papers, 1906-1982.
Accession 50052. 9 cubic feet.

Papers, 1906-1982, of Daisy Lester Avery (1889-1983) of Richmond, Virginia, including correspondence and subject files, mainly relating to her involvement with the United Confederate Veterans and the United Daughters of the Confederacy. The collection also contains letters of her son, James Thomas Avery, Jr. (1915-1981), while he was attending the Virginia Military Institute.

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EAD Guide
Ayre, Ellen. Letter, 19 February 1862.
Accession 37062. 2 pages.

Letter, 19 February 1862, from Ellen Ayre of Loudoun County, Virginia, to her friend Minnie, discussing mutual acquaintances, family news, including the financial troubles of her uncle William Benton (b. ca. 1821), her opinions on the Civil War, and inviting her friend to visit.

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Bagby, George W. Letters, 1865-1872.
Accession 43577. 24 pages.

Letters, 1865-1872, to George W. Bagby, Tappahannock, Virginia, from family, friends, and business associates. Include a letter, June 1865, from his nephew, Lewis R. Boswell, prisoner at Fort Delaware, regarding his ill health, diet, and asking for help in obtaining his release and that of Jarold D. Taylor. Topics of other letters include health, the estate of Nancy Radford, family, death of a family member in the war, and insurance.

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Bagby, John R. Letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 28675, Miscellaneous Reel 259. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Letters, 19 January 1862-20 April 1864, from John R. Bagby, while serving in the Confederate Army, to his wife, Bettie P. Bagby describing camp life, the life of a soldier, battle, and family events.

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Bahlmann, William F. Down in the ranks.
Accession 25783. 37 leaves.

Memoirs of William F. Bahlmann entitled "Down in the ranks" detailing Bahlmann's exploits while serving as captain of Company K, 22nd Virginia Infantry. Topics include Bahlmann’s military appointments and elections, company movements and relocations, troop engagements, and a brief history of the company. Bahlmann offers a comprehensive view of the life of the soldier in the Civil War through his description of camp life, food and supplies, death of comrades, interaction of Union and Confederate soldiers, health and medical care, and the battle of Droop Mountain. Includes a description of Bahlmann’s capture and imprisonment at Camp Chase, Ohio, June - July 1862. Record is a typed transcript. In 1970 the memoirs were published in the Journal of the Greenbrier Historical Society. The collection also includes a copy of the pamphlet, “The Battle of Droop Mountain” by Dallas B. Shaffer.

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Baird, William. Essay, 1898.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5314. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Essay, 1898, of William Baird of Essex County, Virginia, entitled “The Dismemberment of Virginia.” Baird’s essay recounts the events leading up to Virginia’s participation in the American Civil War with the Virginia Convention of 1861, other events which followed include the Campaign for West Virginia and the later admission of the state to the Union in 1863.

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Baker, Joseph W. Confederate service record, 1957.
Accession 24704. 1 leaf.

Confederate service record of Joseph W. Baker of Louisa County, Virginia, copied by his son J. G. Baker in 1957 from shorthand notes made in 1916. Record is of Joseph W. Baker’s service in Company D, 13th Virginia Infantry from the battle of First Manassas until Baker’s release from Point Lookout Prison 6 June 1865.

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Baker, Josiah L. Damage claim, no date.
Accession 43667. 1 leaf.

Damage claim, no date, of Josiah L. Baker (b. ca. 1827) of Frederick County, Virginia, concerning destruction done to his property by the Confederate army. Includes a list of the types of damages, and the estimated value of the items destroyed.

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Baldwin, Abel Seymour. Medical papers, 1863-1865.
Accession 31579, Miscellaneous Reel 896. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Medical papers, 1863-1865, of Abel Seymour Baldwin concerning Baldwin and his staff during the course of Baldwin’s time as chief surgeon and acting medical director of the General Hospital at Lake City, Florida. Included are copies of letters sent by Baldwin; and account book itemizing lists and costs of supplies, especially food supplies; a case book, and a furlough book.

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Baldwin, Luman E. Letters, 1863-1865.
Accession 41451. 8 pages.

Letters, 1863-1865, from Luman E. Baldwin, 16th and 121st New York Infantries, to his parents in New York. Topics include troop movement, battle of Salem Church (Virginia) during the Chancellorsville Campaign, his parents move out west, and a visit to Richmond after the war ended. Also included is a piece of grass that Baldwin took from Richmond.

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Banning, Mrs. Invitation, 20 December 1864.
Accession 38095. 2 leaves.

Invitation, 20 December 1864, to Mrs. Banning from the 14th Regiment, Virginia Reserve Corps, Confederate States Army under the command of W. L. Van Derlip.

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Barclay, A. Tedford. Civil War letters, 1861-1864.
Accession 28705, Miscellaneous reel 223. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Typescript copies of letters, 1861-1864, from A. Tedford Barclay (1844-1915) to his mother and sister discussing the activities of his unit in the Valley of Virginia and engagements around Staunton, Winchester, Stone Bridge, Manassas, Front Royal, Chancellorsville, Hogenstown, and Brandy Station. Barclay comments on camp life and conditions and on the death of General Stonewall Jackson and the changes in organization as a result and upon the assumption of command of the Union army by Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885).

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Barker, Moses. Letters, 1861-1865.
Accession 29385. 38 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1861-1865, of Moses Barker (1825-1865) of Company A, 38th Virginia Infantry, to his wife Sarah (Sallie) J. Barker (ca. 1829-1885) of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, discussing camp life, religion, his children, family news, and personal news. Barker describes picket duties, rations he receives, and religious services he attends. He discusses news of acquaintances in the army and asks after family and friends in Pittsylvania County. Barker offers advice concerning the education and upbringing of his children. He also mentions the battle of Big Bethel and fighting around Petersburg, Virginia. Collection includes a letter from Barker to his daughters Martha J. and Tabitha A. Barker providing fatherly advice. Many of the letters are nearly illegible.

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Barker, William James. Discharge, 21 April 1862.
Accession 24165. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Honorable discharge, 21 April 1862, for William James Barker (1832-1907) from Company E, 12 Virginia Infantry, due to a disability. Discharge is signed by Colonel D. A. Weisiger (1818-1899), commander of the 12th Virginia.

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Barnes, Thomas Rufus. Letter, 12 September 1864.
Accession 44377. 2 pages.

Letter, 12 September 1864, from Thomas Rufus Barnes (d. 1864) of Company K, 10th West Virginia Infantry, to his brother John of Ritchie County, West Virginia, detailing the action of the battle of Berryville, Virginia, fought on 3-4 September 1864. Barnes also asks how the presidential contest is going in Ritchie County and adds that he is a Lincoln man.

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Barry, William Farquhar. Letter, 18 April 1862.
Accession 45418. 1 leaf.

Letter, 18 April 1862, from Brigadier General William F. Barry (1818–1879), Chief of Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to Brigadier General Charles S. Hamilton (1822–1891) commanding the 3rd Division, III Corps, informing Hamilton that another battery had been ordered to report to Hamilton’s division.

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Bartlett, Chauncey Leroy. Letter, 14 September 1862.
Accession 41803. 6 pages.

Letter, 14 September 1862, from Chauncey Leroy Bartlett (b. ca. 1827), 6th Ohio Cavalry, to an unidentified individual. Bartlett writes about troop movements through Virginia, including through White Sulphur Springs and Manassas to Bull Run, burning enemy wagons and taking prisoners, skirmishes fought, and he gives his opinions concerning General Franz Sigel (1824-1902), slavery and abolition, and Southern independence.

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Barton, William Stone. Letter, 30 May 1861.
Accession 41184. 1 leaf.

Letter, 30 May 1861, from Major William Stone Barton, A. A. General to Daniel Ruggles, at Fredericksburg, Virginia, to Lieutenant Colonel John M. Homes, 45th Militia Regiment, referring him to direct his inquiry to Lieutenant Colonel W. J. Green.

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Barton, William Stone. Order, 30 April 1861.
Accession 43798. 1 leaf.

Order, 30 April 1861, from Major William Stone Barton, Fredericksburg, Virginia to Lieutenant J. K. Anderson at Acquia Creek requesting he return to camp with drummers and all music taken and report to officer of the day. Barton also includes instructions on drilling his men.

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Bates, James Allen. Papers, 1864-1868.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 4343. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1864-1868, of James Allen Bates of the 166th Company, 2nd Battalion, Veteran Reserve Corps, stationed at Hammond General Hospital at Point Lookout, Maryland, and of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands in Richmond, Virginia, containing letters, returnes, passes, orders, and rolls. Correspondence, orders, passes, returns, and rolls concern the Veteran Reserve Corps at Hammond General Hospital, including the 166th Company. Papers also detail Bates’ service in Virginia as part of the Freemen’s Bureau, and concern the administrative operations of the agency. There is also correspondence regarding Bates’ brevet promotions, efforts for a regular army assignment, and his order, while captain of the 43rd infantry stationed at Fort Wayne, Michigan, for Virginia bacon.

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Battey, Henry L. Letters, 1862.
Accession 41186. 6 pages.

Letters, 1862, from Henry L. Battey at camps near Charles City and Stafford Counties, Virginia, to his brother. Topics include troop movement, camp life, and nearby battles at Harrison’s Landing and Belle Plains. Also included is an order for medals and the names of soldiers from the 2nd Rhode Island who are to receive them.

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Battlefield Markers Association (Richmond, Va.). Records, 1924-1956. (bulk: 1924-1930)
Accession 24520. .45 cubic feet. Photocopies, carbon copies, photographs, and photonegative.

Records, 1924-1956, of the Battlefield Markers Association of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of a loose-leaf volume containing photographs and texts of Civil War markers erected in Richmond and the surrounding counties of Chesterfield, Hanover, and Henrico by the Rotary Club (markers were verified and photographed by the Richmond Civil War Round Table in 1956); minutes and resolutions of the Battlefield Markers Association and lists of trustees, donors, and aldermen; lists of markers, text for markers, and sketches for placement; drawings of marker designs and photographs of dedication ceremony for the battlefield markers at Walnut Grove Church (Hanover County); certificates of incorporation for the association and receipts; clippings and program for the dedication ceremony at Walnut Grove Church; and correspondence, 1924-1930 and 1954, concerning the design of the markers, placement of the markers, and other matters relating to the association. Correspondence is maily to and from J. Ambler Johnston (1885-1974), secretary of the association.

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Baugh, William Fielding. Letter, 4 December 1905.
Accession 34704. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Transcript of letter, 4 December 1905, from William Fielding Baugh (1839-1910) to William H. Stewart (1838-1912), concerning the Battle of the Crater which took place on 30 July 1864 during the seige of Petersburg. Baugh was a lieutenant in Company G, 61st Virginia Infantry. Original of this letter is located in William Fielding Baugh papers, 1861-1905, accession 45019.

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Baugh, William Fielding. Letters home, 1861-1865
Accession 41091. 1 volume (120 pages). Photocopies.

Volume of the transcribed letters, 1861-1865, of Lieutenant William Fielding Baugh, Company G, 61st Virginia Infantry. Letters are principally to his wife Mary Frances “Pinkie” Coker Baugh of Dinwiddie County and concern family matters, battles, casualties, military life, camp conditions, troop movement and placement, and the weather. Transcribed by Roy N. Cain in 2003. Includes a brief biography in the prologue, a few copies of letters and envelopes, and a photograph of his tombstone in Dinwiddie County, Virginia. Transcriptions published as Letters Home: Letters of Lt. Wm. F. Baugh CSA Co. G 61st Va. Infantry, 1861-1865 and also titled Letters Home: Presenting the Surviving Correspondence of Lt. W. F. Baugh CSA Co. G 61st Virginia Infantry ANV., 3rd printing. There is an updated 5th printing which contains more letters than located in this collection.

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Baugh, William Fielding. Papers, 1861-1905 (bulk: 1861-1865).
Accession 45019. .4 cubic feet. In part photocopies.

Papers, 1861-1905, of William Fielding Baugh of Company G, 61st Virginia Infantry, consisting of letters to his wife Mary Frances “Pinkie” Coker Baugh (b. 1842) and to his mother Amanda Caroline Rose Baugh (b. ca. 1816) detailing Baugh’s life as an officer in the 61st Virginia including descriptions of the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, and the Crater. Baugh records camp news, discusses family matters, and notes efforts to get leaves of absence. He comments on clothing, food, and supplies. Collection include some letters written by family members to Baugh. Most letters are published in Letters Home: Letters of Lt. Wm. F. Baugh Co. G 61st Va. Infantry 1861-1865 also titled Letters Home: Presenting the Surviving Correspondence of Lt. W. F. Baugh CSA Co. G 61st Virginia Infantry ANV transcribed by Roy N. Cain (5th printing). The following letters are not in the published volume: Amanda C. Baugh to William F. Baugh, 25 March 1861; Amanda C. Baugh to William F. Baugh, 15 January 1862; William F. Baugh to Mary Frances “Pinkie” Coker, [28 March 1862?]; William F. Baugh to Amanda C. Baugh, 19 December 1863; Virginius N. Baugh to William F. Baugh, 12 April 1864; H. K. Reid to William F. Baugh, 3 October 1903. The original of one of the letters dated 4 December 1905 is located at the Eleanor S. Brockenbrough Library, the Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond, Virginia.

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EAD Guide
Bayless, W. W. Letter, 16 December 1861.
Accession 50838. 2 pages.

Letter, 16 December 1861, from W. W. Bayless of Company B, 1st Tennessee Infantry, to his mother detailing his regiment's march from home, to Staunton, Virginia, and its final destination of Strasburg, Virginia. He describes Staunton and the surrrounding countryside. Bayless also mentions his plans to move to another regiment.

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Baylor, W. L. Papers, 1862-1883.
Accession 24868. 7 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1883, of W. L. Baylor (1825-1894) of Petersburg, Virginia, consistiong of: a commission, 5 February 1862, as assistant surgeon in the Confederate army from Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin (1811-1884); oath of allegiance, 6 April 1865, of W. L. Baylor; two letters, 7 September 1866 and 8 November 1866, from George A. Otis (1830-1881), assistant surgeon-general, to Baylor transmitting abstracts of cases treated at the Confederate hospital in Petersburg during October 1863 and June 1864; and a letter, 20 April 1883, from Charles H. Crane (1825-1883), surgeon-general, sending Baylor a copy of the Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, part III, volume 2.

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Baylor, W. L. Military order, 2 September 1864.
Accession 24952. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Special order no. 80, 2 September 1864, from the office of the senior surgeon to W. L. Baylor (1825-1894) temporarily relieving him from duty at the Confederate Hospital and reassigning him to other duties immediately.

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Beall, John Bramblett. Letters, 1861-1862.
Accession 43209. 50 pages and 2 photographs.

Letters, 1861-1862, of John Bramblett Beall (1833-1917) of Paulding County, Georgia, and the 19th Georgia Infantry, to his future wife Mary Jane Merrell (1841-1922), written while he was encamped near Lynchburg, Manassas, and Occoquan, Virginia. Subjects include his health, opinions of the war and leadership of the Confederate army, loneliness, homesickness, the sick and wounded men under his command, the disruption in mail service, future troop movements and engagements, and women’s aid in the war effort. He also gives a description of Lynchburg, and writes about his duties as an officer, lack of clothing and supplies, and visits with friends and news of fellow soldiers. He requests Merrell to write more, encloses poetry to her, and reminiscences about their time together. Also included is a 1904 letter concerning genealogy on the Beall family, as well as an unidentified tintype and a photograph of Beall when he was in his later years.

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Bean, Thomas. Reminiscences, no date.
Accession 40404. 21 leaves.

Reminiscences, no date, of Thomas Bean (b. 1833) of Easton, Massachusetts detailing his capture and imprisonment during the Civil War while serving with the 39th Massachusetts Volunteers. These reminiscences were apparently dictated to, and written by, an unknown individual. They begin with his capture by Confederate soldiers during the Battle of Weldon Railroad in August 1864, and detail his subsequent imprisonment at Belle Isle and Libby Prisons in Richmond, as well as the military prison at Salisbury, North Carolina. They include details of the searches to which the prisoners were subjected, rations allowed, descriptions of the buildings and grounds, and the conditions which they endured. A hand-drawn map of Belle Isle prison is also included.

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Beard, Eveline Medora Yeager Recollections, 4 November 1926.
Accession 30381. 6 leaves Photocopies.

Recollections, 4 November 1926, of Eveline Medora Yeager Beard (1852-1934) of Pocahontas County, West Virginia, describing her family’s life in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, during the Civil War, including details of the battle of Allegheny Mountain (Camp Allegheny) 13 December 1861 fought on the family farm, visits with Confederate troops encamped there, and encounters with Union forces operating in the area. Beard also provides information on her family during this time, stating that two brothers served in Company G, 31st Virginia Infantry. These recollections first appeared as an article in the Pocahontas Times 4 November 1926.

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Beard, William M. Essays, 26 July 1952.
Accession 50647. 15 leaves.

Essays, 26 July 1952, written by William M. Beard (1888-1976), Commander-in-Chief of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, and an unidentified author, on religion in the Confederacy. The essays were written in commemoration of the 91st Manassas Battlefield celebration. Topics include support of the Confederacy by various denominations, the suffering endured by their congregations, destruction to their churches, the clergy's loyal oratory and their service in the Confederate army, the spirit of piety in its troops, and the work of Archbishop Jean-Marie Odin (1800-1870), as well as the American Bible Society.

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Beauregard, G. T. Papers, 1862-1863.
Accession 21324. 20 prints. Photostats (negative).

File copies of letters and telegrams, 1862-1863, of General G. T. Beauregard (1818-1893) of Louisiana discussing the strategic importance of Corinth, Mississippi; his replacement in command of the western army by General Braxton Bragg (1817-1876); the military situation in the western Confederacy; Beauregard’s health; Beauregard’s comments on the defense of Mobile, Alabama, and Charleston, South Carolina; and his review on the possibility of retaking New Orleans, Louisiana, from the Union army; defects of Confederate iron clads. Also includes an invoice of ordnance and orndance stores.

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EAD Guide
Beauregard, G. T. Papers, 1862-1863.
Accession 22054. 3 leaves and 25 pages.

File copies of letters and telegrams, 1862-1863, of General G. T. Beauregard (1818-1893) of Louisiana discussing the strategic importance of Corinth, Mississippi; his replacement in command of the western army by General Braxton Bragg (1817-1876); the military situation in the western Confederacy; Beauregard’s health; Beauregard’s comments on the defense of Mobile, Alabama, and Charleston, South Carolina; and his review on the possibility of retaking New Orleans, Louisiana, from the Union army; and defects of Confederate iron clads

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EAD Guide
Beauregard, G. T. Letter, 19 November 1884.
Accession 26721. 2 pages.

Letter, 19 November 1884, from G. T. Beauregard (1818-1893) of New Orleans, Louisiana, to Barnet Phillips (1828-1905) of New York, New York, commenting on an apparent meeting with Phillips shortly after the burning of Columbia, South Carolina, in February, 1865.

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Beckley, Alfred. Papers, 1862.
Accession 38223. .25 cubic feet. In part photocopies.

Papers, 1862, of Alfred Beckley of Beckley, West Virginia, including a bible, diary, and parole. Diary, January- December 1862, includes information about Beckley’s resignation from the Confederate Army, his arrest and imprisonment at Camp Chase, Ohio, names of others confined with him in prison, his attempts to obtain a parole, his release into the custody of David Tod, Governor of Ohio, and then his return home. Diary also notes some of the battles that were raging in Richmond, Virginia, Fayette and Raleigh Counties, West Virginia, and includes some personal financial information. Collection also includes a transcript of the diary and Beckley’s prison parole, 18 June 1862.

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Bell, Charles H. Letter, 12 May 1863.
Accession 40760. 8 pages.

Letter, 12 May 1863, from Charles H. Bell (b. ca. 1842), 32nd Massachusetts Infantry, near Falmouth, Virginia, to his sister in Boston, Massachusetts. Bell writes about skirmishing with the enemy and the tactics used by both sides, the surrender of Confederate soldiers, and he describes the scene of thousands of Union troops waiting to cross the Rappahannock River. A transcription of the letter is included.

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Bell, Miller G. Letter, 3 May 1864.
Accession 50833. 7 pages.

Letter, 3 May 1864, from Miller G. Bell (ca. 1841-1880), Company E, 3rd New Jersey Cavalry, in Washington D.C., to his mother Rebecca T. Bell (b. ca. 1815) of Hunterdon County, New Jersey, sending news about himself and the regiment, including new of family and friends; asking for family news; discussing military life, including having to have his horse shot and being a body guard for General Ambrose Burnside; and speculating on his company's next movements.

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Benjamin, Judah P. Letter, 25 March 1864.
Accession 27341. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 25 March 1864, from Judah P. Benjamin (1811-1884), Richmond, Virginia, to A. H. H. Stuart (1807-1891), Staunton, Virginia, requesting that Stuart come to Richmond as soon as possible for a conference with Jefferson Davis (1809-1889).

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Bennett, Coleman D. Receipts, 4 March 1864.
Accession 38016. 2 leaves.

Receipts, 4 March 1864, of Coleman D. Bennett (1806-1870), Pittsylvania County’s sheriff, issued by C. P. Hyde of the Headquarters Engineer Department, Department of Northern Virginia for the delivery of H. A. Berger’s slave named Clanton and T. J. Hodnett’s slave named Isaac.

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Bennett, Edgar B. Letter, 13 November 1864.
Accession 50673. 3 pages.

Letter, 13 November 1864, from Edgar B. Bennett (1842-1918) of the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to Mary E. "Minnie" Marsh (Bennett) (b. 1849) of Connecticut describing the conditions in the lines in front of Petersburg, Virginia. He also notes that General William Sherman has captured Atlanta, Georgia, and is moving towards Charleston, South Carolina, and adds that it is the job of the army in front of Petersburg to occupy Robert E. Lee's army so that it cannot move against Sherman. He adds that he is disappointed in the presidential election. Includes ribbon bits.

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Bennett, Risden Tyler. Speech, 10 May 1906.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5258. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Speech, 10 May 1906, delivered by Risden Tyler Bennett to the Ladies Memorial Association in Charlotte, North Carolina. Main topics of the speech include the American Civil War, Battle of Chancellorsville and General Stonewall Jackson.

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Berkeley family. Papers, 1811-1897.
Accession 36355, Miscellaneous Reel 2. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1811-1897, of the Berkeley family of Aldie, Loudoun County, Virginia, containing correspondence pertaining to the following members of the Berkeley family: Lewis Berkeley, his sons, Edmund and William N. Berkeley, and Francis L. Berkeley. Other correspondents include Thomas Griffin, A.D. Ramsey, C.E. Smith, George G. Thompson, P.M. Thompson, Beverley Tucker, and William Waller. The letters are mostly of a personal nature, discusssing college life, family news, farming, politics, and the Civil War. Contains bi-monthly reports from the College of William and Mary, Virginia, for Edmund and William N. Berkeley.

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Berlin, Ira, editor. Records of southern plantations from emancipation to the great migration. Series A, Selections from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University, Part 2, North Carolina and Virginia plantations, 2001.
Accession 40490, Miscellaneous reels 2720-2745. 26 reels. Microfilm.

Collection consists of papers and records of postbellum tobacco and cotton plantations in North Carolina and Virginia, dating 1863-1915 and containing personal and family correspondence, store account books, rental account books, farm ledgers, legal records, cash books, and a diary. Contains information on the credit system that developed following the war, postbellum store owners and the accounts of freedmen, the Freedmen's Bureau, the southern labor system including African American wage labor, sharecroppers, the African American experience following the Civil War, African American politicians, slavery, abolitionism and abolitionists, and Civil War, Reconstruction and New South politics.

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Bernard, D. M. Order, 2 February 1865.
Accession 21315. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Copy of Special Order No. 31, 2 February 1865, issued by Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, transferring Private D. M. Bernard (1840-1894) from Company E, 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment, to Company E, 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

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Bernard, George S. Papers, 1861, no date.
Accession 31760. 7 leaves and 29 pages.

Papers, 1861 and no date, of George S. Bernard of Petersburg, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1861, from Pattie B. Cowles (1843-1885) of Petersburg to Bernard while serving in the Petersburg Rifles (later Company E, 12th Virginia Infantry) stationed in Norfolk, Virginia, describing life in Petersburg in the early days of the Civil War; providing social and family news and gossip; declaring the devotion of the women of Petersburg to the cause and to the men who have left to fight; commenting on Alabama and South Carolina troops which have passed through Petersburg; and stating that President Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) passed through Petersburg. Papers also include an undated speech praising the men and women of the Confederacy and their continuing contributions. It is addressed to “General and Confederate veterans” and was delivered probably to a group of Confederate veterans meeting in Charleston, South Carolina.

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Betts, Luther. Papers, 1864-1865.
Accession 25785. 5 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers of Luther Betts of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, including an order, 6 March 1864, for cavalry detail, and parole, 2 May 1865.

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Beverley, Jane Eliza Carter. Reminiscences, 1907.
Accession 34725. 6 leaves. Photocopies.

Reminscences, 1907, of Jane Eliza Carter Beverley (1821-1915) concerning her childhood at Kinloch, in Fauquier County, Virginia and adult life at Avenel, also in Fauquier County, Virginia. Includes information on Civil War action in the surrounding area, and her personal recollections of General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870). These reminiscences were transcribed by Robert Beverley Herbert (b. 1879) in 1907.

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Bevier, Isaac. Letter, 5 July 1862.
Accession 45071. 6 pages.

Letter, 5 July 1862, from Isaac Bevier (b. ca. 1842) of Company E, 44th New York Infantry Regiment, to his parents describing the the Seven Days’ Battles including Gaines’ Mill and Malvern Hill. He discusses the fighting and a flag that his regiment captured as well as news of camp life, including some souvenirs he and others have picked up.

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Bevier, Isaac. Letter, 15 September 1862.
Accession 45221. 7 pages.

Letter, 15 September 1862, from Isaac Bevier of Company E, 44th New York Infantry, to his parents detailing the second battle of Manassas (Bull Run), his wounding, and his stay in the hospital including work as a nurse. He also comments on the campaigning leading up to the battle of Antietam. Also includes a casualty list for the 44th New York.

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Beville, Ella. Notebook, 1861-1862.
Accession 30187. 11 leaves. Photocopies.

Notebook, 1861-1862, of Ella Beville (1847-1932) of Dinwiddie County, Virginia, containing an essay on the cause of the Civil War; obituaries for Anna Maria Beville (1842-1862) of Dinwiddie County and James T. Hardaway (d. 1862) of Lowndes County, Mississippi; poems written to Anna Beville from friends at Mount Liberty Female Seminary in Dinwiddie County; poems to Anna Beville written by Ella; and a list of names.

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Bidgood, Joseph Virginius. Letters, 1910-1911.
Accession 21445. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative)

Letter, 5 April 1910, from Joseph Virginius Bidgood (1841-1921), Secretary of the Virginia Military Records Office, to May C. Black (Amrhein) (1885-1957) of Richmond, Virginia, concerning the Civil War military record of Bernard James Black (1835-1892) of Petersburg and Richmond. Also, letter, 19 October 1911, from Adjutant General’s Office, Washington D.C. to Mary C. Black concerning the War of 1812 military record of Obadiah Hawkins (ca. 1770-1828) of Prince Edward and Nottoway Counties.

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Billingsly, Joseph. Letters, December 1862.
Accession 38567. 4 pages.

Letters, 25 and 26 December 1862, from Private Joseph Billingsly (1844-1913) of Company F, 137th Pennsylvania Infantry, stationed at Camp Eaton, Aquia Creek, Virginia, to his sister, Sarah Ann Billingsly (1841-1891) in Butler County, Pennsylvania. Billingsly outlines his military duties, describes the condition of his winter quarters, and discusses the weather. Billingsly also tells of washing clothes on Christmas Day and asks about his family.

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Bills, George. Letter, 27 April 1862.
Accession 38825. 1 leaf and 4 pages.

Letter, 27 April 1862, from George Bills (d. 1862) of Company C, 6th Vermont Infantry, camped near Yorktown, Virginia, to his friend Calvin in Vermont, commenting on camplife and soldiering. He states that the army is raising breastworks and that sharpshooters fire at anyone who shows his head. Bills writes that soldiers often talk about when they will be heading home and that he expects they will be paid soon. Bills also sends Calvin a power of attorney and some apple tree seeds. He asks Calvin to send a fine comb because of lice and ticks. There is also a transcript.

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Binford, William F., Jr. Autograph collection, 1812-1879.
Accession 45593, Miscellaneous reel 6076. 1 reel.

Autograph collection, 1812-1879, of William F. Binford, Jr. (1940-1997) of Prince George, Virginia. Collection contains signatures of prominent Confederate and Union military figures from letters, military records, legal documents, receipts, as well as clipped signatures. Also included is published biographical information for some of the individuals.

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Binns family. Papers, 1763-1867.
Accession 21485. 11 leaves. In part, photostats.

Papers, 1763-1867, of the Binns family pertaining to Thomas Binns of New Kent County, Virginia, and his descendants. Papers include birth and marriage information; a list of slaves owned by various family members; a letter from Charles H. Binns, Jr., a Confederate soldier in Captain A. J. Jones’ Company, Virginia Artillery Regiment, who was imprisoned at Point Lookout, Maryland; and a letter from Annie Binns concerning a Confederate Memorial Day service she participated in as a student at Virginia Female Institute (later known as Stuart Hall) in Staunton, Virginia, in 1867.

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Birdsong, James C. Reminiscences of Civil War service, no date.
Accession 31918. 8 leaves Photocopies.

Reminiscences of Civil War service by James C. Birdsong (1843-1918) of Petersburg, Virginia, and Raleigh, North Carolina, relating his enlistment in Company B, 12th Virginia Infantry, and his service in Norfolk, Virginia, where he witnessed the battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac, and in the battles of Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Chancellorsville, Spotsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and the surrender at Appomattox Court House. Birdsong also mentions his being a prisoner of war.

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Ruins of the Chancellor House after the battle of May 1-3, 1863, sketched by Blackford.Blackford, Benjamin Lewis. Sketchbook, 1863.
Accession 22177c. 1 volume. In part photographs and negatives.

Sketchbook, 1863, of Benjamin Lewis Blackford (1835-1908) of Lynchburg, Virginia, containing sketches of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, the ruins of Chancellorsville, Virginia, soldiers, and other landscapes.

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Blackford, William Willis. Memoirs: First and Last, or Battles in Virginia.
Accession 28058. 514 leaves. Photocopies.

Memoirs of William Willis Blackford (1831-1905) entitled "First and Last, or Battles in Virginia," are a typed transcript that detail, chronologically by campaign, the exploits of Blackford while serving as a cavalry officer with the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment under Jeb Stuart and as an officer with the Engineer Corps. These memoirs are very anecdotal, and were published in 1945 as War Years With Jeb Stuart (reprinted 1993).

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Blair, Luther R. Parole, 8 May 1865.
Accession 25662. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Parole, 8 May 1865, of Luther R. Blair of Wright's Battery, Virginia Artillery, signed by Stephen C. Fletcher, Danville, Virginia.

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Blair, William B. Letter, 9 June 1861.
Accession 23476x. 1 page.

Letter, 9 June 1861, from William Barrett Blair (b. 1817), Commissary General of Subsistence, to Colonel Robert Selden Garnett (1819-1861), Adjutant General of Virginia Forces, requesting twenty-five copies of General Order No. 25 for distribution to the officers of the Commissary.

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Blaisdell, George. Letter, 26 October 1861.
Accession 39598. 4 pages.

Letter, 26 October 1861, from George Blaisdell, Camp Griffin, Virginia, to [-----] Pitkin, regarding camp life and troop movements.

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Blanchard, Henry T. Letter, 9 November 1863.
Accession 40759. 2 pages.

Letter, 9 November 1863, from Henry T. Blanchard (1841-1864), 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, at Eley’s Ford in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, to his brother. Blanchard writes about recent battles with the enemy, including those at Brandy Station and Rappahannock Station, as well as the taking of prisoners, the location of various troops, and the cold weather. A transcription of the letter is included.

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Blanchard, Henry T. Letter, 27 August 1863.
Accession 42857. 4 pages.

Letter, 27 August 1863, from Henry T. Blanchard (1841-1864), 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, near Warrenton, Virginia, to his parents. He writes about substitutes and conscripts joining his regiment, some of whom cannot understand English, resentment by the troops over furloughs and details for duty, weather conditions, and a confrontation with Confederate soldiers under Mosby’s command. Blanchard also adds a postscript to his brother.

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Bland County (Va.). Circuit Court. Pleas, Board of Military Exemption Minutes and Board of Supervisors Minute Book, 1861-1896 (bulk: 1870-1896).
Accession Local Government Records, Bland County. 1 volume and 1 reel.

Bland County, Virginia, Pleas, Board of Military Exemption Minutes and Board of Supervisors Minute Book, 1861-1896 (bulk 1870-1896), document specific types of records (as noted) related to county court orders (such as the appointments of various Constitutional officers of the county) and exemption board rulings, 1862-1863, (related to permanent bodily infirmity) during the Civil War years when paper was scarce. Pages for these two sections are not numbered. The bulk of the volume, 1870-1896, was used as a Board of Supervisors Minute Book to record the various boards’ official duties. There are loose papers in this section between pages 224 and 225.

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Blanvelt, William L. Letter, 28 December 1861.
Accession 41458. 2 pages.

Letter, 28 December 1861, from William L. Blanvelt, Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to his brother. Topics include a recent battle at Dranesville (Fairfax County), weather, Christmas, and views on the war. The letter was written on letterhead illustrated with a portrait of General McClellan.

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Bledsoe family. Papers, 1814-1977 (bulk: 1846-1883).
Accession 30736. 73 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1814-1977, of the Bledsoe family of Fentress County, Tennessee; the Hinds family of Barren County, Kentucky; and the Conlee family of Washington County, Illinois; as well as from members of the families who settled in other parts of Tennessee and Kentucky and settled in California and Iowa. Letters consist mainly of social and family news of the three families. Of particular interest are letters, 1847, from William M. Bledsoe (1819-1847) to his wife Sarah Hinds Bledsoe (b. 1818) concerning his service in Company K, 14th Regiment, United States army, during the Mexican War, as well as a letter, 26 October 1847, from Marion Baylor Bledsoe (1820-1860) to Sarah Bledsoe informing her of the death of William Bledsoe; letters, 1861-1883, from John W. Hinds and James M. Hinds of Nevada County and Fresno, California, to Emma Bledsoe Conlee and Cora Conlee describing life in a California mining town and a growing city; letters, 1864, from A. J. Conlee of Company A, 110 Illinois Infantry, to his wife Emma Bledsoe Conlee and his daughter Cora Conlee, Washington County, Illinois, describing his life in the army; letters, 1866-1867, to Emma Conlee from her Bledsoe grandparents, aunts, and uncles describing the hardships the family suffered during the Civil War; and letters, 1977, from Cora Madsen, Detroit, Michigan, to Nancy Roberts, Panama City, Florida, containing genealogical information about the Bledsoe, Hinds, and Conlee families. Papers also include birth records for the Bledsoe and Hinds family, as well as abstracts of the family letters, excluding Cora Madsen’s letters to Nancy Roberts.

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Bliss, Lyman B. Letter, 16 July 1862.
Accession 50259. 2 pages.

Letter, 16 July 1862, from Lyman B. Bliss (b. ca. 1843) of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry to his sister-in-law Sylvia C. Bliss (1824-1901) of East Woodstock, Connecticut, commenting on the regiment's fight at White Oak Swamp during the Seven Days' battles. Bliss comments that he was not at the fight because of his health, which he elaborates on. He also mentions his brother Samuel (ca. 1827-1863).

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Board, Francis Howard. Letter, 11 February 1864.
Accession 41949. 2 pages.

Letter, 11 February 1864, from Francis Howard Board, Somerville Ford, Virginia, to Milton [-----]. Topics include Milton’s service, the substitute he hired, Ammon W. Dearing, and troop movements.

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Bock, Linda Wilkinson. Papers, 1848-1999.
Accession 42531. 7.7 cubic feet. In part Photocopies.

Papers, 1848-1999, of Linda Wilkinson Bock (1907-2005) of Charles City County and Richmond, Virginia, consisting of papers relating to the Linda and Frederic S. Bock (1909-); Bock and Wilkinson families; William L. Wilkinon (1861-1957); Reverend Charles Edward Stewart (1884-1965) and Eleanor May Deverell Stewart (1883-1971); Westover Church and the Episcopal Church in Virginia; and the history, politics, religious, and social life and customs of Charles City County, Surry County, and Virginia. Includes papers of William Fanning Wilkinson (1827-1895) concerning the Civil War and his loyalty oath, and papers concerning the Sons of Confederate Veterans.

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EAD Guide
Boggs family. Genealogical notes.
Accession 30602. 19 leaves. Photocopies.

Genealogical notes concerning the Boggs family of Accomack County, Virginia, descended from William Boggs (d. ca. 1718). Includes a biographical sketch of Francis Makemie (ca. 1658-1708) and anecdotes concerning the Civil War. Compiled by Myra Boggs with assistance from Dorothy Bonniwell.

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Boisseau, Mary Leigh. Abstracts of the proceedings of the Board of Exemption for Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 1862.
Accession 34697. 18 leaves. Photocopies.

Abstracts of the proceedings of the Board of Exemption for Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in 1862, compiled by Mary Leigh Boisseau of Danville, Virginia, in 1994, consisting abstracts of the minutes of the Pittsylvania County Board of Exemptions concerning the evaluation of applications of soldiers for discharge from military duty. Abstracts list the name of the soldier, application disposition (approved or rejected), and cause, if approved. There are handwritten corrections made by the compiler. The original records for the Board are housed in the Archives and Records Division of the Library of Virginia in Richmond.

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Bolton, James. Medical daybook, 1862-1864.
Accession 18791. 1 volume (154 leaves).

Daybook, 24 October 1862-2 January 1864, of James Bolton (1812-1869) consisting of a daily record of patients seen, both private and military, often including rank, age, or address. Other sections of the book include more detailed notes of surgery and other treatments, a record of stimulants administered, vaccination procedures and records, and some medicinal preparations.

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Bond, Herbert G. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 51186. 43 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, from Herbert George Bond (1846-1928), Company I, 16th Vermont Infantry, to his brother Leavitt E. Bond (1837-1921) and his sister-in-law Julia F. Pierce Bond (1838-1921) of Dummerston, Windham County, Vermont, describing camp life, drilling, rations, and picket duty. Bond describes the Virginia countryside, including a description of the Fairfax County court house. He mentions Generals Ambrose Burnside and E. H. Stoughton (1838-1868), as well the Confederate army. He also mentions the troops playing baseball.

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Booth, Cyrus Monroe. Letter, 12 January 1862.
Accession 38417. 4 pages.

Letter, 12 January 1862, from Cyrus Monroe Booth of Company E, 27th New York Regiment, to his sister Emma informing her that he is sending her a picture of him, and describing the return to the regiment of 35 men captured at the first battle of Manassas (Bull Run). He details the reception for them and sketches how banners and wreaths were hung to celebrate their return.

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Boothe family. Papers, 1841-1863.
Accession 25495. 3 leaves. Photostats (negatives).

Papers, 1841-1863, of the Booth family of Suffolk, Virginia, consisting of a flyleaf from an undesignated book, 1841; an invoice, 7 April 1859, for a coffin bought by Nathaniel Boothe, for his wife, in Suffolk, Virginia; and a receipt, 1 May 1863, for items impressed from Boothe by Captain T. T. Smith.

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Bosher, Judson S., Mrs. Collection, 1796-1861.
Accession 21366. 26 pages.

Papers, 1796-1861, collected by Mrs. Judson S. Bosher consisting of a letter, 30 November 1796, from Sarah Clopton of New Kent County, to John Clopton, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, concerning his journey to Philadelphia for the congressional session; a receipt, 23 January 1839, from Thomas Robinson for William B. Westmore to William D.S. Robbins for purchase of land in King William County, Virginia; a bill, 1840, from Richard Willeroy, Commissioner of Revenue, King William County, to William D.S. Robins, for entering a land transfer; a tax receipt, 1840, from Lewis Littlepage, Deputy Sheriff, King William County, to William D. S. Robbins [Robins] for payment of taxes; a bill, 1845, from Robert Pollard, Clerk, King William County, to Clarissa Robins, for recording a deed; a bill, 1846, from S. Robinson, Commissioner of Revenue, King William County, to Mrs. Clarissa H. Robins for a fee for entering land transferred; a receipt, 8 February 1849 [1840?] , from H. C. Gordon to William D.S. Robins; an agreement, 19 March 1851, Alexander R. Bell, John S. Byers, and Richard H. Dudley with David B. Hogshead, both parties of Augusta County, concerning Bell's, Byers', and Dudley's interest in their deceased father-in-law's estate; a letter, 24 Janaury 1852, from Edmund Ruffin, Hanover County, Virginia, to John C. Crump of Nansemond County, Virginia, concerning agriculture; an account, Alexander R. Bell with Harrison T. Bolen, 1855-1857; a letter, 26 March 1858, from E. Christian of Wise County to John Christian concerning local and family news, and a letter, 1 September 1861, from James M. Galt of Lynchburg to "Arthur", commenting on military affairs and discussing local and family news.

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Bosworth family. Papers, 1862-1865.
Accession 40489. 36 pages.

Papers, 1862-1865, of the Bosworth family of Randolph County, (West) Virginia, consisting of letters written to and from Squire Newton Bosworth (1841-1922) while he was serving in the 31st Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. There are also letters written to and from his father Dr. Squire Bosworth (1792-1870). Subjects of the letters written by Squire Newton Bosworth include his opinions of deserters, news of fellow soldiers and residents of Randolph County, troop movements, and the activities of his father. Topics of the other letters written to him and his father include family news, religion, the family’s sympathy with Squire Bosworth and his brother John Woodbridge Bosworth (1836-1936) after they were captured by Union soldiers, and their efforts to send books, clothing and money to them. Also included in this collection is a forage receipt, as well as poetry written by Squire Bosworth while being held in prison.

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Bosworth family. Papers, 1855-1866.
Accession 44973. 5 leaves and 4 pages. In part Photocopies.

Papers, 1855-1866, of the Bosworth family of Randolph County, West Virginia, consisting of receipts, 1855, 1857, for J. W. Bosworth (1836-1936) at the Virginia Military Institute; letter, 19 March 1866, from Joshua Bosworth (1799-1870) of Barbour County, West Virginia, to Squire Bosworth (1792-1870) of Randolph County concerning a critical letter to Squire and a land dispute; letter, 27 July 1866, from Squire Bosworth to his sister Harriett Phillips (b. 1793) containing family news and concerning the critical letter to Squire; and a newspaper article, 27 April 1866, consisting of the critical letter to Squire Bosworth from E. D. Barrett of Christian County, Illinois, attacking Bosworth for his Confederate sympathies, this being the letter mentioned by Joshua and Squire Bosworth.

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Bosworth, James. Letter, 1 January 1863.
Accession 44130. 2 leaves and 1 pages.

Letter, 1 January 1863, from James Bosworth at Stafford Court House, Virginia to Frank Sherwood in Bridgeport, Connecticut, detailing an eight day march from Chantilly, Virginia to Stafford Court House, camp life, the difficulty travelling muddy roads, and the decline in morale of the Army of the Potomac after the Union defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg.

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Botetourt County (Va.). Circuit Court. Minutes of the Provisional Committee, 1861-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Botetourt County. 1 volume.

Botetourt County, Virginia, Minutes of the Provisional Committee, 1861-1865, record information about the county’s efforts to supply its voluntary military units as well as for indigent soldiers’ families. Included is information about committee members and officials, county bonds to raise money, tax monies collected, accounts paid out (including to whom paid and the amount, but rarely the reason why paid), and occasional specific information about soldiers, or a soldier’s family, or a particular military unit, including the Botetourt Dragoons.

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Botetourt County (Va.). Circuit Court. Minute Book for Court Exemption from Military Draft, 1861-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Botetourt County. 1 volume.

Botetourt County, Virginia, Minute Book for Court Exemption from Military Draft, 1861-1865, document the board’s ruling on petitions for exemption from military service in the Confederate army. Most petitions were made on the grounds of permanent bodily infirmity or having furnished a substitute. Most all statements about applications for exemption state the regiment to which the requestor was drafted to serve. Two of the 1862 meetings give names of free male negroes who were drafted into the Confederate States Quartermaster department to work on defenses in the New River District or with the Army of South Westerly Virginia. The final pages of the volume contain information more likely to be found in a court minute or order book and dates from 1865 and 1867. Information of note recorded includes the removal of the court papers by the clerk due to occupation of the territory by the enemy; information about supplies impressed for soldiers’ families; appointment of William McCreecy to inventory and if necessary distribute supplies and stores abandoned by the Confederate Quartermaster and Company Stores attached to the Nitre and Mining Bureau, including wagons, horses, mules, iron, kettles, flour, bacon, grain, cotton cloth, clothing, and leather; and a decree for a commissioner in the chancery cause of George W. Barger vs. Polly Barger etc. Other information includes will provings, road surveyor appointments, trustee appointments, summons for justices to establish the levy, administrator’s bonds, and etc.

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Botts, John Minor. Papers, 1842-1869.
Accession 38840. 3 leaves.

Papers, 1842-1869, of John Minor Botts (1802-1869) of Henrico County, Virginia, to Lewis J. Cist of Cincinnati, Ohio, containing correspondence stating that James Patton Preston (1774-1843) is still alive and living in Montgomery County, Virginia, but that Thomas Mann Randolph (1768-1828) is deceased. Botts adds that Randolph’s son Thomas Jefferson Randolph (1792-1875) is living in Albemarle County, Virginia. There are four newspaper clippings on the inside of the letter concerning Botts during the Civil War, when he under suspicion for his Unionist sentiments. Also includes a portrait of Botts and a brief biographical sketch.

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Bouldin, William D. Papers, 1863-1919
Accession 50231. .225 cubic feet.

Papers, 1863–1919, of William D. Bouldin (1839–1917) of Charlotte County, Virginia, and Christian and Todd Counties, Kentucky. Includes letters written by and to Bouldin while he was being held prisoner at Point Lookout, Maryland, during the Civil War. Majority of the collection is correspondence between him, after he settled in Kentucky, and his sisters, who either remained in Virginia or also moved to Kentucky. Also contained in the collection is information on the 18th Virginia Infantry, including battles fought, numbers of troops involved, killed in action, and wounded, and a list of officers. There are also typed excerpts from the diary of Sally Ann (Bouldin) Osborne, transcribed by her daughter Alma Osborne Pickett.

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Boulware, James Richmond. Diary, 1862-1863.
Accession 22042. 68 leaves. Transcripts.

Transcript of the diary, 1862-1863, of James Richmond Boulware (1835-1869) of Fairfield County, South Carolina, recording Bouware’s service as a surgeon for the 6th Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers and detailing Boulware’s day-to-day activities in the regiment. Diary also contains accounts of the battles in which Boulware’s regiment participated, as well as regimental casualty lists from the battles of Williamsburg, Fair Oaks (Seven Pines), White Oak Swamp (Frayser’s Farm), Second Bull Run (Second Manassas), South Mountain (Boonsboro Gap), and Antietam (Sharpsburg). There are also transcripts of two letters written by Boulware to his brother-in-law William Stokes (1833-1905) who had married Eliza Boulware (1835-1914) discussing Confederate military activities around Franklin, Virginia, in March 1863, and around Knoxville, Tennessee, in December 1863.

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Bouton, George. Letters, 1862.
Accession 44972. 6 pages.

Letters, 1862, of George Bouton (ca. 1817-1891), 34th Virginia Infantry, at Yorktown, Virginia, consisting of letters, 13 January and 20 February 1862, from Bouton to his wife Lucetta Bouton in Madison County, Virginia, discussing his health, camp life, military preparations at Yorktown, and friends in the regiment; and a letter, 2 March 1862, to his daughter Mollie Bouton discussing the same topics and trying to explain the significance of the war.

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Bouton, George. Letters, 1861-1862.
Accession 45310. 5 leaves and 10 pages.

Letters, 1861-1862, of George Bouton (ca. 1817-1891), captain in the 34th Virginia Infantry, to his wife Lucetta Bouton (1819-1893) regarding his service in the military and camp life, school for his daughter Mollie, family and business matters in Madison County, Virginia, and his desire for peace. Collection includes typescript copies.

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Bouton, George. Letters, 1862.
Accession 45424. 4 pages.

Letters, 1862, from George Bouton (ca. 1817-1891), 34th Virginia Infantry, at Yorktown, Virginia, to his wife Lucetta Bouton (1819-1893) of Madison County, Virginia, concerning camp life, his personal and business concerns in Madison County, and the beginning of the battle of Yorktown.

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Bowden, Henry M. Papers, 1862-1866.
Accession 42640. 11 leaves and 16 pages.

Papers, 1862-1866, of Henry M. Bowden of James City County and Norfolk, Virginia, including accounts, appointments, correspondence, election results, oath of allegiance, and passes. Most of the letters written by Bowden relate to the hardships he endured by staying loyal to the United States government and his efforts to obtain employment and monetary reparations for lost property. Includes a letter, 31 April 1864, from his daughter, Alice Bowden, regarding life in Williamsburg and attitudes of neighbors towards the family and a statement from Thomas Kemper, 1862, about rental property in Norfolk; a letter, 3 March 1866, from W. Clinton Thompson, Indianapolis, Indiana, regarding the Civil War and conditions at Eastern State Hospital in Williamsburg; a letter, 9 March 1864, to Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury, asking for a government appointment; and appointments and letters, 1864, to and from Union general Benjamin F. Butler in which he obtained a post of financial clerk for the Provost Marshal. Also of note is a letter, 11 October 1865, to General Howard from Bowden, asking for reparations for his home and property lost.

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Bowden, L. J. Telegram, 8[?] November 1862.
Accession 43370. 1 leaf.

United States military telegram, 8[?] November 1862, to Lemuel J. Bowden (1815-1864) noting that Captain Faith was in Yorktown, Virginia, but that he would be handed Bowden’s dispatch upon his return to Williamsburg, Virginia. Telegraph states that Mrs. Piggot[t], her family, and her slaves have been escorted to Richmond, Virginia. Two or three slaves have escaped to Union lines. Captain Faith may have been Anderson Faith of the 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry, which was stationed in the area. The Piggott family was a prominent family in James City County, Virginia.

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Bowles, John R. Letter, 6 January 1864.
Accession 38884. 4 pages. Photocopies.

Letter, 6 January 1864, from John R. Bowles of Company F, 6th Virginia Cavalry, to his mother and sisters living in Baltimore, Maryland, stating that he had been given a furlough to acquire horses for the company and regiment, that he had been able to visit relatives in Botetourt County, Virginia, and sending news of them home. Bowles comments on the battle of Gettysburg. He also asks how his family and friends in Baltimore are doing and describes some aspects of life as a soldier.

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Bowling, William H. Letters, 1863, 1865.
Accession 42655. 14 pages. Inkjet and Xerox copies.

Letters, 1863 and 1865, from Private William H. Bowling, of Company K, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry (19th Regiment North Carolina Troops), to his wife Lucretia in Orange County, North Carolina. Letter, 2 August 1863, from Culpeper Court House, Virginia, discusses military rations, a possible furlough, and the progress of the war. Bowling also directs his wife, Lucretia, on what type of crop to plant. Letter, 19 March 1865, from a camp near Petersburg, Virginia, comments again on a lack of rations for the men and a plan by the military to take food stores from civilians to provide for soldiers. Bowling also discusses the lack of feed for his horse and the need for another mount. Bowling anticipates the upcoming battle of Petersburg and notes troop desertions are a problem. He also mentions news of General William T. Sherman’s progress through North Carolina. Also included are transcriptions and inkjet copies of the manuscript letters and a Xerox copy of Bowling’s compiled Confederate service record.

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Bowman, Henry. Letter, 20 November 1862.
Accession 39720. 8 pages.

Letter, 20 November 1862, from Henry Bowman, Fredericksburg, Virginia, containing comments about the recent acceptance by Ambrose E. Burnside (1824-1881) of the command of the Army of the Potomac and offering opinions on the leadership skills of McClelland and Burnside. Bowman also relates stories of his own encounters with Burnside. Other topics include the recent election of John Albion Andrew (1818-1867) as governor of Massachusetts, camp life, and health.

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Boyd, A. S. Letter, 10 October 1865.
Accession 43908. 2 pages.

Letter, 10 October 1865, from Alexander Spotswood Boyd (1819-1892) in Boydton, Mecklenburg County, Virginia, to John Bennett (1805-1885) in Petersburg, Menard County, Illinois. Boyd sends Bennett a memorandum of debts, comments on the state of affairs in the region following the war, and gives his negative opinions regarding the work of the Freedmen’s Bureau. He also expresses his thoughts about possibly leaving Virginia.

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Boyer, John. Letter, 7 February 1863.
Accession 41179. 2 pages.

Letter, 7 February 1863, from John Boyer, to his brother, Andrew J. Boyer, regarding family, health of friends and family in New Market, Virginia, and Union raids on the mail service.

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Boyes, Harrison H. Letter, 22 July 1862.
Accession 30382. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 22 July 1862, from Harrison H. Boyes of Company B, 2nd Iowa Cavalry, near Corinth, Mississippi, to his Uncle Frank, describing a skirmish between the 2nd Iowa and Michigan Cavalries against Confederate Cavalry, providing details of the fight. Boyes adds that the 2nd Iowa and 2nd Michigan are the best cavalry units in the western Union army. Boyes also asks for news and states that Union prospects are gloomy, mainly due to the defeat of George B. McClellan’s army just outside of Richmond, Virginia.

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Boyle, Cornelius. Military pass, 30 August 1864.
Accession 24019d. 1 leaf.

Military pass, 30 August 1864, issued by Major Cornelius Boyle (1817-1878), provost marshall commanding at Gordonsville, Virginia, to Miss Jones and sister to pass to Louisa Court House, Virginia. Also includes an envelope which contained the pass.

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Bozworth, James. Letter, 14 January 1863.
Accession 50597. 3 pages.

Letter, 14 January 1862 [1863], from James Bozworth [Bosworth] (1822-1894), Company D, 17th Connecticut Infantry, at Stafford Court House, Virginia, to Frank Sherwood, Bridgeport, Connecticut, complaining about the quality and price of tobacco and whiskey sold to soldiers, criticizing Ambrose Burnside and the officer corps, while wishing George McClellan were back in command of the army. Boswoth is even critical of the officers of the regiment.

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Bradley, John A. Petition, 28 March 1862.
Accession 38867. 2 pages.

Petition, 28 March 1862, from John A. Bradley (b. ca. 1835) to the Bedford County Board of Exemptions requesting that he be disqualified from military service because he is deaf and scrofulous. Reverse contain a note from Dr. John W. Sale (ca. 1827-1913) stating that Bradley’s deafness alone should disqualify him from military service and a statement by the board that Bradley is not exempt from military service.

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Bradshaw, Herbert Clarence. Papers, 1803-1976.
Accession 29605. 11.56 cubic feet.

Papers, 1803-1976, of Herbert Clarence Bradshaw (1908-1976) of Prince Edward County, Virginia, and Durham, North Carolina, consisting of articles, bulletins, clippings, correspondence, magazines maps, notes, pamphlets, photographs, and other materials used by Bradshaw to write his History of Prince Edward County (1955) and History of Hampden-Sydney College, vol. I (1976), as well as the Baptist and Presbyterian churches in Virginia; Sunday School; history of Farmville, Virginia; history of Connecticut; Greensville County, Virginia, during World War II; tobacco; Harry F. Byrd (1887-1966); James Monroe (1758-1831); the Mount Vernon Ladies Association; and genealogical information on the following families: Agee, Anderson, Bradshaw, Byrd, Carrington, Cunningham, Fuqua, Hunt, Jenkins, Jennings, Lockett, Marshall, McGehee, Morton, Nash, Osborne, Overton, Owen, Puckett, Scott, Shepperson, Sims, Stell, Symes, Townes, Venable, Walthall, Walton, Weaver, Womack, Worsham and Young. Collection also includes issues of The Farmville Herald 22 October 1948, 19 October 1954, 29 March 1960, 24 January 1961, 12 December 1961, and 5 August 1970, and an issue of The Farmville Journal 28 April 1892.

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Bragg, Robert Richard. Reminiscences of Confederate service 1861-1865, 9 May 1913.
Accession 22294. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Reminiscences, 9 May 1913, of Robert Richard Bragg (b. 1844) of Lunenburg County and Petersburg, Virginia, detailing events of his command’s service during the Civil War

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Bragg, Thomas. Diary, 1861-1862.
Accession 29571, Miscellaneous Reel 549. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Diary, 1861-1862, of Thomas Bragg (1810-1872), United States Senator and Confederate Attorney-General containing detailed observations and opinions of the political events leading up to and during the Civil War. While U.S. Senator, Bragg comments on the actions and concerns of both Democrats and Republicans with regards to the sectional differences and the problems of seceeding states. While attorney general, Bragg gives his opininon about the actions of President Davis, the Cabinet and the Confederate Senate. He continues to comment on the war, its military aspects, and its effect on the civilian population after his retirement to Petersburg, Virginia.

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Brent, Martha Buxton Porter. Reminiscences, 1934.
Accession 26501. 1 volume (56 leaves). Photocopies and photostats (negative).

Reminiscences, 1934, of Martha Buxton Porter Brent of Portsmouth, Virginia. Topics include Porter family genealogy, her Methodist upbringing, childhood in Portsmouth, Virginia and Pensacola, Florida, her education, relationships with the family slaves, the 1856 presidential election, her father’s (John L. Porter) career in the Confederate States of America Navy, including his work on rebuilding the Merrimack-Virginia Frigate, the capture and evacuation of Richmond, Virginia in 1865, relationships between the Union soldiers and Richmond citizens after the war, and her marriage to Frank Pierce Brent (d. 1927) in 1883. Also includes notes and a drawing of the Merrimack by John Porter and a copy of his parole.

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Brent, R. S. Rosters of ex-Confederate soldiers and sailors living in Northumberland County, Virginia, 1901.
Accession 25717. 5 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Rosters compiled in 1901 by R. S. Brent, Commissioner of the Revenue under provisions of Act of 6 March 1900, of ex-Confederate soldiers and sailors living in Northumberland County, Virginia, containing age in 1901, rank and company during the Civil War, regiment, service, and remarks. Apparently there are no ex-Confederate sailors listed on these rosters.

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Bridges, C. H. Letter, 25 March 1930.
Accession 20932. 1 leaf.

Letter, 25 March 1930, from Major General C. H. Bridges (1873-1948), adjutant general, United States Army, to Belle Hitt (1867-1934) of Culpeper County, Virginia, providing information on the Confederate military service of Privates John A. Embrey (1840-1922), Company A, 12th Battalion, Virginia Light Artillery, and Sanford W. Berlin (1836-1915), Company M, 55th Regiment, Virginia Infantry, both of whom had received Confederate pensions from Virginia.

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Bridges, Peter Speech, 23 October 2002.
Accession 42767. 16 leaves.

Speech, 23 October 2002, of Peter Bridges (1932- ) given at the Library of Virginia on his biography of John Moncure Daniel (1825-1865), “Pen of Fire: John Moncure Daniel.”

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Briscoe family. Papers, 1846-1877 (bulk: 1865-1877)
Accession 41500. 1.35 cubic feet.

Papers, 1846-1877, of the Briscoe family of Jefferson County, West Virginia, and the Goodloe family of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, consisting of the correspondence of Mary E. Goodloe (ca. 1828-1875) and her husband George Philip Goodloe (b. ca. 1820) with their daughter Evie Goodloe Briscoe (1848-1924) and her husband William Darke Briscoe (1832-1906) commenting on family and social news, as well as discussing agriculture, children, deaths, education, health, hunting, marriages, postal service, poultry, religion, and other matters. Papers also contain letters from Evie Goodloe to William Briscoe during their courtship and their marriage, and correspondence from Elizabeth Goodloe (ca. 1799-1872), Charles Goodloe (b. ca. 1851), and Edwina C. Duerson Goodloe (b. ca. 1852) with Evie Briscoe concerning family and social news. Also letters to and from Evie Briscoe from other relatives and friends. Papers also include accounts and account book, 1861-1864, of Frederick A. Briscoe (1819-1882) of the Quartermaster’s Department of the Confederate Army; a circular letter, 7 January 1867, regarding the formation of a memorial association by the ladies of Spotsylvania County; poems and essays by Evie Goodloe while a student; and an obituary for Mary E. Goodloe.

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Broaddus, William F. Diary, 1862-1863.
Accession 22466. 1 volume (43 leaves). Photostats (negative).

Diary, 1862-1863, of William F. Broaddus (1801-1876) of Fredericksburg and Charlottesville, Virginia, containing entries covering his arrest and incarceration in Old Capitol by the Union army during the Civil War. His entries contain descriptions of his fellow prisoners including Belle Boyd (1844-1900). Broaddus chronicles his efforts to obtain freedom for himself and many of his neighbors. He also details his efforts to minister to wounded soldiers after his release. Also includes entries covering his efforts to minister during the war to his Baptist congregations in Fredericksburg. His entries also contain news about various battles and events.

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Brock, Robert Alonzo. Mmedical notebook, 1863 [?].
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5254. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Medical notebook, 1863[?], of Robert Alonzo Brock (1839-1914), while he was serving as a steward at Winder Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. Volume contains notes on lectures given by hospital staff on various diseases and wounds, and their treatment.

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Brock, Robert Alonzo. Diaries, 1861-1862.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5254. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Diaries, 26 April 1861 - 31 July 1862, of Robert Alonzo Brock (1839-1914), while he was serving with the 21st Virginia Infantry. Topics covered include being stationed in Fredericksburg and in the Shenandoah Valley, weather observations, drills and dress parades, guard duty, skirmishes with the enemy, letters received and sent, movements of other units, and rumors of victories and defeats by the Confederate and Federal armies. Portions of the diaries are illegible. There are also numerous drawings by Brock in the first volume, including the tomb and the home of Mary Washington, mother of President George Washington, the regiment’s camps in Fredericksburg and near Aquia Creek, and the encampment of forces under General William Wing Loring in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia.

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Brock, Robert Alonzo. Correspondence, ca. 1880-1910.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reels 4933-5013. 81 reels. Microfilm.

Correspondence, ca. 1880-1910, to Robert Alonzo Brock, written while he served as secretary for the Virginia Historical Society and Southern Historical Society. Topics include membership to the Virginia Historical Society, dues, subscriptions to the Southern Historical Society Papers, purchases of archival manuscripts and publications for the society, loans of books, and general Virginia historical and genealogical research inquiries. Also included are letters regarding Brock’s participation and involvement in many historical boards and associations. Many of the letters relate to genealogy, requesting Brock’s assistance in researching family histories. The letters include some Bible records and genealogical notes for the family the correspondents were researching, making these letters a great source for genealogists. Often the correspondents were researching their last name, although included are some requests for other family names. Therefore a thorough checking of all family names may be required to find genealogical information relating to a specific family name.

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EAD Guide
Brock, Robert Alonzo. Miscellaneous files, 1655-1908.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reels 5056-5106. 51 reels. Microfilm.

The Robert Alonzo Brock miscellaneous files, 1655-1908, include a wide variety of business, organizational, personal, and military records collected by Brock. The records encompass not only Virginia, but many other East coast colonies and states. The files are organized chronologically and cover a variety of topics, locations, and time periods. Included are accounts, affidavits, agreements, bills, bonds, correspondence, deeds, inventories, invitations, petitions, power of attorney, promissory notes, receipts, reports, surveys, reports, and warrants. Topics include agriculture, business, genealogy, politics, social life, universities, and war. The collection encompasses such a wide range of materials, a separate database was created to identify each manuscript. In order to access the collection, patrons should search the database for specific names or topics.

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EAD Guide
Brodnax, William H. Papers, 1810-1862.
Accession 20217. 8 leaves and 240 pages.

Papers, 1810-1862, of William H. Brodnax (1786-1834) of Brunswick, Greensville, and Dinwiddie Counties, Virginia, consisting of accounts, addresses, correspondence, military orders, resolutions, and speeches concerning, religion, slaves, timber, the Virginia state militia, politics, legal affairs, and personal matters. Include letters from Robert G. Withers of Greene County, Alabama concerning his plantation there; and a military order, 25 May 1862, assigning Private T. M. Pledger of Company G, 22nd Georgia Infantry, to nursing duties in the South Carolina hospital at Petersburg, Virginia.

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Brooke, St. George Tucker. Autobiography, 1907.
Accession 25146. 1 volume (59 leaves). Photostats (negative).

Typescript copy of the autobiography, 1907, of St. George Tucker Brooke (1844-1914) of Richmond, Hanover and Stafford counties, Virginia. The autobiography mainly covers events while Brooke was living in Virginia, until 1864. Extensive genealogical notes are given for the Brooke, Selden, and Tucker families. Topics include transportation, lifestyles, personal experiences, schooling in Richmond and Stafford County, description of slaves his family owned, national events such as John Brown’s raid, the Secession Convention in Richmond in 1861 and the Civil War. About two-thirds of the narrative concerns Brooke’s Confederate, naval and military service. He recounts the battles of Gettysburg and the Wilderness. A bad leg wound received on 28 May 1864 ended Brooke’s military career and virtually ends the autobiography. An appendix at the end of the narrative contains transcripts of letters of commendation for military service and a letter from the Haw family who cared for Brooke when he was wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness.

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Broughton, J. W. Letter, 16 May 1928.
Accession 24917. 3 leaves and 2 pages.

Letter, 16 May 1928, from J. W. Broughton (1844-1930) of Accomack County, Virginia, to Frederick S. Dibble (1844-1917) of Orangeburg, South Carolina, reminiscing about the battle of Drewery’s Bluff on 14-16 May 1864, and detailing his participation as a member of the 24th Virginia Cavalry in that fight. He comments on watching Dibble’s regiment, the 25th South Carolina, perform during the engagement. Broughton also offers a brief geographic and agricultural description of the Eastern Shore of Virginia. Broughton wrote Dibble after seeing an article in the October 1915 issue of the Confederate Veteran regarding the 25th South Carolina at Drewery’s Bluff. He did not know that Dibble had died years earlier.

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Broughton, William H. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 42716. 13 pages.

Letters, 1862-1865, from William H. Broughton (1845-1882), Company D, 16th Maine Infantry Regiment, to his father. Letter, 21 December 1862, from camp near the King George County, Virginia, Court House, Broughton discussed the possibility of his receiving a commission, his pride in the regiment’s charge in the Battle of Fredericksburg, and casualties from that engagement. Letter, 7 June 1863, from White Oak Church, Stafford County, Virginia, contains speculations on Confederate troops on the move nearby, whether Brigadier General Joseph Hooker (1814-1879) planned to engage them, and the reason behind the 94th New York Infantry Regiment’s recent transfer to Acquia Creek. Letter, 31 May 1864, details a grueling month of marching and fighting in battles at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna River, and Totopotomoy Creek. Letter, February 1865, tells of picket duty service and his near-involvement in Second Hatcher’s Run, 5-7 February 1865.

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Broun, Sallie Fleming. Letter, 10 October 1863.
Accession 43847. 3 pages.

Letter, 10 October 1863, from Sallie Fleming Broun (1836-1883) of Chantilly, Virginia, to her husband Lieutenant Colonel William Le Roy Broun (1827-1902), serving as the Commandant of the Confederate Richmond Arsenal, Richmond, Virginia. Some subjects discussed in this letter are clothing, Christmas, Richmond, and previous letters.

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Brown family. Letters, 1856-1865.
Accession 36883. .1 cubic feet.

Letters, 1856-1865, of the Brown family of Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts, mainly of Albert Church Brown (b. ca. 1843) of Houlton, Maine, while serving in the 16th Maine Infantry around Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia. Topics covered include family news, health, weather, the farming and timber business, teaching, and the family’s employment in woolen mills and the mercantile business. There is a substantial amount of information concerning the family’s views on the Civil War, and Albert C. Brown’s service in the Union Army. He writes while on duty in Virginia concerning camp life, the status of other soldiers, battles and troop movements, including action near Hatcher’s Run and Weldon Railroad in 1864, his work as a clerk in his unit, the taking of Confederate prisoners, and his being mustered out of service in June, 1865.

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Brown, Alvin. Letter, 15 February 1863.
Accession 44830. 3 pages.

Letter, 15 February 1863, from Alvin Brown (1844-1863), Company H, 107th Ohio Infantry, at Belle Plains, Stafford County, Virginia, to his father in Ohio, describing camp life and mentioning General Franz Sigel’s (1824-1902) fall from a horse.

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Brown, Henry Peronneau. Letters, 1861.
Accession 29914. 1 leaf and 3 pages.

Letters, 1861, from Henry Peronneau Brown (1831-1894) of Bedford County, Virginia, to his wife Anne Frances Bland Coalter Brown (b. ca. 1835) consisting of a letter, 3 April 1861, discussing his wife’s health, her return home, their child, the plantation and its crops, and the fate of the nation being in God’s hands; and a letter, 17 April 1861, discussing the heavy rains in the area and the effect on planting, sermons he has heard, and the health of his wife.

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Brown, Henry. Letter, 15 July 1862.
Accession 44028. 2 pages.

Letter, 15 July 1862, from Reverend Henry Brown (1804-1881), Richmond, Virginia, to Dr. Francis Stribling (1810-1874), Staunton, Virginia. Brown first answers Stribling’s request for information about Brown’s recently widowed sister-in-law, Mary Ann Bell Brown, telling him that her son, the Reverend John C. Brown (1831-1912), has been taken prisoner by the Union Army in Charleston, (West) Virginia. He also states that 2,000 Federal prisoners who were being kept in Richmond were recently removed to the prison at Belle Isle. He closes by commenting briefly on his work as a chaplain in a local C.S.A. hospital.

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Brown, Ira. Letter, 27 March 1865.
Accession 40893. 2 pages. In part, photocopies.

Letter, 27 March 1865, from Ira Brown (b. 1846), 188th New York Volunteer Infantry, in camp after the Battle of Fort Stedman, at Petersburg, Virginia, to his wife in Almond, New York. Contains descriptions of the Battle of Fort Stedman. Also includes a typed transcript compiled by an undetermined source.

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Brown, J. W. Letter, 2 August 1861.
Accession 28404. 4 pages and 4 leaves. In part, typed transcript.

Letter, 2 August 1861, from J. W. Brown to his father describing the aftermath of the First Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

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Brown, John D. G. Letter, 19 September 1861.
Accession 29584. 4 pages.

Letter, 19 September 1861, from John D. G. Brown (1789-1867) of Hanover County, Virginia, to his son Joseph Booth Brown (b. 1827) of Company C, 15th Virginia Infantry, and includes a postscript by his mother Harriet Brown (1799-1880). The letter discusses local, social, and family news, including people’s health. J. D. G. Brown mentions agricultural matters and offers to write General John B. Magruder (1807-1871) in an effort to obtain any position in the army his son would like.

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Brown, John Thompson. Letters, 1861.
Accession 29915. 2 leaves and 4 pages.

Letters, June 1861, from John Thompson Brown (1835-1864) in the Richmond Howitzers to his wife Mary Martha Southell Brown commenting on camp life, asking for plates and silverware, discussing military movements of his artillery company, and family news. Brown admits that he is homesick and would like to see his wife, and he also mentions his mother.

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Brown, John Willcox. Reminiscences, 1904-1913.
Accession 87. 1 volume (54 leaves).

Reminiscences, 1904-1913, of John Willcox Brown (1833-1914) of Afton, Chesterfield County, Virginia, concerning Virginia’s post-Civil War debt controversy and loss of a large private mortgage investment operation due to the failure of the state legislature to repeal Virginia’s usury law; the failed effort of an English contractor to purchase the James River and Kanawha Canal due to the Virginia general assembly; Brown’s post-Civil War recovery plan for the state; why Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) was never tried on charges of treason; Robert E. Lee’s (1807-1870) polite refusal to become managing director of the Richmond, Virginia, branch of the Universal Life Insurance Company; and Brown’s personal relationships with slaves before and freedmen after the Civil War. Includes a transcript of a letter, 23 December 1868, from Robert E. Lee to J. Willcox Brown, and a letter, 18 March 1913, from Brown to H. R. McIlwaine (1864-1934), Virginia State Librarian.

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Brown, Richard L. Letters, 1856-1865.
Accession 38759, 41108. 7 leaves and 14 pages.

Letters, 1856-1865, of Richard L. Brown (b. ca. 1818) of Washington D.C. and Richmond, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 4 November 1856, from E. S. Duncan to Brown containing a copy of a receipt from Lindsay Dandridge to Duncan; letter, 5 October 1860, from Brown to George W. Berlin discussing the visit of Edward, Prince of Wales, to Washington D.C. and commenting on the presidential election of 1860 in Virginia; letter, 9 July 1862, from Brown to George Berlin principally concerning his observations of the battlefield following the Battle of Mechanicsville; letter, 6 February 1865, from Brown to Berlin discussing the Hampton Roads Peace Conference, the appointment of Robert E. Lee as general of all the Confederate armies, morale in Richmond, and speeches by Alexander Stephens and Jefferson Davis, includes a typed transcript of this letter (also a transcript of this letter); and letter, 6 December 1865, from Brown to Berlin stating he had learned that Berlin now lived in Harrisonburg,Virginia, recounting a trip to Upshur County, West Virginia, and criticizing the Virginia assembly.

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Browne, Junius B. Autograph book, 1863-1864.
Accession 24735. 1 volume (49 leaves). Photostats (negative).

Autograph book of Captain Junius B. Browne of Gloucester, Virginia, containing autographs of fellow prisoners and guards at the Union prison camp at Johnson’s Island, Ohio. Includes a typed index to autographs. Also contains copies of some Bible verses on the last pages.

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Browning, Almira Sue Harvey. Letters, 1859-1864.
Accession 26966. 3 folders. In part, photocopies.

Letters, 1859-1864, to Almira Sue Browning of Appomattox, Virginia. Most of the letters were from Henry H. Roach, 1859-1863, and include topics of camp life, family, marriage, and troop movements of Company K, 21st Virginia Infantry. Also includes a letter to William Browning, 17 October 1863, regarding the death of his son John; letter, 19 December 1864, from Isaac N. Eve to Almira; and an undated letter from Samuel Harvey to Almira. The collection includes a booklet with transcripts of most of the letters, along with some biographical information on Almira and Samuel Harvey.

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Brunswick County (Va.) Circuit Court. Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1866.
Accession Local Government Records, Brunswick County. .3 cubic feet.

The Brunswick County, Virginia Reports of Indigent Soldiers’ Families, 1861-1866, is made up of reports and accounts of funds gathered and supplies distributed to indigent soldiers’ families. These reports include the names of soldiers and family members and the needs of the families or the supplies provided to each family and the cost of thse items. Lists of indigent soldiers included with these records include detailed descriptions of the fate of the soldiers and their family situations, inlcuding the number of children in the family. The reports record where funds came from, who they were distributed to and exactly who and what the money was to be used for, listing specific amounts foods such as bacon, corn, flour, and coffee and household items such as wool.

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Bryan family. Bryan family papers, 1679-1943.
Accession 24882. 5.5 cubic feet. In part Photocopies.

Papers, 1679-1943, of the Bryan family of Fluvanna, Gloucester, and Henrico Counties, and Richmond, Virginia, and Savannah, Georgia, consisting of Special Correspondence; General Correspondence; Genealogies; Business Records; Addresses, Essays, and Poems; and Miscellaneous. Includes the Civil War era correspondence of John Randolph Bryan (1806-1887) and Joseph Bryan (1845-1908) and essays relating to the war.

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EAD Guide
Bryan, John Randolph. Letter, 16 April 1862.
Accession 20438. 1 leaf. Photostat (positive).

Letter, 16 April 1862, from John Randolph Bryan (1806-1887) of Eagle Point, Gloucester County, Virginia, to D.C. Randolph of Richmond, Virginia, concerning the fighting between Confederate and Union forces at Yorktown, Virginia. Bryan notes that Union General George B. McClellan (1826-1885) has 100,000 men between Ship’s Point in York County, Virginia, and Lee’s Mill in Warwick County (now Newport News), Virginia and adds that Union vessels have shelled Confederate positions in York County and the Guinea Woods. Bryan states that he had crossed the York River to go to York County with Randolph Harrison of Elk Hill and a member of the 46th Virginia Infantry and viewed some firing of cannon. He comments on faulty cannon made by the Tredegar Ironworks. Bryan states that several slaves he and others in Gloucester County own have run away and frets over the wheat crop. Bryan wishes that he was with Randolph in Richmond where it is safe and quiet. Bryan’s daughter is with him at Eagle Point, but they are about to leave for King William County, Virginia.

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Bryant family. Papers, 1800-1883.
Accession 24238a. 8 leaves and 18 pages.

Papers, 1800-1883, of the Bryant family of Cumberland County, Virginia, consisting of letter, 7 June 1861, from Richard A. Bryant (1831-1862) of Company E, 18th Virginia Infantry, to his mother Elizabeth Anderson Bryant (1810-1883) in Cumberland County concerning army life, written on back of a flyer about Sunday-School; letter, 14 November 1861, from E. G. Hudgens of Cumberland County to Richard A. Bryant regarding the lack of both money and supplies in Cumberland County; letter, 27 January 1862, from General P. G. T. Beauregard to Richard A. Bryant of the 18th Virginia Infantry stating he is obliged to Mr. Reynolds for kind request and informing Bryant to come in the afternoon to take his measure, probably for boots; letter, 2 February 1864, from Lizzie to her cousin relating news of home; letter, 4 November 1864, W. I. Thomas of the 25th Virginia Battalion at Camp Chaffin Farm in Henrico County, Virginia, to his cousin discussing military life; letter, 8 May 1865, from Jennie H. P. to unknown recipient discussing friends and acquaintances as well as Richmond since its fall; letter, 4 August 1883, from “grand ma” in Cumberland County to Mattie sending news of the family and of their garden; poem, titled “A Wish to Mattie,” from Jennie; envelopes; ten dollar Confederate note; and copy of will, 17 April 1800 and recorded 25 August 1800, of Isaac Bryant of Cumberland County.

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Bryant, James Fenton. Papers, 1861-1866.
Accession 23546. 56 leaves.

Letters, 1861-1866, from James Fenton Bryant (1841-1909) of Southampton County, Virginia, and Company A, 13th Virginia Cavalry, to his father, James DeBerry Bryant (1805-1886); his step-mother, Mary Louise Nutt Bryant (1843-1913); and his sister Rosa E. Bryant (1844-1891), all of Southampton County, discussing army life and inquiring after relatives and friends. Bryant discusses camp life, campaigning in northeastern North Carolina during 1862, and fighting in Virginia during 1864. Also included are letters from his sister Rosa and his uncle, William R. Bryant, concerning family and local news. Bryant also received a letter from M. M. Davis and Company of Petersburg, Virginia, containing swatches of cloth for uniforms. All letters can be found in Three Rebels Write Home, pages 37-73.

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EAD Guide
Bryant, Richard A. Letters, 1861-1862.
Accession 24238. 154 pages.

Letters, 1861-1862, from Richard A. Bryant (1831-1862) of Company E, 18th Virginia Infantry, to his wife Eugenia Bryant (1837-1924) of Cumberland County, Virginia, consisting of letters discussing the day to day life of a soldier including campaigning. He provides great detail in giving news from camp and news of the larger war aims of both the Confederacy and the Union. Bryant also describes the first battle of Manassas. Collection includes two letters written on the back of religous flyers and a poem about wives clipped from a newspaper.

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Buchanan, J. S. Letter, 16 April 1862.
Accession 50840. 2 pages.

Letter, 16 April 1862, from J. S. Buchanan (1825-1911) of Washington County, Virginia, to William Edmondson "Grumble" Jones (1824-1864) commanding the 11th Virginia Cavalry, asking Jones about his prospects for the future, including promotion; and providing news from Glade Springs, Virginia.

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Buck, Lucy Rebecca. Diary of Lucy Rebecca Buck, 1861-1865.
Accession 41295. 246 leaves. Photocopies.

Typescript photocopy of the diary, 1861-1865, of Lucy Rebecca Buck (1842-1918) describing daily life at Bel Air near Front Royal, Virginia, with parents, a grandmother, aunts, cousins, siblings, and visitors during the Civil War. Includes photographs of Lucy Rebecca Buck and “Nellie and Lucy,” and a map of Front Royal indicating the locations of the homes of friends and relatives. Edited by L. Neville Buck, 1940.

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Budget, Edward. Newspaper, 14 July 1861.
Accession 27956. 3 pages.

"Family Budget," a handwritten camp newspaper, 14 July 1861, written by Edward Budget of Hampton’s Legion, camped at Camp Manning near Richmond, Virginia, containing a hand-drawn pictorial heading. It discusses arrival of artillery made by Tredegar Iron Works, rumors of an attack on Norfolk, Virginia, postponement of presentation of colors by President Davis, the people of Richmond, and rainy days.

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Buell, Ebenezer. Letters, 1862.
Accession 40762. 21 pages.

Letters, 1862, from Ebenezer Buell (b. ca. 1828), 9th New York Cavalry, at Bailey’s Crossroads, Warrenton, and Centreville, Virginia, to his wife in Sheridan, Chautauqua County, New York. Subjects include Union and Confederate troop movements, size, and fortifications, going on scouting patrols, descriptions of the area and its desolation, news of Union victories reaching his camp, and weather conditions. Transcriptions of the letters are included.

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Bullock, Basil B. Papers, 1858-1865.
Accession 24028. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1858 and 1865, of Basil B. Bullock of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, consisting of a commission, 14 September 1858, for Bullock as a first lieutenant in the 16th Regiment, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, of the Virginia militia, signed by Governor Henry A. Wise; and a parole, 1 May 1865, issued to Major Basil B. Bullock, Company H, Naval Battalion, issued at Ashland, Virginia.

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Bumgarner, Wesley Levi. Letter, 26 June 1863.
Accession 50586. 1 leaf.

Letter, 26 June 1863, from Wesley Levi Bumgarner (1844-1864), Company H, 18th North Carolina Infantry, at Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, Virginia, to his parents Stephen Bumgarner (1811-1901) and Rebecca Nichols Bumgarner (1811-1887) of Wilkes County, North Carolina, informing them that he is at Chimborazo because he was unable to keep up with his regiment during its march, but expecting to be back with his company soon. He notes a rumor that the Union army might be advancing up the James River.

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Burfoot, Thomas E. Requisition, 19 October 1862.
Accession 40212. 1 leaf.

Requisition, 19 October 1862, for clothes for Company A, 2nd Battalion, Virginia Artillery, requested by Captain Thomas E. Burfoot. On the same leaf is a receipt, 9 November 1862, for the clothes signed by Burfoot at Berryville, Clarke County, Virginia.

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Burke family. Papers, 1800-1873.
Accession 22870. 41 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1800-1873, of the Burke family of Caroline County, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1850-1861, from family and friends discussing personal news and Texas during the early days of the Civil War; and letters, 1860-1873, from Thomas Henry Burke (1845-1885?) discussing his education at Hanover Academy, Virginia and secession; his education at the University of Virginia law school, and his establishment of a legal practice in San Francisco, California. Papers also include wills, 1800-1857, of Holt Richeson (d. 1800) of King William County, Virginia, Thomas Henry Burke (d. 1829) of Caroline County, and Elliott DeJarnette (1788-1857) of Spotsylvania County, Virginia; a writ against the estate of Festus Dickinson (ca. 1795-1845); certificate of exemption for George W. Burke from military duty; a receipt from Fauquier White Sulphur Springs; and an affidavit concerning Thomas H. Burke, his health and inability to return to military duty.

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EAD Guide
Burks, Hiram Claiborne. Autograph album, 1863-1865.
Accession 26719. 1 volume (288 pages).

Autograph album, 1863-1865, of Hiram Claiborne Burks (1836-1903), Company G, 6th Virginia Cavalry, compiled while a prisoner of war at Johnson’s Island (Ohio) and Fort Deleware (Deleware). Other Confederate prisoners of war signed the album and included their name, rank, date and location of capture.

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Burks, Robert J. Letter, 3 April 1864.
Accession 34316. 4 leaves. Photocopies

Letter, 3 April 1864, from Robert J. Burks (b. ca. 1836) of the Amherst Artillery at camp near Orange Courthouse, Virginia, to his wife in Amherst County telling her how much she and home are missed and asks her to pray so as to deliver them from their enemies.

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Burns-Carpenter family. Papers, 1864.
Accession 33601. 8 leaves and 2 photographs. Photocopies.

Papers, 1864, of the Burns-Carpenter family of Bath County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 12 March 1864, from John William Carpenter (1843-1923), Company G, 18th Virginia Cavalry, to his wife Mary Christina Burns Carpenter (1845-1907), Bath County, sending news of family and friends in the regiment, and news about the war; and a letter, 31 December 1864, from Franklin Crawford Burns (1842-1917), Company G, 18th Virginia Cavalry, to his wife Sarah Margaret Carpenter Burns (1840-1900), Bath County, sending news of the death of his brother Warwick Washington Burns (1829-1864) from wounds, as well as news of other family and friends. Typescripts also include brief biographies of Carpenter and Burns. Also includes photographs and biographical sketches of Jeremiah Strother Helms (1838-1887) of Company B, 31st Virginia Infantry, and Joseph Washington Burns (1832-1901) of Company G, 18th Virginia Cavalry.

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Burnside, William J. Letter, 24 November 1864.
Accession 38568. 4 pages.

Letter, 24 November 1864, from William J. Burnside, sergeant in Company E and F of the New York 81st Infantry, near Fort Burnham, Virginia, to his friends in New York (State) concerning his military duties over the past month, the weather, and camp housing and rations.

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Burwell, Charles S. Letter, 5 June 1861.
Accession 38882. 2 pages.

Letter, 5 June 1861, from Armistead (1840-1920) and Charles Sturdivant Burwell (1842-1864) of Company E, 14th Virginia Infantry, to their brother Thomas Guy Burwell (1835-1869) requesting that he send them a prayer book, Bible, tobacco, fish hooks, gloves, pens, paper, and rags to rub their muskets with, among other items. The letter, written by Charles, notes that they are camped ten miles from the nearest store.

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Burwell, Charles S. Letter, 2 June 1861.
Accession 40761. 4 pages.

Letter, 2 June 1861, from Charles S. Burwell (1842-1864), 14th Virginia Infantry, at Jamestown Island, to his brother Thomas Guy Burwell (1835-1869) describing the poor quality of rations and the lack thereof, as well as the layout of the island, its fortifications, and the number of men stationed there. He also discusses a recent false alarm of the enemy approaching up the James River, and also his concern about the possible outbreak of disease on the island. A transcription of the letter is included.

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Butler, Matthew Calbraith. Papers, ca. 1881-1898.
Accession 43348. 3 leaves.

Papers, ca. 1881-1898, of Matthew Calbraith Butler consisting of brief biography of Butler, a request to the superintendent of the folding room of the Senate to credit public printer for copy of Congressional Record of the 3rd session of the 46th Congress, and a card with the signature of M. C. Butler.

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Butterfield, Daniel. Papers, 1862.
Accession 25083. 10 leaves. Photostats (positive).

Papers, 1862, of Daniel Butterfield, commander in the Army of the Potomac, including a copy of the order of march, 5 November 1862, from Major General Fitz-John Porter and Brigadier General Butterfield, and a report, 19 December 1862, on the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, from Henry Perkins to Daniel Butterfield.

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Butterworth, Ivan. Speech, August 1959.
Accession 39467. 10 leaves. Photocopies.

Speech, August 1959, by Ivan Butterworth, chairman of the Dinwiddie County Civil War Centennial Commission, 1961-1965, reminiscing about the Dinwiddie County Confederate Monument Dedication on 27 November 1909.

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Butterworth, Ivan. Scrapbooks, 1922-1964.
Accession 42653. 3 volumes.

Scrapbooks, 1922-1964, of Ivan Butterworth (1904-1984) of Dinwiddie County, Virginia. There are three volumes documenting his activities as a student, teacher, and principal at Dinwiddie High School. They contain newspaper clippings, photographs, correspondence, greeting cards, and other ephemera. There is a great deal of information concerning Randolph-Macon College and Dinwiddie High School sports and academics, including photographs of students, faculty, classes, and teams. Many of the clippings are summaries and scores of sports events. There are also photographs of historic sites around Virginia and the nation, and also information concerning the activities of the Dinwiddie County Civil War Centennial Committee.

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Butterworth, William Frank. Confederate service record.
Accession 24866. 3 leaves. Photostats (positive)

Confederate service record of William Frank Butterworth (1846-1931) of Dinwiddie County, Virginia, and Scotland Neck, North Carolina, consisting of his war record listing his command, Company F, 13th Virginia Cavalry, and the battles in which he fought; a record of his status as prisoner of war and his taking the oath of allegiance; and a biographical sketch.

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Byars, A. H. Letter, 17 May 1864.
Accession 38883. 2 pages.

Letter, 17 May 1864, from A. H. Byars (1835-1926) of Washington County, Virginia, serving in Company D, 1st Virginia Cavalry, to his sister stating that the army has been fighting for ten straight days from Spotsylvania County, Virginia, to Hanover County, Virginia, including fights at Todd’s Tavern, Spotsylvania Court House, and Yellow Tavern. Byars lists the killed, wounded, and missing from his company.

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Byers, John S. List and report, 4 September 1863.
Accession 14015. 1 leaf.

List and report, 4 September 1863, sent to Captain John S. Byers (ca. 1819-1890) from Lieutenant John W. G. Smith (b. 1830), the enrolling officer in Harrisonburg, Virginia, listing names of deserters and absentees who have been arrested and sent back to their commands during the month of August 1863.

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Cabaniss, James M. Letter, 16 June 1861.
Accession 38477. 4 pages.

Letter, 16 June 1861, from James M. Cabaniss (1840-1907), Company K, 38th Virginia, to his mother Mary Cabaniss (1822-1891), providing news of camp life, including the rules and restrictions, informing her of the evacuation of Harper’s Ferry and the battle of Bethel Church (Big Bethel), and relating the fates of an accused spy and a deserter.

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Cabaniss, William George. Letter, 26 April 1863.
Accession 43334. 2 pages.

Letter, 26 April 1863, from William George Cabaniss of the 38th Virginia Infantry at Suffolk, Virginia, to his mother Mary Cabaniss in Pittsylvania County, Virginia. Cabaniss discusses the military situation around Suffolk, and the possibility of attacks by both Confederate and Union troops.

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Cabaniss, William George. Letter, 12 July 1861.
Accession 50834. 4 pages.

Letter, 12 July 1861, from William George Cabaniss (1843-1926) of Company K, 38th Virginia Infantry, to his father, John George Cabaniss (1820-1897) of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, describing the Confederate Army's preparations around Winchester, Virginia, skirmishes, the weather and scenery around Winchester, and camp life.

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Cabell family. Genealogical notes.
Accession 40937. 1 volume (38 pages). Photocopies.

Cabell family genealogical notes contains information on Cabell family, mostly of Nelson County, Virginia, during the Civil War. Includes copies of drawings, maps, pardons, photographs, and transcripts of diaries, letters, and memoirs. Also includes a list of Cabell family members who served in the Civil War. Other surnames mentioned: Anderson, Bell, Breckinridge, Brown, Carrington, Garland, Horsley, Lewis, Martin, McGuire, Rives, Wilmer, Wood, and Woodall.

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Cabell, P. B. Letter, 5 February 1864.
Accession 41445. 2 pages.

Letter, 5 February 1864, from P. B. Cabell (b. 1836) of Nelson County, Virginia, to D. H. London (1818-1876) of Richmond, Virginia, discussing his farms Edgewood, Laneville, and Liberty Hall, all in Nelson County and their agricultural output, and adding that he is trying to repair buildings at Edgewood so it can be rented to London. Cabell also discusses clover seed, his intentions to buy a boat, and agricultural matters. He sends news of his family, and Cabell’s wife adds a note to London’s wife.

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Caldwell family. Papers, 1862-1863.
Accession 25651. 14 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Papers, 1862-1863, of the Caldwell family of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, including certification of Samuel Caldwell’s enlistment with the 118th Pennsylvania Regiment; letter, 27 November 1862, from Samuel Caldwell at camp near Falmouth, Virginia, to his parents regarding camp life; letter, 15 December 1862, Fredericksburg, Virginia, to his father regarding the battle of Fredericksburg; letter, 5 July 1863, from the captain of Company D, 118th Pennsylvania, to A. D. Caldwell, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania., concerning the death and burial of his son, Samuel Caldwell, at the battle of Gettysburg; Note containing location of where Samuel Caldwell was buried at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; and envelopes.

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Caldwell, Lloyd. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 27546. 7 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1863-1864, to Lloyd Caldwell, Company C, 22nd Virginia Infantry, from family and friends. Letter, 6 March 1863, from Lloyd’s father-in-law, George Hendrickson, concerns hiring a substitute named Tomas Huffman[?], to take his place in the army. Other letters concern efforts to get Caldwell to join the 28th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

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Cameron, William. Letter, 21 July 1862.
Accession 38416. 5 leaves and 4 pages.

Letter, 21 July 1862, from William Cameron of the Orange Light Artillery in Henrico County, Virginia, to his daughters in Orange County, North Carolina, informing them that he is on court-martial duties, that he has met the mayor of Richmond, and how camp life is. He also offers his opinion on the current campaign between the Confederate and Union armies, stating that he believes Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) and Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863) to be superior generals to their Union counterparts. There is a typescript of the letter included.

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Campbell family. Correspondence, 1861-1865.
Accession 41980. 112 pages.

Correspondence, 1861-1865, of the Campbell family of Delaware County, Indiana. Many of the letters were written to sisters Mary (b. ca. 1841) and Jane Campbell (b. ca. 1835) from their brothers, Lieutenant William H. Campbell (b. ca. 1837), and Corporal James M. Campbell (b. ca. 1839), both serving with the 19th Indiana Infantry Regiment in Virginia. A handful of letters from soldiers show that the sisters also acted as pen pals for other members of the regiment. Topics include a June 1862 suicide attempt made by another soldier of the 19th Indiana, recovery from wounds and illnesses, a skirmish-ridden march south into Virginia close behind Confederate troops in November 1862, predictions for upcoming battles including Fredericksburg in December 1862, news of romantic attachments, and the reluctance to part from friends in the regiment at the war’s end.

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Campbell, Charles. Pass, 25 July 1862.
Accession 26720. 2 pages.

Pass, 25 July 1862, written by J. Griswold, granting permission to Charles Campbell to visit Petersburg, Virginia.

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Campbell, Daniel Trigg. Letter, 19 January 1916
Accession 26320. 5 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 19 January 1916, from Daniel Trigg Campbell, Texas, to his sisters, Margaret Youmans, Hendersonville, North Carolina, Bessie LeNoir, Knoxville, Tennessee, and Susie Hundley, Farmville, Virginia, concerning their father’s, Edward McDonald Campbell, Confederate service and Daniel Campbell’s recollections of the Civil War.

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Campbell, George Washington Collection, 1793-1886.
Accession 20799. 1 volume (274 leaves). Photostats (negative)

Collection of papers of George Washington Campbell (1769-1848) and his sons-in-law David Hubbard (ca. 1792-1874) and Richard Stoddert Ewell (1817-1872). George Washington Campbell papers, 1793-1833, discuss Campbell’s health and personal and business affairs, state and national political appointments and elections, Aaron Burr, the Mississippi Territory, Indian affairs, notably relations with the Creek and Chicasaw tribes, French politics, ceding of Florida lands by Spain, the War of 1812, Campbell’s resignation as Secretary of the Treasury, and Campbell’s appointment as Minister to Russia. David Hubbard papers, 1834-1861, discuss national political issues and legislation, Nicholas Biddle and the Bank of the United States, the election of Polk as President, as well as issues concerning various national political conventions and party politics in general. There is also a map of the battleground of Manassas (1861). Richard Stoddert Ewell papers, 1862-1885, discuss Confederate troop strength and movements, the military service of slaves in the Confederacy, and reminiscences of officers and battles by various individuals.

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EAD Guide
Campbell, Lewis E. Petition, 13 March 1862.
Accession 38866. 2 pages.

Petition, 13 March 1862, from Lewis E. Campbell (ca. 1830-1897) of Bedford County to the Bedford County Board of Exemptions asking to be declared exempt from military service because of dislocated hip joints. Reverse side contains a note signed by T. E. Lowry (ca. 1836-1919) and John Mitchell stating that Campbell had been examined and found to suffer from coxalgia, disease of the hip joints. Campbell was declared exempt.

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Campbell, Willie. Letter, 5 October 1862.
Accession 38409. 1 leaf and 4 pages.

Letter, 5 October 1862, from Willie Campbell of the 5th Alabama Infantry to his cousin sending news of the regimental casualties from the battle of Antietam. Also relates his travel from Richmond, Virginia, to his camp and how war has affected the citizens and the countryside he has travelled through. Includes a typescript copy.

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Canfield family. Papers, 1863-1865.
Accession 41074, Miscellaneous reel 209. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1863-1865, of the Canfield family of Ohio consisting of letters sent to family members from Dennis Canfield (1814-1893) and his sons Clark Canfield (1847-1922) and Fernando Sly (ca. 1842-1863) serving in the 123rd Ohio Infantry during the Civil War. Correspondence principally sent from Winchester, Virginia, and Camp Parole in Annapolis, Maryland, but also from other camps in western Virginia. Concerns military life, duties of musicians in the army, and family matters. Includes both the originals and transcript copies of the letters. Also includes genealogical notes for the Canfield family.

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Cannon, Douglas Cornelius. Letter, 10 December 1862.
Accession 40160. 2 pages.

Letter, 10 December 1862, from Lieutenant Douglas Cornelius Cannon (1836-1910) of the Confederate States Signal Corps stationed at City Point, Virginia, to Captain James Fisher Milligan (1829-1899) inquiring whether providing certain information on Union gunboat movements would violate the neutrality agreement. Letter contains a response by General Samuel Gibbs French (1818-1910) stating that there are no restrictions on providing the information.

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Cannon, Henry Gibbon. Letter, 27 November 1862.
Accession 41802. 4 pages.

Letter, 27 November 1862, from Henry Gibbon Cannon (1830-1900), 60th Virginia Infantry, in Mercer County, (West) Virginia, to “Miss Florie” concerning military conditions and social life in Mercer County during his time there; and asking about social life in Richmond, Virginia.

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Cantril, Phydila. Letter, December 1862.
Accession 38751. 2 pages.

Letter, December 1862, from Phydila P. Cantril [Cantrell] of Company E, 25th North Carolina Infantry, to a relative stating that his command is camped at Fredericksburg, Virginia, commenting on the Confederate army’s readiness for battle in the days before the battle of Fredericksburg.

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Capers, James H. Letter of recommendation, 10 April 1865.
Accession 21927. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Letter of recommendation, 10 April 1865, written by Major David B. Bridgford (d. 1888), provost marshall of the Army of Northern Virginia by order of General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) recommending 1st Lieutenant James H. Capers, adjutant of the 12th Mississippi infantry to “all true Confederates.” Capers was serving on Lee’s staff when the Civil War ended.

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Carlile, John Snyder. Letter, 24 November 1863.
Accession 39535. 2 pages.

Letter, 24 November 1863, from John Snyder Carlile (1817-1878), Clarksburg, West Virginia, commenting on the Gettysburg Address, his negative views of the Northern people, and why he believes they are fighting.

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Carlton, Cornelius H. Letter, 9 May 1864.
Accession 22290. 4 pages.

Letter, 9 May 1864, from Cornelius H. Carlton (1826-1887), Company F, 24th Virginia Cavalry, to Walter Raleigh Carlton (1833-1875) describing events he witnessed while serving with troops along the James River in Charles City County, Virginia. Carlton details his picket duties and the capture and descruction of the Union gunboat “Showshone” [i.e., Shoshone]. He also describes combat involving Union troops and gunboats against Confederate troops on the south side of the James River.

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Carlton, Cornelius H. Diary, 1864-1869.
Accession 26882. 1 volume (95 pages).

Diary, 1864-1869, of Cornelius Carlton (1826-1887) of King and Queen County, Virginia, and Company F, 24th Virginia Cavalry. Entries in this diary are mainly brief, general ones, such as camp life, health, and weather; however, those for April, 1865, are fairly detailed, containing details of the burning of Richmond, looting, and the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. Also includes entries after the Civil War regarding the author’s reactions to various aspects of the Reconstruction period, military rule of Richmond, and voting rights for the freed slaves. Also included is a clipping on the “Defences of Richmond.”

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Carman, Ezra Ayers. Papers, 1863-1902.
Accession 43619, Miscellaneous reels 5401-5402. 2 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1863-1902 and undated, of Ezra Ayers Carman (1834-1909), a United States Army officer, civil servant, and author, consisting of an undated draft manuscript of Carman’s “The Maryland Campaign of September 1862.” Also included are letters, compiled during Carman’s research, from Union and Confederate participants in the conflict, and various notes, maps, tear sheets from books, and other research materials about the campaign, the Emancipation Proclamation, Harper’s Ferry, and other related topics. The manuscript, edited by Joseph Pierro, was published for the first time in 2008 as “The Maryland Campaign of September 1862: Ezra A. Carman’s Definitive Study of the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam.”

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Carmichael family. Letters, 1862-1908 (bulk: 1862-1864).
Accession 24459. 30 items.

Letters, 1862-1864 and 1908, of the Carmichael family of Danville, Virginia, consisting of letters from Mary Carter Wellford Carmichael to her son Lieutenant Charles Carter Carmichael of Company C, 30th Virginia Infantry, Gorse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division. Letters consist of personal matters and news of events in Danville and of family and friends. Also includes a certificate to S. A. Tinsley for his purchase of Confederate bonds, and a letter, 24 July 1908, from Loring W. Muzzey of Lexington, Massachusetts, to Lucy Ashby Carmichael (1856-1936) of Fredericksburg and King George County, Virginia, regarding their friendship from since the Civil War and containing a burial notice about Hannah Louisa Whitman (1823-1908), sister of the poet Walt Whitman (1819-1892).

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Carmody, Charles. Letter, 19 June 1862.
Accession 36987. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 19 June 1862, from Charles Carmody, 12th Massachusetts Infantry, while stationed at Manassas Junction, Virginia. Topics covered include his health, troop movements, and a skirmish near the Rappahannock River. A transcription of the letter is included.

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Carner, Clara Hill. Smyth County muster roll book, 1861-1865.
Accession 45302, Miscellaneous reel. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Smyth County, Virginia, muster roll book, 1861-1865, compiled by Clara Hill Carner (1884-1979) in 1960-1963, consisting of the rosters of Company E, 21st Virginia Infantry; Companies A, E, and F, 23rd Virginia Infantry; and Company K, 63rd Virginia Infantry. Volume also contains information on Companies B and D, 13th Battalion, Virginia Reserves; Smyth County militia units; hospitals; veterans; pensions; African Americans, free and slave; Smyth County United Daughters of the Confederacy chapters; and other topics relating to Smyth County and the Civil War. Also includes a scrapbook containing articles on Smyth County history.

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Carpenter, Herbert E. Letter, 25 January 1863.
Accession 38835. 2 pages.

Letter, 25 January 1863, from Herbert E. Carpenter of Company H, 21st Connecticut Infantry, camped outside of Fredericksburg, Virginia, to his friend Martin commenting on shirkers from duty who are forced to wash, collect fire wood, or do other chores; also commenting on soldiers’ cleanliness and lice; mentioning other soldiers from home in the regiment; and detailing the Army of Potomac’s infamous “Mud March” after the battle of Fredericksburg which led to General Ambrose Burnside’s being relieved. He adds that the division of General William Franklin suffered greatly in the march and that its artillery is still stuck in the mud.

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Carr, William. Letter, 6 February 1863.
Accession 44956. 4 pages.

Letter, 6 February 1863, from William Carr, Company I, 12th Massachusetts Infantry, to his sister Sabrina K. Griffin (b. ca. 1830) of South Groveland, Massachusetts, thanking her for a box of goods she sent, including boots and food, and informing her that he had lost some of his pay which he had intended to send to her. The letter was forwarded to their father John Carr (b. ca. 1801) of Limerick, Maine.

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Carrington, Charles Scott. Letter, 28 June 1864.
Accession 42859. 2 pages.

Letter, 28 June 1864, from Major Charles Scott Carrington (1820-1891), Quartermaster’s Office, Richmond, Virginia, to Philip St. George Ambler (1806-1877), Amherst County, Virginia, concerning the urgent need for corn by the Confederate government. Carrington asks Ambler to notify the farmers of Amherst to deliver every peck possible to various depots and route the supplies to Richmond. A transcription of the letter is included.

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Carroll, John W. Letter, 25 May 1864.
Accession 43344. 2 pages.

Letter, 25 May 1864, from John W. Carroll, Lynchburg, Virginia, to George C. Rogers, regarding having seen Rogers’ son, James Rogers (ca. 1838-1878), in a hospital near the Battle of the Wilderness, recovering from a head wound. Carroll forwards a letter from James to his father (not included).

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Carson, J. S. Letters, 27 April 1861.
Accession 21081, 21082. 2 leaves.

Letters, 27 April 1867, from Lieutenant J. S. Carson, Winchester, Virginia, to Colonel Josiah Ware of the 3rd Virginia Artillery Regiment, reporting on the reorganization of the “Home Guards” with R. Y. Conrad as captain, then informing Ware that Conrad has command of an active company in the 3rd Regiment. The second letter also seeks clarification of the Home Guards’ military duties.

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Carter family. Papers, 1817-1892
Accession 33886. .45 cubic feet.

Papers, 1817-1892, of the Carter familiy of Nottoway County, Virginia, and Mississippi, containing the papers, lectures, observations, and correspondence, 1828-1864, of William R. Carter (1833-1864) before, during, and after attending Hampden-Sydney College and during the Civil War. Collection contains his correspondence, 1853-1861 discussing family news, advice on love and deportment, his religious conversion, move to Mississippi, newspaper business, and a deed for land in Mississippi. His wartime letters, 1861-1864, contain a photocopy of his Confederate service record, appointment papers, general orders, and letters to and from his family concerning troop movements in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia; deaths; financial matters at home; conditions while a prisoner of war; the political climate; and his health. After his death, Carter’s father attempted to publish his field diary (included here as a transcript in Sharpe Carter’s hand) which covered troop movements of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. The diary in the possession of the Library of Virginia is incomplete, covering only the period from 27 July 1862 through 30 April 1864. A published copy of this diary, “Sabres, Saddles, and Spurs, edited by Wallace D. Swank (Shippensburg, Pa., 1998), is also incomplete. A complete version of this dairy, covering the period from 27 May 1861 to 7 June 1864, is available on miscellaneous microfilm reel 2.

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Carter, Louise Humphreys. Reminiscences, 20 June 1905.
Accession 50621. 19 leaves.

Reminiscences, 20 June 1905, of Louise Humphreys Carter (1832-1906) concerning life at Shirley Plantation in Charles City County, Virginia during the Civil War. She writes about events in Washington, DC at the outbreak of the war, Robert E. Lee resigning his commission and offering his services to the Confederacy, wounds suffered by Bernard Hill Carter (1835-1863) at Boonsboro, Maryland, his recuperation, and his being killed in action at the Battle of Chancellorsville, wounded soldiers being brought to Shirley and encampment of Federal forces there, the family's interaction with Union officers, the illness and death of Mary Braxton Randolph Carter (1800-1864), the near capture of Beverly Randolph Carter (1837-1913) at Shirley as a spy, and her husband Robert Randolph Carter (1825-1888) taking over management of Shirley following the war.

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Carter, Thomas Henry. Letters, 14 March 1864.
Accession 23715b. 1 leaf.

Letter, 14 March 1864, from Colonel Thomas Henry Carter (1831-1908) at artillery headquarters to James A. Seddon (1815-1880), Secretary of War for the Confederacy, asking Seddon to relieve his cousin Major Thomas Jefferson Page (1839-1864) from duty and allow him to travel to Europe for reasons of health.

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Carter, Thomas Henry. Letters, 1894-1904.
Accession 42028. 18 leaves. Typescript.

Letters, 1894-1904, from Thomas Henry Carter, of King William County, Virginia, to John W. Daniel, Lynchburg, Virginia, recounting his service with the artillery during the Civil War. Carter comments on the Virginia artillery, battle of Winchester, Virginia, offers opinions of General Jubal Early, and encourages Daniel’s writing about Early and the history of the Virginia artillery.

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Carwiles, Charles. Parole, 11 April 1865.
Accession 30858. 1 leaf. Photocopy.

Parole, 11 April 1865, issued to Charles Carwiles [Carwile] (1834-1892), a private in Company C, 60th Georgia Infantry Regiment, issued by his commanding officer, Captain James B. Hilton, at Appomattox Court House.

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Cary, Harriette. Diary, 1862.
Accession 20471. 29 leaves. Photostat (negative).

Diary, 6 May-23 July 1862, of Harriette Cary (1838-1930) of Williamsburg, Virginia, describing life during the occupation of Williamsburg by the Union Army. Cary comments on the Union soldiers and their commanding officer, General George B. McClellan (1826-1885), complaining about their actions and hoping that Confederate soldiers would return to drive them away. Cary writes about a hospital for the Confederate wounded left behind in Williamsburg during the Confederate retreat up the Peninsula to Richmond, Virginia, and often notes the deaths of soldiers. She also records her daily life in Williamsburg and the town’s social life during this occupation.

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Cason, John R. Autograph book, 1863-1865.
Accession 24971. 1 volume (64 leaves). Photostats (negative)

Autograph book, 1863-1865, of Lieutenant John R. Cason of the 17th Mississippi Infantry while a prisoner of war at Fort Delaware and at the prison at Hilton Head, South Carolina. Autographs and inscriptions by his fellow prisoners from commands from the states of Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. Book also contains a list of the 600 Confederate officers sent from Fort Delaware to Morris Island, South Carolina, to be placed under fire in retaliation for Union officers being held in Charleston, South Carolina, under fire. Cason, one of these 600 officers, lists the names of these officers, their ranks, commands, dates and places of capture, and their residences.

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Catlett, R. H. Letter, 17 May 1861.
Accession 23476t. 1 page.

Letter, 17 May 1861, from R. H. Catlett, Executive Department, aide-de-camp to Governor John Letcher, to Augustine M. Vaughan, Norfolk, regarding the discontinuance of honoring drafts from the Department at Washington.

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Chadbourne, Paul. Letter, 27 July 1862.
Accession 43655. 4 pages.

Letter, 27 July 1862, from Paul Chadbourne (b. ca. 1834), 1st Maine Cavalry in Fauquier County, Virginia, to his brother discussing the receipt of family letters, health, camp life, weather, the family farm, sending money, and the order issued by General John Pope outlawing the practice of providing guards for private property.

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Chandler, Alexander Bowman. Letter, 9 February 1863.
Accession 23414. 4 pages.

Letter, 9 February 1863, from Alexander Bowman Chandler (b. 1831), Company E, 1st Vermont Cavalry, at camp near Fort Scott, Virginia, to his sister, Mary, concerning army life and a visit to Arlington House, former home of Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) and serving as part of the Union army headquarters at the time.

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Chandler, Alexander Bowman. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 23497. 37 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, from Alexander Bowman Chandler (b. 1831) of Company E, 1st Vermont Cavalry, to his family and friends in Vermont discussing the daily activities of the regiment while on duty in northern Virginia, including skirmishes around Warrenton, Virginia. Chandler also comments on lumber and farming business in Vermont.

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Chandler, John J. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 23984b. 23 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1863-1864, from John J. Chandler (1832-1913) to to his sister-in-law Ann E. Chandler (1837-d. by 1880) of Middlesex County, Virginia, sending general war news and personal news. He comments on the battle of Gettysburg, adding that he would never marry a girl from Pennsylvania, and on the siege of Petersburg.

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EAD Guide
Chandler, Silas Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 23984a. 32 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1862-1865, of Silas Chandler (1830-1912) of Middlesex County, Virginia, and Fleet’s Artillery Company, to his wife Ann Elizabeth Gayle Chandler (1837-by 1880) discussing camp life and combat, and requesting she write. Chandler comments on the reorganization of the army; the Peninsular Campaign; the battle of Chancellorsville; the possible evacuation of Virginia by the army; his unit’s joining the Army of Tennessee; the battle of Chickamagua; the siege of Petersburg, including the battle of the Crater; Confederate maneuvers in Tennessee; the Hampton Roads Peace Conference; desertions; and the proposal to draft African Americans into the Confederate Army.

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EAD Guide
Chapla, John D. Papers, 1972-2013.
Accession 51115. 22.525 cubic feet.

Papers, 1972-2013, of John D. Chapla (1947-2014) of Alexandria, Virginia, containing his research files compiled while writing books on the 42nd, 48th, and 50th Virginia Infantry Regiments for the Virginia Regimental Histories Series, miscellaneous subject files, and his research on Alexander Welch Reynolds (1816-1876) for articles which he co-authored.

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Chapman, Richard F. Letter, 21 June 1863.
Accession 27472. 2 leaves. Photocopy.

Letter, 21 June 1863, from Richard F. Chapman, Company E, 9th Virginia Infantry, in camp on the Shenandoah River, to his wife, describing his current situation.

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Chappelear, George Warren. Rockingham County notes.
Accession 23772. 115 leaves and 40 pages.

Rockingham County notes, no date, collected by George Warren Chappelear (1889-1944) of Rockingham County, Virginia, consisting mainly of transcripts and abstracts of documents relating to the history of Rockingham County and Harrisonburg, Virginia. Collection contains deeds, letters, notes, wills, bills of sale, land grants, agreements, Bible records, land grants, slave emancipation, and articles. Some of the families mentioned in this collection are Armentrout, Cromer, Shultz, Lang, Gordon, and Miller. Folder 1 does not have pages 16-17; folder 3 does not have page 18. There is a name index included in this collection.

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Chemung County Historical Society (Chemung County, N.Y.). List of Confederate Soldiers buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York.
Accession 25774. 1 leaf and 18 pages. Photocopies.

Alphabetical register of Confederate soldiers and their guards who died in a railraod accident in Pennsylvania, and of Confederate soldiers who died while imprisoned in Camp Elmira, New York, all of whom are interred in Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York. Compiled by the Chemung County (New York) Historical Society.

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Chesterfield County (Va.) Circuit Court. Lists of Provisions for Confederate Soldiers' Families, 1863-1864.
Accession Local Government Records, Chesterfield County. .1 cubic feet.

Chesterfield County, Virginia, Lists of Provisions for Confederate Soldiers’ Families, 1863-1864 is primarily made up of lists of individuals related to Confederate soldiers. These reports can include the names of soldiers, the name of their wives, mothers or other family members, the number of dependant individuals in each family, the condition of the soldier and his family, the amount of money or supplies provided to each family, and the use for which the money was intended. Also included are certifications for soldiers’ families detailing their need for assistance. Information included in the accounts include number of children, economic state and health of family and details about the soldiers. The lists record that funds were to be used for specific foods such as bacon and flour.

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Chilton, Robert H. Papers, 1864-1897 (bulk: 1864-1870).
Accession 24068. 14 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1864-1897, of Robert H. Chilton (1815-1879) of Loudoun County, Virginia, and Columbus, Georgia, consisting of a letter, 24 March 1864, from Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) concerning Chilton’s assignment to duty in Richmond, Virginia, which resulted in his loss of promotion to brigadier general; a letter, 6 October 1865, from Robert E. Lee discussing Chilton’s difficulty in finding employment and Lee’s situation at Washington College in Lexington, Virginia; a letter, 10 January 1867, from Robert E. Lee concerning the future of the South and sending personal and family news; a letter, 10 March 1867, from Mary Custis Lee (1807-1873) to Laura T. Mason Chilton (1826-1911) containing personal and family news; a letter, 22 November 1869, from Robert E. Lee to Laura Mason Chilton sending personal news; a letter, 7 April 1870, from Robert E. Lee to Chilton containing personal news; a commission, 16 February 1864, from Secretary of War James A. Seddon (1815-1880) appointing Chilton brigadier general to date from 21 December 1863; and a newspaper clipping, 1897, concerning Chimborazo Hospital and Park in Richmond, Virginia.

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Christian family. Papers, 1888-1918.
Accession 41164. .225 cubic feet.

Papers, 1888-1918, of the Christian family of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of accounts, checks, clippings, correspondence, insurance policies, inventories, land titles, postcards, receipts, and tax records. Papers include correspondence to George Llewellyn Christian (1841-1924) concerning legal concerns, his involvement in veterans and civic organizations such as the United Confederate Veteran Association and the Young Men’s Christian Association; and his role as a historian of the Civil War and the Confederacy, including letters requesting his pamphlet on Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865). Papers also include receipts for payment to St. Luke’s Hospital as well as accounts, inventories, receipts, and other papers concerning the estate of Richmond Lacy Christian (ca. 1829-1909), George L. Christian, executor. Papers also contain receipts and tax records of William H. Christian. Papers include two fire insurance policie, 1917, for Elijah Bates and a copy of “Confederate War Journal” volume 1, number 1, 1893.

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Christian, George L. Depositions, 15 April 1922.
Accession 14058. 11 leaves.

Depositions, 15 April 1922, of George L. Christian (1841-1924) and Charles J. Anderson (1848-1925) of Richmond, Virginia, concerning the burning of the General Court Building in Richmond 3 April 1865, during the Civil War. Both men describe the building’s location in Richmond before the fire and Christian describes the records within the building that were destroyed. The questioning was conducted by Leo Loeb, a lawyer from Charleston, West Virginia, for the case of Kanawha Banking and Trust Company vs. J. H. Rust and C. Pittard in the Kanawha County (West Virginia) Circuit Court. The depositions were recorded and notarized by Alma C. Campbell.

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Christian, Heath. Letter, 13 July 1863.
Accession 25661. 9 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Letter, 13 July 1863, from Heath Christian, Jr., (ca. 1844-1864), 3rd Virginia Cavalry, at Williamsport, Maryland, to his father, regarding camp life and family news.

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Christian, James H. Letter, 18 November 1864.
Accession 21423. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 18 November 1864, from James H. Christian (1794-1873) of Charles City County, Virginia, to General Benjamin F. Butler (1818-1893), commanding Union troops in the area. Christian asks for the release of Edmund Waddill (1814-1890), clerk of the county court, and his brother Samuel (b. 1812). The letter is endorsed by General Joseph Bradford Carr (1828-1895).

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Christian, John D. Letters, 1848-1865.
Accession 24133. 7 leaves and 4 pages.

Letters, 1848-1865, of John D. Christian (1799-1864) of New Kent County, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1848-1853, from E. D. Ballew of Livingston County, Missouri, and Richmond, Virginia, to Christian concerning the estate of her husband in Missouri and Virginia, specifically the slaves which were left to her during her lifetime and then to be passed on to Christian and his brothers; a letter, 14 February 1862, from John D. Christian of New Kent County to William B. Christian (ca. 1790-1866) of Richmond concerning the estate of E. D. Ballew; letters, 5 March and 14 March 1865, from Thomas Graves to Mrs. Watkins concerning the death of her son Jonnie Watkins (d. 1865); and a letter, 10 March 1865, from Mary E. Rowland to Mrs. Watkins detailing the last days and death of her son Jonnie.

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Clark, Edward W. Battlefield sketches, 1862.
Accession 23968. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Battlefield sketches, 1862, by Private Edward W. Clark, Company B, 22nd Virginia Battalion, consisting of the battle of Ganeville [Gainesville], Virginia, 28 August 1862, fought by Gibbon’s Brigade, as part of the 2nd battle of Bull Run; and an unidentified battle.

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Clark, Linus R. Letter, 20 June 1864.
Accession 40276. 4 pages.

Letter, 20 June 1864, from Linus R. Clark (1837-1900), 117th New York Infantry, at Bermuda Hundred to his wife Mary A. Clark (1839-1936) regarding the assault and capture of Petersburg Heights.

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Clark-Buchanan family. Letters, 1862-1864 and undated.
Accession 42855, Miscellaneous reel 5229. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Letters, 1862-1864 and undated, of the Clark and Buchanan families of Washington and Smyth Counties, Virginia, consisting of letters from James Clark (1830-1911), of Company F, 63rd Virginia Infantry, to his wife Martha Buchanan Clark (b. ca. 1835), discussing his disdain for one's lack of freedom while in the army; camp life, including meals, sleeping accommodations, and religious observances; witnessing the severe punishment of deserters; rumors of upcoming battles and nearby Union troop movements; problems with ragged clothing and lice; his impressions of Confederate Generals Joseph Johnston (1807-1891) and William Wing Loring (1818-1886); a 20 January 1863 engagement at Kelly's Store near Suffolk, Virginia; and the Battle of Kolb's Farm near Marietta, Georgia, 22 June 1864. Also includes letters letters from Samuel T. Buchanan (ca. 1836-1864), Company D, 48th Virginia Infantry, to family members describing camp life and living conditions; his participation in the Battle of Gettysburg; grueling marches; a revival meeting in camp; witnessing the execution of ten deserters from a North Carolina regiment in September 1863; and April 1864 rumors of Union General Ulysses S. Grant's approach and his intention to take Richmond that spring. Letter to Martha Buchanan Clark from brother Jim Buchanan (b. ca. 1842) tells of Samuel's 12 May 1864 capture at Spotsylvania Court House; letter, 29 August 1864, from family friend and 50th Virginia Infantry Regiment officer Clayton Hubble (d. 1864) informs father Wilson Buchanan of Samuel's death. Another letter, from Colonel Robert H. Dungan (1834-1903), also of the 48th Virginia, Company D, describes Samuel as a man of good nature and strong character.

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EAD Guide
Clarke family. Papers, 1854-1890.
Accession 22095. 180 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1854-1890, of the Clarke family of Gloucester County and Richmond, Virginia, consisting of correspondence between Colin Clarke (1792-1865) of Gloucester County and Maxwell Troax Clarke (1830-1911) of Richmond, Virginia, discussing business and personal matters. Correspondence discusses conditions in Gloucester County during the Civil War, especially the departure of slaves and the hardships of military occupation. Collection also includes correspondence to and from Mary Goode Lyle Clarke (1801-1884), Colin Douglas Clarke (1832-1862), Elizabeth Berkeley Cooke Clarke (1833-1906), Powhatan Clarke (1837-1917), Ellen Scott Clarke (1830-1908), and Sally Bland Clarke Manning (b. 1828). The collection also includes Maxwell T. Clarke’s Civil War reminiscences, genealogical notes of the Clarke family, recipes, memorandums, certificates, commissions, oaths, military records, drafts, powers of attorney, receipts, lists, and accounts.

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Clarke, George Philip. Diary, 1863-1865.
Accession 34036. 1 volume (39 leaves).

Transcript of the diary, 1863-1865, of George Philip Clarke of Company I, 7th Virginia Infantry, recording his participation in the battle of Gettysburg; his wounding and capture by Union troops on 3 July, his internment at Davis Island and his exchange, including listing the names of regiment members at Davis Island and mentioning the death of Albert H. Good whose sister Clarke later married; his participation in campaigning in North Carolina, including the battle of Plymouth; his regiment’s return to Virginia and its participation in the siege of Petersburg, fighting around Drewry’s Bluff, and the defense of Richmond, Virginia, in 1864-1865; his comments on crossing the 1862 Seven Days’ battlefields; the 1864 U.S. presidential election; African American soldiers in the Union army; the battle of Trevilian Station; and his regiment’s movements during the Appomattox Campaign, including the battle of Five Forks. Clarke also mentions a religious revival in camp and desertions.

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Claytor, Andrew Boyd. Reminiscences, ca. 1936.
Accession 34029. 16 leaves. Photocopies.

Reminiscences, probably 1936, of Andrew Boyd Claytor (1856-1943) of Bedford County, Virginia, recalling events in Bedford County during the Civil War when he was a child, including the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of the Summer of 1864, the battle of Lynchburg, and the battle of Liberty (Bedford, Virginia). Includes a transcript copy.

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Clifford, Samuel. Letter, 24 March 1864.
Accession 38467. 1 leaf.

Letter, 24 March 1864, from Samuel Clifford (ca. 1841-1864) of Company D, 23rd Ohio Infantry at Camp White near Charleston, West Virginia, to Linda and Lara (?) Clifford of Lorain County, Ohio, letting them know he is back in camp and doing well. Letter also includes a print of the battle of Pittsburg Landing, or Shiloh, 6 April 1862.

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Coates family. Letters, 1864.
Accession 40694. 20 pages.

Letters, 1864, from James and Horatio Coates, both of Company F, 138th Ohio Infantry, on duty in Virginia, to their mother, Mary Coates, Ohio, regarding family, camp life, and troop movements.

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Cochran, G. M. Receipt, 18 May 1861.
Accession 13864. 1 leaf.

Receipt, 18 May 1861, signed by G. M. Cochran (1832-1900), Master of Ordnance for Confederate forces under the command of Colonel T. J. Jackson (1824-1863) at Harper’s Ferry, (West) Virginia, acknowledging receipt of fifty-nine flintlock muskets from Captain Thompson McAllister (1811-1871), Company I, Fourth Regiment Infantry.

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Cocke, Lucy Williamson Oliver. Letter, 1 April 1865.
Accession 29881. 4 pages.

Letter, 1 April 1865, to Lucy Williamson Oliver Cocke (1816-1898) of Bremo, Fluvanna County, Virginia, from her sister Mill [Millicent or Mildred] at Mildendo, probably in Halifax County, Virginia, recounting the privations of war and the last ditch attempts to preserve property and the Confederate government. She mentions raids conducted by the Union army under General Philip Sheridan and General Robert E. Lee’s efforts to prevent them and to protect the Danville Railroad. Mill also mentions Union troops moving through Bremo and John Hartwell Cocke (1780-1866).

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Cocke, Philip St. George. Proclamation, 5 May 1861.
Accession 14020. 1 leaf.

Proclamation, 5 May 1861, issued by Brigadier General Philip St. George Cocke, commander of the Potomac Military Department, calling the men of the district to arms to defend Virginia.

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Cockes, L. M. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 25659. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Letters, 1863-1864, from L.M. Cockes, Company B, 1st Virginia Artillery Regiment, Richmond, Virginia, to his sister, regarding camp life and family news.

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Cofer, Thomas W. Letter, 3 June 1864.
Accession 43039. 2 pages.

Letter, 3 June 1864, from Thomas W. Cofer (ca. 1827-1885) in Richmond to his wife Margaret A. Cofer (b. ca. 1829) in Southampton County, Virginia. Cofer writes about the large numbers of troops passing through Richmond to fight, the recent heavy skirmishing in the area and a large battle which commenced the previous evening, and rumors of the large numbers of Federal troops that had been killed. A transcription of the letter is included.

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Cohen, Isaac. Pass, 11 September 1861
Accession 23003b. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative) Photograph.

Pass, 11 September 1861, from Confederate Secretary of War Leroy P. Walker (1817-1884) by J. B. Jones (1810-1866) to Isaac Cohen (1843-1918), allowing Cohen to travel to Nashville, Tennessee

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Coke, John Archer. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 22473. 1 leaf and 9 pages.

Letters, 1863-1864, of John Archer Coke (1842-1920), consisting of a letter, 2 February 1863, from John B. Floyd (1806-1863), Major General commanding the Virginia State Line, to Governor John Letcher (1813-1884), complaining that the paymaster refuses to pay officers and urging prompt issue of commissions (this letter is located in the John Letcher Executive Papers); a letter, 10 June 1864 from Captain John Archer Coke of the enrolling office for the Confederate army in Richmond, Virginia, containing a list of men who are fit for light duty and can replace men who are fit for field service; a letter, 9 June 1864, from Coke to Captain William A. Charters, Provost Marshall of the Reserve Force of Virginia, asking under whose authority conscripts for the Confederate army are being arrested and ordered to service in the Virginia militia and including a response, 9 June 1864, from Charters, a second note, 10 June 1864, by Coke, and a response, 11 June 1864, from Colonel Shields of the Conscription office; and a letter, 1 July 1864, from Colonel Theodore B. Gates (1824-1911) of the United States army, Headquarter Post and Defences, City Point, Virginia, to Captain T. R. Leslie, Provost Marshall, and including endorsements signed by Marsena Rudolph Patrick (1811-1888), Provost Marshall General and both S. F. Bristow and Charles E. Pease for General George Gordon Meade (1815-1872).

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Cole family. Letters, 1836-1863.
Accession 24904. 17 pages.

Letters, 1836-1863, of the Cole family of Chesterfield County, Virginia, consisting of letter, 16 March 1836, from Mary in Richmond, Virginia, to Janette Baird (Cole) at Physick Springs, Buckingham County, Virginia, sending news of family and friends, including their education; letter, 20 July 1846, from Elizabeth Miller of Washington County, Virginia, to F. Pocahontas Brummal of Chesterfield County describing life in Washington County, including its agriculture, and mentioning Emory and Henry College; letter, 21 December 1846, from Haley Cole of Chesterfield County to Elizabeth Miller of Washington County, sending news of family and friends and mentioning the birth of a child to his wife Janette Cole; letter, 25 May 1847, from Janette Cole to Elizabeth Miller providing news of family and friends and discussing children; and letter, 20 October 1863, from L. F. Moody of the 7th Texas Infantry to Haley Cole describing military life and the battle of Chickamauga.

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Coleman-Griggs family. Letters, 1861-1865.
Accession 25280. 10 leaves. Photostats (negatives).

Correspondence, 1861-1865, of the Coleman family of King and Queen County, Virginia, and the Griggs family of Essex County, Virginia, including a letter, 23 December 1861, from Muscoe Brooks, Urbanna, Virginia, to Elizabeth Coleman; a letter, 16 June 1862, from Muscoe Brooks to Elizabeth Coleman, discussing the war, desertion, and the possibility of death; a letter, 8 September 1862, from John Griggs, Frederick County, Maryland to his wife, M.A. Griggs, Millers Tavern, Essex County, Virginia, regarding his health, troops movements, and lists soldiers from the 55th Virginia Infantry that were killed or wounded; a letter, 5 December 1863, from Robert Coleman, Camp Magruder, to Elizabeth Coleman, King and Queen County, Virginia; a letter, 7 March 1865, from Robert Coleman, Petersburg, Virginia, to John [-----] concerning desertion, the Petersburg Assualt and the lack of supplies for Confederate soldiers.

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Collins, John Overton. Letter, 4 March 1863.
Accession 41289. 2 pages.

Letter, 4 March 1863, from John Overton Collins (1833-1911), Company F, 10th Virginia Cavalry to his wife discussing troop movements, the difficulty of finding provisions for the staff and horses, and finances. Letter is written on a patriotic letterhead and some of the letter is written in a code which is undecipherable. Part of the letter is also missing.

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Colonna, Benjamin Azariah. Papers, 1913, 1921.
Accession 37626. 54 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1913, 1921, of Benjamin Azariah Colonna (1843-1924) consisting of a speech, clippings, and an autobiography for Colonna (1843-1924) and the Colonna family of Accomack County and Norfolk, Virginia; and Washington, D.C. Consists of a speech, 1921, of Benjamin Azariah Colonna given at Arlington National Cemetery; clippings including obituaries and articles for Benjamin Azariah Colonna; and an autobiography, 1913, by Benjamin Azariah Colonna which also includes Colonna family genealogical notes. Autobiography contains discussion on Colonna family matters, life in Accomack County, Virginia, fishing and clamming, camping, the Episcopal Church, African-American servants, and agriculture and swine farming.

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Colston, Frederick M. Recollections of the last months in the Army of Northern Virginia, 1910.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5228. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Draft typescript, 1910, of an article, written by Frederick M. Colston (1835-1922), containing reminiscences of his duties as assistant to the Chief of Ordnance of the Confederate army near Chester Station on the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad. Colston writes about the transporting and mounting of guns at various batteries in the area, visiting ordnance stores and reporting on their condition, the efficiency of the ordnance service, and he gives details on the evacuation of Richmond, the surrender at Appomattox, and his journey back to his home in Baltimore.

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Colston, Raleigh Edward. Preliminary note, 1893.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5258. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Preliminary note, 1893, written by Raleigh Edward Colston introducing the publication in the “Southern Historical Society Papers” of an address that he made to the Ladies’ Memorial Association of Wilmington, North Carolina, on 10 May 1870.

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Colvin, William C. Depositions of William C. Colvin and Lucy M. Colvin before the Southern Claims Commission, 1873, 1878.
Accession 41210. 29 leaves. Photocopies.

Transcriptions, 1873 and 1878, of depositions of William C. Colvin (b. ca. 1811) of Fauquier County, Virginia, and Lucy M. Colvin (ca. 1821-1889) of Culpeper County, Virginia, before the Southern Claims Commission. The transcriptions were made from the original records on microfilm at the National Archives. Also includes photocopies from published sources and Internet sites.

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Compton, William Boyd. Letters, 1864-1865.
Accession 28985. 28 pages.

Letters, 1864-1865, of William Boyd Compton (1838-1898) of Marion County, West Virginia, to his fiancee Kate Kerr (1844-1920) also of Fairmont, Marion County. The subject of the letters includes personal news and war news, including discussion of the closing months of the Civil War, the end of the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign, the siege of Petersburg and the death of General John Pegram (1832-1865), Compton’s trip behind Union army lines to Highland County, his belief that the Confederacy would still gain its independence, and his intentions to travel south and fight until the last gun. Letters also describe Compton’s efforts to relocate and pursue a career as a lawyer and deciding on Harrisonburg, Virginia. Compton also attempts to arrange a date and location for his wedding to Kate Kerr, stating that his reputation might prevent them from marrying in West Virginia, where she resides, but finally adding that he has received a special pardon from the President of the United States, Andrew Johnson (1808-1875), which allays his concerns. Compton mentions his cousin the Confederate spy Belle Boyd (1844-1900).

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Confederate States Christian Association for the Relief of Prisoners. Concert program, 1865.
Accession 35954. 2 pages.

Handwritten concert program, 1865, for a fund-raising event sponsored by the Confederate States Christian Association for the Relief of Prisoners, April 1865. Notes on the back indicate that Major Peter Johnston Otey of Lynchburg, Virginia, wrote the program.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Collection of Confederate States of America records, 1861-1863.
Accession 19767. 12 pages.

Collection of records, 1861-1863, of the Confederate Army consisting of a statement, 13 October 1861, of charges and specifications against Sergeant A. J. Denby, Company B, 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment; an account current, second and third quarters 1862, for Colonel John Pegram, Chief Engineer, Army of the Mississippi; an affidavit, 28 April, 1862, by Susan Carter of Richmond, Virginia, certifying that her son, Robert M. Carter, enlisted in the Richmond Light Infantry Blues without her consent; muster roll and payroll, 31 August-31 October 1862, for Company B, 20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery; muster roll and payroll, 31 December 1862-28 February 1863, for Company A, 20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery; and a roster, November 1863, of enlisted men employed on extra duty as mechanics and laborers in Major General Edward Johnson’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. List of soldiers transferred from General Hospital, Farmville, to General Hospital, Lynchburg, 4 April 1865.
Accession 21152. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative)

List, 4 April 1865, of soldiers transferred from General Hospital, Farmville, Virginia, to General Hospital, Lynchburg, Virginia. S. M. Conway in the list is Samuel Moranda Connevey.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Roster and muster rolls of certain Confederate units from Virginia, 1859-1865.
Accession 22025. 15 leaves.

Typescripts of roster and muster rolls, 1859-1865, of certain Confederate units from Virginia consisting of the roster, 1859 and 1861-1865, for the Lynchburg Home Guard/Company G, 11th Virginia Infantry; muster roll, 1862-1863, for Company A, 131st Virginia militia; and a muster roll, 1864, probably for a home guard unit in Halifax County, Virginia. Accession analysis states that it is for Company G, 6th Virginia Cavalry.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Army of Northern Virginia. Order, 23 March 1863.
Accession 13986. 2 pages.

General Order No. 46, 23 March 1863, issued by General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) concerning President Jefferson Davis’ (1808-1889) proclamation for a day of fasting and prayer and suspending all duties that day, except for those necessary for safety and subsistence, so soldier can attend religious services. Also includes General Order No. 21, 24 March 1863, issued by General Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863) reiterating the order for his command. Orders in handwriting of Lee’s and Jackson’s adjutants.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Army of Northern Virginia. Richard H. Anderson's Corps. Board of Survey. Circular, 24 February 1865.
Accession 21662. 1 leaf.

Circular, 24 February 1865, advising persons whose property was damaged by artillery troops in Anderson’s Corps to meet a board of survey appointed by Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, at a designated location on 25 February 1865. Circular was issued by the president of the board, S. Taylor Martin.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Army of Northern Virginia. Valley District. Order, 7 September 1862.
Accession 13983. 3 pages.

An official copy of a General Order, 7 September 1862, for the order of march and for the conduct of the men during the march, signed by Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863).

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Confederate States of America. Army. Artillery Corps. Order, 5 January 1863.
Accession 13985. 1 leaf.

Special Order No. 49, 5 January 1863, from headquarters, artillery corps concerning complaints by citizens against soldiers in the command and prohibiting soldiers from leaving camp without written authorization.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Bureau of Exchange of Prisoners of War. Letterbook, 1862-1865.
Accession 19969. 1 volume (335 pages).

Letterbook, 29 November 1862-31 March 1865, of the Confederate Bureau of Exchange of Prisoners of War pertaining to the exchange and treatment of Confederate and Union prisoners of war. All letters were written by Robert Ould, Commissioner and Agent of Exchange for the Confederate States of America. The majority of the 400 letters are addressed to William H. Ludlow, Sullivan A. Meredith and John E. Mulford, U.S. agents of exchange. Other recipients include Pierre G. T. Beauregard, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. Most of the letters were printed in The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series II, Vols. 4-8.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Northern Virginia. Chief Engineer's Office. Preliminary map of a part of the south side of James River.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5206. 1 reel. Microfilm.

1 map on 2 sheets, mounted on linen, showing roads, waterways, railroads, towns, buildings, landmarks, land owners, and geographical features.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Southwestern Virginia. Reports, 17-19 September 1862.
Accession 20005. 7 leaves and 18 pages.

Reports, 17-19 September 1862, of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, concerning the Kanawha Valley campaign of 6-16 September 1862 in West Virginia, including discussions of military actions at Fayetteville, Cotton Hill, Gauley Ferry, and Charleston.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Southwestern Virginia. Quartermaster daybook, 8 April-8 July 1862.
Accession 34125. 1 volume (640 pages).

Quartermaster daybook, 1862, containing entries for quartermaster property, April 8-June 4, 1862; ordnance stores, April 12, 1862; Captain G. R. R. Dunn of the 36th Virginia Regiment, June 1-July 1, 1862; Captain A. Pettyjohn of the 45th Virginia Regiment, June 4-26, 1862; Captain S. A. Miller of the 22nd Virginia Regiment; Captain Jno. McCreary of Edgar’s Battalion, June 21, 1862; Captain M. B. Porteaux of the Artillery Battalion, June 5-26; Major Jno. B. Harvey, brigade quartermaster, June 25-27, 1862; Captain W. J. Clark of the 8th Virginia Cavalry, June 8-20, 1862; Captain Eakle of the Greenbrier Cavalry, June 5-27, 1862; Major Thos. L. Brown, quartermaster, June 14-25, 1862; ordnance stores, June 8-27, 1862; Captain M. B. Tate of the 51st Virginia Regiment, June 16-26, 1862; 50th Virginia Regiment, June 16, 1862; Derrick’s Battalion, June 20-26, 1862; Captain G. G. Otey of Otey Battery, July 5-8, 1862; Captain Stamps of Ringgold Battery; Pearisburg Hospital, June 4, 1862; and got from ACS, June 14-17, 1862.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Southwestern Virginia. Bill of articles left at Botetourt Springs or Hollins Institute, 1862.
Accession 34125a. 2 pages.

Bill of articles left at Botetourt Springs or Hollins Institute, 1862, listing furniture, carpet, blinds, and other items left at this location and including a value for each item.

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Confederate States of America. Army. General Hospital No. 6 (Richmond, Va.). Letter book, 1862.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5249. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Letter book, 7 June - 28 November 1862, of General Hospital No. 6, also known as Keen Hospital, in Richmond, Virginia. The volume contains circulars, letters, and orders addressed to Dr. Benjamin C. Fishburne from the Surgeon General’s Office, Office of the Inspector of Hospitals, and Medical Director’s Office, relating to admissions, staffing, assignments, reports, leaves of absences, furloughs, medicine requisitions and other matters.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Home Guard. Mounted Infantry. Carroll County. Muster roll, 26 September 1863.
Accession 26075. 2 pages. Photostats (negative)

Muster roll, 26 September 1863, for the Central Home Guard, Mounted Infantry of Carroll County, Virginia, listing officers and privates.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Local Defense Forces. Virginia Cavalry Regiment. North Anna Home Guard. Muster rolls of the North Anna Home Guard, 1863-1864.
Accession 13929. 3 leaves and 2 pages.

Muster rolls, 1863-1864, of the North Anna Home Guard of Caroline and Hanover Counties, Virginia, consisting of muster roll, 29 June 1863, of the North Anna Home Guard listing names, ages, and residences, and offering the Guard’s services to the president of the Confederacy; muster roll, 10 September 1864, of the Home Guard; muster rolls, no date, of the Home Guard.

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Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 3rd. Guard duty roster, 1861-1862.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5228. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Guard duty roster, 21 August 1861 - 22 March 1862, of Company C, 3rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment, while the unit was stationed at Camp Meares on Aquia Creek in Stafford County, Virginia. Roster includes the date, names of individuals on guard duty, and their post.

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Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiments. Records of North Carolina infantry regiments, 1861-1863.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4381. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Records, 1861-1863, of North Carolina Infantry Regiments, including commissions, muster roles, pay accounts, and provision returns. The majority of the records relate to the 13th North Carolina infantry regiment, with individual items relating to the 1st, 4th, 14th, 16th, 38th, and 77th North Carolina infantry regiments.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Nottoway Reserves. Muster roll, 25 April -30 June 1864.
Accession 20494. 8 leaves Photostats (negative)

Muster roll, 25 April-30 June 1864, of the Nottoway County Reserves consisting of names of men, rank, when enlisted, when paid and other remarks.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery Regiment, 1st. Neblett's Company. Muster roll, 11 June 1861.
Accession 13922. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 11 June 1861, of Captain Robert Neblett’s (1824-1898) Company of Artillery, 1st Regiment Artillery of Virginia, listing all the members of Neblett’s Lunenburg County, Virginia, artillery company. This company was assigned first to 9th Virginia Infantry, then transferred to the 28th Infantry Battalion, then finally to the 59th Virginia Infantry.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery Regiment, 2nd. Company F. Muster roll, 31 December 1862- 28 February 1863.
Accession 19887. 1 leave and 2 pages.

Muster roll, 31 December 1862-28 February 1863, of Company F, 2nd Virginia Artillery Regiment, containing the following information for each soldier: name; rank; date and place of enlistment; and last pay date. Organized in Lunenburg County, the unit also was known as the Lunenburg Artillery, Lunenburg Rebel Artillery and Captain Cornelius Tacitus Allen’s Company, Virginia Heavy Artillery.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery Unit. Kirkpatrick's Battery. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 20326. 4 leaves. Typescript.

Typescript roster, 1861-1865, for Kirkpatrick’s Battery, Virginia Light Artillery, containing the names of unit members and a brief history of the unit during the Civil War. Organized in Amherst County, Virginia, by Captain Thomas Jellis Kirkpatrick, the unit also was known as the Amherst Artillery.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery Unit. Powhatan Artillery. Roll book, 1861-1865.
Accession 26341. 1 volume. Photocopies.

Roll book, 1861-1865, of the Powhatan Artillery containing names, when enlisted, furloughs and returns, absences and returns, list of battles, list of casualties, and names of original members still with the unit at the end of the Civil War. Book also contains signatures, a sketch of a house, and a post-war receipt relating to the Palmore family.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery Unit. Rockbridge Artillery (2nd) Rockbridge Artillery (2nd) roll, 28 February-31 May 1862.
Accession 26460p. 2 pages.

Muster and payroll, 28 February-31 May 1862, for Captain John A. M. Lusk’s Company of Artillery, also known as the Rockbridge Artillery (2nd.). Information includes name, rank, enlistment, whether present, remarks, and payroll information.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery. Captain Charles F. Johnston's Company Virginia Artillery. Roster, 1865.
Accession 24918. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1865, of Captain Charles F. Johnston’s Company, Virginia Artillery, being “a list of officers and men of the Albemarle Artillery who were captured this 9th day of April 1865 at Appomattox C.H. and who are now present and entitled to parole” signed by Captain C. F. Johnston. Copied from the original in the Bryan family papers.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery. Captain William Graves Crenshaw's Company Virginia Light Artillery. Special order 146, 9 June 1863.
Accession 38410. 1 leaf.

Special order 146, 9 June 1863, from the Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office extending the time of duty of a detail assigned to the Crenshaw battery.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery. Captain William Watts Parker's Company, Light Artillery. Roster, 1862-1865.
Accession 21370. 8 leaves.

Roster, 1861-1865, of Captain William W. Parker’s Company, Virginia Light Artillery containing the names of members who served. Roster provides ranks, dates of enlistment, and other miscellaneous information concerning individual soldiers. Most unit members were from Richmond and surrounding counties. The unit was mustered into service on 14 March, 1862.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery. Jones' Battalion. Morning reports, 1863-1864
Accession 20458. 3 leaves

Morning reports, 1863-1864, of the Artillery Battalion commanded by Colonel H. P. Jones listing the companies in the battalion.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery. Nelson Light Artillery. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 21446. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative)

Typescript of roster, 1861-1865, of Captain James Henry Rives’ Company, Virginia Light Artillery, containing the names of soldiers who served. Organized in Nelson County, Virginia, in August 1861, the unit also was known as: Nelson Light Artillery; Company B, Nelson Light Artillery; and Rives’ Battery.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery. Pegram's Battery. Papers, 1862-1865
Accession 20322. 1 leaf Photostats (negative)

Papers, 1862-1865, of Branch’s Battery, renamed Pegram’s Battery, consisting of a roster and a history of the battery; and a pass, 20 October 18[--] issued to Private James R. Madison of Branch’s Battery by W. L. Armstrong, assistant surgeon at Taylor hospital. Roster is a newspaper clipping.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Battalion, 39th. Order, 2 March 1865.
Accession 21605. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative)

Order, 2 March 1865, issued by the 39th Virginia Cavalry Battalion detailing Private W. W. Spicer of Company D to visit his home in Orange County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 10th. Company H. Muster roll, 1861-1865.
Accession 19809. 4 leaves and 6 pages.

Muster roll, 1861-1865, of Company H, 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment containing the names of former soldiers in Company H, 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment. The unit also was known as the Valley Rangers and the Rockingham Cavalry. The muster roll was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, sometime between 1907 and 1910, subsequent to a petition presented by three former unit members. A petition to the judge of the court with an affixed newspaper notice also is included.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 10th. Company K. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 20911. 8 pages.

Roster, 1861-1865, of Company K, 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, which was organized in Richmond, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 11th. Company G. 31 October-31 December 1861.
Accession 26460o. 2 pages.

Muster and payroll, 31 October-31 December 1861, for Captain Archibald T. Richards’ Company, Bath Cavalry, later known as Company G, 11th Virginia Cavalry. Information includes name, rank, enlistment, whether present, remarks, and payroll information.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 12th. Company D. Roster and letter, 1939
Accession 21389. 2 pages.

Typescript roster, 1939, of Company D, 12th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, and a letter, 13 February 1939, from Wilmer L. Hall, Virginia State Librarian, to Mrs. R. Raymond Woolf, Registrar General of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Charleston, West Virginia. Mrs. Woolf copied the roster from a monument to Confederate soldiers in Elmwood Cemetery, Shepherdstown, West Virginia. The letter concerns proof of service in the Confederate army for Samuel M. Knott (1830-1907), whose name appears on the roster. The company was organized in Jefferson County, West Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 12th. Company F. Muster roll, 31 August-31 October 1864.
Accession 20765. 6 pages.

Muster roll, 31 August-31 October, of Company F, 12th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, providing: name of soldier; rank; date and place of enlistment; date and amount last paid and by whom; and whether they were present during the muster period. A remarks column indicates if soldiers were on special duty, captured, deserted, wounded, or absent without leave.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 12th. Company H. Muster roll, 1861-1865.
Accession 19810. 12 leaves and 13 pages.

Muster roll, 1861-1865, of Company H, 12th Virginia Cavalry Regiment containing the names of soldiers who served and a synopsis of the unit’s activities during the Civil War. It was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, in accordance with an act passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1898 to collect, preserve, and perpetuate the names of Virginia soldiers who fought in the state’s defense during the war. Also includes a newspaper copy of the muster roll, a petition to the judge of the court from three former unit members, and a notice from the court clerk.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 17th. Company F. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 19890. 7 leaves. Typescript.

Roster of members of Company F, 17th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, consisting of men from Jackson, Roane, Wood, and Wirt Counties, West Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 17th. Company K. 17th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Company K roster, 1863-1864.
Accession 30985. 3 leaves. Typescript.

Typescript roster, 1863-1864, of Company K, 17th Virginia Cavalry Regiment compiled from ten muster rolls dating between 10 January 1863 and 31 December 1864. Roster contains names by rank and then alphabetical thereunder, and remarks concerning soldiers’ service in the company. Roster was probably compiled by the donor John H. Dawson.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 1st. Field return, 28 March 1865.
Accession 27503. 1 leaf. Photograph (positive).

Field return, 28 March 1865, for the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment under command of Colonel W. A. Morgan. The regiment was near Mechanicsville, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 1st. Company F Invoice, 15 November 1863.
Accession 42178. 1 leaf.

Invoice, 15 November 1863, for ordnance and ordnance stores held by Company F, 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment. The document is signed by Lieutenant Colonel W. A. Morgan (1831-1899), and lists items such as Austrian rifles, cartridge boxes, sabers, and gun slings.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 1st. Company G. Rosters, 1861-1865.
Accession 23875. 3 volumes.

Rosters, 1861-1865, of Company G, 1st Virginia Cavalry which enlisted at Amelia Court House in Amelia County, Virginia. The 3 volumes of the rosters were written and annotated by William A. Gresham (1838-1912), Willliam R. Wilson (1838-1912), and possibly Richard T. Wilson, all members of the company.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 2nd. Company A. Records, 1864.
Accession 38745. 1 leaf and 3 pages.

Records, 1864, of Company A, 2nd Virginia Cavalry consisting of a roster of Company A; and a morning report, 1864, for Company A, filled out by Lieutenant R. C. Wilson.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 2nd. Company C. Roll, 1897.
Accession 29457. 1 leaf. Photostat (positive).

Roll, 1897, of the officers of the 2nd Virginia Cavalry Regiment, and a similar roll of the officers and privates of Company C, 2nd Virginia Cavalry noting their service and listing the battles in which Company C fought. Roll was compiled in 1897.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 3rd. Company G. Roster of the Cumberland Troop.
Accession 21301. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative)

Roster of the Cumberland Troop, raised in Cumberland County, Virginia, which served as Company G, 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Roster was compiled by W. T. Johnson.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 4th Company H. Muster roll, 1890.
Accession 32907. 3 leaves. Photocopies.

Muster roll, 20 June 1890, from a meeting of the Black Horse cavalry veterans at the home of General William H. Payne, Warrenton, Virginia. Also includes a transcript of the original muster roll of 1861.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 4th. Abstracts of expenditures, 1864
Accession 20857. 11 leaves.

Abstracts of expenditures, 1864, of the 4th Virginia Cavalry listing costs for food, supplies, labor, fodder, animals, and other items by the regimental quartermaster.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 4th. Records, 1862-1865.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Records, 1862-1865, of the 4th Regiment of Virginia Cavalry. Includes certificates, commissions, dispatches, horse and equipment valuation, invoices, letters, medical exemptions, oaths of allegiance, orders, petitions, and reports concerning military operations, supplies, and personnel. Many of the records are endorsed. Also included is a copy of the Preamble and Resolutions on the Hampton Roads Peace Conference adopted at a meeting of the 2nd Regiment of Virginia Cavalry (28 February 1865, Fredericksburg, Virginia), written by Thomas Taylor Munford.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 4th. Company D. Account book, 1864-1865
Accession 25663. 1 volume.

Account book, 1864-1865, for Company D, 4th Virginia Cavalry, detailing the issue of supplies and clothes to soldiers in the regiment. List of names of soldiers in regiment provide enlistment dates and remarks. Book also contains 1 page containing an account, 1872, for the town of Jeffersonton in Culpeper County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 4th. Company D. Muster roll and payroll, 1862
Accession 28742. 4 leaves and 2 pages. In part Photostats (negative).

Muster roll and payroll for Company D, 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, containing soldier’s name, rank, enlistment information, last paid, remarks (absent, sick, etc.), and payment due, received by and witnessed by.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 4th. Company I. Muster roll and payroll, 31 October-31 December 1862.
Accession 21557. 2 pages.

Muster roll, 31 October-31 December 1862, of Company I, 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, providing the name of each soldier; rank; date and place of enlistment; date and amount last paid and by whom; and whether they were present during the muster period. Roll indicates if soldiers were on special duty, captured, deserted, discharged, wounded, or absent without leave. A brief description of the unit’s activities during the period is included. Organized in Richmond, Virginia, the unit also was known as the Governor’s Mounted Guard, the Richmond Light Dragoons, and the Richmond Lancers.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 5th (1861-1862). Company F. Muster roll, 1861-1862.
Accession 20325. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Typescript copy of the initial muster roll, 1861-1892, for Company F, 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment providing soldiers’s names, ranks, ages, and dates of enrollment. Organized in Prince George County under the command of Captain Edmund Ruffin, Jr., the unit also was known as the Prince George Cavalry and the Prince George Dragoons. The company became part of the 16th Virginia Cavalry Battalion on June 26, 1862, then part of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment on July 29, 1862.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 5th. Company C. Muster roll and payroll, 1863.
Accession 31673. 2 pages.

Muster roll and payroll, July-September 1863, of Company C, 5th Virginia Cavalry, containing names, rank, enlistment information, last paid, whether present, remarks (absent, sick, etc.), and payroll information. Contain note: “Captured at Brandy Station/ presented by Sergt James R. Kerr/ Co. A. 1st Minn S. Shooters”

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 5th. Company E. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 20180. 2 leaves.

Roster, 1861-1865, of Company E, 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, which was organized in King and Queen County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 6th. Company B. List of men killed and wounded, 1862.
Accession 20181. 1 leaf.

List of men in Company B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, killed and wounded in the battle near Front Royal, Virginia, on 23 May 1862.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 6th. Company B. Muster rolls, 1861-1864.
Accession 43752. 3 leaves.

Muster rolls, 1861-1864, of Company B, 6th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, consisting of soldiers from Rappahannock County, Virginia. Rolls contain enlistment and other information, including nicknames. Unit was originally known as the “Old Guard” of Rappahannock County.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 7th. Company A. Muster roll and payroll, 31 October-31 December 1861.
Accession 20630. 2 pages.

Muster roll, 31 October-31 December 1861, of Company A, 7th Virginia Cavalry Regiment providing the following information for each member: name; rank; date and place of enlistment; date and amount last paid and by whom; and other miscellaneous information. Organized before the Civil War in Fauquier County, Virginia., the unit also was known as the Mountain Rangers.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 7th. Company B. Papers, 1861-1865.
Accession 19808. 7 leaves and 8 pages.

Papers, 1861-1865 and 1910, of Company B, 7th Virginia Cavalry consisting of a roster containing the names of former soldiers in Company B, 7th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, petition by three former company members, petition to the judge of the court, and a newspaper notice. The roster was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, in 1910.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 9th. Companies D and K. Roster, 1907.
Accession 25692c. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1907, of Companies D and K, 9th Virginia Cavalry regiment, compiled for the judge of the circuit court of Northumberland County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry, 1st. Company B. Papers, 1861-1864.
Accession 41075 Miscellaneous reel 209. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1861-1864, of Company B, 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment, consisting of transcripts of a muster roll, 21 August 1861, and letters written by John B. Snodgrass (1843-1908) and Charles J. Weaver. Letters, 1862, from Snodgrass, a student at Virginia Military Institute, are addressed to his sister Kate and concern the effect of the war on the family with occasional references to his education. Letters, 1864, from Weaver, a prisoner at Camp Chase (Ohio) and Fort Delaware (Delaware), concern prison life and requests for goods.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry. Captain Theo. G. Barham's Detached Cavalry. Roster, 1862-1863.
Accession 24289. 2 pages.

Roster, 1 November 1862-28 February 1863, of Captain Theodore G. Barham’s detached Cavalry, listing names of officers and men; when, where, and by whom enlisted; and other remarks.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Battalion, 1st. Local Defense Troops. Company A. Partial roster.
Accession 18785. 1 leaf.

Handwritten and typed list of some of the members of Company A, 1st Battalion, Virginia Infantry, Local Defense Troops, led by Brigadier General George Washington Custis Lee and later Clement Sulivane. Along with soldiers’ names the roster also includes rank and remarks about each soldier.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 10th. Morning reports, 1861-1863.
Accession 20295. 1 volume.

Morning reports, 1861-1863, of the 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment giving the number of men present or absent and the location of the regiment. Volume originally served as morning reports for the 4th Maine Infantry Regiment in June-July 1861, until captured by soldiers of the 10th Virginia during the first battle of Bull Run.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 10th. Quartermaster records, 1861-1864.
Accession 20296. 1 volume (131 pages).

Quartermaster reports, 1861-1864, of the 10th Virginia Infantry consisting of reports of forage received and issued; monies received and paid; public animals, wagons, and tools in use; non-commissioned officers and privates employed on extra duty; and statements of accounts with the Confederate States of America. Majority of the entries were made by Captain A. S. Byrd, assistant quartermaster.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 10th. Company B. Clothing account book, 1863-1864.
Accession 22121i. 1 volume.

Clothing account book, 1863-1864, for Company B, 10th Virginia Infantry, listing each member of the regiment and providing date of issue, items issued, and signatures of recipient and of witness. Also includes description, height, place of birth, and occupation of members of the regiment. There is also an index.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 10th. Company C (2nd). Muster roll, 1861-1865.
Accession 19811. 4 leaves.

Muster roll, 1861-1865, of Company C (2nd), 10 Virginia Infantry Regiment containing the names of former soldiers in Company C. Organized on April 10, 1862, as Mauck’s Company, Virginia Light Artillery, the unit also was known as Capt. Robert C. Mauck’s Company. Roll was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, in accordance with an act passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1898 to collect, preserve, and perpetuate the names of Virginia soldiers who fought in the state’s defense during the Civil War. Also includes a petition to the judge of the court from three former unit members and a published newspaper notice from the court clerk.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 10th. Company G. Muster roll, 1861-1865.
Accession 19812. 6 pages.

Muster roll, 1861-1865, of Company G, 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment, containing the names of former soldiers in Company G, and a brief summary of the unit’s activities during the Civil War. The unit also was known as the Valley Guards. The roll was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, in accordance with an act passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1898 to collect, preserve, and perpetuate the names of Virginia soldiers who fought in the state’s defense during the war. Also includes a petition to the judge of the court from three former members and a published newspaper notice from the court clerk.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 10th. Company H. Muster roll, 1861-1865.
Accession 19813. 6 pages.

Muster roll, 1861-1865, fo Company H, 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment containing the names of former soldiers who served. Organized in Rockingham and Shenandoah Counties, the unit also was known as Chrisman’s (George Chrisman) Infantry. The roll was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, in accordance with an act passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1898 to collect, preserve, and perpetuate the names of Virginia soldiers who fought in the state’s defense during the Civil War. also includes a petition to the judge from three former unit members, with an affixed newspaper notice.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 10th. Company I. Muster rolls, 1861-1865.
Accession 19814. 10 pages.

Muster rolls, 1861-1865, of Company I, 10 Virginia Infantry Regiment, containing the names of former soldiers in Company I. One of the rolls was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, in accordance with an act passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1898 to collect, preserve, and perpetuate the names of Virginia soldiers who fought in the state’s defense during the Civil War. The other roll was compiled from memory shortly after the war by unit member William K. Jennings and apparently was used to compile the previously mentioned muster roll. Also includes a petition to the judge of the court from three other unit members, with an affixed newspaper notice. The unit also was known as the Riverton Invincibles.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 13th. Company A. Roster, 1851-1861.
Accession 43918. 1 volume.

Roster, 1851-1861, of Company A, 13th Virginia Infantry regiment, also known as the Montpelier Guard of Orange County, Virginia. This accession includes a list of soldier’s names which correspond to a numbered page within the book which list supplies purchased by the soldiers as well as their health and military separation status. Information on rank or age are not given. Names mentioned in the book include compiler William T. Smith and Captains Champ G. Cooke, George Cullen, and Benjamin F. Nalle. This accession also includes a few pages of a weapons and parts register titled “Quarterly Register of Muskets and Appendages fabricated and delivered Military Storekeeper,” 1851-1852. These include: muskets, cones, wipers, screw drivers, ball screws, spring vises, and arm chests. This book also includes an inscription on the first page describing the capturing of this book when the arsenal at Harper’s Ferry was taken in April of 1861.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 13th. Company B (1st). Roster, 1861-1862.
Accession 21769. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Roster, 1861-1862, of Company B (1st), 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment, also known as the Culpeper Minute Men, providing the names and ranks of the Culpeper Minute Men, who were mustered into Confederate service on 17 April 1861, at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. Organized in November 1859 in Culpeper County, the unit was mustered out of Confederate service on 17 January 1862. Another Company B, 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment, was created on 15 March 1862.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 13th. Company F. Returns, 1861.
Accession 20236. 4 pages.

Returns, November-December 1861, for Company F, 13th Virginia Infantry consisting of number of men present for duty and also listing by name men who have extra duty, men absent and accounted for, commissioned officers absent and present, and alterations to the company’s roster by subtraction.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 15th. Company I. Muster roll, 1861.
Accession 28741. 2 pages.

Muster roll, 31 August-31 October 1861, of Company I, 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment, containing name, rank, enlistment information, last paid, and remarks (absent, sick, etc.).

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 16th. Invoices, 1864.
Accession 25657. 3 leaves. Photostats.

Invoices, 1864, for quartermaster stores and supplies issued to the 16th Virginia Infantry, consisting of invoices, 10 and 20 February 1864, of stores turned over to Lieutenant Thomas M. Owen, A.A.Q.M., 16th Virginia Infantry, and a receipt, 31 March 1864, from Captain W. W. Broadbent, Company E, 16th Virginia Infantry to Lieutenant Owen. There are two copies of the items.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 17th. Company B. Muster roll and payroll, 1862.
Accession 20256. 2 pages.

Muster roll and payroll, 28 February-30 April 1862, for Company B, 17th Virginia Infantry.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 18th. Company B. Roster and history, 1859-1864.
Accession 25382. 7 leaves and 6 pages.

Roster and history, 1859-1864, of Company B, 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment, also known as the Danville Grays. Contains rank, enlistment information, age, residence, vocation, whether a volunteer or a substitute, and battles (from Manassas to Drewery’s Bluff). Also contains a history of both the company and of the individuals who served in it.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 18th. Company C. Muster roll, 1861.
Accession 18567. 14 leaves. In part photocopies.

List of members of the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Company C, known as the Nottoway Rifle Guard when mustered into service on 23 April 1861. Also includes soldiers’ rank, nativity, residence, occupation, class, casualty status, and remarks. A brief statistical analysis of the company is provided below the final name on the roll.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 1st. Rolls, 1861.
Accession 22140. 18 pages.

Rolls, June-August 1861, for the field, staff, band, and drum corps, and for Companies B-I, and K (no A or J) of the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment. They are combinations of muster rolls and payrolls. All the companies except company were comprised mainly of recruits from Richmond, Virginia. Company was comprised mainly of recruits from Alexandria, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 1st. Company C. Muster roll and payroll, 22 June-31 August 1861.
Accession 24141. 4 leaves Photostats (negative).

Muster roll and payroll, 22 June-31 August 1861, for Company C, 1st Virginia Infantry, consisting of name, rank, enlistment date and location, by whom, notes, and payment dates.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 1st. Company G. Records, 1861-1862.
Accession 27990. 8 leaves and 8 pages.

Papers, 1861-1862, of Company G, 1st Virginia Infantry, consisting of orders for reassignment of soldiers; correspondence concerning a discharged soldier and another soldier’s pay voucher; muster rolls for Company G from 1 June 1861 to 31 October 1861; and rolls, descriptive lists, and accounts of pay and clothing for soldiers in Company G.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 21st. Company F. Records, 1859-1901 (bulk: 1861-1877).
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4361. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Records, 1859-1901, of Company F, 21st Virginia Infantry, and the Company F Association. Section one includes correspondence and records of F Company Association. Most of the letters are addressed to Robert A. Brock, historian for the company. Included are clippings, copies of the company military records for the years 1859 and 1860, a pencil sketch of the mess ground at Camp Game Point (Va.), May 1861, signatures of survivors, and a copy of an excerpt from the Civil War diary of Tucker Randolph, April 1861- October 1863. Section two contains military records of the 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry, Company F. Includes muster rolls, certificates of identity, passes, orders, letters, and court martial records. Other regimental records chiefly relate to transfers, leaves of absences, AWOL, etc. Also included are individual records of the 1st Regiment and other companies of the 21st Regiment of Virginia Infantry. There are individual reports and dispatches relating to the Regiment’s operations during the 2nd Shenandoah Valley Campaign (1862).

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 21st. Company K. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 25653. 16 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Letters, 1862-1865, from soldiers of the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Company K, regarding health, camp life, troop movements, and the 2nd Battle of Bull Run. Two letters were written from Frank Leneave, to his mother; one letter, 17 March 1865, from C. H. Dennell to Mrs. Frank Leneave regarding the health of her son Frank; one letter, 13 August 1862, from Charles Fears to his wife, Jane; and two letters are unidentified.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 25th. Medical records, 1861-1865.
Accession 34344. 38 leaves and 151 pages.

Medical records, 1861-1865, of the 25th Virginia Infantry Regiment consisting of a volume that contains medically-related orders, requisitions, directives, and sick lists. Loose papers contain orders, general and medical; correspondence, and medicine invoices.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 26th. Company I. Muster roll, 30 April-30 June 1864.
Accession 20916. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 30 April-30 June 1864, of Company I, 26th Virginia Infantry, consisting of names, rank, enlistment, when paid, and remarks.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 26th. Company I. Returns, 30 June 1862-31 August 1863.
Accession 20917. 22 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Returns, 30 June 1862-31 August 1863, for Company I, 26th Virginia Infantry consisting of number of men present for duty and also listing by name men who have extra duty, men absent and accounted for, commissioned officers absent and present, and alterations to the company’s roster by addition or subtraction.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 28th. Company D. Enlistment roll, 1862.
Accession 20385. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Enlistment roll, 1862, for Company D, 28th Virginia Infantry listing soldiers, their place of residence, and payment of bounty.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 2nd. Morning report, 29 August 1861.
Accession 26977. 1 leaf.

Morning report, 29 August 1861, for the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment listing the number of men in each company present for duty and the number absent.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 2nd. Company B. Orderly book, 1861-1862.
Accession 23840. 1 volume.

Orderly book, April 1861-April 1862, for Company B, 2nd Virginia Infantry, consisting of rosters and military orders while the 2nd Virginia served in the lower Shenandoah Valley and around Harper’s Ferry, (West) Virginia. At times the 2nd Virginia Infantry is referred to as the 1st Virginia Infantry.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 2nd. Company D. Roster and order book of the Berkeley Border Guards, April 1861-April 1862.
Accession 13951. 1 volume (116 pages).

Roster and order book, 18 April 1861-21 April 1862, of the Berkeley Border Guards, also known as Company D, 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment, containing roster and order book. The volume includes morning reports, a list of unit casualties at the Battle of First Bull Run (Manassas), and a descriptive list of recruits containing names, residences, ages at time of enlistment, and civilian occupations.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 30th. Company A. Roster, 1861-1862.
Accession 20276. 13 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1861-1862, of Company A, 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 31st. Papers, 1861, 1863.
Accession 19794. 4 leaves. Photostats (positive).

Papers, 1861, 1863, of the 31st Virginia Infantry consisting of a regimental morning report, 4 September 1861; one page of a general order, 17 May 1863, issued by General John D. Imboden congratulating the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment for the part it played during an expedition into West Virginia in April 1863; and two copies of an invoice of medicine issued to the regiment’s surgeon.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 31st. Rolls, 1861-1864.
Accession 26460. 28 pages.

Muster and payrolls, 1861-1864, the 31st Virginia Infantry consisting of musters and payrolls for for Companies A (28 February-30 April 1862, 30 April-31 August 1862, 31 October-31 December 1862); C (31 October-31 December 1861); E (31 December 1861-28 February 1862); F (31 October-31 December 1863); G (31 October-31 December 1861, 1 March-30 April 1862, 31 October-31 December 1862, 30 April-31 August 1863); H (31 December 1862-28 February 1863); I (31 August-31 October 1861, 31 December 1862-28 February 1863); and K (30 April-31 August 1862) containing name, rank, enlistment, whether present, remarks, and payroll information. There are no rolls for Companies B and D.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 31st. Company A. Muster roll, 31 August-31 October 1862.
Accession 20873. 8 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 31 August-31 October 1862, for Company A, 31st Virginia Infantry, containing names of soldiers, rank, enlistment information, when paid, and remarks.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 31st. Company A. Muster roll, 30 April-31 August 1863.
Accession 20874. 8 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 30 April-31 August 1863, for Company A, 31st Virginia Infantry, containing names of soldiers, rank, enlistment information, when paid, and remarks.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 31st. Company B (2nd). Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 19891. 1 page.

Roster, 1861-1865, of Company B (2nd), 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment containing the names of soldiers who served. Rank and other details of service are provided for most of the soldiers. Roster was compiled by former unit member Eldridge V. Ervine after the Civil War for Capt. William R. Lyman, a former company commander. The unit, which mainly was composed of Highland County citizens, also was known as “The Highlanders” and the “Corn Creek Guards of Highland County.”

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 31st. Company G. Muster roll, 31 August-31 October 1862.
Accession 20875. 8 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 31 August-31 October 1862, for Company G, 31st Virginia Infantry, containing names of soldiers, rank, enlistment information, when paid, and remarks.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 32nd. Company F. Rolls, 1861-1862.
Accession 22154. 5 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Rolls, 1861-1862, of Company F, 32nd Virginia Infantry, consisting of a muster roll, 20 May 1861, for Captain Thomas Tinsley’s Company of Light Infantry from York County, Virginia, known as the Nelson Guard, which would become Company F; and descriptive list and account of pay and clothing, 24 March 1862, for Company F.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 32nd. Company H. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 20604. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1861-1865, of Company H, 32nd Virginia Infantry, consisting of soldiers from Warwick County, Virginia. The company was known as the Warwick Beauregards. Roster was a list of soldiers compiled by Martha Woodroof Hiden (1883-1959) from the company’s monument in Warwick County and annotated.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 33rd. Company I. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 19815. 4 pages.

Typescript roster, 1861-1865, of Company I, 33rd Virginia Infantry Regiment containing the names of former soldiers. Roster was ordered to be recorded at the September 1909 term of the Rockingham County Circuit Court, Harrisonburg, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 34th. Company K. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 20848. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1861-1865, of Company K, 34th Virginia Infantry Regiment, written and annotated by James H. Eubank, a member of the company.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 37th. Company I. Muster roll, May 1861.
Accession 30826. 8 leaves. Photocopies.

Muster roll, May 1861, for Captain Simeon Hunt’s Company, 1st Virginia Volunteers, containing name, rank, age, enlistment information, travel, and remarks. Hunt’s company later became Company I, 37th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 39th. Company A. Muster roll of Captain William C. Wickings' Company of Riflemen, 8 June 1861.
Accession 19998. 2 pages.

Muster roll, 8 June 1861, of Captain William C. Wicking’s Company of Riflemen from Northampton County, Virginia. The company was mustered into the state forces of Virginia on 8 June 1861 at Eastville and became Company A of the 39th Virginia Infantry Regiment. The entire regiment was disbanded and mustered out of service in February 1862. The muster roll provides names, ranks, and date and place of enlistment for each member of the company.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 3rd. Company K. Muster roll, 31 August-30 October 1861.
Accession 20273. 8 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll and payroll, 31 August-30 October 1861, of Company K, 3rd Virginia Infantry Regiment (later (2nd) Company I) containing name of soldier, rank, enlistment information, payment, and remarks, if any.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 40th. Company C. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 25716. 9 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1861-1865, of Company C, 40th Virginia Infantry Regiment (Captain T. Edwin Betts’ Company) compiled after the end of the Civil War. Roster contains rank, date enlisted, age, residence, vocation, whether a volunteer or substitute, and whether married or single. Roster also notes battles the company fought in and whether the soldier was present or absent. Also contains remarks noting whether died, discharged, transferred, or other.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 40th. Company E. Roster, 1907.
Accession 25692a. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1907, of Company E, 40th Virginia Infantry regiment, compiled for the judge of the circuit court of Northumberland County, Virginia. Company E would be redesignated Company A.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 40th. Company E. Muster roll, 1861.
Accession 25718. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 1861, of Company E, 40th Virginia Infantry Regiment (Captain Edward T. Stakes’ Company) containing rank, enlistment information, pay information, names of soldiers present, and notes on who is absent and who died.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 40th. Company F. Roster, 1907.
Accession 25692b. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Roster, 1907, of Company F, 40th Virginia Infantry regiment, compiled for the judge of the circuit court of Northumberland County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 41st. Company D. Papers, 1862, 1864.
Accession 20055. 4 pages.

Papers of Company D, 41st Virginia Infantry Regiment consisting of a muster roll, 1 May-31 [sic] June 1862, for Company D; and a letter, 24 December 1864, from Captain James P. Cox of Company D to Colonel W. H. Taylor, a.a.g., requesting leave to visit his home in Chesterfield County, Virginia. Letter contains endorsements by Cox’s superiors.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 42nd. Records, 1861-1864.
Accession 42038. 8 leaves and 40 pages.

Records, 1861-1864, of the 42nd Virginia Infantry Regiment. Includes accounts, certificates regarding horses that had died, receipts, and requisition orders for clothing, feed, and stationary.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 42nd. Company D. Requisition, 8 February 1863.
Accession 42181. 1 leaf.

Requisition, 8 February 1863, made by the 42nd Virginia Infantry Regiment, Company D, for supplies including shirts, jackets, shoes, blankets, and pants. Prices for the items are also listed. The requisition was certified by Captain Oscar W. Spriggs of the 42nd Virginia and approved by Captain Fleming Saunders (1829-1907), an assistant quartermaster for the Confederate States Army. The document also includes a record of the items received in response to the requisition.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 42nd. Company G. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 20908. 2 leaves.

Roster of Company G, 42nd Virginia Infantry Regiment, consisting of soldiers from Henry County, Virginia. Captain W. W. Morris (1836-1926) provided 70 names from the 120 men in the company.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 42nd. Company K. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 20909. 1 leaf.

Roster of Company K, 42nd Virginia Infantry Regiment, consisting of soldiers from Franklin County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 44th. Company H. Muster roll, 1861.
Accession 28898. 2 pages.

Muster roll, 15-30 June 1861, for Captain Thomas N. Coleman’s Company of Light Artillery from Amherst County, Virginia, known as the Amelia Minute Men. Roll contains name, rank, age, occupation, enlistment, muster, travel, money advanced, and remarks. The Amelia Minute Men became Company H, 44th Virginia Infantry.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 45th Report, 17-18 April 1862.
Accession 42556. 1 leaf.

Report, 17-18 April 1862, of guard mounted at Camp Narrows in Giles County, Virginia, by the 45th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Lieutenant Henry Davidson (b. ca. 1830) of Company H prepared the report, listing the name, company, and shift hours of each man serving guard duty for the twenty-four hour period, and giving a general indication of where guards were posted. The report further lists the names of three prisoners, also members of the 45th Virginia, and the charges made against them.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 47th. Company H (3rd). Muster roll, 30 June-31 August 1864.
Accession 33746. 4 leaves and 2 pages. In part photostats.

Muster roll, 1864, of Company H, 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment commanded by Captain Thomas R. Dew. It lists the names of the soldiers, rank, when and where enlisted, date last paid, and remarks (prisoner, furlough, in hospital, court martial, etc.). This company was stationed in Petersburg, Virginia. Collection contains the original muster roll and positive and negative photostats.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 49th. Companies D and E. Muster rolls, 1861-1863
Accession 26726. 12 pages.

Muster rolls, 1861-1863, for Companies D and E, 49th Virginia Infantry Regiment containing name, rank, enlistment, whether present, remarks, and pay information. Company E muster rolls: 31 August-31 October 1861, 31 December 1861-28 February 1862, 28 February-30 April 1862. Company D muster rolls: 31 August-31 October 1862, 31 December 1862-28 February 1863 (2 copies).

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 49th. Company D. Muster roll, 1863.
Accession 24923. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 28 February-30 April 1863, of Company D, 49th Virginia Infantry Regiment, containing name, rank, enlistment information (when, where, by whom), pay, and remarks. Also includes a brief history of the regiment.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 50th. Captain John H. Thompson's Company (Cavalry) Muster roll, 27 May-1 September 1861.
Accession 21700. 2 pages.

Muster roll, 27 May-1 September 1861, of Captain John H. Thompson’s Company (cavalry), 50th Virginia Infantry Regiment, containing the names of soldiers who served. This was the unit’s initial muster roll. Organized in Smyth County, the unit also was known as Cavalry Company A, 50th Virginia Infantry Regiment, and as the Smyth Dragoons.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 53rd. Company I. Papers, 1861-1865.
Accession 22381. 30 leaves. Photostats (negative)

Papers, 1861-1865, of Company B, 53rd Virginia Infantry Regiment, consisting of rosters, 1862-1865, of Company I recorded in an unidentified ledger, 1851, from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; certificate duplicates for discharge of Jesse T. Abbott for being underage, 17 May 1862; roster, 28 June 1864, of Company I, 53rd Virginia Infantry; general order, 10 October 1864, by Lieutenant H. L. Carter for General George H. Steuart (1828-1903) concerning issue and care of clothing; certification, 24 November 1864, by Captain William M. Tredway concerning the discharge of Jesse T. Abbott on 17 May 1862; and muster roll of Company I, 53rd Virginia Infantry.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 54th. Company B. Muster roll, 1 March-1 May 1863.
Accession 26240. 2 pages.

Muster roll, 1 March-1 May 1863, of Company B, 54th Virginia Infantry, containing name, rank, enlistment, pay information, and remarks.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 54th. Company B. Muster rolls and returns, 1861-1865.
Accession 27335. 10 pages.

Muster rolls and return, 1861-1865, of Company B, 54th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Muster rolls contain name, rank, enlistment, whether present, remarks, and payroll information. Rolls cover: 31 December 1861-1 May 1862, 31 October-31 December 1862, and 1 January-28 February 1865 (two copies--one containing payroll information). Return, February 1862, contains number of men present and absent, the names of enlisted men absent or on duty, and names of officers present and absent.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 57th. Company B. Muster roll, 1861
Accession 20901. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 1861, of Company B, 57th Virginia Infantry consisting of soldiers from Franklin County, Virginia, and containing name, age, and where and when enlisted.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 57th. Company C. Roll and letter, 1861-1865, 1893.
Accession 20910. 8 pages.

Roll, 1861-1865, of Company C, 57th Virginia Infantry, consisting of soldiers from Franklin County, Virginia. Compiled and annotated by Samuel Vest. Vest also wrote a cover letter.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 59th. Morning reports, 24-30 May 1863.
Accession 23721. 2 pages.

Morning reports, 24-30 May 1863, for the 59th Virginia Infantry Regiment stationed at Diascund Bridge, New Kent County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 60th. Company H. Roster.
Accession 34224. 6 leaves. In part, photocopies.

Roster, no date, of Company H (2nd), 60th Virginia Infantry Regiment, consisting of names and their status at the time the list was made after the Civil War. Collection consists of photocopies of the original handwritten list and a typescript.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 7th. Company F. Muster roll, 1861.
Accession 21151. 8 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Muster roll, 1861, for Company F, 7th Virginia Infantry Regiment, which was organized in Greene County, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 7th. Company F. Muster roll, 1861.
Accession 21163. 8 pages.

Muster rolls, 1861, for Company F, 7th Virginia Infantry Regiment, which was organized in Greene County, Virginia. Muster rolls cover May, August, October, and December 1861.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry, 52nd. Roster, 1863.
Accession 14044. 31 leaves.

Typescript roster, 1863, of the 52nd Virginia Infantry from Augusta County, Virginia, taken from the original adjutant’s roll. Includes name, rank, address, and in some cases the names of close friends or relatives for officers, recruits, field and staff, and enlisted men of Company A through K of the regiment. Also contains notes that were added later by regimental Episcopalian Chaplain John McGill (1840-1925) concerning the soldiers’ religious affiliation and medical condition or casualty status.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry. Orange County Home Guard. Papers, 1861.
Accession 18618. 1 leaf.

Document, 22 April 1861, summoning the citizens of Orange County, Virginia, older than 45 and younger than 16 to serve in the Orange County Home Guard, Virginia Infantry. Includes roster of signatures for 31 men in both pencil and ink and their rank in the infantry.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Light Artillery. Captain George Mandelbert Cayce's Company (Purcell Artillery) Muster rolls, 1861-1865.
Accession 13976. 44 pages.

Muster rolls, 1861-1865, of the Purcell Artillery and Fredericksburg Artillery of Virginia and of Company C., South Carolina Artillery (the Siege Train). Entries are alphabetical and sometimes includes remarks on the soldiers’ service during the Civil War.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Militia Regiment, 31st. Company F. Morning reports, 1862 February.
Accession 34038. 1 leaf.

Morning reports, February 1862, for Company F, 31st Virginia militia (Captain N. B. Lovett’s Company) stationed at Bloomery, Hampshire County, (West) Virginia. Form is filled in with the number of soldiers present or absent for duty by rank for 6, 10, and 11 February 1862.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Reserve Forces. Regiment, 2nd. Report, 1864.
Accession 25647. 1 leaf. Photostats.

Report, 1864, of the 2nd Regiment, Virginia Reserve Forces, concerning actions of late September-early October 1864 around Richmond, Virginia. Report is incomplete. There are two copies.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Reserve Infantry Battalion, 3rd. Company A. Muster roll, 1864-1865.
Accession 19816. 9 pages.

Muster roll, 1864-1865, of Company A, 3rd Virginia Reserve Infantry Battalion containing the names of former soldiers in Company A. Consisting of Rockingham County men, the unit also was known as the Rockingham Reserves and Captain William A. McCue’s Company. The roll was recorded in the Rockingham County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office, Harrisonburg, Virginia, in accordance with an act passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1898 to collect, preserve, and perpetuate the names of Virginia soldiers who fought in the state’s defense during the Civil War. Also includes a cover letter, a petition to the judge of the court from three former unit members and an invoice from the Rockingham Publishing Company, with an affixed newspaper notice.

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Confederate States of America. Bureau of Ordnance. Letterbook, 24 December 1862-31 May 1864.
Accession 20091. 1 volume (387 pages).

Letterbook, 24 December 1862-31 May 1864, of the Confederate Bureau of Ordnance containing copies of letters sent to Josiah Gorgas, Chief of Ordnance, and other officers attached to the Bureau of Ordnance; commanding officers of other armories and arsenals; business and industrial firms; state military authorities; the commandant of conscripts of North Carolina; slaveowners; the Niter and Mining Bureau; and enrolling, ordnance, and quartermaster officers. It also contains reports on works done, orders to armory personnel, a record of furloughs, statements of money received and expended, lists of workers, and statements of wages and personnel. Originally a private arms factory, the Asheville Armory was taken over by the Confederate government in November 1862 and used to manufacture rifles. Activities were suspended at Asheville in December 1863, and all machinery was moved to the Columbia, South Carolina, Armory.

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Confederate States of America. Congress. Act for the establishment and organization of the Army of the Confederate States of America, 6 March 1861.
Accession 13977. 1 leaf.

Extract of an act, approved 6 March 1861, of the Confederate Congress creating the army of the Confederate States of America and explaining how its officers would be appointed.

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Confederate States of America. Congress. Act to relieve the army of disqualified, disabled, and incompetent officers, 13 October 1862.
Accession 13984. 4 leaves.

Transcript of an act, approved 13 October 1862, to relieve the army of disqualified, disabled, and incompetent officers, including the method for the removal of those officers.

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Confederate States of America. Conscript Department. Register of free negroes enrolled and detailed, May 1864-January 1865.
Accession 36862 Miscellaneous reel 2055. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Alphabetical listing of free African Americans from Virginia conscripted into service by the Confederate States of America from May 1864 to January 1865, including physical description, town/county of birth, occupation, and where and when enlisted and assigned.

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Confederate States of America. Conscript Department. 10th Virginia Congressional District. Register, 1863-1865.
Accession 43957 Miscellaneous reel 5495. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Register, 1863-1865, of conscripts from the 10th Virginia Congressional District (Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Frederick, Loudoun, Prince William, and Warren Counties). The register includes name, age, occupation, physical description, date and place of enrollment, and company assignment. Also included lists of those exempt from service and cause of their exemption; deserters; enrollment; conscripts in the employment of B.P. Newman and J.W. Hoffman; and report of absentees. Also included are special orders regarding enlistment and assignments written from headquarters in New Market and Winchester, Virginia.

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Confederate States of America. District Court (Virginia: Eastern District). Court cases (CSA vs. enemy alien property holders), 1861-1865.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reels 4604-4605. 2 reels. Microfilm.

Court cases, 1861-1865, in the Virginia Eastern District Court, Confederate States of America, consisting of petitions by the Eastern Virginia District Court for the sequestration of estates, property, and effects belonging to individuals deemed alien enemies of the CSA. In some cases, records include interrogatories made to the property holders, and their responses; summonses; affidavits; decisions of the court; and receipts for sequestered property.

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Confederate States of America. Hospitals. Records, 1861-1865.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4305. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Records, 1861-1865, of military hospitals of the Confederate States of America consisting of correspondence, letters of recommendation, and agreements pertaining to personnel and discharge papers, reports, physical exam requests, and medical certificates related to patients at various Confederate hospitals. The bulk of the records concerns Winder Hospital but there are also items pertaining to Chimborazo Hospital, a hospital for slaves “engaged in work on Richmond’s defense,” Refuge Hill Hospital, Robertson Hospital, and Williamsburg Seminary Hospital. For letters pertaining to Winder Hospital, the principal correspondent is surgeon Alexander G. Lane.

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Confederate States of America. Medical Director of General Hospitals. Virginia. Consolidated morning report, 12 March 1865.
Accession 19880. 1 leave and 2 pages.

Report, 12 March 1865, by Dr. William A. Carrington, Medical Director of General Hospitals in Virginia, provides the number of sick, wounded and convalescent in the general hospitals of Richmond, as well as the number of officers, attendants and guards on duty. Hospitals listed are: General Hospital No. 1, Chimborazo, Howard’s Grove, Jackson, Louisiana, Robertson, St. Francis de Sales, Stuart, and Receiving and Wayside Hospital (General Hospital No. 9).

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Confederate States of America. Ordnance Department. Contract book, 1863-1865.
Accession 43999. 1 volume (225 leaves).

Contract book, 1863-1865, of the Richmond Arsenal, Confederate States of America, Ordnance Department. Includes agreements with local companies and merchants for supplies such as horseshoes, musket caps, pistol cartridges, lumber, sheet iron, hides and sheep skin, haversacks, swords, belts, glue, spurs, and other sundry materials. Includes agreements with companies in Albemarle, Amelia, Botetourt, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Henrico, Nelson, New Kent, Page, Pulaski, and Rockingham Counties, and Farmville, Gordonsville, Lexington, and Richmond, Virginia; North Carolina and South Carolina, among others. The agreements were signed on behalf of the Confederate States by Lieutenant Colonel William LeRoy Broun, Commander of the Richmond Arsenal; Josiah Gorgas, Chief of Ordnance; and W. S. Downer, Superintendent Richmond Armory. Also includes an index.

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Confederate States of America. Subsistence Department. Commissary. Commissary records, 1861-1865.
Accession 31327. 3.6 cubic feet.

Records, 1861-1865, of Thomas T. S. Barton, acting commissary for the Subistence Department of the Confederate States of America, consisting of appointments, circulars, correspondence, financial records, orders, regulations, and other papers concerning Barton;s work as commissary for the Confederacy in western Virginia. Records detail Barton’s efforts to get supplies in western Virginia for the Confederate army, and provide information concerning daily rations for troops, teamsters, and others involved in the war effort. Also contain information on prices for pork, beef, flour, coffee, soap, and other items as well as the commissary expenditures. Collection also includes Barton’s personal correspondence.

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EAD Guide
Confederate States of America. War Department. Military railroad pass, 1865.
Accession 43727a. 1 leaf.

Blank military railroad pass, 1865, for use on the Petersburg Railroad, issued by the Confederate War Department.

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Contrabands and Freedmen's Cemetery Memorial (Alexandria, Va.). Papers, 2011.
Accession 51282. 9 pages.

Papers, 2011, of the Contrabands and Freedmen's Cemetery Memorial regarding the burial of African Americans in the Freedmen's Cemetery in Alexandria, Virginia, during the Civil War and Reconstruction.

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Cook, William H. Letter, 1-2 May 1861.
Accession 50836. 4 pages.

Letter, 1-2 May 1861, from William H. Cook of the Wythe Greys at Richmond, Virginia, to Major Bill providing news of the Greys' arrival and camp site in Richmond; commenting on his personal situation and accommodations; noting conditions of the troops and the arrival of soldiers from South Carolina and Georgia; and stating that prominent and humble citizens are working together in the war effort. He adds that there is news an Union naval ship fired on a British ship to enforce the blockade of southern ports.

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Cooke family. Papers, 1855-1871.
Accession 23896. 50 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1855-1871, of the Cooke family of Missouri and Virginia consisting of letters, 1855-1871, concerning John R. Cooke’s (1833-1891) military career in the United States army; his service as an officer in the Confederate army, including correspondence with his brother-in-law Jeb Stuart (1833-1864) discussing the war and his father, Union General Philip St. George Cooke (1809-1895); Virginia’s secession; the battle of Big Bethel; John R. Cooke’s post-war recollections; and a recommendation of Cooke as superintendent for the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad. Papers also include commissions, 1855 and 1861, for Cooke as 2nd and 1st lieutenant in the United States army; invoice for ordnance; Robert E. Lee’s (1807-1870) General Order no. 9 announcing the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia; and a sketch map of Holly Shelter Creek and vicinity, Pender County, North Carolina.

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EAD Guide
Cooke family. Papers, 1824-1885.
Accession 26317. 29 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1824-1885, of the Cooke family of Gloucester County and Petersburg, Virginia. Includes will, proved 1824, of Sarah M. Bracken of Gloucester County, Virginia; a deed, 1848, for land in Gloucester County, Virginia between John Cooke and John Catlett; military appointments of W. Tazewell Patton, J.B. Cocke, and Giles B. Cooke; and Special Order No. 73, 10 April 1865,allowing for safe passage of Confederate soldiers. Also includes correspondence to Giles B. Cooke of Petersburg, Virginia, from Robert E. Lee, Mary Custis Lee, and Pierre G. Beauregard. Some of the papers were annotated by Giles B. Cooke.

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Cooke, Giles Buckner. Papers, 1922.
Accession 17042. 3 leaves.

Letter, 12 June 1922, to the Virginia War History Commission from Reverend Giles Buckner Cooke (1838-1937) of Mathews Court House, Mathews County, Virginia, including a brief typed narrative record of his military service in the Confederate States Army and his ministerial service in the Episcopalian Church.

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Cooke, Philip St. George. Papers, 1835-1878.
Accession 24101. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1835-1878, of Philip St. George Cooke (1809-1895) of the United States army consisting of a license, 10 September 1835, for Philip St. George Cooke of Frederick County, Virginia, to practice law in the superior and inferior courts of Virginia; a license, 24 May 1850, for Cooke, then in the army, to practice law before the United States Supreme Court; and letters, 2 February 1877 and 19 July 1878, to Cooke from Louis Philippe Albert d’Orleans, Comte de Paris (1838-1894) recalling their days together during the American Civil War, asking Cooke about the Comte’s volumes on the Civil War, and containing personal news.

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Cooke, Philip St. George. Papers, 1837-1942.
Accession 28674 Miscellaneous reel 251. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1837-1942, of Philip St. George Cooke (1809-1895) concerning the military service of Cooke and his son John R. Cooke (1833-1891), including letters from Jeb Stuart, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, William Tecumseh Sherman, Fitzhugh Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, Richard S. Ewell, Stephen W. Kearney, Lewis A. Armistead, and Wesley Merritt. Much of the later material in the collection is correspondence to Stuart Cooke and Philip St. George Cooke, regarding the above military service. Also includes genealogical material, newspaper clippings, maps, printed materials, and certificates.

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Cooper, John B. Letter, 9 July 1864.
Accession 43823. 3 pages.

Letter, 9 July 1864, from Captain John B. Cooper (b. 1842) of Company K, 9th New Hampshire Infantry, at Petersburg, Virginia, to his wife Mary Cooper (b. ca. 1840) of Sullivan County, New Hampshire, discussing life on the front lines at the siege of Petersburg and noting firing by Confederate troops. Cooper adds that he wishes he were home and states the need for rain around Petersburg.

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Cooper, Samuel. Letter, 29 June 1861.
Accession 23476z. 2 pages.

Letter, 29 June 1861, from General Samuel Cooper, Richmond, to General Robert E. Lee, requesting that Lee order Lieutenant John M. Lee to report for duty to Colonel William Gilham.

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Copenhaver, Andrew J. Papers, 1861-1865.
Accession 39717. 40 pages.

Papers, 1861-1865, of Andrew J. Copenhaver of Smyth County, Virginia, including military passes, envelopes, and correspondence. Includes letters between Copenhaver and his family regarding camp life, family, health, and troop movements. Of note is a letter, 1 January 1865, from Copenhaver to his father complaining of the lack of food, boots, and asking his father to find him a substitute for which he’d pay “four hundred dollars and my mare horse saddle and bridel.”

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Copp, J. C. Letter, 19 July 1862.
Accession 50969. 3 pages.

Letter, 19 July 1862, from J. C. Copp (ca. 1840-1896), Company G, 19th Massachusetts Regiment, to B. L. White (1795-1872) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, regarding the death of White's son George R. White (1840-1862) at the battle of Glendale (Frayser's Farm) in Henrico County, Virginia, on 30 June 1862.

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Cosby, N. G. Letter, 9 May 1863.
Accession 25655. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Letter, 9 May 1863, from N. B. Cosby, Guinea's station, to his mother, Nancy S. Cosby, regarding the battle of Chancellorsville.

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Courtney, Patrick C. The Seven Days Battles Around Richmond.
Accession 40249. 18 pages.

Speech, 30 January 1960, given before members of The Confederate Research Club, by Patrick C. Courtney about the Seven Days’ battles.

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Cowan, Edmund. Letter, 3 October 1864
Accession 50036. 4 pages.

Letter, 3 October 1864, from Edmund Cowan (1827-1894) of Company G, 14th South Carolina Infantry to his brother Charles Wesley Cowan (1829-1893) describing his stay at the officers' hospital in Richmond, Virginia, while recovering from a leg wound and complaining about the slowness of his recovery. He also says that he sent for his wife Sarah Jane Cowan (1841-1917) and comments on their family.

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Cowles, Adin F. Letter, 14 March 1862.
Accession 31623. 4 pages.

Letter, 14 March 1862, from Adin F. Cowles, Company B, 8th Illinois Cavalry, to W. S. Cowles, Ithaca, New York. Writing from Alexandria, Virginia, where he is convalescing after an illness, Cowles describes the destruction of railroads and other property in northern Virginia by retreating Confederate troops and states he believe the war will not be long. Cowles sends news about his regiment and the attitude of the citizens of northern Virginia. He also discusses social and family matters.

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Cox, Franklin Boffman. Cox family letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 30503. 1 leaf and 9 pages.

Letters, 1862-1864, of Franklin Boffman Cox (1838-1919) and William Reynolds Cox (1836-1912), serving in the Confederate Army, to their family in Lee County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 23 August 1862, from Franklin Cox to his sister Mollie (Mary) A. F. Cox (1832-1913) discussing his company and regiment, Company A, 50th Virginia Infantry; a letter, 2 November 1862, from William R. Cox, Company A, 21st Virginia Battalion, to his sister Mollie A. F. Cox, discussing his battalion’s service in Kentucky and in Washington County, Virginia; a letter, 2 August 1863, from William Cox to Mollie Cox concerning some young women he met in Washington County, camp life, and other personal news; a letter, 11 December 1863, from Franklin Cox to his sister Nancy H. Cox Sword (1827-1900) and her husband John W. Sword (1824-1874) sending news of the fighting in the Mine Run Campaign and wishing he was home in Lee County to help fight Union raiders; and a letter, 1 January 1864, from Franklin Cox to the Swords discussing camp life, the weather, and mentioning his brother Nathan Sword Cox (1842-1905).

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Crawford, Samuel Wylie. Papers, 1869-1876.
Accession 31863. 22 leaves and 54 pages.

Papers, 1869-1876, of Samuel Wylie Crawford (1829-1892), brevet Major-General, United States Army, Huntsville, Alabama, consisting of correspondence, clippings, and a manuscript draft concerning the controversy over the 4 April 1861 interview between John Brown Baldwin (1820-1873) of Staunton, Virginia, and member of the 1861 Virginia Secession convention, and President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) while the Convention was meeting in Richmond, Virginia, and what, if any, offer Lincoln made about withdrawing Federal troops from Fort Sumter in exchange for the Convention adjourning without voting on secession. Crawford corresponds with Baldwin, B. B. Botts, John Letcher (1813-1884), Hugh White Sheffey (1815-1889), and others. Papers also include a letter, 27 June 1866, from John Minor Botts (1802-1869) to the Baltimore American, published 13 July 1866, stating Lincoln had made the offer of a fort for a state; an account, 1876, by Robert Lewis Dabney (1820-1898) of Baldwin’s statement that Lincoln had made no such offer; and a manuscript draft of these events for Crawford’s book The Genesis of the Civil War.

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Crenshaw, William Graves. Papers, 1862.
Accession 13978, 13979, 13980, 13981, 13982. 7 leaves.

Letter, 17 February 1862, to Colonel Josiah Gorgas (1818-1883), Chief of Ordnance, from William Graves Crenshaw (1824-1897), James Ellett (d. 1862), Charles Lewis Hobson (d. 1863), and Andrew Bell Johnston, all of Richmond, requesting supplies for the artillery battery they are raising. They note that they have authorization from the War Department to purchase the necessary supplies. Fragment of a letter, 22 February 1862, William Graves Crenshaw and others from the Confederate War Department. letter, 10 March 1862, from the War Department to William Graves Crenshaw stating that men who wish to reelist in service with Crenshaw’s battery must wait until their current enlistments expired. Letter, 8 April 1862, from Secretary of War George Wythe Randolph (1818-1867) to William Graves Crenshaw, stating that men who were detailed from Crenshaw’s battery for government work will be returned to duty, provided they are not involved in any important work. Letter, 1 May 1862, from Albert Taylor Bledsoe (1809-1877) to William Graves Crenshaw outlining the organization and regulations of a battery in Confederate service. Letter, 17 June 1862, from Secretary of War George Wythe Randolph to William Graves Crenshaw, stating that since General A. P. Hill prefers to reduce the number of pieces in Crenshaw’s battery and that General Robert E. Lee believes there are too many men in the artillery, the transfer of men that Crenshaw requested is rejected.

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Crist, Gerard E. Letter, 29 August 1864.
Accession 41460. 4 pages.

Letter, 29 August 1864, from Gerard E. Crist, Camp Chase, Ohio, to his mother, Mary Crist, Augusta County, Virginia. Topics include prison life, family, and friends.

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Crocker, Francis. Papers, 1858, 1862.
Accession 51306. 4 leaves and 4 pages. In part copies.

Papers, 1858, 1862, of Francis Crocker (1790-1861) of Fairfax County, Virginia, consisting of two letters, 1858, to his son John Simpson Crocker (1820-1890) of Washington County, New York, commenting on the weather, crops, and livestock; providing family and local news; recounting a religious revival in the area; and discussing politics and slavery. Collection also includes a copy of a letter, 21 May 1862, from a Union prisoner of war to the New York Times detailing the hardships of the prisoners and recounting the death of Francis Crocker, who had been arrested for being a Unionist.

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Crofut-Humiston family. Papers, 1855-1862
Accession 50400. 27 pages.

Papers, 1855-1862, of the Crofut and Humiston families of Broome County, New York, including an account, correspondence, and poetry. Most of the collection consists of letters written by Charles K. Crofut (ca. 1838-1862) to his sister Almira Crofut (1832-1915), while he was serving with the 89th New York Infantry on Roanoke Island, North Carolina, and also in Washington, D.C. and near Harpers Ferry. Topics include health, impending battles, marches, duration of the war and his confidence in victory, pay, rations, and supplies. Crofut also writes about the collision of the steamers "West Point" and "George Peabody" on 13 August 1862, and his regiment's heavy fighting at the Battle of Sharpsburg.

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Crosby, Henry Baxter. Letter, 4 November 1862.
Accession 41034. 4 pages.

Letter, 4 November 1862, from Henry Baxter Crosby, Haymarket, Virginia, to his brother, Alonzo Crosby, Poland, New York. Topics include troop movements of the 9th New York Cavalry, Company C, and the march to Fredericksburg, Virginia.

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Cross, A. Cassius. Letter, 2 December 1862.
Accession 38925. 4 leaves.

Letter, 2 December 1862, from A. Cassius Cross of the 1st Regiment, United States Sharpshooters to E. F. Benton commenting on the Army of the Potomac and camp life. Cross states that he and other soldiers believe the war will end in a compromise and that many in the army still admire George B. McClellan (1826-1885) who had recently been removed from command and who had conducted an impressive review of the army. Cross also describes his rations and his tent.

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Crouch, F. W. N. Papers, 1889.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1889, of F. W. N. Crouch (1808-1896), chiefly consisting of reminiscences of his involvement with the Richmond Howitzers, 1st Company, during the Civil War. Includes articles written for the Virginia Historical Society and an elegy for Captain Edward Stephens McCarthy (1836-1864).

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Crouch, Kenneth E. Surviving Veterans of the War between the States, c. 1952.
Accession 40271. 1 leaf.

List, ca. 1952, of the surviving veterans of the Civil War, compiled by Kenneth E. Crouch. Includes name, address, birth date, and military service of the surviving veterans.

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Crowell, H. P. Letter, 21 June 1864.
Accession 41035. 2 pages.

Letter, 21 June 1864, from H. P. Crowell, City Point, Virginia, to Mrs. Crosby, regarding the health and welfare of her husband. Also included are details of the march and efforts to overtake Richmond, Virginia.

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Croy, Zachariah Jordan. Letters, 1859-1865.
Accession 43199. 29 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1859-1865, of Zachariah Jordan Croy (1832-1916) of Carter County, Tennessee, mostly to his wife Elizabeth D. (Cooper) Croy (1834-1906) after he was taken prisoner at Knoxville while serving with the 63rd Tennessee Infantry during the Civil War. Topics include the poor quality of food, his health, requesting and receiving provisions from her, his treatment, chances for his release, and homesickness. Pre-war letters are written to him by William Davidson Croy (b. ca. 1840), Armistead Mallicote (b. ca. 1845), Robert Marion Dawson (b. ca. 1841), and Elizabeth Croy (1797-1879) and discuss family news and health, farming activities, and Croy’s plastering business and his future prospects for employment.

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Crull, Thomas J. Letters, 1861-1862.
Accession 42037. 20 pages.

Letters, 1861-1862, from Thomas J. Crull, Company B, 19th Indiana Infantry, from camp sites in Arlington and Prince William Counties and Fredericksburg, Virginia, to his mother in Indiana. Topics include camp life, troop movements, and opinions on the war.

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Crump, Leonard Crawford. Papers, 1863-1899.
Accession 21388. 8 leaves and 1 page. Newspaper clippings photocopies.

Papers, 1863-1899, of Doctor Leonard Crawford Crump (ca. 1820-1899) of New Kent County and Richmond Virginia, consisting of accounts, military order, pass, and contract for Crump dealing with his work at Chimborazo Hospital during the Civil War. Also includes three articles on the hospital written about 1932.

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Cunningham, C. N. W. Letter, 15 August 1863.
Accession 51184. 1 leaf.

Letter, 15 August 1863, from Sergeant C. N. W. Cunningham (ca. 1843-1893), Company A, 13th Massachusetts Infantry, stating that [Michael A.] Fitzgerald (b. ca. 1841) had been captured at the battle of Gettysburg and was now in Richmond, Virginia, as a prisoner of war. Fitzgerald's real name was Augustine B. Haynes.

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Cunningham, Leander. Letter, 11 March 1863.
Accession 42183. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 11 March 1863, from Leander Cunningham (b. 1835), quartermaster sergeant in the 165th Pennsylvania Regiment stationed at Suffolk, Virginia, to his father James Cunningham (b. ca. 1788) of Adams County, Pennsylvania informing him of the regiment’s duty in Suffolk, including a false alarm of a Confederate attack, as well as personal news. Includes a hand-drawn map by Cunningham of the Suffolk area during the Civil War.

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Cunningham-Downman family. Papers, 1790-1875.
Accession 28093. 0.3375 cubic feet.

Papers, 1790-1875, of the Cunningham-Downman family including correspondence, journals, receipts, financial records, and a Confederate bond. Correspondence consists of a letter, 27 April 1862, from R. W. Downman, 4th Virginia Cavalry to his wife discussing camp life, men’s efforts to catch a squirrel for food, and his hope for peace, and letters, 1864, to John M. Cunningham of the Powhatan Artillery from family members concerning his brothers, family and neighborhood news, the family farm and produce, and military news. Papers also include farm diaries, 1835-1875, recording the activities on the Elkwood and Grange Farms and including accounts, handwritten plats, lists of livestock killed and crops planted, lists of field hands hired, including African-Americans, recipes for paint, and memorandums on managing sheep, making "Negro" clothings, preparing corn seed, and the weather. Papers also contain account books, receipt books, cash books, bonds, and envelopes belonging to the Downman and Cunningham families.

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Curtis, John A. Civil War navy reminiscences, 1864.
Accession 20117. 6 leaves.

Transcripts of the reminiscences of John A. Curtis (1834-1913), who served in the Confederate Navy during the Civil War. One transcript concerns his tour of duty aboard the topedo boat Squib and describes the Squib’s attack on the U.S.S. Minnesota in Hampton Roads on 9 April 1864. Other reminiscence details Curtis’ service aboard the privateer C.S.S. Tallahassee during an expedition from 8-28 August 1864.

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Custis-Lee-Mason family. Papers, 1756-1863 (bulk 1822-1846)
Accession 20975. .1 cubic feet.

Papers, 1756-1863, of the Custis, Lee, and Mason families of Virginia, consisting of correspondence to and from members of these families. Custis family correspondence, 1756-1844, contains correspondence to Mary Lee Fitzhugh Custis (1788-1853) of Alexandria County, District of Columbia and Virginia, dealing with with social, family, and personal news; his tobacco crops; slaves; and the American Colonization Society.Lee family correspondence, 1832-1863, contains correspondence to Mary Randolph Custis Lee (1807-1873) of Alexandria County, District of Columbia and Virginia, concerning social, family, and personal news; George Washington Custis Lee as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York; Robert E. Lee’s visit to an exhibit on George Washington at a Baltimore museum, for which her father George Washington Parke Custis had lent items; and a family's life during the Civil War. Mason family correspondence, 1822-1845, contains correspondence to James Murray Mason (1798-1871) concerning the estate of his father-in-law, Benjamin Chew and Mason's upcoming marriage to Chew's daughter. Also includes the answer of Benjamin Grayson, John W. Grayson, and George M. Grayson to a bill in chancery in the Superior Court of Chancery, Winchester District, and addressed to the honorable Henry St. George Tucker (1780-1848).

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EAD Guide
Dabney family. Letters, 1886, 1929.
Accession 36490. 6 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1886 and 1929, of the Dabney family consisting of a letters, 8 January 1886, from Dr. Robert L. Dabney to General Daniel H. Hill recounting the events at the Battle of White Oak Swamp (Virginia), 1862 and congratulating General Hill on a speech he had given; a letter, 22 June 1929, from Thomas J. Arnold to Dr. Charles W. Dabney discussing the book on Stonewall Jackson written by Charles Dabney’s father, Robert L. Dabney; and a statement by Thomas J. Arnold about the Battle of Kernstown (Virginia.) in 1862, and remarks made by General James Shields, commander of the Union forces at Kernstown.

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Dabney, Charles William. Memoirs.
Accession 26319. 28 leaves. Photocopies.

Memoirs of Charles William Dabney, of Farmville, Virginia. The autobiography consists of an outline, in addition to four working copies of a chapter concerning the activities of his father, Robert Lewis Dabney, during the Civil War.

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Dabney-Jackson family. Dabney-Jackson collection, 1716, 1744-1867.
Accession 24816. .675 cubic feet. Photostats.

Collection, 1716, 1744-1867, of the papers of the Dabney family of Hanover, King William, and Louisa Counties, Virginia, and the papers of Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (1824-1863). These papers were compiled by Charles William Dabney (1855-1945) from various sources including his father, R. L. Dabney (1820-1898), Stonewall Jackson’s chief of staff who used the papers to write Life and Campaigns of Lieutenant-General Thomas J. Jackson (1866).

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EAD Guide
Dadisman, Mahlon Franklin. Diary, 1862-1863.
Accession 34447. 22 leaves. Photocopies.

Diary, 1862-1863, of Mahlon Franklin Dadisman (ca. 1840-1864) of Taylor County, West Virginia, containing a schedule from 19 March 1862-3 August 1862 for Dadisman’s work as a carpenter; a brief statement about Dadisman’s company and regiment entering Confederate service during the Civil War; and an account from 18 January to 18 August 1863 recounting marches through the Shenandoah Valley and the West Virginia border counties, as well as to and from the battle of Gettysburg.

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Dameral, John Edward. 1865 in 1973: The Current Condition of Lee's Retreat Route, Petersburg to Appomattox Court House.
Accession 28190. 12 leaves. Photocopies.

Paper, 1973, by John Edward Damerel (1905-1995) being a written address prepared as a later version of a verbal presentation made to the Cleveland Civil War Round Table in September, 1973. The author examines the route of Robert E. Lee’s 1865 retreat from Petersburg to Appomattox Court House using 1973 route names in a historical parallel.

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Damron, Meriken T. Letter, 25 February 1862.
Accession 42173. 4 pages.

Letter, 25 February 1862, from Meriken T. Damron (1834-1862) while serving with General Wise’s Legion of Light Artillery in Norfolk County, to his brother Stanard L. Damron (1838-1875) in Alleghany County. He writes about how his unit has been severely reduced in numbers, as well as General Wise being ordered to Manassas, and the resignation of Major Bernard Roemer. Damron also offers advice to his brother about the latter’s teaching career and possibly being called up for military duty.

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Daniel family. Papers, 1794-1898.
Accession 23952. 109 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1794-1898, of the Daniel family of Stafford County and Richmond, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1794-1813, from Edmund Randolph (1753-1813) concerning American relations with Spain, France, and Great Britain, politics, William Short’s (1759-1849) performance as minister to Spain, Thomas Pinckney's (1750-1828) appointment as a commissioner to Spain, Jay’s Treaty, Randolph’s resignation as Secretary of State, and family and personal matters; letters, 1811-1861, of the Daniel family concerning personal and family matters, the Civil War, and election of the Confederate Congress; deeds, 1807-1846, for property in Stafford County; notes, 1811-1878 and no date, on religion, Page family genealogy, insurance, Thomas Nelson (1738-1789), and Rochester and Canandaigua Lakes, New York; tombstone inscriptions, copied 1898, of the Burwell, Mann, and Page families of Gloucester County, Virginia; law license, 10 March 1843, for Peter V. Daniel, Jr. (1818-1889); and roster of the Union Volunteer Cavalry of Richmond, ca. 1812-1815.

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EAD Guide
Daniel family. Papers, 1805-1904 (bulk: 1821-1889).
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4304. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1805-1904, of the Daniel family of Richmond and Stafford County, Virginia. Includes accounts, correspondence, depositions, and receipts. Topics of the correspondence include family and social affairs, local current events, and legal and political matters. Correspondents include Llewellyn Baber, A.S. Broaddus, Robert A. Brock, John F. Thornton, James Hoge Tyler, and Thomas H. Wynne. Included is correspondence regarding the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad companies. Also of note is a proposal by the YMCA of Richmond, 1858, regarding the Richmond Company Library. Included are depositions and notes on various cases and letters received by John Moncure Daniel during his diplomatic service.

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Daniel, John Warwick. Papers, 1893-1910.
Accession 21683. 36 leaves and 12 pages.

Papers, 1893-1910, of John Warwick Daniel (1842-1910) of Lynchburg, Virginia, and United States Senator, consisting of correspondence concerning rural free mail delivery in Virginia counties; the Civil War, including the 14th Virginia cavalry, Confederate records, the steamer St. Nicholas, a Daniel-edited column in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, and complimentary books on Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson sent to Daniel; free coinage; Daniel’s speeches; requests for an appointment as a Washington D.C. Capitol policeman and for a commission in the United States army; the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities and the 1907 Jamestown Exposition; an invitation to speak at Easton College in Manassas, Virginia; Daniel’s reelection to the Senate in 1910; and a promissory note. Papers also include predictions on the 1894 congressional elections in New York and Virginia and which party would control the United States Congress.

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EAD Guide
Daniel, John Warwick. Papers, 1874-1914.
Accession 23923. 25 leaves and 35 pages.

Papers, 1874-1914, of John Warwick Daniel (1842-1910) of Lynchburg, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1881-1909, discussing Virginia and national politics, railroads, courts, military commissions, the Civil War, speaking opportunities for Daniel, and personal matters; note of argument, 1874, concerning a contested election for the 43rd Congress; an ad for Warm Springs, Virginia; pamphlets on banking and currency and on industrial education; answer of the Virginia State Corporation Commission in a law suit against it in the United States Circuit Court; price list for the Manchester Oil and Paint Company; and an unused envelope.

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EAD Guide
Daniel, William J. Letter, 21 April 1864.
Accession 24022a. 4 pages.

Letter, 21 April 1864, from William J. Daniel (1840-1864) to his wife Fannie B. Sale Daniel (1842-1900) informing her of a letter he had received from her father, discussing the birth of their son, and detailing events of regiment’s actions in and around Kinston, North Carolina. Also contains some Daniel family genealogy.

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Danner-Thomson family. Letters, 1841-1930.
Accession 34816. 19 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1841-1930, of the Danner-Thomson family of Frederick County, Virginia, and Jefferson County, (West) Virginia, consisting of a letter, 11 January 1841, from Frances E. Thomson, of Jefferson County to her mother Sarah Sydnor of Alexandria, Virginia, concerning her trip home from Alexandria; letter, 30 December 1860, from William Janney of Jefferson County to William S. Thomson, discussing social news and political news, including a prediction of coming war; letter, 22 February 1861, from Dan. F. Bell of Jefferson County to William S. Thomson concerning social and political news, including whether Virginia will secede; letter, William C. Danner, a prisoner of war at Johnson Island, to his sister Susan Augusta Danner Logan, Augusta, Georgia, discussing his situation and family news; letter, 28 August 1872, from Albert Danner to his sister regarding his visit with his other sister Susan Augusta Danner Logan; letter, 21 November 1904, to Albert Carey Danner from F. W. Mahood, Washington D.C., concerning the genealogy of the Danner family; and letter, 21 February [1930], from L. John Weber, Clayton, Missouri, to William D. Thomson of Atlanta, Georgia, concerning the genealogy of the Thomson family.

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Davenport, John F. Letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 30675. 12 leaves. Photocopies.

Typescripts of letters, 1862-1864, of John F. Davenport (d. 1864) of Company G, 1st Battalion Alabama Legion (Company G, 23rd Battalion Alabama Sharpshooters), to his wife in Alabama stating that he misses her and their children, discussing camp life, detailing the siege of Knoxville, Tennessee, and describing skirmishes and the battles of Chickamauga and Drewry’s Bluff. Davenport details his actions in these two battles. Also includes a letter, 29 September 1863, from Robert H. Morton of Company G, 1st Battalion Alabama Legion to Mrs. John F. Davenport stating that her husband had not been wounded in the battle of Chickamauga, and a letter, from Captain W. A. Middleton of Company G, 23rd Battalion Alabama Sharpshooters, to Mrs. John F. Davenport informing her that he has sent his final statement about her deceased husband to Richmond, Virginia, and explains how she can enter a claim for it.

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David, Thirza Bowen. Collection, 1850-1913.
Accession 42490. 260 leaves.

Papers, 1850-1913, collected initially by Thirza Bowen David (1803-1876) and continued by other members of the Bowen, David, and Alexander families. Collection consists of transcribed letters and photocopied photographs. Of note is correspondence between Manning Poole Alexander (1830-1915) and his wife, Pelona David Alexander, from his time in medical school in Cincinnati, Ohio, in the late 1850s to his service in the Confederate States Army as an assistant surgeon.

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Davidson, Nora Fontaine Maury. Letters, 1924.
Accession 34158. 23 pages.

Letters, 1924, from Nora Fontaine Maury Davidson (1836-1929) of Petersburg, Virginia, to James Daniel Harwell of Pachuta, Mississippi, discussing the genealogy of the Butts and Davidson families and related lines; the Civil War, the siege of Petersburg, hospitals, and the battle of the Crater; and other remembrances of her youth. Davidson also offers her choice for president in 1924.

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Davis family. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 25483. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Davis family letters, 1863-1864, consisting of letter, 1 October 1863, from John P. Davis, Jr. (1840-1864), of Company G, 41st Virginia Infantry, in Orange County, Virginia, to his sister Laura Davis of Petersburg, Virginia, regarding troop movements and requesting clothing, food, and writing supplies; and letter, 18 May 1864, to John P. Davis, Sr. (b. ca. 1813), Petersburg, from Joseph Minetree (1839-1907), informing Davis of his son’s death.

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Davis family. Papers, 1835-1863
Accession 50399. .1 cubic feet.

Papers, 1835–1863, of the Davis family of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, including correspondence, poetry, and clippings. The majority of the collection consists of letters written by Robert G. Davis (1838–1880), to his parents and siblings, while he was serving with the 28th Pennsylvania Infantry in Fauquier and Loudoun Counties, Virginia, and in Maryland.

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Davis, A. W. G. Letter, 16 January 1862.
Accession 45507. 1 leaf.

Letter, 16 January 1862, from A. W. G. Davis (1806-1865) of Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia, to Governor John Letcher (1813-1884) introducing Captains George Downs (1820-1899) and John Spriggs of the Moccasin Rangers (later Company A, 19th Virginia Cavalry) with plans for defending then western Virginia. Davis also laments the loss of Perry Conley (or Connolly) (1837-1862), the Rangers' commanding officer, killed in action.

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Davis, Burke. Papers, 1968-1981.
Accession 37898. 0.35 cubic feet.

Papers, 1968-1981, of author Burke Davis concerning the research and publication of his book Sherman’s March (1980). Consists of correspondence exchanged with publishers and literary agents, readers, and research institutions. There are also clippings, book reviews, and advertisements concerning the book. Davis’ book was originally sold to Holt, Rinehart and Winston but after numerous editorial changes in the publishing house, the book was resold to Random House.

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Davis, Creed T. Papers, 1864-1875.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1864-1875, of Creed T. Davis (d. 1915), chiefly consisting of a diary, 1864-1865, that he kept while serving with the Richmond Howitzers, 2nd Company, in the Civil War. It is unclear whether the diary is the original or a transcript. Record was given to Robert Alonzo Brock (1839-1914) in 1875, along with a list of soldiers who died from April to June 1865 at a Newport News military prison, where Davis was kept after the Confederate surrender at Appomattox.

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Davis, George. Letter, 30 November 1864
Accession 26101. 3 leaves.

Letter, 30 November 1864, from George Davis, Richmond, Virginia, to James A. Seddon, regarding a dispute between the Confederate government and the local government of Botetourt County, Virginia, over the establishment of distilleries in the state of Virginia.

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Davis, H. G. Letter, 8 June 1864
Accession 22384. 4 pages.

Letter, 8 June 1864, from H. G. Davis, stationed at Fort McPherson, Natchez, Mississippi, to Miss Hodgson discussing fort life and relating news of military action between Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee in Virginia.

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Davis, James W. Commission, 12 May 1861.
Accession 44341. 2 pages.

Commission, 12 May 1861, from Governor John Letcher (1813-1884) of Virginia appointing James W. Davis of Gloucester, a 2nd lieutenant in the 21st regiment, 14th brigade, and 4th division of the Virginia militia.

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Davis, Jefferson. Letter, 31 August 1889.
Accession 20437. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Letter, 31 August 1889, from Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) of Beauvoir, Mississippi, to Major Walker Taylor of Kentucky, requesting Walker’s recollections on a plan to capture Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) during the Civil War, which Davis declined to entertain for fear Lincoln would be killed rather than kidnapped, to help disprove the accusations that Davis was involved in assassination attempts on Lincoln.

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Davis, Jefferson. Letter, 5 February 1865.
Accession 24019b. 2 leaves. In part photocopies.

Transcript of a letter, 5 February 1865, signed by various soldiers in General Jubal Early's (1816-1894) Army of the Valley, stating that they believe the war is hopeless, and asking Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) to work to find a way to end the Civil War rather than attempting to prolong it. Includes Davis’s reply hoping that most soldiers under Early’s command do not share these sentiments, and notes by E. W. Whitaker (1841-1922), General George Custer’s (1839-1876) chief of staff, explaining that he found the letter in Early’s captured headquarters wagon at the battle of Waynesboro 2 March 1865.

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Davis, Jefferson. Correspondence, 1861-1863.
Accession 26725. 4 pages.

Letters, 1861, 1863, of Jefferson Davis (1809-1889) consisting of a letter, 1861, from Davis to Reverend William Meade, Bishop of the Diocese of Virginia, declining his request that candidates for the ministry be discharged from the Army; and a letter, 1863, from Humphrey Marshall noting that Mr. Grumard has something secret to communicate from France.

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Davis, John Potts, Jr. Letter, 4 November 1862.
Accession 24548a. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 4 November 1862, from John Potts Davis, Jr. (1840-1864) of Company G, 41st Virginia Infantry, in camp near Culpeper Court House, Virginia, to his father John Potts Davis, Sr. (b. ca. 1813) of Petersburg, Virginia, informing him that they left camp near Winchester, Virginia, four days previously and marched over 70 miles in those four days. Davis complains that his feet are hurting. He sends his father rumors of what might happen next and where the Union army might be, stating that General Franz Sigel (1824-1902) allegedly is at Manassas with over 40,000 Union soldiers. Davis asks his father to send five dollars and to buy him a bushel of apples.

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Davis, Joseph C. Letter, 24 March 1864.
Accession 38768. 4 pages.

Letter, 24 March 1864, from Joseph C. Davis of Company G, 46th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, to his grandmother, writing that he is fine and enjoying camp life more than expected. He also mentions that he saw a man shot from the 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Letter also includes a note from Julius Mendenhall, also of the 46th, to his mother, telling her he is doing well, listing what clothes he has, and recounting the big snowball fight between Cooke’s and Kirkland’s brigades after a foot of snow fell on the 22 March 1864.

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Davis, Varina. Letter, [1] March 1863.
Accession 29973. 5 pages.

Letter, [1] March 1863 from Varina Davis (1826-1906) in Montgomery, Alabama, to her husband Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), President of the Confederate States of America, in Richmond, Virginia, discussing the health of her mother Margaret Kemp Howell (d. 1867); mentioning a conversation she had with Lydia Johnston (1822-1887), wife of General Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891); relating news of the generals and their staffs in the western theater; expressing concern over the possibility of an Union attack upon Richmond; and wishing she were there. Also includes the envelope for the letter, and a note mistakenly giving Margaret Howell’s death date as about 15 March 1863.

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Davis, W. F. Letter, 3 December 1863.
Accession 50832. 2 pages.

Letter, 3 December 1863, from W. F. Davis (1839-1912) of Carrington's Company, Charlottesville Light Artillery, to his mother Anne Turberville Davis (1809-1884) of Westmoreland County, Virginia, describing the battle of Mine Run and asking about the family. The accompanying envelope is a mystery as it is addressed to Mrs. W. S. Davis; neither of Davis' parents' initials. The inside of the envelope is addressed to Robbie Beale Davis (1872-1955), W. F. Davis' daughter and is of a post-Civil War date.

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Davis, William T. Letter, 10 June 1863.
Accession 42180. 2 pages.

Letter, 10 June 1863, to William T. Davis, Petersburg, Virginia, from an unknown author in occupied Eastern Virginia. Topics include news of family, crops, and life under occupation. It is unclear in which county the author is located as his letter is very secretive. Includes envelope.

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Day, Joseph M. Letter, 5 April 1863.
Accession 41703. 3 pages.

Letter, 5 April 1863 from Joseph M. Day (1824-1897), 40th Massachusetts Infantry at Vienna, Virginia, near Hunter’s Chapel, to his wife in Barnstable, Massachusetts, describing his unit’s movements and the harsh winter weather conditions they are enduring. The cover in which the letter was mailed, as well as a transcription of the letter, are also included.

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Day, Luther Letter, 18 July 1863.
Accession 42794. 2 pages.

Letter, 18 July 1863, from Luther Day (d. 1864) of the 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company K, written while encamped near Centreville, Virginia. Writing to “Frank” about a 16 July 1863 engagement at Shepherdstown, West Virginia, Day describes the ebb and flow of the battle, the types of weaponry used at various stages of the fight, and the sight of Confederate soldiers removing their dead and wounded from the field.

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de Lagnel, Julius Adolph. Certification, 1 May 1862.
Accession 23901. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Certification, 1 May 1862, by Lieutenant Colonel J. A. de Lagnel (1827-1912) verifying the election of D’Arcy W. Paul (1825-1863) as 1st lieutenant of Company K, 12th Virginia Volunteers.

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Deane, Josiah Clarence. Confederate service record.
Accession 33554. 23 leaves. Photocopy.

Confederate service record, 1861-1864, of Josiah Clarence Deane (d. 1895) of the 59th Virginia Regiment and Amherst County, Virginia, containing correspondence, lists, military records, orders, and other items regarding Deane’s military service. Also includes lists of appointments and resignations of officers in the Confederate army.

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Deans, J. F. Special order, 13 January 1864.
Accession 14057. 1 leaf.

Special Order, 13 January 1864, for a three day leave of absence for Confederate Chaplain Reverend J. F. (John?) Deans ascribed and written by Brigadier General Matt W. Ransom (1826-1904) from his 1st District headquarters in Weldon, North Carolina. Also signed by Assistant Adjutant General John C. Pegram (1838-1864).

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Dearing family. Papers, 1850-1861.
Accession 31901. 15 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1850-1861, of the Dearing family of Rappahannock County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 20 January 1850, from James Jackson and Emily Jackson of Henry County, Kentucky, to Alfred Dearing and Nancy Dearing of Rappahannock County, Virginia, sending family news, discussing crops and the price of meat, and asking the price of slaves in Rappahannock County; a letter, 3 March 1850, from A. W. Dearing in Morgan County, Alabama, to Alfred Dearing, Rappahannock County, discussing family news, his father’s cattle and horses, his own desire to settle in northwestern Alabama or eastern Texas, and the low cost of slaves in the region; an essay on reputation by John Dearing; and a handwritten transcript of the poem ”All Quiet Along the Potomac,” (1861), by Ethel Lynn Beers (1827-1879).

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Decker family. Papers, 1860-1864.
Accession 25424, 27356, 27742. .225 cubic feet.

Papers, 1860-1864, of the Decker family of Orange County, Virginia, including correspondence and receipts. Papers are chiefly letters from Marshall Elton Decker to his wife, Alphia Ellen, commenting on camp life and troop movements of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, and on health and family matters. Other letters to Mrs. Decker are from her brother, John Duerson, and a friend, Mollie Peake. Also, a letter from Decker to his mother. Receipts include a tax receipt for Spotsylvania County, Virginia, and a receipt for a subscription to the “Tennessee Baptist.”

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Dee, Thomas W. Letter, 2 September 1862.
Accession 50034. 3 pages.

Letter, 2 September 1862, from Thomas W. Dee (1837-1910) to his mother while he was serving aboard the U.S. Steamer Coeur de Lion on the Potomac River. He writes about the Confederate efforts to regain their battery around Aquia Creek, the destruction of bridges over the Rappahannock River, the burning of public property by Union forces, and the blowing up of a powder mill at Fredericksburg. Dee comments on the expectation that Confederate forces will attempt to defend what remains in order to capture Washington, D.C.

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DeHuff, A. G. Letter, 12 May 1864
Accession 45505. 3 leaves and 4 pages.

Letter, 12 May 1864, from A. G. DeHuff (ca. 1838-1897) serving aboard the U.S.S. Mackinaw in the James River, to Emmie Dickson of McConnellburg, Pennsylvania, thanking her for her photograph that she sent. DeHuff describes the dangers faced by ships patrolling the James River and details how one vessel was blown up by a Confederate torpedo. Also contains a transcript of letter, biographical information on DeHuff and information on the Mackinaw.

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Denoon family. Papers, 1824-1902.
Accession 26768. 238 leaves. Photostats, negative.

Papers, 1824-1902, of the Denoon family of Powhatan County, Virginia, consisting of correspondence, 1861-1864, of Charles Denoon, 102nd Virginia Militia and 41st Virginia Infantry regiment, to his family commenting on camp life, troop movements, family, and health. Denoon’s letters contain very detailed accounts of battles in which he fought, including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, and the siege of Petersburg. Papers also include Denoon’s commissions and orders, Special Order No. 1 issued by William Mahone regarding drill instructions, an invoice of supplies, and miscellaneous envelopes. Of note, are muster rolls of Company 4, 102nd Virginia Militia Regiment, Company C, 41st Virginia Infantry Regiment, and Company H, 41st Virginia Infantry Regiment. Collection also contains miscellaneous undated lists of men who failed to enroll in the Army, men who were exempt from serving in the military and the reason for their exemption, list of prisoners, and a list of men formed to man the batteries around Richmond Virginia.

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Deppen, Carrie. Letter, 20 March 1865.
Accession 44132. 2 leaves and 1 page.

Letter, 20 March 1865, from an unnamed Union telegrapher at Fort Monroe, Virginia, to Carrie Deppen in Myerstown, Pennsylvania. The writer discusses the busy life of a military telegrapher and the quality of telegraph lines to Washington and other locales.

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Depriest, Robert H. Letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 37726. 45 leaves and 78 pages.

Letters, 16 March 1862-12 September 1864, from Robert H. Depriest (1834-1892), of Augusta County, Virginia, and the 2nd Virginia Infantry, to his wife Mary I. Depriest (1838-1893), relating to his service during the Civil War as a member of the Stonewall Brigade, and detailing the activities of the regiment while stationed in Berkeley, Frederick, Hanover, Orange, Shenandoah, and Spotsylvania Counties. Depriest writes concerning troop movements and strength, rumors of his being killed at Gaines’ Mill, his requests for a new detail, the prices of goods, deserters, the chances for peace, his family’s farming activities at home, the death of his wife’s mother, pay, furloughs, visits from his wife’s father, as well as the numbers killed, wounded and taken prisoner during fighting. Depriest describes various battles in which he fought, including the confusion after the Battle of Kernstown, the fighting at the Battle of Second Winchester, the retreat after the Battle of Gettysburg, the buildup to Payne’s Farm, and the retreat of his unit after the Spotsylvania Campaign. Also included are transcriptions of the letters.

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Dettor, Martha Ann Carter. The history of Lawrence Creek, 1934.
Accession 34298. 48 leaves. Photocopies.

Reminiscences, 1934, of Martha "Pattie" Ann Carter Dettor (1845-1938) of Louisa County, Virginia, titled the history of Lawrence Creek consisting of recollections on her family and life in rural Louisa County at her father’s plantation Lawrence Creek during the immediate antebellum and postbellum periods. There is information on education, religion, slavery, and daily routines. Account transcribed by Deborah Taylory Richardson from letters written by Dettor late in her life. Includes a map of Louisa County locating Lawrence Creek and photographs of some of the family members mentioned. There is also an index.

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Dewese family. Letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 25438. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1862-1864, of the Dewese family consisting of letter, 25 November 1862, from George Dewese (1843-1864) of Company K, 56th North Carolina Infantry, to his sister H. C. Dewese; a letter, 4 July 1863, from Robert Stough (b. 1844), Company K, 56th North Carolina Infantry at camp near Seven Pines, Virginia, to George Dewese, regarding troop movements and family news; and letter, [July 1864], from Calvin Dewese (b. 1838), Company K, 56th North Carolina Infantry at Petersburg, Virginia, to his father, describing the Battle of the Crater.

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Dey, Mary Calvert. Collection, 1664-1916.
Accession 26241. 106 leaves. Photocopies and positive photostats.

Collection, 1664-1916, of Mary Calvert Dey consisting of deeds, plats, surveys, military records, and correspondence from King George, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia. Includes deeds, 1664-1820, for land in King George, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia. Also correspondence to the Stuart family of Stafford County and Richmond, Virginia, including letters, 1765, to William Stuart (1723-1798) regarding the sale of tobacco; and letters, 1850, to Sholto Stuart (1820-1884), Richmond, Virginia, from John A. Washington (1821-1861), Mt. Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, regarding Virginia hunting and fishing laws. Collection also contains military records, including appointments, letters, orders, and parole of Sholto Turberville Stuart.

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Dickinson, George C. Letter, 3 September 1861.
Accession 23476af. 1 page.

Letter, 3 September 1861, of George C. Dickinson, Engineer’s Office, Gloucester Point, to Lieutenant Colonel George Deas, Assistant Adjutant General, asking whether the late General Order dismissing officers of the Provisional Army of Virginia applies to him as 1st lieutenant in the Engineer Corps of Virginia.

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Dill, John. Letter, 6 September 1861.
Accession 43335. 2 pages.

Letter, 6 September 1861, from John Dill (1835-1914), 57th Virginia Infantry in Richmond, Virginia, to his father in Botetourt County, Virginia, discussing Dill’s trip to Richmond, encampment at the fair grounds in Richmond, and life in the camp. Dill also discusses the large number of Confederate soldiers stationed around Richmond and the building of breastworks near the city. He also mentions large numbers of Union soldiers being held as prisoners of war in the tobacco factories of Richmond and the poor conditions in the local hospitals.

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Dinwiddie, James. Letters, 1862.
Accession 24112. 34 pages.

Letters, 1862, of James Dinwiddie (1837-1907), lieutenant in Captain James McDowell Carrington’s (1839-1911) Battery (Charlottesville Artillery), Virginia Artillery, to his fiance and wife, Bettie, consisting of a letter, 14 April 1862, discussing the beginning of the Peninsular campaign, Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891), and the Confederate army, also professes his love for Bettie; a letter, 23 April 1862, containing news of Stonewall Jackson’s (1824-1863) Valley campaign, and personal and family news; a letter, 25 May 1862, containing personal news and news of the Valley campaign; a letter, 7 June 1862, detailing the death of Turner Ashby (1828-1862) at the Battle of Harrisonburg and the Valley campaign; a letter, 12 June 1862, containing news of a skirmish and of Stonewall Jackson; a letter, 13 June 1862, sending personal news; and two letters, both 29 June 1862, describing Jackson’s march from the Shenandoah Valley to Richmond and the beginning of the Seven Days’ battles.

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Dobie, David F. Papers, 1861-1865.
Accession 21829. 12 leaves and 77 pages.

Papers, 1863-1865, of David F. Dobie of Plattsburg, New York, and an officer in the 118th New York regiment, consisting of letters, 1863-1864, from Dobie to “Hattie” describing the 118th’s involvement in guard duty in Suffolk and Norfolk, Virginia, the battles of Drewry’s Bluff and the Crater, and army life in general; affidavits, 1864-1865, signed by Dobie and other officers of the 118th concerning equipment and supplies. Correspondence also includes letters concerning invoices for clothing issued, deserters, passes and furloughs, a list of men under Dobie’s charge. Papers also contain an affidavit concerning the arrest of a soldier who had been excused from duty; a letter of recommendation for Captain George F. Campbell; a report from John L. Crouse, assistant surgeon for the 118th New York concerning rations; a letter, from an unknown soldier in a hospital in Annapolis, Maryland, commenting on army life and homesickness; and a letter concerning enlistments from St. Johnsbury, Vermont.

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Dochterman, Martha A. Letter, 13 August 1862.
Accession 43038. 4 pages.

Letter, 13 August 1862, from Martha A. Dochterman (b. ca. 1822) near Port Gibson, Claiborne County, Mississippi, to her uncle asking for his assistance for her family following raids by Federal troops.

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Dodd, George Y. Papers, 1937.
Accession 21371. 1 page.

Certification, 10 April 1937, by Thomas P. Chapman, Jr., Deputy Clerk of Fairfax County, Virginia, that George Y. Dodd’s (1844-1918) name appears in the Muster Roll of Ex-Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of Fairfax County, Virginia, in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865.

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Dodge, George Hubbard. Letters, 1864
Accession 43513. 11 leaves and 8 pages. Photocopies.

Letters, 18 January - 7 June 1864, consisting of transcriptions and photocopies of originals letters from George Hubbard Dodge (1845-1864), Company B, 27th Massachusetts Infantry, to his mother and father discussing his movements during the period from Long Island, New York through Norfolk and later Petersburg, Virginia and his opinion of how the war was progressing. He also discusses his battle with typhoid fever and his need for money should he be allowed to return home. Also contains letters from the U. S. Christian Commission to Dodge’s father reporting Dodge’s condition from the time he was wounded at Cold Harbor, Virginia to his death.

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Dodson, B. F. Letter, 20 May 1862.
Accession 31617. 7 leaves. Photocopies and transcripts.

Letter, 20 May 1862, from B. F. Dodson (1826-1864) of Mecklenburg County, Virginia, in the 4th Virginia Heavy Artillery, to [Sarah] discussing the hardships faced by the soldiers as they march from Yorktown, Virginia, to Richmond, Virginia, in poor conditions during the Peninsular Campaign and mentioning the battle of Williamsburg. Dodson inquires after family and friends and asks Sarah to visit his wife Delia (1830-1897) and their children; comments on seeing children going to sabbath school in Richmond and wishing he was helping out at sabbath school in Mecklenburg County; and details his efforts to adhere to his religious habits. Dodson asks that the congregation of Easter Church pray for him. There is are a photocopy and a transcript of the letter. The transcript also contains census records from the 1850 census and marriage records for Mecklenburg County.

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Dold, William. Letter, 8 October 1862.
Accession 39192. 2 pages.

Letter, 8 October 1862, from William Dold, Lexington, Virginia, regarding Virginia politics and the Confederate Army, supplies of salt and oil, and news of family and friends in Lexington.

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Donahue, John C. Civil War diary, April 1861-February 1865.
Accession 28589, Miscellaneous reel 519. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Civil War Diary, April 1861 - 1 February 1865, of John C. Donahue (ca. 1839-1921), Company K, 6th Virginia Cavalry, containing references to camp life, troop movements, and military life. Also contains newspaper clippings relating to the counties of Fairfax and Loudoun and the Civil War, and a number of printed poems.

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Dooley, J. M. Paroled prisoners' leave of indulgence, 18 March 1865.
Accession 24877. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative)

Paroled prisoners' leave of indulgence, 18 March 1865, issued to J. M. Dooley, Company I, 22nd Virginia Infantry. The paroled prisoners’ leave of indulgence allowed thirty days’ leave to paroled prisoners before they had to report to the camp for paroled prisoners in Richmond, Virginia. The leaves were ordered by General Richard S. Ewell (1817-1872) and signed by Benjamin S. Ewell (1810-1894), assistant adjutant general.

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Dorset, S. J. Letter, 29 September 1862.
Accession 50828. 3 pages.

Letter, 29 September 1862, from S. J. Dorsett (ca. 1843-1862) of Company D, 48th North Carolina Infantry, to his parents in Davidson County, North Carolina, recounting the capture of Harper's Ferry from Union troops and the battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam). He sends camp news and asks them to send him a blanket.

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Dorsey, Frank. A sketch of Brigadier General Thomas T. Munford and Lieutenant Colonel Gus W. Dorsey, 1901.
Accession 37335. 49 leaves.

Presesentation, 22 February 1901, from Frank Dorsey to Colonel R. S. Turk, consisting of a narrative of the “Old Brigade” including mentions of Thomas Taylor Munford (1831-1918) and Gustavus “Gus” Warfield Dorsey (1839-1911), Major General Fitzhugh Lee (1835-1905), and Lieutenant General Wade Hampton (1818-1902) with handwritten additions by Gus Dorsey and other veterans. Also contains ranscribed letters from Munford to Dorsey, William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) to Wade Hampton, and Wade Hampton to William T. Sherman. Highlights of the narrative include a previously unpublished eyewitness account of the wounding and death of General Jeb Stuart (1833-1864), General Munford’s farewell letter to his troops, primary source accounts on the Battle of Five Forks (1865), and stories related to the Appomattox campaign. Roster lists 188 men and includes a claim that “all the official data of the 1st Maryland Cavalry was burnt with the wagon train by the Yanks, April 5, 1865, which makes the list of killed, wounded and missing very incomplete.”

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Doughty, George W. Letter, 25 January 1865.
Accession 43700. 4 pages.

Letter, 25 January 1865, from George W. Doughty (b. 1838), 17th Maine Infantry near City Point, Virginia, to his father, concerning shelling by the Confederate army and their attempts to recapture City Point, his weariness of fighting, the relative quiet in his camp, delays in receiving his pay, costs of goods, and the weather.

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Dove, Henry. Letter, 5 December 1864
Accession 45544. 3 pages.

Letter, 5 December 1864, from Henry Dove (ca. 1838-1899), 13th NewYork Cavalry, near Prospect Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, to his father Charles Dove (b. ca. 1794) in Potsdam, Saint Lawrence County, New York. Subjects include a scouting mission to Snicker's Gap, meeting a division of General Philip Sheridan's cavalry, destruction in the area by Federal troops, weather conditions, and he inquires about a house for sale in Potsdam.

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Dowerty, Lewis. Letter, 5 June 1861.
Accession 39168. 4 pages.

Letter, 5 June 1861, from Lewis Dowerty, 3rd New Jersey Regiment at camp near Washington, D.C., to his sister, regarding troop movements, camp life, and family.

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Downing, Amos. Letter, 1 October 1861.
Accession 45420. 4 pages.

Letter, 1 October 1861, from Amos Downing (ca. 1839-ca. 1880), Company F, 6th Maine Infantry, to his brother Philip Downing (b. ca. 1834) of Portland, Maine, concerning his hope for a discharge and the capture of Falls Church, Virginia, by the Union Army.

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Drake, Elisha O. Letters, 1864.
Accession 39170. 46 pages.

Letters, 15 June-21 August 1864, from Elisha O. Drake (1821-1901), Company C, 20th Maine Infantry near Petersburg, Virginia, to his wife Zibeah Cary Drake (b. 1812) and daughter Sarah Cary Drake (b. 1847). Topics include crossing the James River and other troop movements, his health, the weather, meals eaten and the shortage of rations and water, taking possession of the railroad from Richmond to Norfolk, wounds suffered by General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (1828-1914) and Brigadier General Andrew Woods Denison (1831-1877), the unit’s work digging trenches and constructing roads and fortifications, skirmishes and battles fought, the onset of the seige of Petersburg, his opinions of the war and its management by the officers, the taking of prisoners, General Joseph Hooker (1814-1879) being relieved of his command, and the unit’s participation in the Battle of Weldon Railroad. He also inquires about matters at home. In some cases, his wife uses the same letter to write him.

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Drummond, Richard Quarles. Letter, 15 December 1863.
Accession 37039. 4 pages.

Letter, 15 December 1863, from Richard Quarles Drummond (1818-1895), Petersburg, Virginia, to Brigadier General Henry A. Wise (1806-1876). Topics covered include the possible appointment of Drummond’s son, Thomas L. Drummond, in the Navy, and Wise’s efforts to secure another position for him. Drummond also mentions an offer from Richard B. Winder when the latter passed through on his way to Americus, Georgia, to establish a prison (Andersonville) for captured Union soldiers. Drummond writes about his son’s skills and qualifications. Other topics covered include his brother Charles Drummond’s refusal to take the oath of allegiance and being sent to Fort Delaware, as well as the depreciation of Confederate currency, blockade running, speculators unfairly profiting from the war, the sending of substitutes, and the resulting demoralization of the Southern people.

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Duane, James Chatham. Papers, 1864.
Accession 31604. 8 pages.

Papers, 1864, of Major James Chatham Duane (1824-1897), chief engineer of the Army of the Potomac, concerning plans to tunnel under the Confederate lines and blow a portion of them up. Papers include letters from Major General Andrew A. Humphreys (1810-1883) and Brigadier-General Seth Williams (1822-1866) to Duane and Brigadier-General Henry J. Hunt (1819-1889) of the artillery stating they have the approval of Major General George Gordon Meade (1815-1872) commanding, for their plans; a letter from Meade to Duane asking what might happen after the explosion, and Duane’s reply. The work would be done by troops in the 9th Corps, commanded by Major General Ambrose E. Burnside (1824-1881).

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Ducachet, John Henry. Letter, 8 October 1863.
Accession 42369. 2 pages.

Letter, 8 October 1863, from Reverend John Henry Ducachet Wingfield in Portsmouth, Virginia, to Margaretta E. Langstroth (b. ca. 1818) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, regarding her recent letter to him concerning the whereabouts and welfare of her brother Edward F. B. Langstroth (1840-1881), and her invitation to come to Philadelphia.

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Dugdale, George Henry. Papers, 1864-1866.
Accession 27929. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Papers, 1864-1866, of George Henry Dugdale (b. ca. 1845) of Burlington, New Jersey, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, consisting of a military discharge, 1 October 1864, for Dugdale from Company F, 37th New Jersey Infantry; and a letter, 12 July 1866, from William Allinson of Burlington to Dugdale in Philadelphia containing minutes of a meeting of the Society of Friends in Burlington at which Dugdale was removed from the membership rolls for violating the Friends’ testimony against war by serving in the United States army during the Civil War.

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Duke, Richard Thomas Walker. The Recollections of Richard Thomas Walker Duke, Jr.
Accession 38641. 1 volume (328 pages). Photocopies.

"The Recollections of Richard Thomas Walker Duke Jr." written, 1899-1926, by Duke (1853-1926) consisting of memoirs concerning Duke’s observations while living in Albemarle County and Charlottesville, Virginia during the mid to late 19th century. Principal topics include his days as a student at the University of Virginia, his memories before and during the Civil War, life as a lawyer after the Civil War, the Duke family and the related families of Eskridge, Stuart and Towles, and his parents Elizabeth Eskridge Duke (1820-1896) and Richard Thomas Walker Duke (1822-1898). Transcribed by Gayle M. Schulman in 2001 for the Albemarle County Historical Society.

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Dulaney, William H. Confederate medical service papers, 1864-1865.
Accession 20417. 4 leaves and 2 pages.

Papers, 1864-865, of William H. Dulaney concerning his service as a surgeon in the Confederate army during the Civil War consisting of letter, 16 February 1864, from Samuel P. Moore (1813-1889), Surgeon General of the Confederate Army, informing Dulaney, then serving as acting assistant surgeon in Lynchburg, Virginia, that the Army Medical Board issued a favorable report on him regarding promotion; letter, 11 April 1864, from L. T. Gilmore, President of the Medical Examing Board, Department of East Tennessee, to Dulaney, serving as assistant surgeon for the 9th Georgia Artillery Battalion, that his interview for promotion was favorable and that he should report to the Medical Director for assignment; letter, 12 October 1864, from Samuel Moore, Surgeon General, to Dulaney, 13th Virginia Artillery Battalion, informing him that the Medical Board has issued a favorable report for Dulaney’s promotion; order, 14 November 1864, granting Dulaney a twenty day leave of absence; and order, 25 January 1865, for Private G. M. Turner of Company G, 11th Virginia Infantry, granting him as an exchanged prisoner of war a forty day furlough, and includes note that one ration was issued him at Way Hospital, Burkeville, Virginia, 27 January 1865, and a notation that Turner returned to duty 15 March 1865.

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Dulany family. Papers, 1821-1906 (bulk: 1861-1865).
Accession 50465. .225 cubic feet. In part, photocopies.

Papers, 1821-1906, of the Dulany family of Loudoun County, Virginia, containing original and transcript of the diary, 1821 and 1847, of Mary Ann de Butts Dulany (1786-1855) detailing her personal life; originals and transcripts of letters, 1861-1865, to and from John Peyton Dulany (1788-1878) concerning the effects of the Civil War on him and his family, including male relations serving in the Confederate Army; and genealogical information on the Dulany and Whiting families.

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Dulany, Ida. Diary, 1861-1865.
Accession 42246. 261 leaves. Photocopies of a typed transcription.

Diary, 25 July 1861-29 January 1865, of Ida Dulany (b. ca. 1835) of Fauquier County, Virginia, where she ran the family plantation while her husband Henry (Hal) Dulany (ca. 1833-1888) served in Company A, 6th Virginia Cavalry. Ida’s frequent, detailed entries document nearly every aspect of life on the plantation, as well as the progress of the war. Topics include domestic responsibilities and social encounters, increasing deprivation, news of distant battles and eyewitness reports of fighting in the neighborhood, and the vandalism and plunder of her home by successive raiding parties of Union soldiers in the late winter of 1864. Portions of this diary were reprinted in abridged form in the book Scraps of Paper by Marietta Minigerode Andrews.

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Dunaway family. Papers, 1856-1871, 1957.
Accession 29842. 0.225 cubic feet. In part, photocopies.

Papers, 1856-1871, 1957, of the Dunaway Family of Lancaster and New Kent Counties, Virginia, consisting of letters from Rawleigh W. Dunaway (1830-1876) to his sister, Mary F. Dunaway (later Mrs. James E. Forrester) (ca. 1832-1912), and letters to Mary F. Dunaway from friends and other relatives. The pre-Civil War letters primarily concern Dunaway’s farm life experiences. The Civil War letters describe army life, Dunaway’s participation in campaigns in northern Virginia, Fredericksburg, Richmond, the Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Gaines Mill, and some Maryland operations, and an overview of life on the Virginia home front. Postwar correspondence describes postwar life in Virginia revealing the difficulties of resuming farming during Reconstruction and briefly commenting on the political aspects of Reconstruction in Virginia. Collection also includes Dunaway Family genealogical notes, and Civil War Letters of Rawleigh W. Dunaway, submitted as a senior project by Richard Hynson Forrester, Jr., Randolph-Macon College (1957). This project contains a biographical sketch of Rawleigh W. Dunaway and his family, a description of the military activities of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, and annotated transcriptions of the Civil War letters, 1861-1864.

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Duncan family. Papers, 1861-1937.
Accession 21573b. .88 cubic feet.

Papers, 1861-1937, of the Duncan family of Franklin County, Virginia, including accounts, receipts, correspondence, essays, exams, bonds, court orders, and journal articles. Also includes the account books, daybooks, and letterbooks, 1862-1865, of Captain William E. Duncan (1825-1912) of the Quartermaster’s Department in southwestern Virginia. Also contains a daybook and account book, 1866-1867 and 1937, of Asa Holland’s and H. L. Duncan’s store in Franklin County, Virginia; record book, 1877-1882, for the Franklin County public schools; a record book, 1894-1896, for the Covington, Alleghany County public school (this also contains unrelated miscellaneous accounts for 1889); and a private school account book, 1890-1893, which also includes unrelated miscellaneous accounts for 1896 and 1914. Also includes a student’s cyphering book, 1884, of Lula Maud Duncan (1863-1952) when a student at the Farmville State Teachers College and a student’s exercise book, 1893, of Julia Harvey Duncan (1876-1956) of Franklin County.

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Duncan, Charles L. Letters, 1861-1863.
Accession 43333. 2 leaves and 4 pages.

Letters, 1861-1863, from Charles L. Duncan (1831-1907), 46th Virginia Infantry, to Delia Calwell, Giles County, Virginia, discussing Confederate and Union casualties, camp life, and worries about the war and his possible death. Includes typed transcripts.

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Duncan, William E. Papers, 1862, no date.
Accession 24329. 6 leaves. In part photostats (positive).

Papers, 1862 and no date, of Captain William E. Duncan (1825-1912) of the quartermaster’s department of the Confederate army, including orders sent to him between March and June 1862 and a sketch of his war record and service as quartermaster, as told by him to his daughter Lula Duncan Moir (1863-1952).

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Dunlap, Benjamin G. Account, 1863-1864.
Accession 24387b. 3 pages.

Account, 1863-1864, of Benjamin G. Dunlap (1806-1884) of Monroe County, (West) Virginia, for payment for corn taken by the men of General Albert Gallatin Jenkins’ (1830-1864) Brigade on 8 November 1863, after the battle of Droop Mountain. Includes depositions taken by John W. Launius, justice of the peace of Monroe County, of Dunlap and William B. Creb and William F. Sydnor, Dunlap’s witnesses. Also contains an endorsement on the back by General John Echols (1823-1896), vouching for the claim and a statement that General Jenkins’ quartermaster will pay for the corn.

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Dunlap, James. Letter, 15 March 1865.
Accession 42553. 1 leaf.

Letter, 15 March 1865, from Captain James Dunlap (b. ca. 1835), Company H, 26th Virginia Infantry Battalion, inquiring about the burial of Sergeant Robert P. Haynes (ca. 1830-1864), a member of the same company who had died while a prisoner of war. Haynes and a number of fellow prisoners and Union guards were killed when their transport train collided with a coal train near Shohola, Pennsylvania, on 15 July 1864. Dunlap was following up on a fellow soldier’s request to Mr. S. St. John Gardner of Barryville, New York, to have Haynes placed in a separate, individually marked grave.

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Dunn, John T. Letter, 9 March [1862].
Accession 50026. 4 pages.

Letter, 9 March [1862], from John T. Dunn at Camp Baker, Washington D.C., to his friend Jeremiah describing how Union gunboats drove off Confederate batteries that were blockading the Potomac River.

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Durham, L. S. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 25683. 24 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, written by L.S. Durham, 34th Virginia Infantry, while stationed in Virginia and South Carolina, to his wife Rebecca. Topics include camp life, family news, health, food, and the desire for the war to end.

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Duval, Edwin J. Receipt, 30 June 1864.
Accession 20915. 2 leaves.

Receipt, recorded 30 June 1864, for 3500 pounds of hay supplied by Edwin J. Duval (1814-1896) of Goochland County, Virginia, on 9 June 1864, signed by Captain George M. Wood (ca. 1825-1892), assistant quartermaster, 38th Virginia Artillery Battalion, Confederate States of America. There are two copies of the receipt.

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DuVal, Miles P. Speech, 19 January 1964.
Accession 39287. 53 leaves. Photocopies.

Address, 19 January 1964, given by Miles P. DuVal to the United Daughters of the Confederacy on the career of Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873). This speech was delivered at the State Capital.

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Eakin, David T. Letter, 12 January 1862.
Accession 27030. 1 leaf. Photocopies.

Letter, 12 January 1862, from David T. Eakin (1839-1865), Camp Wise, Richmond, Virginia, to his sister, Mary E. Eakin, Craig County, Virginia, regarding troop movements and camp life.

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Early, Jubal A. Letters, 1871.
Accession 24774. 40 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1871, from Jubal A. Early (1816-1894) of Lynchburg, Virginia, to William Mahone (1826-1895) of Petersburg, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 21 March 1871, concerning a memoir of Mahone written by former Union general J. Watts de Peyster and published which Early contends contains inaccuracies and statements personally offensive to him; a letter, 30 May 1871; in which Early further provides his arguments against memoir by Mahone and de Peyster; and a letter, 11 July 1871, stating that Early has read the corrections and alterations that Mahone has made to the memoir and finds them acceptable.

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Early, Jubal A. Operations around Fredericksburg at the time of the Battle of Chancellorsville, 1870.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5228. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Summary, 1870, of operations around Fredericksburg at the time of the Battle of Chancellorsville from 30 April to 6 May 1863, written by Jubal Anderson Early. He writes about taking command of Ewell's Division, the composition of the various regiments under his command, activities at Hamilton's Crossing and Deep Run, and the strategies he devised against the Federal forces. Early also provides summaries of congressional testimonies on the battle by former Union officers following the war. The last page of the summary includes the notation "For General Lee."

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Early, Juball A. Letter, 24 April 1884.
Accession 22478. 2 pages.

Letter, 24 April 1884, from Jubal Anderson Early (1816-1894) of Lynchburg, Virginia, to Richard F. Beirne (1856-1891) of Richmond, Virginia, discussing “outrageous” articles written by Thomas L. Rosser (1836-1910) and published in the Philadelphia Times. Early asks Beirne to publish the enclosed rebuttal, which is not included. Beirne’s paper, the State, published Early’s article 28 April 1884.

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Easley, James D. Memoirs, 1866.
Accession 24647. 1 volume (21 pages).

Memoirs, 1866, of James D. Easley (1804-1873) of Hickman County, Tennessee, containing his family genealogy and the narrative of his personal life from his birth until the writing of the memoirs in 1866. Easley gives the names and dates of birth and, in some cases, death for his brothers, sisters, and children. Also, Easley provides a sketch of his life as a teacher and a county official.

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Eaton, Henry Augustus. Letter, 3 July 1864.
Accession 42187. 6 pages.

Letter, 3 July 1864, from Henry Augustus Eaton (1838-1864), 17th Vermont Infantry near Petersburg, to his mother Sarah Eaton in Champaign County, Illinois. Eaton writes about shipments of mail and supplies, troop rations, his duties in the commissary department and as an aide-de-camp to General Simon G. Griffin (1824-1902), the organization of his brigade and duties of the various regiments, and he describes going into the trenches around Petersburg, and the anticipation of battle in the coming days.

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Eaton, Hervey E. Letters, 1865.
Accession 38474. 17 pages.

Letters, March-May 1865, from Hervey E. Eaton of Company H, 2nd New York Cavalry, to his mother Emily Goodrich of Fayetteville, Onondaga County, New York, consisting of letter, 28 March 1865, letting his mother know that he has reached City Point, Virginia, where his regiment is joining the Army of the Potomac, informing her that he was part of the “great raid” by Philip Sheridan’s (1831-1888) troops; letter, 29 March 1865, sending news and a photograph (not included); letter, 26 April 1865, stating that Sheridan had taken some of the cavalry to North Carolina, but his regiment has remained behind and having a “soft thing” in camp life, informing her that he is acting quartermaster of the regiment, telling her he has sent home items, and providing personal news; letter, 7 May 1865, containing personal news and asking about news from home; and letter, 15 May 1865, informing her that his regiment may be mustered out soon as it has nothing to do since the war ended.

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Edgington, Thomas Benton. Address, 1891.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Address, 1891, delivered by Thomas Benton Edgington at a memorial service for Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891). Edgington extols Johnston’s skills as a military strategist and technician, asserting that he was unfairly criticized for his Civil War record.

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Edwards family. Papers, 1863-1900.
Accession 28733. 90 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1860-1953, of the Edwards family of Westmoreland County and Leesburg, Virginia, and Victoria, Texas, consisting of accounts, diaries, checks, and correspondence. Diary, 1863-1865, of Thomas William Brown Edwards (1832-1887) of Company C, 9th Virginia Cavalry, contains Edwards' account of his military service including descriptions of the battle of Brandy Station, the battle of Bristoe Station, the battle of Gettysburg, Dahlgren's Raid, the battle of Ream's Station, and the siege of Petersburg, Virginia; his time as a prisoner of war at Point Lookout, Maryland; a roster of Company C, 9th Virginia Cavalry; and accounts of T. W. B. Edwards and C. R. Edwards.; as well as Edwin C. Edwards' (ca. 1839-1863) notes, 1860, while a student at the Baltimore Dental School and accounts. Diary, 1886-1902, of W. A. Edwards (b. 1859) of Victoria, Texas, and Leesburg, Virginia, describing his life in Victoria, Texas, and Washington D.C., and his career as a soldier; commenting on his career as town sergeant of Leesburg, Virginia, mentioning a lynching; and also containing poetry, maxims, accounts, medical remedies, list of members of a social club, and Edwards family news. Papers also include a letter, 29 September 1865, from William Bayn [?] of Baltimore, Maryland, to T. W. B. Edwards, Point Lookout, Maryland, sending money; letter, 24 November no year, from Amanda G. Edwards (ca. 1832-1902), Westmoreland County, to T. W. B. Edwards, informing him of the death of their son Thomas; and letter, 26 November 1953, from M M. Edwards, Washington, D. C., to her son Paul L. Edwards, Warwick, Virginia, discussing an enclosed check signed by Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), other Edwards family news, and her health.

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Edwards, A. L. Letter, 31 August 1861.
Accession 50329. 2 pages.

Letter, 31 August 1861, from A. L. Edwards in Richmond, Virginia, to Charles B. Tebbs, 8th Virginia Infantry, concerning the arrest, release, and enlistment of Hugh D. McCabe. Edwards also comments that he is glad that Tebbs was not killed during the battle of Manassas (Bull Run) and that Edwards is again a father.

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Edwards, Alexander G. Letter, 8 April 1864.
Accession 50032. 3 pages.

Letter, 8 April 1864, from Alexander G. Edwards (b. ca. 1835), while he was held prisoner at Fort McHenry, Maryland, to Catherine "Kate" M. Morfit (1830-1906) in Baltimore. Edwards acknowledges receipt of her letter, comments on her brother Dr. Charles M. Morfit (1838-1925) and his future in the medical profession, and he confirms that he has not yet been exchanged.

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Edwards, John Alonza. Papers, 1781-1867.
Accession 32246. 16 leaves. Photocopies and photostat (negative).

Papers, 1781-1867, of John Alonza Edwards (1807-1894) of Nansemond County, Virginia, consisting of a commission, 4 May 1781, for John Seawell, Jr., as a captain in the Gloucester County, Virginia, militia, signed by Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826); letters, 30 October and 7 November 1845, from Frances Green Edwards (d. 1857), John A. Edwards’ mother, to Priscilla Frances Cornick Murray (Edwards) (d. 1863) of Princess Anne County, Virginia, sending news and commenting on Priscilla Murray’s upcoming marriage to John A. Edwards; letters, 31 May and 22 September 1863, from Priscilla Edwards, Nansemond County, to John A. Edwards, Richmond, Virginia, regarding their separation while he works in Richmond during the Civil War; and a monthly grade card, October 1867, for John Alonza Edwards (b. 1848) from the Yeates Upper Free School in Nansemond County.

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Edwards, Julian Temple. Papers, 1863-1892.
Accession 32236. 11 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1863-1892, of Julian Temple Edwards (1841-1917) of King William County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 29 September 1863, from Captain Thomas W. Haynes (b. 1827) of Company H, 9th Virginia Cavalry expressing appreciation for Edwards’s service as a soldier in the company, mentioning Edwards’ wound, mentioning a rise in religion in the army, and providing news of the regiment; copy of a decree, 17 November 1890, in the suit of Edwards vs. Ellett and als. concerning a burial plot for the Ellett family located on Riverview Farm, which had been purchased by Edwards in 1881; and deed, 4 January 1844, recorded 22 January 1844, and reentered into record 27 December 1892, between Telemachus B. Littlepage (b. ca. 1809) and and William M. Ellett (b. ca. 1820) for Riverview Farm. This deed was reentered into record because the original was destroyed by a fire in the clerk’s office 18 January 1885.

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Edwards-Seawell family. Papers, 1805-1865.
Accession 32245. 46 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1805-1865, of the Edwards and Seawell families of Nansemond and Gloucester Counties, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 28 December 1862 and 4 January 1863, from John Alonza Edwards (1807-1894) in Richmond, Virginia, to his wife Priscilla Frances Cornick Murray Edwards (d. 1863) concerning his employment in Richmond during the Civil War; a letter, 22 January 1863, from Rebecca Ann Murray to Priscilla Edwards regarding John Edwards’ employment in Richmond; letters and certification, 1864-1865, concerning Watt Washington Seawell’s (1821-1887) health in relation to potential military service; and oath of allegience, 14 April 1865, of John Edwards. Papers also include fragment of a commission, 15 June 1805, in the Virginia militia from Governor John Page (1744-1808); fragment of a commission, 14 March 1812, as a first lieutenant in the infantry of the United States army from Secretary of War William Eustis (1753-1825); and an account book, 1825-1828, listing items such as whiskey, meals, horsefeed, and expenses at races for a tavern in Gloucester County.

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Egerton, Adeline. Letters, 1856-1869 (bulk: 1861-1865).
Accession 38559. .225 cubic feet.

Letters, 1856-1869 (bulk 1861-1865), sent to Adeline Egerton (Edgerton) (b. 1832) of Baltimore, Maryland principally by Confederate prisoners of war held in various Union prisons writing to obtain needed clothes, provisions, and money from Egerton, the wife of a Baltimore merchant and probably an agent for a Baltimore women's group supplying destitute Confederate prisoners with needed goods. Goods often were exchanged for jewelry (rings) made by the incarcerated prisoners. Prisoners either ask for needed supplies or acknowledge receipt of the goods sent them by Egerton, often include detailed and itemized descriptions of the requested or received goods, including clothes size, food items, and missing items. Most of the letters come from prisoners at Fort Delaware, Fort McHenry, Point Lookout, and Johnson's Island; some letters are from members of the Immortal 600 while in Georgia and South Carolina and one letter is from a prisoner at Rock Island Prison. Letters also contain information concerning the prisoners' medical condition and care, rank and unit, point of capture, period of captivity, and family members. Post-war letters from destitute men and women throughout the South requesting or acknowledging receipt of goods and including personal accounts of the general state of economics in the South. Antebellum letters include the inauspicious tensions between the north and south and the arrest and the pending trial of an African-American slave accused of kidnapping her slave children. There is also a copy of the military record of William C. Mayo as certified by R. T. Daniel of the Virginia Military Office.

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Elam, William. Letters, 1865.
Accession 42712. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 25 May 1865, from William R. Elam, prison at Johnson’s Island, Ohio, to his cousin regarding his health and imprisonment. Also, letter, 27 May 1865, from Sallie (Sarah) Andrews, to President Andrew Johnson requesting the release of her fiance, William R. Elam, from prison. She promises that under her care he “shall never again join a rebellion. I’ll make him loyal in every sense of the word.” It can be inferred from the letter that Sarah Andrews and her family knew President Johnson.

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Elizabeth River Parish (Norfolk County, Va.). Records, 1726-1905.
Accession 21899, 21900, 28025, Miscellaneous reels 473, 649. 2 volumes (49 leaves and 561 pages), 2 reels Microfilm. Photostats (negative).

Vestry book, 1749-1761, 1828-1905, of Elizabeth River Parish containing vestry minutes, early records noting annual meetings of pew holders, often listing those present. In later years these meetings became congregational meetings. Minutes of the Civil War years reveal the impoverished condition of the members and the difficulties experienced in maintaining the church during that period.

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Elkins, Joseph Milton. Letters, 1861.
Accession 31376. 8 leaves. Photocopies.

Transcripts of letters, 1861, from Joseph Milton Elkins (1833-1862) to his wife, Sarah Ann Elkins describing various experiences in camp and battle during the first year of the war in northern Virginia. Elkins also describes the sufferings of the wounded soldiers in hospitals and the significance for troop morale of a visit from President Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) to the front after the battle of Manassas. Also include a letter from George Heflin of the same regiment to his family.

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Ellett, Robert T. Commission, 1861.
Accession 28098. 1 leaf. Photostat.

Commission, 2 April 1861, of Robert T. Ellett as Captain in the 4th regiment of artillery, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Virginia Militia. Signed by Governor John Letcher. This military unit was also known as the Pamunkey Artillery.

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Elliott family. Genealogical notes.
Accession 20274. 7 leaves.

Elliot family genealogical notes includes correspondence from Confederate officers to Annie L. Elliott, naming the Elliott soldiers, as well as other soldiers, who enlisted at the same time in Amherst County and Lynchburg, Virginia.

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Elliott, Isabela Howard. Letters, 1855-1861, no date.
Accession 28461. 173 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1855-1861, no date, of Isabela Howard Elliott from students and friends. These letters discuss school, music, friends, marriage, and family, and document the daily activities of young women during the Antebellum era. The majority of the letters are of a personal nature and clearly show the affection the students and friends felt for Isabela. Letter, 17 November 1860, includes a lengthy description of the resort at White Sulphur Springs. Letters, 1861, discuss secession and the opening battles and campaigns of the Civil War.

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Ellis, Anna. Papers 1864-1865.
Accession 31298. 4 leaves and 2 pages.

Papers, 1864-1865, of Anna Ellis of James Island, South Carolina, consisting of a letter, March 26, 1864, requesting permission to cross Confederate lines in order to return home to her family in Baltimore, Maryland. Letter was endorsed at Fort Pemberton and forwarded to Confederate Headquarters in Charleston, South Carolina, where permission was granted by command of General Beauregard, stating she could travel provided she go through Richmond, Virginia. Papers also include an unaddressed envelope from the President’s Office, Confederate States of America, and three blank passes, 1865, printed for ladies, soldiers, and for travel on the Petersburg railroad.

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Ellis, Joseph F. Papers, 1849-1862.
Accession 24370a. 5 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1849-1862, of Joseph F. Ellis (1806-1888) of Lunenburg County, Virginia, consisting of account, 1849, of William Ellis' (1784-1829) estate with Patrick Booth for a coffin for Elizabeth Ellis (1786-1848), paid 3 April 1851 by Joseph F. Ellis; and letter, 18 April 1862, from Joseph F. Ellis to his son Joseph Ellis (1841-1900) commenting on the number of men in Lunenburg County who are joining Confederate regiments, and containing family and personal news.

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Ellis, Joseph. Letter, 15 January 1862.
Accession 24385. 10 leaves. Photostats (positive and negative).

Letter, 15 January 1862, from Joseph Ellis (1841-1900) of Neblett’s Artillery to his father Joseph F. Ellis (1806-1888) of Lunenburg County, Virginia, describing the life of a soldier, commenting that he has learned much about human nature since enlisting, and declaring his opposition to legislation in the Virginia General Assembly which would lock volunteers into serving for duration of the war rather than the time frame they signed up for. Ellis describes various events in camp and asks how the family is doing. There are a negative photostat copy and a positive photostat copy of this letter.

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Ellis, Thomas H. Papers, 1843-1895 (bulk: 1869-1895).
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 4318. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1843-1895, of Thomas H. Ellis of Richmond, Virginia and Chicago, Illinois, including correspondence, mainly dealing with the affairs of the Southern Historical Society and Virginia Historical Society, with a few pieces relating to Thomas H. Ellis’ business activities. Also included is correspondence regarding Hollywood Cemetery and an article entitled “Young Virginians in Chicago,” 1882, for the Richmond Standard. Correspondence includes, chiefly copies, of the Civil War letters, 1862-1863, of Thomas Taylor Munford, 1862-1863. Topics include troop movements, raids, and promotions. Also of note is a copy of the muster roll of the The Virginia Life Guards, Richmond, Virginia, which was misattributed as belonging to the 3rd Virginia Infantry. The Virginia Life Guards became Company B, 15th Virginia Infantry.

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Ellyson, Louise Withers. Anna Mary, 1958.
Accession 31778. 255 leaves. Photocopies.

Unpublished manuscript, 1958, by Louise Withers Ellyson (1909-1999) of Richmond, Virginia, transcribed from letters addressed to Anna Mary Riddick (1841-1936) of Suffolk, Virginia, duing the Civil War reflecting social and family attitudes, as well as commenting on events during the war. Letters discuss military events, local occurrences, hardships of daily life, and personalities. Opinions are expressed on the management of the war and actions of individuals. Letters from Jonathan Smith contain information about the life of a soldier. Other correspondents include her mother Missouri Ann Jones Kilby Riddick, her father Nathaniel Riddick, her brothers Mills and John Thompson Riddick, and her sister Missouri Taylor Riddick, as well as cousins and friends. Commentary by the compiler explains family relationships and places the material in its historical context.

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Elmer, Henry. Letter, 10 January 1863.
Accession 44259. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 10 January 1863, from Henry Elmer, of the 16th Regiment, Pennsylvania Cavalry, camp at Warrenton, Virginia, to George Plett. Elmer describes guerilla raids by Confederate soldiers on his unit, weather and preparing winter quarters, his poor health, and the high cost of food. Also includes a typed transcript of the letter.

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Elton, James. Letter, 19 February [1865?].
Accession 41971. 4 pages.

Letter, 19 February [1865?], from Union soldier James Elton (b. ca. 1833) of the Company B, 207th Pennsylvania Infantry at Petersburg, Virginia, to his Uncle Romeo Elton (b. ca. 1817). Elton tells of his having seen wounded soldiers returning from nearby fighting, possibly the the second Battle of Hatcher’s Run, 5-7 February 1865. Other topics include his participation in the building of breastworks, his uneasiness at the plunder of an elderly local man’s house by Union soldiers, his religious faith, and his prediction that the war would soon end, given the increasing number of Confederate deserters.

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Emerson, St. Clair. Letter, 7 June 1864.
Accession 42714. 4 pages.

Letter, 7 June 1864, from St. Clair Emerson (b. ca. 1840), 1st New York Light Artillery Regiment, at Cold Harbor, Virginia, to his sister, Mrs. Joshua Traver of Montezuma, Cayuga County, New York. Emerson alludes to his participation in the ongoing Battle of Cold Harbor, makes tentative predictions about the fall of Richmond and the end of the war, discusses irregularities in the mail service, and shares news of his father’s aborted attempt to join the war effort.

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Emmerson, John Cloyd, Jr. Papers, 1948.
Accession 35035. 1 volume (579 leaves).

Papers, 1948, compiled by John Cloyd Emmerson, Jr. (1891-1980) of Portsmouth, Virginia, consisting of a typescript compilation of material concerning Norfolk County, Virginia entitled Some Fugitive Items of Portsmouth & Norfolk County History, including sections containing a historical sketch, 1876, of the county by Judge Legh R. Watts; information on Trinity Church, including a historical sermon, 1894, by Reverend James B. Funsten, a letter, 1897, concerning Deep Creek Chapel by G. F. Edwards, and memorial service and fiftieth anniversary remarks, 1871, by Reverend John H. Wingfield; a historical review, 1935, of Churchland Baptist Church by Julian S. Lawrence; information, 1927, on Grimes Battery by Captain Cary R. Warren; Portsmouth people of the 1820s, 1890, by John Foreman; a report, 1867, on the Seaboard & Roanoke Railroad to the Portsmouth City Council; General B. F. Butler’s General Order No. 31, 1864; a diary, 1864-1866, of a watchman at the Navy Yard gate; and a history, 1936, of Portsmouth by Mildred M. Holladay. The compilation includes an index.

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Emmerson, Margaret C. Records, 1863-1864.
Accession 22009. 12 leaves and 6 pages.

Records, 1863-1864, collected by Margaret C. Emmerson (1899-1978) of Annapolis, Maryland, and Virginia Beach, Virginia, consisting of a charge and specification, 23 February 1863, in the case of George W. Holler (b. ca. 1838), Private, Company E, 57th North Carolina Infantry by 2nd Lieutenant J. H. Gilbert; a report, no date, of Arthur Emmerson (1817-1870), Joseph Boruke [Bourke] (1812-1888), and William H. Morris (d. 1877) appointed by the committee of 36 on 16 May 1863 to determine the families in Portsmouth, Virginia, "whose natural protectors are absent in the army of the Confederate States of America," as required by Brigadier General Egbert L. Viele (1825-1902), U.S.A., military governor at Norfolk, Virginia; a letter, 15 September 1864, from Brigadier General John Echols (1823-1896), C.S.A., department of Southwestern Virginia and Eastern Tennessee, to Colonel Walter Herron Taylor (1838-1916), Assistant Adjutant General, outlining a plan to send troops into Northwestern Virginia to disrupt enemy communications and supplies; the letter was endorsed by Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) and sent to the Secretary of War; a list, no date, of soldiers from Portsmouth, their companies, and their dependents; a map, no date, of area in vicinity of Sweet Springs, Monroe County, West Virginia; and an envelope with notation "Letters from Isaac Shelby Jr. (b. ca. 1817), maj & cs, Wytheville [Virginia], during the War,” no letters included.

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Emmons, Marcus A. Letter, 8 February 1863.
Accession 50675. 4 pages.

Letter, 8 February 1863, from Marcus A. Emmons (ca. 1840-1864) of Company K, 21st Massachusetts Regiment, in Stafford County, Virginia, to his friend Henry, detailing camp life, including using his rations box as a seat, the weather and mud, and discharges and furloughs. He mentions various generals and his own speculation that the army will be broken up and sent elsewhere. Emmons also describes the ascent and descent of an army observation balloon.

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Emory and Henry College Hospital (Washington County, Va.). Record book, 1864-1866.
Accession 38803 Miscellaneous reel 2619. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Record book, 1864-1866, of Emory and Henry College Hospital in Washington County, Virginia consisting of a register of wounded at Emory and Henry College Hospital that provides the name of the soldier, regiment, company, rank, disease, date admitted, date sent to camps, date died, date furloughed, and date transferred. The register also contains the physician’s ledger of John L. Henderson, 1865-1866. This ledger contains the name of patient, date visited, fee charged, and explanation of fees.

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Epps-Coleman family. Records, 1844-1867.
Accession 24042. 5 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Records, 1844-1867, of the Epps and Coleman families of Henrico, Appomattox, and Buckingham Counties, Virginia, consisting of a plat, 13 November 1867, of 320 1/2 acres formerly owned by Henry Coleman and divided between William H. Coleman and Drury Coleman; a receipt, 9 September 1844, from Charles D. Yale to Benjamin H. Epps for payment of tuition of Epps’s sons; a promissory note, 18 January 1844, from Benjamin H. Epps to Robert Barker; a letter, 4 July 1863, from John to his mother informing her that he was mortally wounded at the battle of Gettysburg, taken prisoner, and that the enemy is making him comfortable; and a furlough, 29 July 1864, issued to N. L. Gregory of Company K, 4th Virginia Cavalry.

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Estes, Samuel G. Letter, 10 May 1863.
Accession 31536. 4 pages.

Letter, 10 May 1863, from Samuel G. Estes, Company A, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, at Blackwater Bridge, Southampton County, Virginia to W. A. Estes, West Point, Mississippi, detailing the regiment’s evacuation of Suffolk, Virginia, by General James Longstreet’s Corps, and discussing events in camp. He also sends news of the battle of Chancellorsville and states that Generals Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863), A. P. Hill (1825-1865), and Henry Heth (1825-1899) were wounded, and General Elisha Franklin Paxton (1828-1863) was killed. Estes complains that the western Confederate army does not fight, stating that “all they have ever done is to run like old [General Nathaniel] Banks (1816-1894) used to when Gen. Jackson would get after him.”

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Eubank Edward N. Letter, 2 February 1928.
Accession 24660. 3 leaves.

Letter, 2 February 1928, from Edward N. Eubank (1853-1946) of Newport News, Virginia, to Martha W. Hiden (1883-1959) of Newport News concerning Alburtis’ battery later Brown’s battery of the Wise Artillery and providing a list of the company’s officers. Also briefly discusses artillery units from Lynchburg, Virginia.

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Eubank, Edward N. Papers, 1890-1906.
Accession 41163. 23 leaves.

Papers, 1890-1906, of Edward N. Eubank of Newport News, Virginia, regarding the Lynchburg Home Guard and the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies prepared by the United States War Department.

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Eubank, Robert William. Biographical sketch 1933.
Accession 20594. 26 leaves. Carbon typescript.

Biographical sketch, 1933, of Robert William Eubank (1834-1894) of Lancaster County, Virginia, and Baltimore, Maryland documenting Eubank’s military service in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Sketch includes transcripts of his commissions as first lieutenant and adjutant, 47th Virginia Infantry; furlough; orders to report to duty as enrolling officer of Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia; request for conscripts from E. M. Broun of the 47th Virginia Infantry; resignation for medical disability; certificate of retirement signed by Edward A. Palfrey; military orders and correspondence regarding the Northumberland County, Virginia, home guard; parole and oath of allegiance to the United States. Biographical sketch was written by Eubank’s daughter Lulu Katherine Eubank.

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Evans, Moses. Letters, 1861-1865.
Accession 25643. 8 pages.

Letters, 1861 and 1865, from Moses Evans to his sister, Mary Stockton, regarding issues related to the Civil War. Letter, 30 April 1861, Evans expresses his opinion regarding the outcome of the Civil War and describes the military build-up of the South and Virginia, in particular. Letter, 14 June 1865, Evans relates personal opinions about the war, including the assasination of Abraham Lincoln, the treatment of Federal prisoners, the battles of Seven Pines and Fair Oaks and slavery. He also describes in detail the arrival of Federal forces in Amelia County, Virginia, their behavior, and the pillaging of residential homes.

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Evans-Sibert family. Papers, 1800-1928.
Accession 27770. .75 cubic feet.

Papers, 1800-1928, of the Evans and Sibert families of Augusta, Frederick, and Shenandoah Counties, and Winchester, Virginia. Includes correspondence, 1863-1890, of David Evans, concerning family and business and includes letters written to Mary Sibert during their courtship. Papers include an amnesty oath, 11 July 1865; and insurance policy, 30 March 1887, from the Royal Society of Good Fellows. The papers of Joseph L. Sibert include a patent, drawing, and specifications for a machine for forging Spencer rifle cartridge cases, granted by the Confederate States of America. Papers of Lorenzo Sibert, 1856-1881, include patents, agreements, receipts, leases, correspondence, and an oath, 5 August 1862, to the Confederate States of America; and papers relating to the mining and furnace inventions of Lorenzo Sibert. Land leases, 1869-1881, to mine ore in Augusta and Page Counties, Virginia; list of wages due to mine laborers; stock certificates, 1870, for the Sibert-Patent Iron and Steel Company; and a land survey for Siberton Steel and Iron Company; circular for the sale of mining land in Albemarle County, Virginia; circular, 30 November 1859, regarding the raid of John Brown; theatre circular, 21 December 1860, for Louisville Dramatic Club; G.W. Gail & Ax price list for tobacco, 13 August 1887; prohibition ticket, 8 November 1887, for the election in Augusta County, Virginia; and a Republican election ticket, 2 November 1880.

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EAD Guide
Everhart, Elizabeth E. Poems.
Accession 51309. 4 pages.

Poems, undated, containing pro-Confederate and anti-Union sentiments which were copied by Elizabeth E. Everhart (b. ca. 1848) of Clarke County, Virginia, for Mary C. Everhart (b. ca. 1846) of Clarke County. The poems praise Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863) and his Valley army and mock Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) and the Union army. There is no attribution of an author for the poems.

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Everill, Stinson P. Letter, 6 December 1861.
Accession 50039. 4 pages.

Letter, 6 December 1861, from Stinson P. Everill (d. 1862) of Battery G, 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, to Sadie describing the unit's collection of foodstuffs and capture of prisoners who were potential spies. He informs her of female spies imprisoned at Leesburg, Virginia, and of an Unionist mother and daughter in difficult straits. Everill recollects happier times and sends greetings to friends.

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Exchange Bank of Virginia (Norfolk). Abingdon Branch. Records, 1856-1863.
Accession 37762. 2 volumes.

Records of the Abindgon Office of the Virginia Exchange Bank, consisting of a letter book, 1858-1860, and an statement book, 1856-1863. Letter book, kept by cashier Robert R. Preston, notes excerpts of letters sent from the bank, frequently acknowledging deposits, but also notices of protest,and payments between different parties. The statement book summarizes financial data on a weekly basis, listing information on securities owned, expenses, as well as the amount of gold, silver and treasury notes in the bank’s possession; the first entries reporting Confederate States of America activities were entered on 6 May 1862.

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Fair, B. W. Letter, 7 July 1862.
Accession 38744. 4 pages.

Letter, 7 July 1862, from B. W. Fair of Company A, 7th South Carolina Infantry, to his brother Warren Fair of Edgefield, South Carolina, describing the battle of Malvern Hill. Fair comments on the fierce fighting and the number of dead from his company and regiment, and mentions that during the Seven Days’ Battles that the Confederate army captured a lot of Union supplies and equipment. Fair mentions that “we had a stonewall around our little city of Richmond I mean Old Jackson.” Fairs sends news of acquaintances and asks for news from home. He mentions that “This is Yankee paper pen and ink, also envelope.”

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Fairfax family. Papers, 1777-1864 (bulk: 1861-1862).
Accession 31308. 262 pages. In part, photocopies.

Papers, 1777-1864, of the Fairfax family of Alexandria, Virginia, consisting of letters from Randolph Fairfax (1842-1862) and Ethelbert Fairfax (1845-1907) to their family describing their service in the Confederate artillery and signal corps during the Civil War and camp life, as well as family and social news. Randolph describes the excitement at the University of Virginia at the Civil War’s outbreak and Virginia's secession; his decision to enlist; the first battle of Manassas; his participation in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, the Peninsular Campaign, and the 1862 Maryland Campaign. Randolph's letters conclude with the campaign leading up to the battle of Fredericksburg, and the last letter was written the day before he was killed in that battle. He also comments on various Confederate generals, including Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863). Elthelbert comments on the campaign between Confederate and Union troops from May to September 1864, culminating in the siege of Petersburg, Virginia. He also comments on his division's assignment to Wilmington, North Carolina, in December 1864. Also includes notes by Ethelbert on the 1864 Spring campaign's battles from the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House to Cold Harbor and Petersburg. Also a letter from Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) to Mary R. Fairfax, Ethelbert's mother, concerning a possible promotion for Ethelbert. Papers also includes a pass, 1 October 1777, signed by George Washington (1732-1799) allowing Bryan Fairfax and his son Thomas Fairfax to pass through American lines on their way to New York, New York.

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Fanin, John T. Letters, 1862.
Accession 43797. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letters, 11 January 1862 and 16 February 1862, from John Fanin in Dumfries, Virginia to Harriet and friend in Cobb County, Georgia. Fanin discusses the harshness of war and the possible marriages of Harriet and Sarah.

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Farinholt, Benjamin Lyons. Letters, 25 June 1864.
Accession 34830. 4 leaves and 4 photographs. Photocopies and photographs.

Letters, 1864, of Benjamin Lyons Farinholt (1838-1919) containing a letter, 25 June 1864, to General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) informing him of a Confederate victory by troops under his command at the Battle of Staunton River Bridge fought 25 June 1864, and a reply, 16 July 1864, from Lee in which he congratulates Farinholt on his victory. Also included is a photograph of Farinholt and typescripts of the letters.

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Farinholt, Benjamin Lyons. Papers, 1862, 1897.
Accession 35850. 17 leaves. Photocopies.

Transcription of a diary, May-September 1862, and manuscript fragment, 1897, of Benjamin Lyons Farinholt (1838-1919), Lieutenant in the Army of Northern Virginia, recalling his service during the Peninsula campaign, 2nd Bull Run campaign, the Maryland campaign, and the battle of Gettysburg. Also details garrison duty in Isle of Wight County and Suffolk, Virginia; convalescence in Staunton, Virginia, and imprisonment and escape from Johnson’s Island, Ohio. Transcribed by Selden Richardson.

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Farley, George S. Letter, 12 July 1915.
Accession 37444. 32 leaves.

Letter, 12 July 1915, from George S. Farley to his son Thomas J. Farley recording his memories of Civil War military service as a member of the Company D, 13th West Virginia Infantry, in 1864-1865. He wrote these letters as a descriptive aid for his son’s auto trip through the Shenandoah Valley. Also contains four pages torn from a copy of “The Soldier in Our Civil War” depicting images of the Shenandoah Valley and a color illustration of Colonel John Singleton Mosby.

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Farmer family. Letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 50303. 50 pages.

Letters, 1862-1864, of the Farmer family of Pulaski County, Virginia, consisting of letters between Diadama Farmer in Pulaski County and her husband James Henry Farmer of Company F, 54th Virginia Infantry. Letters from Diadama provide news from home, state that she misses him, and that she hopes he will be able to come home. Letters from James comment on camp life, states that he wishes he were home, and state that he can't find a substitute for him so that he can take a furlough home. 14 September 1862 letter from Diadama includes a note from Farmer's sister Mina Brown.

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Farmer, R. H. Letter, 18 June 1864.
Accession 26887. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 18 June 1864, from R. H. and Elizabeth Farmer, Newton County, Georgia, to Warren and Nancy Farmer Hawks, regarding the death of Charles H. Farmer. Includes transcript.

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Farmers Bank of Virginia. Check book, 1862.
Accession 23475. 1 volume.

Check book, 1862, for the Farmers Bank of Virginia containing check stubs containing information on the date written, to whom, and the amount. Although the payer has not been established, it is possible that an office of the Confederate States used this book since virtually all of the checks were paid to military officers of the states in the Confederacy.

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Farris, J. T. Furlough, 2 January 1865.
Accession 27973. 1 leaf. Photocopy.

Furlough, 2 January 1865, for Private J. T. Farris, Company F, 1st Virginia Reserves, for twenty-one days issued by the Surgeon of Pettigrew General Hospital, No. 13, Raleigh, North Carolina.

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Fauber family. Genealogical notes.
Accession 35123. 1 volume (45 leaves and 38 pages). Photocopies.

Fauber family genealogical notes containing information on members of the Fauber family of Augusta County, Virginia, who served in the Confederacy. Includes copies and abstracts of compiled service records from the National Archives, census records, and various published sources. Also includes a list of references.

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Fay, William. Papers, 1836-1884.
Accession 35736. .1 cubic feet.

Papers, 1836-1884, of William Fay (1822-1909) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of letters, accounts, and receipts. Topics covered include business matters, family news, social life, health, travel, weather, as well as considerable information concerning the Civil War, particularly in Richmond. Letters concern the arrest of Fay, a Union sympathizer, for disloyalty and his imprisonment in Salisbury Military Prison, the progression of the war, his hopes for the capture of Richmond, the troubles of getting mail through, and his brother Alfred’s war injuries and recuperation in a Memphis hospital. Many of the letters were written by Fay’s father who lived in Jefferson, Ashtabula County, Ohio. Of particular note are letters from John N. Van Lew written from Philadelphia thanking Fay for forwarding letters to his family in Richmond, including his sister Elizabeth, who he writes to using her alias Emma G. Plane. Also included is a letter, 27 October 1871, from Burnham Wardwell describing how Fay’s daughters went to the Confederate prison to give food to Union prisoners.

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Fenn, Austin. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 45585. 36 pages.

Letters, 1862-1865, from Austin Fenn (1837-1897), Company H, 10th Vermont Infantry, to his wife Julia Fenn (1841-1915) of Weston, Windsor County, Vermont, discussing camp life, his company and regiment including his fellow soldiers, picket duty, fighting and campaigns, rebel desertions, and generals. He also writes about his farm, offering advice concerning its care; and comments on his community's contribution of soldiers.

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Ferguson, J. C. Letter, 8 April 1862.
Accession 25222. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 8 April 1862, from J. C. Ferguson (1823-1897) at camp near Norfolk, to his wife Sallie (1821-1864) in Franklin County, Virginia. Ferguson writes about the weather, his health, the frigate Merrimac (Virginia) and supplies.

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Ferguson, James D. Field dispatch, 8 May 1864.
Accession 37715. 1 leaf.

Field dispatch, 8 May 1864, written by James D. Ferguson on behalf of General Fitzhugh Lee (1835-1905) to Colonel Henry Clay Pate (1832-1864) of the 5th Virginia Cavalry. Dispatch, written at the beginning of the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, directs Pate to remain where he is for the evening, and then march to Spotsylvania Court House in the morning and meet up with General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax (1835-1913).

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Ferrell, Elijah. Letter, 23 July 1861.
Accession 24031. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 23 July 1861, from Elijah Ferrell (1806-1891), Hiram Howard (1819-1909), and William H. Howard (ca. 1818-1862) of Company I, 37th Virginia Regiment and Russell County, Virginia, to John Smyth and family, detailing fighting at Rich Mountain, Laurel Hill, and Corricks Ford, (West) Virginia.

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Fessenden, Samuel. Letters, 1864.
Accession 38624. 14 pages.

Letters, 1864, from Samuel Fessenden (1847-1908), 1st Maine Light Artillery, 7th Battery, near Petersburg, Virginia, to his father Samuel Clement Fessenden (1815-1882) and his brother Joshua Abbe Fessenden (1841-1908) containing detailed descriptions of the movement, fortifications, gun positions, and general activities of the 1st Maine Light Artillery, 7th Battery, and their supporting military units during the Siege of Petersburg in 1864. Other topics include the weather, family matters, personal hygiene, behavior of the battery officers, Union troop confidence in General Grant, a debt owed to another enlisted man, and his attempt to gain a promotion through the efforts and influence of his father, his uncle William Pitt Fessenden (1806-1869), Captain Adelbert B. Twitchell (b. 1836), and Governor Samuel Cony of Maine. Fessenden also mentions Union troop movement to gain possession of the Weldon Railroad, and military movement rendered by black Union troops in support of the artillery battery.

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Fiers family. Papers, 1842-1921.
Accession 34748. 22 leaves and 58 pages. In part, photocopies.

Papers, 1842-1921, of the Fiers family of Southampton County, Virginia, consisting of receipts, 1842-1843, between Temperance Vick Fiers (1780-1870) and S. H. Bishop for groceries and cloth; letters, 1847-1874, to Elvin Richmond Fiers (1819-1898) from relatives and friends sending family and social news, describing life in Kentucky and Wyoming, and informing Fiers of the condition of his farm while he is serving in the Civil War; obituary, 1921, of Richmond Thomas Fiers (1850-1921); and genealogical notes of the Fiers, Bishop, Carter, Haygood, Thorp, Vick, and Wilhoit families, and covering Southampton County, Virginia, and Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, and Wyoming. First section contains original letters, receipts, and obituaries, as well as transcripts for the letters and receipts. Second section contains photocopies of original letters, receipts, and obituaries, including those contained in the first section; transcripts; genealogical notes; and a name index to the items in the second section.

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Figgat, Charles Miles. Letters, 1859-1865.
Accession 38779. 149 leaves.

Letters, 12 May 1859-13 February 1865, of Charles Miles Figgat (1836-1899) of Botetourt County and Lexington, Virginia. Majority of the letters are between Charles and his wife, Nannie G. Figgat (1835-1919), but the collection also includes a letter between Charles and his brother, James Henry Harrison Figgat, and letters between Nannie and her brother, Robert Kyle Godwin (1840-1912), and father, Thomas G. Godwin. Early letters between Charles and Nannie are love letters interspersed with numerous references to God and their upcoming marriage. Other letters cover a variety of topics, including family news, illness, Christmas, politics, and the homefront and the life of a soldier during the Civil War. Of note are the following letters: letter, 28 September 1860, to Nannie from her brother, Robert, in which he mentions a prayer meeting among blacks and that the leader was whipped and ordered to leave the county as a result; letter, 2 July 1861, from James Henry Harrison Figgat to his brother, Charles, in which he writes about the 2nd Virginia Cavalry’s trip from Lynchburg to Fairfax Courthouse, a skirmish with Federal Zouaves before the Battle of Bull Run, and the accidental wounding of Captain Pitzer; letter, 21 October 1863, from Charles to Nannie, containing a detailed description of the Battle of Bristoe’s Station; and letter, 20 September 1864, from Nannie to Charles, in which she laments the death of General Robert E. Rodes.

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Finley, George W. Papers, 1905-1909.
Accession 23927. 10 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1905-1909, of George W. Finley (1838-1909) of Augusta County, Virginia, consisting of an obituary, 1905, for Margaret Elizabeth Booker Finley (1840-1905); a Confederate service record of George Williamson Finley; and a letter, August 1908, from Finley to Reverend C. H. Dobbs containing an account of Finley’s time as a Union prisoner of war from 3 July 1863 to 14 May 1865.

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Finley, Robert. Distance marched by the 9th New York Artillery, 1864-1865.
Accession 25313. 2 leaves. Photostats (negatives).

Estimate calculated by Lieutenant Robert Finley estimating the miles marched by the 9th New York Artillery from 17 May 1864 until 2 June 1865.

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Finney, Louis C. H. Letter, 6 May 1862.
Accession 42478. 1 leaf.

Letter, 6 May 1862, from Louis C. H. Finney (1822-1884) in Richmond, Virginia, to Colonel Fletcher Harris Archer (1817-1902), informing him that the men detailed to work on gunboats in the city had not reported for duty. Finney also mentions that 600 prisoners had been captured on the Peninsula.

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Fitch, Andrew T. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 38680. 14 leaves.

Letters, 1862-1865, from Andrew T. Fitch, surgeon with the 79th New York Infantry, to his father. Letters, written from Fredericksburg, Virginia and vicinity, Columbia, Adair County, Kentucky, and Petersburg, Virginia, discuss the regiment’s movements and describe marches and camp life. Also, Fitch recounts the opposition facing the Union army at Fredericksburg, the regiment’s activities in Kentucky in June 1863, the rejoicing over the capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina in January 1865, and the daily artillery barrages at Petersburg. The last two letters are written from the Hospital, 1st Division, 9th Corps, near Petersburg, nearly seven months after the 79th New York Highlanders were mustered out of service.

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Fitzgerald, John P. Military commissions, 1861-1864.
Accession 20567. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Military commissions, 1861-1864, for John P. Fitzgerald (1837-1898) of Prince Edward County, Virginia, consisting of a commission, 15 August 1861, from Governor John Letcher of Virginia to Fiztgerald appointing him a captain in the 63rd Regiment, 11th Brigade, 1st Division of the Virginia militia, to date from 25 July 1861; a commission, 31 July 1863, from James A. Seddon, Secretary of War, to Fitzgerald appointing him major of the 23rd Virginia Infantry, to date from 10 June 1863; and a commission, 7 March 1864, from Seddon to Fitzgerald appointing him lieutenant colonel of the 23rd Virginia Infantry, to date from 27 November 1863.

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Flagg, Edward P. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 38822. 4 leaves and 31 pages.

Letters, 1862-1865, from Edward P. Flagg of Company F, 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry to his family at home near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, containing personal and regimental news; discussing Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) and Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865); describing the siege of Petersburg and the fall of Fort Fisher near Wilmington, North Carolina; stating that deserters are entering Union lines; and commenting on camp life around Richmond, Virginia, in the days after the war. In the letters written in June and July 1865, Flagg writes that his commanding officers want to keep his regiment in the service for as long as possible.

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Fleet family. Letters, 1861, 1864.
Accession 38780. 8 pages.

Letters, 1861, 1864, of the Fleet family of Green Mount, King and Queen County, Virginia. Letters, 10 November 1861 and 20 November 1861, from Benjamin “Benny” Robert Fleet (1846-1864) to his older brother, Alexander “Fred” Frederick Fleet (1843-1911) discuss family, crops, farming, and slaves. Letter, 3 April 1864, from Lelia, of Piedmont, Fauquier County, Virginia, to Maria “Lou” Louisa Fleet (1849-1917) discusses religion and social activities, expresses sympathy for the death of Benny, and mentions the possibility of more Yankee raids because of the movement of two Confederate regiments from Piedmont to Orange Courthouse.

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Fleet, Charles Browne. Letter, 5 March 1861.
Accession 24314. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 5 March 1861, from Charles Browne Fleet (1843-1916), attending Columbian College in Washington, D.C., to his cousin Alexander Frederick Fleet (1843-1911) attending the University of Virginia, containing a description of the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865). Fleet also comments on news of a peace conference, discusses college examinations, and gives an update on a friend from King and Queen County, Virginia, the home county of both of the Fleets.

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Fleet, Maria Louisa Wacker. Letter, 31 October 1861.
Accession 38285. 2 pages.

Letter, 31 October 1861, from Maria Louisa Wacker Fleet (1822-1900) of "Green Mount," King and Queen County, Virginia to her son Alexander Frederick (Fred) Fleet (1843-1911) while he was stationed at Gloucester Point, Virginia with the Jackson Grays, a volunteer rifle company. She writes about the family’s eagerness to see him, her intention to mend his wardrobe and provide him with new clothing, her views on secession and the impending war, and her opinions of Congressman Muscoe R. H. Garnett. There is a short postscript written by Fred’s brother Benjamin Robert (Benny) Fleet.

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Fleet, Maria Louisa Wacker. Letters, 1862.
Accession 43042. 10 pages.

Letters, 1862, from Maria Louisa Wacker Fleet (1822-1900) at “Green Mount” in King and Queen County, Virginia to her son Alexander Frederick Fleet (1843-1911) while he was serving with Company I (Jackson Grays) of the 26th Virginia Infantry at Gloucester Point. Topics include her gratification at receiving his letters, visits with family and friends, inquiries regarding his health, troop movements in the area, business activities of her husband Dr. Benjamin Fleet (1818-1865), military confiscation of the family’s property, her caring for ill soldiers at the family home, and her willingness to do more to aid in the war effort. Dr. Benjamin Fleet adds a postscript to the 7 March letter.

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Fleming, Meredith. Muster roll, 1861-1865.
Accession 27773. 11 leaves.

Muster roll, 1 April 1865, compiled by Fleming Meredith containing the names of former soldiers in Company H, 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Confederate States of America, and a brief summary of the units organization. The unit was also known as the Lee Rangers. Also includes an additional roll with names, age, residence, and information on soldiers from the company wounded or killed in action.

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Flemings, Caroline Holt. Letters, 1861-1865, 1891.
Accession 50295. .35 cubic feet.

Letters, 1861-1865, 1891, to Caroline Holt Flemings (1826-1902) in North Tewksbury, Middlesex County, Massachusetts from her brothers, Lewis Garrison Holt (1839-1916) and Warren Eugene Holt (1833-1884), while they were serving with the 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery during the Civil War. Most of the letters were written while the regiment was stationed at Fort Albany, Fort Richardson, and Maryland Heights. Subjects include rations, weather, camp life, descriptions of living quarters and construction of buildings, troop movements and positions, brigade reviews, attending prayer meetings, troop morale and progress of the war, trips to Washington, D.C. and Alexandria, and skirmishes with the Confederate forces around Harper's Ferry. In the 1891 letter, Lewis Holt writes about the flashbacks to the war which he experienced. Collection also includes typed transcriptions of the letters prepared by Eleanor Flemings Munch, as well as family information, and copies of service records and maps.

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Fleshood family Genealogical notes.
Accession 28520. 6 leaves. Photocopies.

Fleshood family genealogical notes includes genealogical notes pertaining to William T. Fleshood and his Civil War service.

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Fletcher, John E. Papers, 1858-1884.
Accession 31718. 54 items.

Papers, 1858-1884, of John E. Fletcher (1837-1906) of Fauquier and Greene Counties, Virginia, consisting of personal papers, military papers, military rosters, and photographs. Personal papers contain promissory notes, 1858-1861; receipts, 1859-1864; correspondence, 1860-1865; military passes, 1864-1865; list of items taken by Union troops, 1865; and appointment, 27 August 1884, of Fletcher as postmaster in Greene County. Military papers includes military orders for the Rectortown Company, 44th Virginia militia; exemption from service papers, 1861; and miscellaneous papers, including receipts and powers of attorney. Military rosters contains rosters for the Rectortown Company commanded by John E. Fletcher. Photograph is of John E. Fletcher taken in Boston, Massachusetts in 1865, and notes. Of particular interest are the promissory notes by John E. Fletcher, Isaac Fletcher, and William Fletcher for the hire of slaves; letter from Ida Dulany concerning John E. Fletcher’s failure to provide clothes for the children of the slave he hired from her; letter concerning the death of Edward C. Castleman; military passes and letter concerning Fletcher’s trip to Fort Warren, Boston, Massachusetts, to recover the body of Aquilla Glascock; list of items taken by Union troops from the farms of John Fletcher, William Fletcher, and Solomon Hoge; and the military rosters for the Rectortown Company, 44th Virginia militia, commanded by John E. Fletcher.

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Flippo, Fannie Leslie. Letter, 5 January 1865.
Accession 38428. 3 pages.

Letter, 5 January 1865, from "Clemmie" and "Lou" to Fannie Leslie Flippo of Caroline County, Virginia, concerning a visit to Leslie, sending their regards to friends in Caroline County, and asking for news.

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Fluvanna County (Va.) Circuit Court. Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families 1861-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Fluvanna County. .45 cubic feet.

The Fluvanna County, Virginia, Reports of Indigent Soldiers’s Families, 1861-1865, is primarily made up of reports and accounts of funds gathered and supplies distributed to indigent soldiers’ families. These reports, gathered by court-appointed commissioners, include the names of soldiers and family members and the needs of the families or the supplies provided to each family and the cost of thse items. Also included are court ordered bonds for funds for the purchase of supplies or distribution to the families and detailed accounts of money and supplies received and how it was used. Lists of indigent soldiers included with these records include detailed descriptions of the fate of the soldiers and their family situations, including children’s ages, and crops and livestock in the families’ hands. The reports record that funds were to be used for specific foods such as bacon, meal, sugar, salt, flour, pork and molasses.

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Foard, Andrew J. Letterbook, 1861-1864.
Accession 21744. 1 volume ( 404 pages.)

Letterbook, 1861-1864, of Andrew J. Foard (ca. 1823-1868) containing his correspondence and orders as the Medical Director, Army of Mississippi (later called the Western Department) and the Army of Tennessee, Confederate States of America, October 1861 to February 1864. Most of the entries date from June 1862 to February 1864, when Andrew J. Foard served as Medical Director. Earlier entries are for correspondence and orders received and issued by Foard’s predecessor, David W. Yandell.

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Foard, Robert Levi. Papers 1861-1862.
Accession 13836, 13837. 4 pages.

Papers, 1861-1862, of Robert Levi Foard (1831-1898) of Texas, and captain commanding Company C, 13th Texas Infantry Regiment (Bates’ Regiment), consisting of a statement, 12 June 1862, declaring that Robert P. Harrison (b. ca. 1807), former captain of Company C, has turned over his “clothing book” and stating that Foard will be responsible for those supplies issued by Harrison. Also includes receipts, 2 December 1861, for clothing handed over by Harrison to Foard.

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Forbes, Thomas Semmes. Letter, 12 January 1931.
Accession 20277. 2 leaves. Photostat (negative).

Letter, 12 January 1931, from Thomas Semmes Forbes (1858-1939) of Accomack County, Virginia, to Judge Daniel Grinnan (1861-1941) of Richmond, Virginia, concerning the ancestors of Edwin M. Stanton (1814-1869) . He notes that Stanton’s father was a tailor, and that his maternal grandfather Thomas Norman (1760-1838) of Culpeper County, Virginia, had a reputation for obstinancy which apparently his grandson inherited.

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Ford-Taylor family. Papers, 1855-1930.
Accession 51160. .45 cubic feet.

Papers, 1855-1930, of the Ford and Taylor families of Chesterfield and Cumberland Counties, Virginia. The bulk of the collection is correspondence, covering the years 1863 to 1868, between Samuel A. Ford (1846-1930) and Mary Maria Taylor (1844-1902) prior to their marriage. There are also genealogical notes and photographs. Some of the letters were written by Ford while he was serving with the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Subjects include his receiving consent from his father to join the Army, being injured by a horse, rumors of Union raids near home, participation in various battles, and mail deliveries. Post-war topics include courtship and their impending marriage, farming activities, social events and news of mutual acquaintances, health, his father's financial condition and estate matters, the destruction by fire of the family home "Newstead," post-war attitudes towards freed slaves and fears of insurrections, and visits to "Beaumont" in Powhatan County and "Morningside" in Cumberland County.

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Fordyce, Benjamin A. Letter, 27 August 1864.
Accession 40527. 4 pages.

Letter, 27 August 1864, from Dr. Benjamin A. Fordyce (1823-1893), 160th New York Infantry, stationed at Halltown, Jefferson County, (West) Virginia, to Colonel Charles C. Dwight (ca. 1830-1902) in New Orleans. Louisiana, asking Dwight to forward a letter for him, giving the location of his unit, writing about skirmishes with the enemy, including Early’s and Breckenridge’s commands, the numbers of prisoners taken and exchanged, and the Confederates’ attempts to move into Maryland. He also solicits Dwight’s support in his desire to obtain a commission in a new regiment.

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Foreman, Joseph R. Letter, 21 June 1864.
Accession 41167. 3 pages.

Letter, 21 June 1864, from Joseph R. Foreman (b. ca. 1839), 126th Ohio Infantry near Petersburg, Virginia, to his wife in Canal Fulton, Stark County, Ohio. Foreman writes about his company’s marching from Bermuda Hundred, skirmishing and picket duty in which they are engaged, and his promotion to corporal. He also writes about sending a piece of wood from “Powhatan Oak,” the tree under which, according to legend, Pocahontas saved the life of Captain John Smith.

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Foreman, Joseph R. Letter, 12 September 1864.
Accession 43346. 4 pages.

Letter, 12 September 1864, from Joseph R. Foreman (b. ca. 1839), 126th Ohio Infantry, at camp near Berryville, Virginia, to his wife in Canal Fulton, Stark County, Ohio. Foreman writes about Mosby’s interruption of the mail service, fighting around Berryville and Winchester, and new draftees in his company.

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Foreman, Joseph S. Letter, 12 December 1862.
Accession 44126. 2 pages.

Letter, 12 December 1862, from Joseph S. Foreman, a Union soldier camped at North Mountain Station, Berkeley County, (West) Virginia, to his wife Nellie A. Foreman, of Mechanicstown, Carroll County, Ohio. Includes descriptions of camp life and travel in and around Winchester, Virginia, and Martinsburg and Harper’s Ferry, (West) Virginia. He describes the former occupancy of Confederate soldiers at his current encampment and their destruction of the railroads and locomotives.

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Forrer family. Letters, 1862, 1864.
Accession 41321. 6 pages.

Letters, 15 September 1862 and 22 February 1864, of the Forrer family of Page and Shenandoah Counties, Virginia, including letter, 15 September 1862, from Kate Forrer in New Market, Shenandoah County, concerning the death of her brother Christian who died of wounds received in battle and preparations for his burial; letter, 22 February 1864, from Judah Forrer at Nomony Hall in Westmoreland County, Virginia, to his wife Frances Amanda “Fannie” Forrer concerning events in Westmoreland County and his health and condition.

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Forrest, Douglas French. Journal and diary, 1863-1865.
Accession 24771. 2 volumes (280 pages).

Journal and diary, 26 November 1863 - 25 June 1865, of Douglas French Forrest as an assistant paymaster of the Confederate States Navy during his stay in Calais, France, as an officer of the CSS Rappahannock. Diary begins with the abortive attempt of the Rappahannock’s officers to board her off the coast of Calais and continues through the majority of their detention while awaiting clearance to sail. Of interest are Forrest’s reactions to French society’s morals and mores, and the maneuverings of the Confederate representatives to gain permission to sail.

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Forrest, Douglas French. Memorandum book and travel diaries, 1862-1865, 1871.
Accession 31505. 5 volumes.

Memorandum book, 1862-1865, and travel diaries, 1871, of Douglas French Forrest (1837-1902). The memorandum book includes accounts, 28 October 1862 - 1 February 1863, and journal entries, 27 May-9 September 1863 and 14 December 1864-24 February 1865, documenting Forrest’s service in the Confederate States Navy, including service on the commerce raider Rappanhannock, based in Europe. Travel diaries consist of four volumes, 20 January-27 February 1871, 28 March-21 April 1871, 28 April-14 June 1871, and 12 June-3 August 1871, documenting his trip to Europe and the “Holy Land” in 1871. These diaries are punctuated with foreign phrases and very personal thoughts. They are quite descriptive and paint a vivid and contemporary picture of the countries he visited and people he encountered.

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Forrest, French. Order books, 1861-1862.
Accession 24768. 2 volumes (382 leaves and 288 pages).

Order books, 1861-1862, of French Forrest, commandant of the Confederate States Navy Yard at Gosport, Portsmouth, Virginia, containing orders and correspondence concerning the day-to-day operations of the Navy Yard and the Naval Hospital, including movement of supplies and personnel, coordination of efforts with the Army and civilian authority, and patrols to watch the Union Navy. Forrest also exercised general supervision over alterations to the USS Merrimac which transformed it into the ironclad CSS Virginia. Both books contain indexes and the second volume is a letter-press book. There are indications that both volumes were consulted in the preparation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies. To what extent the contents of the volumes are printed in the O.R. has not been determined.

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Forrest, French. Letter books, 1863-1864.
Accession 24769. 2 volumes (144 leaves).

Letter books, 1863-1864, of French Forrest (1796-1866) of the Confederate Navy commanding the James River Squadron and Station concerning day-to-day operations of the squadron, including personnel, supply, and ordnance matters. Also orders and correspondence concerning the observation of the movements of the Union Army and Navy up the James River. There are indications that both volumes were consulted in the preparation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies. To what extent the contents of the volumes are printed in the O.R. has not been determined.

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Forrest, French. Military commissions, 1861.
Accession 24770. 2 leaves.

Military commissions, 1861, of French Forrest (1796-1866), consisting of a commission, 19 April 1861, to Forrest from Governor John Letcher (1813-1884) appointing Forrest a captain in the Virginia Navy, and a commission, 11 June 1861, to Forrest from Stephen R. Mallory (1813-1873), Secretary of the Navy for the Confederate States of America, appointing Forrest a captain in the Confederate Navy. The commission from the Confederate Navy includes a notation by Forrest that he had written an acceptance of the commission, but that it had been mislaid.

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Foster, Redmond. Bond, 10 April 1862.
Accession 20254. 1 leaf.

Bond, 10 April 1862, of Redmond G. Foster (1824-1898) of Nicholas County, (West) Virginia, for $2000, pledging loyalty to the United States government. Foster had uttered statements against the United States government which were considered treasonous and the bond is his guaranty that he will not take up arms against the government nor give aid to the enemy. The bond is also signed by Andrew B. Foster (1819-1896), Samuel J. Grose (1831-1893), and Andrew A. Kyle (1830-1912) for Foster and by Ernst Sindner, 36th Ohio Volunteers, for the U. S. government.

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Foster, Robert S. Report, 16 April 1863.
Accession 38773. 2 pages.

Report, 16 April 1863, of Union Colonel Robert S. Foster (1834-1903), concerning Confederate activities on the Somerton Road and South Quay Road during the siege of Suffolk, Virginia in April 1863.

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Foster, Wilbur F. Foster, Chickamauga Campaign map.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5206. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Map drawn by Wilbur F. Foster containing 1 map on 2 sheets covering the area of the Chickamauga Campaign -- Georgia, Alabama, and a portion of Tennessee, showing railroads, wagon roads, and paths. Also shows state boundaries and landmarks.

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Foute, R. C. Essay, 1891.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5258. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Essay, 1891, entitled “Echoes from Hampton Roads” by R. C. Foute, a former midshipman on the CSS Virginia, consisting of a handwritten account describing the Battle of Hampton Roads on 9 March 1862. Also recounts an aborted attempt on 11 April 1862 to attack and capture the USS Monitor.

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Francis, Don Research papers, 1981.
Accession 31198. 107 leaves. Photocopies.

Research papers, 1981, compiled by Don Francis of New York, New York, relating to Leesburg, Waterford, and Loudoun County, Virginia, consisting of copies of: a history of St. James’ Episcopal Church, Leesburg, Virginia, by Reverend G. Peyton Craighill; an article on Pennsylvania Germans in Loudoun County by Briscoe Goodhart, published in Pennsylvania Germans, vol. 9, no. 3, March 1908; marriages and obituaries in Loudoun County between 1817 and 1821 extracted from the newspaper Genius of Liberty; a history commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Loudoun County, 1849-1949, which includes a history and photographs of Waterford; two issues of the Waterford News, published 28 May and 11 June 1864; an address by John W. H. Crim titled “An Old Home Day in Loudoun County;” and a reprinted article from the Blue Ridge Herald, 6 October 1955, concerning the discovery of the two issues of the Waterford News in the Abraham Lincoln papers. There is also a map of Waterford with the article.

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Franklin County (Va.) Circuit Court. Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1863-1864.
Accession Local Government Records, Franklin County. .1 cubic feet.

The Franklin County, Virginia, Reports of Indigent Soldiers’ Families containing the county orders of 1864 to levy taxes upon the county to provide for the support of indigent soldiers’ families and containing reports of indigent soldiers’ families, including names of the soldiers and family members, number of children per family, the amount of money provided to each family and for what use. The reports record that funds were to be used for provisions, shoes and clothing.

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Franklin, John T. Petition, 19 March 1862.
Accession 43355. 2 pages.

Petition, 19 March 1862, from John T. Franklin (b. ca. 1836) to the Bedford County Board of Exemptions requesting that he be disqualified from military service because of a hernia. Reverse contains note from John W. Sale (ca. 1827-1913), M.D., stating that Franklin’s hernia is permanent and a statement by the board that the exemption was unanimous.

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Freeman, Douglas Southall Papers, 1632-1953.
Accession 23682. 2.8 cubic feet. In part photostats (positive and negative).

Papers, 1632-1953, of Douglas Southall Freeman (1886-1953) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of materials copied and gathered by Freeman for use in his multi-volume biography of George Washington, including accounts and account books, business papers, correspondence, disbursements, fort plans, guest books, legal papers, letter books, maps, medical accounts, payrolls, petitions, returns, royal charters, sketches, wills, and other papers relating to George Washington, the Washington family, and the Custis family. Papers also contain abstracts of references to Robert E. Lee found in Richmond, Virginia, newspapers, 1862-1865; typescript of the journal of Samuel P. Heintzelman (1805-1880) while at the United States Military Academy; and reference cards for Freeman’s 3 volume Lee’s Lieutenants.

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Freeman, Douglas Southall Freeman Address at dedication of McLean House 16 April 1950.
Accession WRVA - 225. 1 sound disc: digital; 4 3/4 inches.

Excerpts of a speech, 16 April 1950, delivered by Douglas Southall Freeman (1886-1953) at the dedication of the McLean House at Appomattox Court House. The segment is introduced by Jack Clements.

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Freeman, James Letter, 26 June 1862.
Accession 44124. 1 page.

Letter, 26 June 1862, from James H. Freeman to an unknown family member. Freeman writes from aboard the USS Massatanga traveling from Fort Monroe, Virginia, to Richmond along the James River. He describes the heavy use of guns, rifles, and cannons at the Siege of Yorktown and the Battle at West Point.

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French, Frederick F. Letter, 1 May 1863.
Accession 41578. 4 pages.

Letter, 1 May 1863, from Frederick F. French, sergeant, Company D, 169th New York Infantry, stationed in Suffolk, Virginia, to “friend Thomas” in New York, describing the regiment’s first action under fire during the Confederate siege of Union troops in Suffolk. French details the location of Suffolk as well as the location of the fighting, and notes that the regiment acquitted itself well during fighting along the Edenton Road on 24 April 1863, adding that Colonel Clarence Buell was severely wounded and Lieutenant John H. Hughes was lightly wounded. French states that the Union generals are Michael Corcoran (1827-1863) and John James Peck (1821-1878) and that Confederate generals are James Longstreet (1821-1904) and D. H. Hill (1821-1889). French adds that fighting is beginning again as Longstreet had set 1 May as the date the Confederates would dine in Suffolk. French also mentions two deserters who absconded with regimental earnings.

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French, G. Q. Diary, 1862 .
Accession 27898. 1 volume (89 pages).

Diary, January-September 1962, of G. Q. French, 3rd Vermont Infantry in Northern Virginia, Diary documents a typical soldier’s life and contains litte about military operations. It ends with French going to the hospital at Fort McHenry, worried that he is without funds for food. “I surely will starve if I don’t get some money.” In the pocket of this diary was found a letter, 9 June 1862, from George Hough, Brown University, to William C. Ives, 10th Rhode Island Infantry. No connection has been established.

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French, Marcellus. Papers, 1871-1888.
Accession 29487. .1 cubic feet.

Papers, 1871-1888, of Marcellus French (1831-1919) of Halifax County, Virginia consisting of an autobiographical sketch of Marcellus French; a deed, 14 April 1888 and recorded 11 September 1888, for 285 acres in Bedford County, Virginia, from French and his wife Elizabeth French (1831-1905) to C. C. Carrington of Halifax County; a sketch of French’s part in delivering a second dispatch from General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) to General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) concerning the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia; and a copy of The Comanches: A History of White’s Battalion, Virginia Cavalry, a history of the 35th Virginia Cavalry, written by Frank M. Myers (d. 1906) and published in 1871. The book is annotated in French’s handwriting.

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French, Robert M. Order, 15 March 1864.
Accession 13756. 1 leaf.

Order, 15 March 1864, for commutation of rations to Private Robert M. French of Company C, 23rd Virginia Infantry, while he is on a furlough of indulgence from 15 March to 28 March 1864, paying him $14. Order is approved by Lieutenant Richard A. Gates (d. 1864), company commander, Lieutenant Colonel J. P. Fitzgerald (1837-1898), regimental commander, and Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart (1828-1903).

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French, S. Bassett. Letter, 12 May 1861.
Accession 23476s. 1 page.

Letter, 12 May 1861, from S. Bassett French, aide-de-camp to Governor John Letcher, General Headquarters, Richmond, Virginia, to Colonel. Francis J. Thomas, colonel and Adjutant General of the Baltimore Volunteers, accepting the services of men from Maryland.

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Friou family. Papers, 1832-1896.
Accession 45592, Miscellaneous reel 6077. 1 reel.

Papers, 1832-1896, of the Friou family of Brunswick County, Virginia, and North Carolina, notably John D. Friou (1799-1873), and his daughters Annie F. Bogart (b. 1827), Caroline Greer (1822-1897), Sarah P. Friou (1837-1923), and son Andrew Jackson Friou (1834-1904). Includes correspondence, photographs, poetry, copies of compiled service records, and other items. Subjects include family news, health, and events in Goldsboro and Wilmington, North Carolina. The letters from Andrew J. Friou were written while he was living in Staunton during the Civil War, and then serving with the 59th Virginia Infantry in Petersburg near the end of the war. There are transcriptions of many of the letters.

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Furman, Jonathan W. Letter, 1 July 1864.
Accession 38824. 4 pages.

Letter, 1 July 1864, from Jonathan W. Furman (b. ca. 1837) of Company E, 102nd Pennsylvania Infantry, to his wife describing camp life near Petersburg, Virginia, during the siege of that town, including the regiment’s role in tearing up the tracks of the Weldon and Petersburg Railroad. He states that “little things” will never bother him again and that he has withstood the hardships of the war. Furman writes that one soldier stood a two hour guard after a long march, then died right after.

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Furr family Genealogical notes.
Accession 37890. 84 leaves. Photocopies.

Furr family genealogical notes giving the descendants of John William Thompson (1845-1919) of Loudoun County, Virginia, including lines which settled in Caroline County, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Roanoke, Virginia, and California, Colorado, Florida, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, D.C., and West Virginia. Other surnames mentioned: Black, Crandall, Dishman, Frasier, Gill, Littleton, McCardell, and Nelson. Also contains letters, personal reminiscences, and photographs.

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Furrow, Alexander H. Papers, 1976.
Accession 30024. 6 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1976, including a resolution and four letters, concerning the incorrect spelling of Alexander H. Furrow’s name on his tombstone in Ohio, where he died as a prisoner of war during the Civil War. Details of Furrow’s service with the 54th Virginia Infantry are included in the resolution.

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Gailey, Charles K., III They died at Centreville: a Study of Union Soldiers Who Died and/or Were Buried in Centreville, Virginia, During the Civil War.
Accession 41434. 129 leaves. Photocopies.

"They Died at Centreville: A Study of Union Soldiers Who Died and/or Were Buried in Centreville, Virginia During the Civil War," compiled in August 2004 by Charles H. Gailey III, Patricia H. Gallagher, and Edgar R. Hon. The study was conducted under the auspices of the Fairfax County Park Authority, Office of Archaeological Services. Includes information on the origin of the study, methodology, genealogical information, narratives, and lists of Union units at Centreville, and deaths there, as well as at Blackburn’s Ford. There is also a bibliography of sources consulted, and individal soldier data sheets.

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Gaines family. Papers, 1766-1905.
Accession 24417. 65 leaves and 28 pages. In part photostats (negative).

Papers, 1766-1905, of the Gaines family of Charlotte County, Virginia, consisting of wills from King William and King and Queen Counties, Virginia; a deed from Hanover County, Virginia; announcement for medical lectures by Charles Bell Gibson; stock certificate for the Marysville Plank Road in Charlotte and Campbell Counties, Virginia; a deposition from Hanover County; correspondence of the Gaines family of Charlotte County and Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War; correspondence from Joseph E. Johnston to William Gaines concerning the elections of 1878; and a circular letter regarding Company B, 14th Virginia Cavalry. Collection also contains judicial records from the Chancery District Court in Williamsburg, Virginia for Garlick et al v Pollard et al. Also contains genealogical notes on the Camm and Garlick families of King William and King and Queen Counties. Also includes a letter by Colonel Norman Smith of the 13th New Hampshire Infantry, and maps of the battle fields of Cold Harbor, Fredericksburg, Getty’s Station, and Fort Harrison.

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EAD Guide
Gaines family. Papers, 1799-1966.
Accession 27610. 85 leaves. In part photocopies and photostats (negative).

Papers, 1799-1966, of the Gaines family of Hanover County, Virginia, containing deeds, wills, Bible records, suit papers, plats and house histories. Also includes the memoirs of Fannie Gaines Tinsley (b. 1836), recounting her experiences during the Civil War. Includes histories of the “Do-Well” estate, the family home of Richard Venable Gaines in Charlotte County, Virginia, and the “Fairfield” estate, the family home of Sally and William Gaines in Hanover County, Virginia.

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Gannon, Albert C. Letter, 25 October 1863.
Accession 50670. 3 pages.

Letter, 25 October 1863, from Corporal Albert C. Gammon (1829-1864) of Company F, 17th Maine Infantry, at Catlett's Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, to his cousin Elbridge commenting on the battle of Bristoe Station and discussing how the Confederate army damaged the railroad tracks in the area. Letter is signed C. Albert Gammon.

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Garland, J. Maury. Letter, 27 September 1861.
Accession 23476b-1. 2 pages.

Letter, 27 September 1861, from J. Maury Garland, inviting the unidentified recipient and Colonel Myers for a dinner of Brunswick stew.

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Garland, Robert. Civil War and Reconstruction collection, 1861-1879.
Accession 33298. .05 cubic feet.

Civil War and Reconstruction collection, 1861-1879, compiled by Robert Garland (1862-1949) of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, consisting of correspondence, 1861-1864, of soldiers in Virginia, mainly from the Shenandoah Valley, as well as letters from private citizens, discussing the Civil War and conditions, and including one letter of a Union soldier. Also contains a deed. 14 March 1866, for interest in the dower land of the estate of John Harman in Montgomery County, Virginia, from W. H. Harman to H. Harman, deed recorded in Montgomery County court 9 February 1868. Papers also included a blank receipt, paymaster of the 59th Ohio Infantry; receipt, 17 February 1869, for board and tuition at the Southern Female Institute in Richmond, Virginia; drafts, 1870-1879, drawn on the Bank of Lexington, the Rockbridge Bank, and the Farmers’ Bank of Southwest Virginia in Wytheville, Virginia; and promissory notes, 1866-1869.

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Garnett, Emma Lavinia Baber. Letters, 1847-1863.
Accession 27083. 18 leaves.

Letters, 1847-1863, of Emma Lavinia Baber Garnett (1825-1906) of King George and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia. Letters to Emma from husband Thomas Stuart Garnett (1825-1863), colonel of the 48th Virginia Infantry, discuss troop movements, slaves, the death of Emma’s brothers, Henry and Daingerfield Baber, raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the first Battle of Bull Run, the battle of Antietam, burying soldiers, and Union troops raiding the homestead. Letters from Henry Garnett (1802-1878) to Emma Garnett and a letter to Emma from her sister-in-law concern the death of Thomas Garnett while leading his brigade at the battle of Chancellorsville. Letters are annotated typed transcripts and include biographical information on Henry and Thomas Garnett gathered from obituaries.

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Garnett, James Mercer. Papers, 1861-1865.
Accession 20947. 26 leaves and 10 pages.

Papers, 1861-1865, of James Mercer Garnett (1840-1916) of Virginia, consisting of agreements, certifications, invoices, letters, lists, military orders, military passes, paroles, permits, receipts, and requisitions. Papers contain a request by Garnett to be discharged from the Rockbridge Artillery for assignment elsewhere and military orders assigning Garnett to various duties in the Confederate Army. Papers also include invoices, receipts, and requisitions for military stores to various military units in the Shenandoah Valley; and agreements, orders, and paroles relating to the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House. Also contains military passes, one for Miss K. H. Noland (1849-1919) from the Confederate War Department to travel on the railroads and one for Garnett to travel as a paroled officer; certification that Garnett has been paid in late 1864 and early 1865; letter from R. M. T. Hunter (1809-1887) to General Edward O. C. Ord (1818-1883) vouching for Garnett’s character; permit from President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) to B. P. Noland (1818-1889) allowing him to remain in Loudoun County, Virginia, if he takes the oath of allegience; and a list of number of men and arms, possibly taken at Appomattox.

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EAD Guide
Garnett, Richard Brooke. Letters, 1862.
Accession 24049. 36 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1862, of Richard B. Garnett (ca. 1817-1863) consisting of a letter, 30 March 1862, from Garnett to A. S. Pendleton (1840-1864), assistant acting adjutant general of the Valley District containing Garnett’s report on the battle of Kernstown; a letter, 20 June 1862, from Garnett to General Samuel Cooper (1798-1876) answering the charges of General Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863) who had Garnett arrested for his performance at the battle of Kernstown; and testimony, 6 August 1862, of Jackson concerning Garnett’s actions at the battle of Kernstown.

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Garrett-Morgan family. Papers, 1854-1883.
Accession 21698. .1 cubic feet. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1854-1883, of the Garrett-Morgan family of Bedford County, Virginia, and Missouri, consisting of the correspondence of Frances Flora Morgan Garrett McCabe (1836-1931) and her husbands, Edward Jasper Garrett (1832-1868) and James Pleasant McCabe (1838-1912), all of Bedford County, to and from their relatives and friends in Bedford County and in Missouri. Papers include letters dealing with family and business matters; letters about Civil War camp life, business, lodge, and tax receipts; a muster roll for Garrett’s militia unit; a promissory note; and military papers concerning Garrett’s discharge from the army.

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Garrison, George G. Order, 16 January 1863.
Accession 41950. 3 leaves.

Order, 16 January 1863, from George G. Garrison, Headquarters, Petersburg, Virginia, to Colonel Alfred C. Moore, 29th Virginia Infantry Regiment requesting that Moore compile a list of officers to be sent on recruiting missions. Also includes a typed transcript.

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Garrison, George G. Letter, 9 April 1862.
Accession 42378. 1 leaf.

Letter, 9 April 1862, from George G. Garrison (1830-1879), assistant adjutant general, Department of Norfolk, to Lieutenant Colonel Fletcher H. Archer (1817-1902), requesting an additional vedette be sent to Hodge’s Bluff in Isle of Wight County, Virginia.

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Garthright family. Papers, 1862-1863.
Accession 26813. 17 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1862-1863, of the Garthright family of Henrico County, Virginia, including letters from Oliver Garthright to his wife, Maria, regarding camp life, troop movements, and advice on matters at home. Also includes a decree in a suit of Oliver Garthright et al. vs. William Folkes, guardian of Emma A. Garthright et al., Henrico County, Virginia.

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Gettinger, Hattie E. Jarboe. Letter, 10 June 1864.
Accession 50666. 2 pages.

Letter, 10 June 1864, from Hattie E. Jarboe Gettinger (1833-1885) in Richmond, Virginia, to her sister Maria Jarboe (1840-1911) of Frederick, Maryland, regarding the death of George Newkirk "Kirk" Hammond (1833-1864) of the 1st Virginia Cavalry and his burial at Hollywood Cemetery, and how it affected her husband (John) Howard Gettinger (1826-1903). She also provides news of other friends and acquaintances serving in the military or who are in the Richmond area. Letter is an example that mail was passed between enemy lines.

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Gibbons, Simeon Beauford. Letter, 11 May 1861.
Accession 40405. 4 pages.

Letter, 11 May 1861, from Colonel Simeon Beauford Gibbons (1833-1862), while stationed at Harper’s Ferry, to his father Samuel Gibbons (1802-1870) writing about the chances of hostilities breaking out after the impending vote on the Virginia Ordinance of Secession, the numbers of troops in the area and their state of readiness, his eagerness for George A. Porterfield (d. 1919) to be appointed a colonel in charge of a Rockingham regiment, his own efforts at being appointed lieutenant colonel of his reorganized unit, and his outrage at the appointment of Dr. William W. H. Triplett (1836-1890) as assistant surgeon in the new regiment. Gibbons also mentions a visit to his unit by Congressman John T. Harris (1823-1899).

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Gibson family. Papers, 1775-1938 (bulk: 1802-1865).
Accession 25342. 1.35 cubic feet.

Papers, 1775-1938, of the Gibson family of Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia, including booklets, correspondence, genealogy, newsclippings, ephemera, and financial materials. Topics covered in the correspondence pertain to financial affairs, marriages, health, births, deaths, social events, travel, and the education of the children. Of note are letters from former slaves of Martha Macmurdo Gibson's; correspondence, 23 June 1807, from Patrick Gibson concerning the trial of Aaron Burr; correspondence regarding secession and the Civil War; and letters, 1871, from Jubal Early to William Mahone regarding an article by Mahone in which negative comments were made about Early, Robert E. Lee, and other Confederate generals containing detailed information on Civil War battles, including Bristoe Station and Spotsylvania Court House. Papers include compositions, 1806-1808, by Martha Ann Elizabeth Macmurdo Gibson; military papers, 1903-1918, of John Hampden Chamberlayne; poems, 1809-1813, by John A. Blair; free negro certificates, 1851-1861; and recipes and medicinal cures, 1821-1886. Collection also contains genealogical information on the Gibson, Macmurdo, and Starke families.

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EAD Guide
Gill, E. H. Letter, 26 December 1862.
Accession 41957. 2 pages.

Letter, 26 December 1862, from E. H. Gill, superintendent for Richmond and Petersburg Railroad Company, to A. Donnan, Petersburg, Virginia, regarding the hiring of slaves to work on the railroad.

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Gillet, Charles A. Letters, 1864.
Accession 45423. 8 pages.

Letters, 1864, from Charles A. Gillet (1841-1917) of Company K, 148th New York Infantry, to his parents James McB. (1816-1884) and Eliza Gillet (1818-1887) of Ontario County, New York, discussing his reasons for enlistment and serving, camp life, and the effects of Francis J. Lee (ca. 1828-1864) who was killed in action.

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Gillet, John W. Papers, 1834-1872.
Accession 22407. 1 volume (40 leaves and 93 pages).

Papers, 1834-1872, of John W. Gillet (1823-1896) and the Wise family of Accomack County, Virginia, consisting of the accounts of John Cropper Wise (1808-1866), administrator of the estate of John James Wise (1794-1834) and guardian of John James (1830-1896), George Douglas (1831-1864), and William Gillet Wise (1833-1840). Also includes the papers of John W. Gillet (1823-1896), clerk of the Accomack County Court, and consists of a county court fee book, miscellaneous notes on court terms, a Virginia militia commission, oath of allegiance to the United States, receipts, memorandums of Union military units and of monies borrowed, release from a parole of honor for Gillet, petitions from inhabitants of Accomack and Northampton Counties to the Union commander of their military district, acts passed by the Virginia legislature to help loyal citizens, licenses granted by the United States to Gillet to again practice law, promissory notes, vote synopsis, militia roster, Fisher family genealogical chart, miscellaneous quotes and notes, and correspondence concerning runaways, John Brown and county matters.

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Gilliam, Joseph Simmons. Roster: Company G, 3rd Virginia Infantry Regiment, 1912.
Accession 25132. 4 pages.

Roster, 1912, compiled by Joseph Simmons Gilliam (d. 1915) containing the names of soldiers who served in Company G, 3rd Virginia Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America. Roster also provides rank, date of death, and other miscellaneous information concerning individual soldiers. The unit was mustered into service in Southampton County, Virginia, on 19 June 1861, under Captain Richard P. Clements. The company was also known as the Rough and Ready Guards.

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Gilmer, Thomas Walker. Letter, 22 April 186?.
Accession 25030. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter from Thomas Walker Gilmer to his mother, concerning family finances, and movements of the 20th Virginia Infantry.

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Given, J. W. Letter, 23 March 1862.
Accession 50679. 4 pages.

Letter, 23 March 1862, from J. W. Given of Company B, 63rd Pennsylvania Infantry, at Fortess Monroe to his family in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, describing his company's arrival at Fort Monroe, including a description of Hampton, Virginia, and the port of Hampton Roads; mentioning schools established for the African Americans at the fort; and commenting on the activities at the fort and the Union Army's preparations to move. Given also sends personal news and comments on his wedding anniversary.

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Given, J. W. Letters, 1862.
Accession 51307. 20 pages.

Letters, 1862, of J. W. Given (1816-1870) of Company B, 63rd Pennsylvania Infantry, consisting of three letters from Given to his family in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, describing army life, the weather, a religious revival in the 63rd Pennsylvania, a description of the town of Hampton, Virginia, after it had been burned; the army at Fort Monroe, the army's departure from the Peninsula, and war souvenirs; and a letter to Given from Anna Given providing family and local news, as well as details on how the war is affecting the local community, and news accounts of the war in the west.

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Givens family. Papers, 1862-1864.
Accession 24388. 5 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1864, of the Givens family of Craig County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 18 June 1862, from M. T. Shepard to James S. Givens (b. ca. 1816) informing Givens of the deaths of his sons William Irvin (ca. 1840-1862) and John M. Givens (ca. 1842-1862) at the battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), informing Givens of how things look for the Southern cause, and asking Givens to encourage his county recruiter; a letter, 27 August 1864, from George E. Givens (1843-1915) of Company K, 46th Virginia Infantry, to his father describing fighting during the siege of Petersburg, Virginia; and a list and account, 3 April 1864, of pay and clothing of Samuel H. Taylor, and George E. Givens of Company K, 46th Virginia Infantry, and Shadrack T. Kellam of Company F, 46th Virginia Infantry, including a physical description of the three soldiers. The letter of George E. Givens to his father is not completely legible.

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Glatthaar, Joseph T., editor. Confederate military manuscripts. Series D, Holdings of the University of Virginia Library, Part 1, Albemarle County Historical Society Papers to Sergeant H. B. Johnston Confederate Furlough Papers.
Accession 38804 Miscellaneous reels 2620-2636.. 17 reels. Microfilm.

Collection contains papers of or concerning soldiers or adjunct staff in the Confederate States Army and Navy both in Virginia and in other Southern states. Papers primarily concern the Civil War era, but also contain material concerning the prewar and Reconstruction eras. Some of the papers within this collection are named for the individual collectors who compiled the documents after the war.

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Glesnear, Philip. Letter, 29 May 1865.
Accession 39596. 2 leaves.

Letter, 29 May 1865, from Philip Glesnear of Company F, 3rd New York Cavalry, in Richmond, Virginia, to John [-----], regarding friends and the occupation of Richmond by Union troops.

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Goad, Aaron. Address book, 1865.
Accession 22476. 1 volume (48 pages).

Address book, 1865, of Aaron Goad (1837-1915) of Company G, 54th Virginia Infantry, and Carroll County, Virginia, containing the names, ranks, units, and addresses of himself and his fellow inmates incarcerated at Fort Delaware military prison.

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Golladay, Jacob Burner. Letter, 8 May 1863.
Accession 34633. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 8 May 1863, from Jacob Burner Golladay (1838-1874) of Company B, 33rd Virginia Infantry near Frederickburg, Virginia, to his brother David Golladay (1826-1895), Shenandoah County, Virginia, describing the action seen by his company during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He states that he was slightly wounded in the leg, that General A. P. Hill (1825-1865) was wounded and that General Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863) lost his right arm. Golladay provides a list of losses from his company.

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Goodman, George Augustus. Papers, 1852-1876.
Accession 25027. 21 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1852-1876, of George Augustus Goodman, including diploma and letters of recommendation, 1852-1869, from Virginia Military Institute; teacher certificates and agreements, 1870-1876, from Louisa County, Virginia; certificate of election, 1870, to Justice of the Peace, Louisa County; appointment, 1860-1862, to the militia in Louisa County, Virginia; appointment, 1863, as Lieutenant Colonel of the 13th Virginia Regiment; Confederate loyalty oath, 1864; and oath of allegiance to the government of the United States, as well as a certificate of release as a prisoner of war, 24 July 1865.

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Goodwin, Mary B. Papers, 1860-1890.
Accession 27846. 3 volumes and 41 pages.

Papers, 1860-1890, of Mary B. Godwin (b. 1844) of Wytheville, Virginia, consisting of a diary, 1860-1867; letters, 1877-1890; and a religious essay.

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Goodwin, William H. Parole, 10 April 1865.
Accession 25919. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Parole, 10 April 1865, of William H. Goodwin of Company F, 24th Virginia Cavalry, signed by Colonel W. T. Robins, Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

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Gookin, Hugh S. Letter, 3 December 1863.
Accession 31661. 9 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 3 December 1863, from Hugh S. Gookin (b. ca. 1843) of the Washington Artillery at Petersburg, Virginia, to an unknown recipient discussing his efforts to avoid conscription and join Colonel John S. Mosby’s (1833-1916) Rangers before finally enlisting in the Washington Artillery in Petersburg, Virginia. He describes his fellow artillerists as clever and intelligent, but immoral and profane, and notes that discipline is loose. Gookin states that as the Washington Artillery is part of General James Longstreet’s Corrps, it might be sent west to the Army of Tennessee where Longstreet’s Corps was and serve under General Braxton Bragg. Gookin then notes that Bragg has been replaced by General Joseph E. Johnston. Gookin also describe his trip home to Bristoe Station in Prince William County, Virginia, before his enlistment.

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Gordon, John D. Letter, 27 December 1864.
Accession 45545. 1 leaf.

Letter, 27 December 1864, from by John D. Gordon (1829-1914) of Norfolk, Virginia, while a prisoner at Point Lookout, Maryland, to his cousin. Gordon inquires about friends and family, and mentions the lack of mail he has received.

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Gottlieb, J. Confederate miscellany, 1861-1865.
Accession 22812. 15 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Miscellaneous items, 1861-1865, containing correspondence, 1861-1863, consisting of letters discussing J. Gottlieb's enlistment in the Confederate army, Green Berry Pockress’ (d. 1862) service in the 12th Alabama Infantry and his death in battle, and Major Hermann Hirsch’s complaint against a brigade quartermaster; orders, 1861, issued by Colonel William M. Levy, 2nd Louisiana Infantry, concerning L. Flourney’s appointment as adjutant, drills, and respect for civilian property; circulars, 1861 and 1865, concerning transportation and ordnance; receipt for gold turned over to the United States; and a broadside containing Rabbi Maximilian J. Michelbacher’s “The Prayer of the Confederate Soldier.”

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Graham, Virginia. Confederate cemetery records: Spring Hill Cemetery, Huntington, West Virginia.
Accession 32601. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Register of soldiers buried in the Confederate Plot of Spring Hill Cemetery, Huntington, West Virginia, compiled by Virginia Graham. Includes transcription of a memorial tombstone.

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Grand Army of the Republic. E. K. Wilcox Post (Springfield, Mass.). Scrapbook, 1910.
Accession 31524. 1 volume.

Scrapbook, 1910, by the E. K. Wilcox Post (Springfield, Massachusetts) of the Grand Army of the Republic commemorating a vist to Springfield by the A. P. Hill Camp (Petersburg, Virginia) of the United Confederate Veterans. Scrapbook contains brochures, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, and photographs of the A. P. Hill Camp’s visit and participation in a July 4th parade. Also contains photographs of the Massachusetts memorial placed at the Petersburg battlefield.

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Grant, Ulysses S. Letter, 9 April 1865.
Accession 22623. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Letter, 9 April 1865, from Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), General, commanding the Armies of the United States and with the Army of the Potomac, to Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), General, commanding the Army of Northern Virginia, informing Lee of the terms upon which Grant will accept surrender of Lee’s army.

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Grant, Ulysses S. Letter, 9 April 1865.
Accession 26764. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 9 April 1865, from Ulysses S. Grant to Robert E. Lee, stating the terms under which Grant will receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia.

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Gray, G. D. Letter, 12 February 1861.
Accession 42029. 4 pages.

Letter, 12 February 1861, from G. D. Gray, Culpeper County, Virginia, including a flyer from James Barbour of Culpeper County. Barbour was a delegate to the Virginia secession convention. In his letter Gray speaks of his distrust of Barbour and his thoughts on the possiblity of war.

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Gray, Robert Harper. Letters, 1862, 1953.
Accession 24072. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Letters, 1862, of Robert Harper Gray (1831-1863), lieutenant colonel of the 22nd North Carolina Infantry, consisting of a letter, 10 July 1862, from Gray to his father Alexander Gray (1768-1864) of Randolph County, North Carolina, describing the battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) and the Seven Days’ Battles, including performance of his regiment, regimental casualties, and Gray’s assessment of Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) and other generals in the Confederate army; and a letter, 22 June 1953, from John R. Peacock (1894-1970) of High Point, North Carolina, to N. H. Warriner of Henrico County, Virginia, containing information on Gray’s letter and on Daniel Harvey Hill.

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Greear, John. Letters, 1864.
Accession 26025. 12 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, March-November 1864, from John Greear (b. 1830), 8th Virginia Cavalry stationed in Tennessee and Virginia, to his wife. Topics include troop movements, camp life, food, and horses Greear traded. Greear also advises his wife on protecting the crops and family posessions from confiscation by the Confederate army and government.

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Green & Coleman (Lunenburg County, Va.). Account book, 1827-1864 (bulk: 1827-1829).
Accession 43842. 1 volume (15 pages).

Account book, 1827-1864, of Green & Coleman, a general store in Lunenburg County. It records the accounts of individual customers. Each account lists transactions in chronological order. Information found in each account includes dates of transactions, some merchandise sold, and the amount owed and paid. Merchandise sold includes sugar, whisky, brandy, molasses, ribbon, calico, sewing needles, and fishing hooks, among other items. Payments made by cash or barter. Also contains an entry on the death of Augustus Holley Coleman (d. 1864), a Confederate soldier in the Lunenburg 2nd Virginia Artillery Regiment. Also refered to as Allen's “Rebel” Artillery.

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Green, Ezra. Letters, 1861-1862.
Accession 51185. 8 pages.

Letters, 1861-1862, of Ezra Greene (1838-1889) of Company H, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, consisting of a letter, 15 August 1861, to his brother George C. Greene (1840-1911) of Kent County, Rhode Island, describing the difficulties of picket duty; construction of breastworks to protect Washington from Confederate attack; and complaints about rations and cooking his own food; and a letter, 14 December 1862, from A. E. Smith of Saratoga, Minnesota, to Greene containing news of mutual friends in Minnesota, Rhode Island, and the army; stating that he misses Rhode Island; commenting on Minnesota; and asking about the war, including about General Burnside.

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Greer, George. Diary, 1862-1863.
Accession 27677. 30 pages.

Transcript of the diary, 1862-1863, of George Greer, Company C, 58th Virginia Infantry. Topics include camp life, troop movements, biographical notes on Jubal Early, hospitality of homes visited, the Fredericksburg campaign in December 1862, and sketches of people he met. Also includes an obituary and reminscences of his schooling at Brookland School, Albemarle County, Virginia, and the beginning of the Civil War.

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Gregg, Theodore. Report, 9 August 1864.
Accession 25689. 10 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Report, 9 August 1864, of Captain Theodore Gregg, 45th Pennsylvania Infantry, to Colonel Zenas Bliss, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps consisting of a detailed report of the battle of the Crater (Petersburg, Virginia). Includes information on the participation of the 45th Pennsylvania Infantry and African American troops in the assault.

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Gregory, Henry Cassius. Letter, 24 July 1863.
Accession 42503. 2 pages.

Letter, 24 July 1863, from Henry Cassius Gregory (1843-1927), Staunton Hill Artillery at Camp Bruce, near Wilmington, North Carolina, to his sister Mary Stokes Gregory (1838-1864) in Lunenburg County, Virginia. He writes about the Tar River Bridge being burned, the health of his comrades from Lunenburg, his difficulty in receiving a furlough, the high cost of fruit in the area, and he inquires about their brother Edward Jackson Gregory (1833-1910).

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Griffin, Bradney B. Letter, 28 June 1863.
Accession 21737. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 28 June 1863, from Bradney B. Griffin (1843-1872), surgeon in the 1st New York Mounted Rifles, to an unknown correspondent describing efforts by the unit stationed at South Mills, North Carolina, to recapture 80 Confederate officers who had escaped while on their way to Fort Delaware. Also includes details about the residents and economic conditions of the area.

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Griffin, Sarah E. Georgia Confederate pension applications for the widow of a Confederate solder, 1894-1900.
Accession 31128. 7 leaves. Photocopies.

Pension applications, 1894-1900, of Sarah E. Griffin consisting of seven yearly applications for a pension from the state of Georgia.

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Grigsby, John Randolph. Accounts, 26 December 1863.
Accession 23478m. 1 leaf.

Accounts, 26 December 1863, of John Randolph Grigsby (ca. 1825-1868) of Clarke County, Virginia, for items bought from Henry P. (d. 1880) and B. F. Montgomery of the Red Bud Factory in Frederick County, Virginia.

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Grimsley family Papers, 1799-1885 (bulk: 1861-1866).
Accession 27129. .45 cubic feet.

Papers, 1799-1885, of the Grimsley family of Culpeper County, Virginia consisting of correspondence, 1861-1865, between Daniel A. Grimsley, Company B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, and Miss Bettie Browning, 1861-1865 concerning camp life, troop movements, and battles, including the 1st battle of Bull Run. Collection also contains an advertisement from Schoolfield and Watson (Danville, Virginia) chewing tobacco, currency, poetry, deeds for land in Culpeper and Orange Counties, Virginia, and miscellaneous envelopes. Also included is a small notebook containing several pages of memoranda relevant to school tuition and numerous comments on law.

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Grinnan, Cornelia. Letter, 12 September 1863.
Accession 20462. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 12 September 1863, from Cornelia Grinnan (1821-1864) of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, to George Douglas Campbell, Duke of Argyll (1823-1900) introducing to the Duke Dr. Albert Taylor Bledsoe (1809-1877) who is travelling to London, England on a mission for Confederate President Jefferson Davis (1808-1889). Grinnan also details the difficulties of civilian life around Fredericksburg, Virginia, after the battles there and at Chancellorsville, Virginia, in late 1862 and early 1863. She comments on Union cavalry raids in the area and the distruction of personal property. Grinnan states that despite reports in Northern newspapers, inhabitants are unable to get supplies from the Union army unless they take the oath of allegiance. A note on this photostatic copy indicates the letter was never delivered to the duke, and that the original was in possession of the Bledsoe family at the time it was lent for copying.

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Grisby[?], J. R. Receipt, 19 January 1863.
Accession 23478c. 1 leaf.

Receipt, 19 January 1863, for 5 sacks of salt from the Southern Express Company to J. R. Grisby[?] of Lynchburg, Virginia.

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Grogan, Charles E. Letter, 2 May 1887.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Letter, 2 May 1887, from Charles E. Grogan (1841-1922) to the Southern Historical Society, in which he praises the endurance shown by Confederate soldiers in the Civil War, and notes the imbalance of manpower and materials between North and South. Letter appears to have been an introduction to a reminiscence by Grogan on his escape from the Union prison at Johnson’s Island, Ohio, in the fall of 1863, and other vignettes from his war experience. These accounts are not included in the record.

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Groner, Virginius Despeaux. Letter, 16 February 1864.
Accession 41449. 3 pages.

Letter, 16 February 1864, from Colonel Virginius Despeaux Groner (1836-1903) of the 61st Virginia Infantry to his sister Elizabeth Groner (b. ca. 1842) concerning his clothes and coat and news that the Confederate government will possibly fill clerk positions with women. He also sends news of friends and personal news.

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Gross, John Papers, 1770-1862 (bulk: 1770-1816).
Accession 26087. 11 leaves and 12 pages.

Papers, 1770-1862, of John Gross of Washington County, Virginia, including accounts, receipts, affidavit of oath of Allegiance, tax levies and receipts, and a request, 1862, for exemption from military service. There is also a register, 1790-1816, of Meek family births and marriages.

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Grove, Thomas B. Letter, 3 March 1861.
Accession 23771. 2 pages. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 3 March 1861, from Thomas B. Grove of Charleston, South Carolina, to J. P. Hall of Boston, Massachusetts, concerning war preparations in Charleston, South Carolinians’ concern about Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), the expected arrival of Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), and Grove’s business.

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Gum, Elizzie. Letter, 16 April 1863.
Accession 25921. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 16 April 1863, to Otho Gum, from Elizzie H. Gum, Highland County, Virginia, concerning prices, crops, and other effects of the war on Highland County, Virginia.

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Gwynn, Walter. Order, 1 May 1861.
Accession 38096. 1 leaf.

Order, 1 May 1861, of Major General Walter Gwynn (1802-1882), Commander of Forces in Norfolk Harbor, directing Captain William McBlair (d. 1863) to take command of the batteries and guns on Craney Island.

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Gwynn, Walter. Letters, 1861.
Accession 38746. 3 leaves.

Letters, 1861, of Walter Gwynn (1802-1882), brigadier general commanding the defenses of Norfolk, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 25 May 1861, from William W. Lamb (1804-1874), mayor of Norfolk, to Gwynn and transcripts of letters, 20 May 1861, from Gwynn to R. S. Garnett (1819-1861), adjutant general of Virginia forces, and to Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), commander of the forces of Virginia, concerning an assault by Union vessels on an unfinished battery at Sewell’s Point and Gwynn’s defense of it during the early days of the Civil War. Also includes a photocopy of the first page of an article on the 1864 assault on Fort Fisher in North Carolina.

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Habersham, Richard. Letters, 1864.
Accession 23823. 26 pages.

Letters, 14-21 August and 17-18 September 1864, from Richard Habersham working at Howard’s Grove Hospital in Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War, consisting of a letter, 14-21 August 1864, to his sister discussing his duties in the hospital, news of battles, his social life, and his aspirations for the future; and a letter, 17-18 September 1864, to his mother describing his hospital duties and his daily routine.

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Hairston, George S. Pardon, 29 July 1865.
Accession 21399. 3 pages.

Pardon, 29 July 1865, from President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875), signed by acting Secretary of State William Hunter III (1805-1886), for George S. Hairston (ca. 1845-1876) of Henry County, Virginia, for supporting the Confederacy during the Civil War. Hairston’s name is spelled Harston on the pardon.

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Hall, Edward Octavus. Some recollections, for the family.
Accession 31096. 50 leaves. Photocopies.

Recollections, 1905, of Edward Octavus Hall (1837-1913) containing a copy of a manuscript autobiographical sketch written by Edward Octavus Hall in 1905 and copied in 1918 by Mary Hall Pinckney and a typescript of this sketch made by Professor E. Allan Brown in 1981. It contains genealogical information concerning the families of William Hall, M.D. (1789-1867) and his son, Edward O. Hall (1837-1913), of Charleston, South Carolina, the personal reminiscences of the latter; and information concerning the Pinckney, Poyas, and Simmons families of South Carolina. Of special interest is the Civil War service of Edward Octavus Hall who was present at the bombing of Fort Sumter in 1861, and was also stationed in Richmond, Virginia during 1864. Reminiscences include comments concerning race relations in South Carolina during Reconstruction in addition to the post-war farming and public service career of Edward Octavus Hall in Mount Pleasant, Berkeley County, South Carolina. The “Recollections” end in 1913 with some additional information supplied by Mary H. Pinckney.

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Hall, John W. Papers, 1863-1903.
Accession 36206 Miscellaneous reel 305. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1863-1903, of John W. Hall (d. 1894), Company F, 3rd Virginia Infantry Battalion, Local Defense Forces in Richmond, Virginia, and chief clerk in the Office of the Secretary of the Treasury, Confederate States of America, concerning his service in both. Included are a letter, May 1865, to Hall describing the situation in Richmond during and after the city’s evacuation by Confederate forces; and a copy of a letter, 2 April 1865, from Robert E. Lee to John C. Breckinridge providing instructions for the evacuation of Richmond. Some documents pertain to Hall’s post-Civil War life, including a letter, 1891, to his wife, Annie E. Hall, which indicates he was a treasurer for the Richmond and Danville Railroad Company.

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Hall, John. Military discharge, 1 August 1865.
Accession 30859. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

Military discharge, 1 August 1865, of John Hall, private in Company I, 7th West Virginia Cavalry. Hall was discharged in Charleston, West Virginia. There are two copies of this discharge.

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Hall, Leonidas. Statement concerning military service, 10 December 1922.
Accession 38962. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

Statement, 10 December 1922, of Leonidas Hall (b. 1846) of Dallas, Texas concerning his military service with the 43rd Alabama Infantry during the Civil War, the wound he sustained at the Battle of Sayler’s Creek, and his hospitalization at the military hospital at City Point, Virginia. Also included is a newspaper clipping commemorating his eighty-eighth birthday.

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Hall, Orrin S. Letters, May 1863.
Accession 38880. 16 leaves and 7 pages.

Letters, May 1863, from Orrin S. Hall (1816-1904) of Company I, 123rd New York Infantry, to Anson Ingraham (1811-1894) of Washington County, New York, consisting of letter, 5 May 1863, describing the battle of Chancellorsville focusing on the fighting in which the 123rd New York participated and including the casualties suffered by Hall’s company; and letter, 26 May 1863, again discussing the battle of Chancellorsville including comments on Union General Joseph Hooker, and Confederate General Stonewall Jackson, also commenting on the men of the regiment, and possible promotion. There are typescript copies of these letters. Collection also includes biographical sketch and obituary of Hall, copy of Hall’s portrait, and information on the 123rd New York infantry gathered by the donor from various published sources and websites.

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Haller-Gibboney family. Papers, 1786-1963.
Accession 37912 Miscellaneous reel 2293-2296. 4 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1786-1963, of the Haller-Gibboney family of Wythe County, Virginia, consisting of account books, appointments, Bible records, bonds, booklets, catalogs, check books, clippings, daybooks, invoices, judicial records, ledgers, letters, maps, military records, obituaries, pamphlets, plats, postcards, receipts, reports, tickets, year books, and other papers regarding the personal, professional, educational, social, and military activities of the Haller-Gibboney and related families, including Civil War service.

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Halley, John. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 36882. 28 pages.

Letters, 1863-1864, from John Halley, 36th Ohio Infantry stationed near White Oak Church, Falmouth, Belle Plain, Brandy Station, and Gaines’ Mill, Virginia, to sister Mary A. Halley of Xenia, Greene County, Ohio, concerning financial affairs, his lack of faith in the Union Army, his thoughts on re-enlistment, as well as family news, his health, and the weather.

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Hammond, Isaac. Collection, 1839-1875 (bulk: 1861-1865).
Accession 24335. .5 cubic feet.

Collection, 1839-1875, of Isaac Hammond of New York, a Union soldier who was stationed for a time in Richmond, Virginia, and gathered various documents from the files of Governors John Letcher and William Smith, the Virginia General Assembly, the Confederate Congress, the files of Confederate Senators James M. Baker of Florida and R. M. T. Hunter of Virginia, and the Confederate adjutant-general’s office. The material covers a wide range of subjects including the impressment of slaves for working on Confederate and local defenses, hospitals, the plights of women and children in Virginia during the Civil War, military defenses, supplies for various companies in the Confederate army, pay vouchers, military passes, military orders, and newspapers from Richmond, Virginia, Montgomery, Alabama, and Augusta, Georgia.

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EAD Guide
Hampton family. Papers, 1862-1869.
Accession 26345. 16 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1869, of the Hampton family of South Carolina, including a commission, 1862, of Thomas P. Hampton as first lieutenant. Of note are letters of condolence to Wade Hampton upon the death of his son, Thomas P. Hampton, in battle on 27 October 1864. Correspondencts include Robert E. Lee, Joseph E. Johnston, Ambrose P. Hill, Heros von Borcke, James Conner, John T. Darby, and William P. Johnston. Also includes a letter, 28 December 1869, from Jefferson Davis, regarding a holiday invitation.

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Hancock, Ammon Goode. Papers, 1865.
Accession 30365. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1865, of Ammon Goode Hancock (1815-1888) of Lynchburg, Virginia, consisting of a loyalty oath, 24 May 1865, made by Hancock, and a pardon, 26 June 1865, from Andrew Johnson (1808-1875), President of the United States.

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Hannah, George Baxter. Papers, 1864
Accession 42199. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Papers, 1864, of George Baxter Hannah (1843-1914) of Charlotte County, Virginia, and in Company B, 14th Virginia Cavalry, consisting of a note, 23 December [no year], containing his inaccurate premonition that he would be killed in an upcoming fight and commending himself to God; and a letter, 10 October 1864, to his mother detailing his movements, stating that John S. Mosby (1833-1916) held Union prisoners nearby, and mentioning General John McCausland (1836-1927).

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Hannah-Barksdale family. Papers, 1807-1865.
Accession 27858. .90 cubic feet.

Papers, 1807-1865, of the Hannah and Barksdale families of Charlotte County and Lynchburg, Virginia, and Kanawha County, West Virginia, including accounts, bills, correspondence, deeds, estate accounts, promissory notes, and receipts. Collection contains papers of Samuel Hannah and include accounts, bills for clothing and taxes, an estate account for his father-in-law, Grief Barksdale, and deeds for land in Madison County, West Virginia; business correspondences concerning his numerous ventures in the sale and trade of cotton, salt, and tobacco; monthly accounts on the sales and imports of cotton, tobacco, and other items into England; reports on additional duties placed on imports into England, and an annual report for the Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia..Collection includes letters to Charlotte Hannah, Kanawha County, West Virginia, from her sisters in Charlotte County and Lynchburg, Virginia, regarding family and social events.; papers of Claiborne G. Barksdale concerning accounts, a publication regarding Barksdale and Read, merchants in Richmond; family correspondence; papers of Grief Barksdale concerning accounts and promissory notes; correspondence; Scott family genealogy; and estate settlement of Anthony North; fire insurance policy of Nannie Barksdale from The Washington County (NY) Mutual Insurance Company; copy of the will of John Thornton Augustine Washington of Jefferson County; and notes relating to land in Mason County, West Virginia; poetry; weather predictions; and an agreement between James Crank and Isaac Read for land in Charleston, Kanawha County, West Virginia.

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EAD Guide
Hansbarger, John Hill. Papers, 1811-1949 (bulk: 1864-1865).
Accession 35209. 93 items. Photocopies.

Papers, 1811-1949 (bulk 1864-1865), primarily of John Hill Hansbarger (1815-1874) of Monroe County, West Virginia, including correspondence, deeds, a photograph of John Hill Hansbarger (1865), plats, promissory notes, and receipts. The correspondence and receipts primarily relate to Hansbarger’s work as a subsistence agent for the Confederate States of America, impressing meat and other foodstuffs for the army. The promissory notes are for land Hansbarger purchased. The deeds and plats primarily concern Hugh Caperton of Monroe County, West Virginia and involve land in Monroe County. The letter dated 1949 concerns the Hansbarger family genealogy..

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Hanscom, Isaiah. Letter, 3 January 1864.
Accession 45586. 2 pages.

Letter, 3 January 1864, from Isaiah Hanscom (1815-1880) at Norfolk, Virginia, to his father-in-law Joseph Frost (1791-1880) of Eliot, Maine, concerning Hanscom's work at the Norfolk Naval Yard and Commodore John W. Livingston (d. 1885), conditions in occupied Norfolk, African American troops, General Benjamin Butler (1818-1893), and family news. He mentions his wife Sarah (1812-1865) and son Meldon LeRoy (1843-1919).

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Harman, Edwin Houston. Letters, 1860-1864.
Accession 27935. 32 leaves Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1860-1864, from Edwin Houston Harman (1835-1864) of Tazewell County, Virginia, to his cousin Harriet Louisa Fudge (1842-1922) of Tazewell County, discussing life in Tazewell County; his wife, Jennie, and their two boys; Harriett’s brother Charlie; and other family and personal news. Harman also provides news about his regiment, the 45th Virginia Infantry, describing camp life and some of the fighting the regiment was involved in.

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Harman, Edwn Houston. Letter, 22 April 1863.
Accession 31088. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 22 April 1863, from Edwin H. Harman (1835-1864), Lieutenant Colonel of the 45th Virginia Infantry Regiment at Red Sulpher Springs, Virginia, to his cousin, Harriet Louisa Fudge, relating his boredom with army life and disappointment in the inability of his regiment to visit Tazewell in the foreseeable future. He writes about the welfare of his family and requests that she visit them if possible. Finally, he questions the conduct of the war and writes that the political tactics of the generals and leaders is making him doubt the patriotism in man.

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Harper, Charles L. Letters, 1864-1865.
Accession 30383. 9 leaves. Negative photostats.

Letters, 1864-1865, of Charles L. Harper of Company E, 19th Michigan Infantry, consisting of a letter, 8 August 1864, to an unknown recipient describing the Union army’s operations outside of Atlanta, Georgia; a letter, 29 September 1864, to an unknown recipient describing the conditions in Atlanta after its capture by Union troops; and a letter, 12 January 1865, to Frank detailing Sherman’s March to the Sea, the conditions of the countryside the army passed through, and the destruction of the Georgia railroads.

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Harper's Ferry Armory (U. S.). Inventories, 1 September 1861.
Accession 23476ad, 23476ae. 60 pages.

Inventories, 1 September 1861, of components, machinery, tools, and stock received by the State of Virginia from the ordnance stores at Harper’s Ferry Armory. Also includes a list of machinery and tools sent to Fayetteville, North Carolina and Tennessee by order of the Confederate States War Department. Inventories are signed by Josiah Gorgas, Chief of Ordnance for the Confederate States.

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Harris, Harry. Collection of miscellaneous Virginia manuscripts, 1759-1869.
Accession 19875. 24 items.

Collection, 1759-1869, compiled by Harry Harris containing various Virginia-related documents, mostly court records, from the 18th and 19th centuries. Items principally relate to Halifax County, Virginia, and include appointments and commissions for notaries and justices of the peace issued by governors of Virginia. There are also letters concerning justices of the peace, the Revenue Tax of 1793, and acts of the General Assembly regarding slaves and pensioners. Virginia Governors include John B. Floyd, John Tyler, James Monroe, James B. Preston, Frances H. Pierpont, John Page, Henry A. Wise, Joseph Johnson, and John Letcher. Other notable subjects are Beverly Barksdale, William Ceaser, Robert Gayle, James D. Hankins, Henry L. Hines, George C. Holt, Ezekiel Jacob, Samuel Jacob, James A. King, James Lawson, James S. Lovelace, John A. McCraw, Samuel P. Moore, Charles Scott, John B. Scott, John Sims, William H. Sims, and Thomas Tarpley. There is also a deed, 24 March 1796, from Ezekiel Jacob of Prince George County, Maryland, to Samuel Jacob of Anne Rundel County, Maryland, for 300 acres in Monongalia County, (West) Virginia.

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EAD Guide
Harris, Harry. Collection of Confederate reports and vouchers, 1862-1865 (bulk: 1862-1863).
Accession 19970. 1 leaf and 24 pages.

Collection of Confederate reports and vouchers, 1862-1865, gathered by Harry Harris of Richmond, Virginia, consists mainly of quartermaster records, unit strength reports, and individual soldiers’ pay vouchers for the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment, the 2nd Virginia Artillery Battalion, and the 22nd Virginia Infantry Battalion. The 2nd and 22nd Battalions were actually the same unit, which was organized in May 1862 from six companies in the 2nd Virginia Artillery Regiment. Also included is a unit strength report (morning report), 11 [or 18] April 1865 for a Georgia brigade commanded by Colonel Robert J. Henderson (1822-1891) in Major General Carter Littlepage Stevenson’s (1817-1888) Division of the Army of Tennessee. This brigade officially was known as Cummings’ Brigade.

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EAD Guide
Harris, Harry. Collection of Confederate pay vouchers, 1863.
Accession 19980. 44 pages.

Collection of Confederate pay vouchers, 1863, gathered by Harry Harris of Richmond, Virginia, and consisting of 22 pay vouchers for individuals in the 22nd Virginia Infantry Battalion including two surgeons, the 40th Virginia Infantry Regiment, and the 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment. All of the vouchers provide the amount of pay and the date range for which pay was received. Two of the vouchers, for Private William A. Binford (b. ca. 1843) and Private Thomas F. Drumwright (b. ca. 1820) of the 22nd Battalion, were issued as part of military discharges and also provide physical descriptions, places of birth, ages, and occupations for both men.

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EAD Guide
Harris, Harry. Collection, 1820-1871.
Accession 21828. 98 pages.

Collection, 1820-1871, of Harry Harris of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of papers, 1820-1853, relevant to the construction and maintainance of Fortress Monroe in Hampton Roads, consisting of correspondence, invoices, bills of lading, and memorandums to Colonel Charles Gratiot, Colonel Rene E. DeRussy, and Lieutenant Andrew Talcott, regarding Fortress Monroe in Hampton Roads; letters, 1861-1864, from both Confederate and Union soldiers to family and friends relating their experiences while in the army; a voucher, 2 July 1861, from Major James G. Field to Major J. E. Johnson for the latter’s services in the Provisional Army of Virginia; and miscellaneous correspondence, 1837-1871, consisting of a letter, 12 September 1837, from Ann G. O. Dick of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, to Jesse Keesee of Richmond, Virginia; a letter, 17 October 1847, from Truman Smith of Connecticut to W. W. Hatchett of Lunenburg County, Virginia; and a letter, 3 August 1871, from Sherman Burdick of Alleghany County, Virginia, to his cousin.

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Harris, John T. Papers, 1771-1937 (bulk 1850-1900).
Accession 37443, Miscellaneous reels 2147-2155. 9 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1771-1937, of United States Congressman John T. Harris of Rockingham County, Virginia, and family, and letters of Peyton Randolph and family. Harris’ political papers concern his service in Congress including during the secession crisis and includes correspondence, speeches, elections results, broadsides, and hand bills. Harris family personal papers include family correspondence, Harris’ law license, oath of allegiance, appointment as Virginia representative to the Columbian Exposition, autobiography, and will. Peyton Randolph letters dicuss the work of the Border Commission, Washington DC social life, and the Civil War. Collection contains Civil War military records, genealogical notes, Albemarle County legal documents, and other material concerning the Harris family and Peyton Randolph.

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EAD Guide
Harris, Solomon K. Papers, 1862-1870.
Accession 22648b. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1870, of Solomon K. Harris of Hanover County, Virginia, consisting of certification, 15 March 1862, by the Exemption Board of Hanover County as to the unfitness for military duty of Solomon K. Harris; and a promissory note, 1 January 1870, to Solomon K. Harris.

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Harris, T. M. Letter, 19 August 1897.
Accession 44910. 2 pages.

Letter, 19 August 1897, from Thomas Mealey (or Maley) Harris (1817-1906), Ritchie County, West Virginia, to John E. Roller (1844-1918) of Harrisonburg, Virginia, regarding a pamphlet Harris wrote alleging that the Catholic Church was involved in Abraham Lincoln’s (1809-1865) assassination and asking for a contribution for the pamphlet’s publicity.

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Harrison, B., Mrs. Lecture, The Fairfaxes of America, 1888.
Accession 36156 Miscellaneous reel 286. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Lecture, 1888, by Mrs. B. Harrison discussing the Fairfax family in the United States, descendants of Lord Thomas Fairfax of Virginia, was written for and read at a meeting of the New York Historical Society. It focuses on the family’s role in the Revolution, and describes the effect of the Civil War on the Fairfax family and their property.

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Harrison, Burton N. Papers, 1864-1866.
Accession 44265. 3 leaves and 36 pages.

Papers, 1864-1866, of Burton N. Harrison, while serving as private secretary to Jefferson Davis, concerning the Hampton Roads Peace Conference that took place 3 February 1865 near Fort Monroe, in Newport News, Virginia. Letters were all copied by Harrison from original correspondence in his possession and each letter is noted as such, often with additional information, by Harrison. Correspondents include Jefferson Davis, Frank P. Blair, Abraham Lincoln, Alexander Stephens, John A. Campbell, and R.M.T. Hunter. An itemized list of letters in the collection is included [Item 1] and each letter has a corresponding alphabetical delineation.

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Harrison, Charles V. Letter, 8 April 1862.
Accession 39984. 4 pages.

Letter, 8 April 1862, from Charles V. Harrison (ca. 1840-1863), 25th Ohio Infantry, stationed at Camp Milroy (or Cheat Summit Fort), in Randolph County, (West) Virginia, to his brother William H. Harrison. He describes being on scout duty, hiking through the rugged mountain terrain, rebel troop movements and skirmishes, and the capturing of prisoners.

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Harrison, John G., Mrs. Speech, 15 June 1909.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5258. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Speech, 15 June 1909, given to United Daughters of the Confederacy Stonewall Jackson Chapter 1135, New Orleans, Louisiana, by Mrs. John G. Harrison, historian of the chapter. The speech relates the history of the removal of Jefferson Davis’ name from the Cabin John Bridge and the campaign to have it restored.

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Harrison, John Oakley. Letters, 1864.
Accession 42718. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 4 and 27 December 1864, from John O. Harrison (1833-1884) of Wake County, North Carolina, serving in the 4th North Carolina Regiment of Home Guards in Lenoir County. Letter, 4 December 1864, to his father-in-law Green Lowry (ca. 1788-1872) concerning Harrison’s unit’s lack of rations and the poor drinking water, shortages of men, and his serving on picket duty and taking cover in breastworks. Letter, 27 December 1864, from Henry Addison Lowry (b. ca. 1822) to his wife Telitha A. Lowry (b. ca. 1828) commenting on enemy incursions, Federal boats landing at Wilmington, and he offers his wife encouragement and advice on raising their children. Letter includes a postscript from Harrison to his wife Martha C. Harrison (ca. 1830-1880).

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Harrison, Mary Bain. Collection of manuscript items, 1756-1865.
Accession 33794. 10 items.

Papers, 1756-1865, collected by Mary Bain Harrison (d. 1989) of Richmond, Virginia containing letters, 27 August and 10 September 1782, from James Madison (1751-1836), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Edmund Pendleton (1721-1803), Caroline County, Virginia, discussing a fugitive slave belonging to Pendleton's nephew, financial problems, and current events, including the court martial of Captain Richard Lippincott for the hanging of Joshua Huddy; the fragment of an address leaf directed to Edmund Pendleton, Caroline County, docketed Thomas Jefferson, May 12, 178[?]; copy of an account, 1761, taken from the book of proportions and signed by George Wythe (1726-1806), clerk of the House of Burgesses; deed, 27 August 1756, for land in Caroline and Albemarle Counties, buildings, livestock, and slaves, from Lunsford Lomax of Caroline County and Philip Grymes, Middlesex County, recorded by the General Court 21 August 1756; letter, 13 December 1842, from Mary T. Harrison, Hanover County, to her father Robert H. Harrison, King William County, describing her journey from King William County to Hanover County; letters, 1862-1864, from Andrew F. Goolsby, Company E, 46th Virginia Infantry, to his sister Ann E. McElsom, describing the Peninsular Campaign, the 1864 Valley Campaign, and Grant's siege of Petersburg; request, 21 January 1865, from John R. Woods to the treasurer of the Confederacy asking payment of interest on two Confederate States bonds; and birth, marriage, and death records of the Harrison family.

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Harrison, William N. Letter, 29 November 1862.
Accession 40494. 4 pages.

Letter, 29 November 1862, from William N. Harrison (b. ca. 1837), 10th New York Cavalry Regiment, being held at Camp Parole in Annapolis, Maryland, to his cousin Frank W. Gaylord (ca. 1832-1867) of Moreland, Schuyler County, New York. Harrison describes how he was captured near Fredericksburg, Virginia and taken to Richmond for six days before being paroled, the conditions he has been enduring, and the scarcity and prices of goods in Richmond. Also included is a transcription of the letter.

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Hart, James M. Papers, 1863-1864.
Accession 38603. 7 pages.

Papers, 1863-1864, of Confederate Private James M. Hart (1827-1889) of Crenshaw’s Artillery, including letter, 30 January 1863, from Louis Sleeper (b. 1828), Ward Master of Howard’s Grove General Hospital in Richmond, Virginia, to James O. Claybrooke asking him to report on James Hart’s wound and medical condition; a certificate, 9 January 1864, signed by Dr. J. A. Straith (1835-1872) attesting to James Hart’s poor health and recommending that he not report to duty; letter, 12 May 1864, from James Hart at Spotsylvania Court House to his mother Mary A. C. Hart concerning his military service activities, movements, and camp conditions, including detailed accounts of the marching rate kept by the soldiers, food preparation in camp, unit casualties, and Grant’s assault as perceived by Confederate soldiers.

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Hart, John. Collection of Confederate letters and receipts, 1860-1868.
Accession 20234. 19 leaves and 39 pages.

Papers, 1860-1868, collected by John Hart consisting of letters, petitions, affidavits, receipts, and treasury certificates and warrants. Collection includes papers of Timothy White of Company D, 61st Virginia Infantry, concerning charges of desertion and of fraud against White. Receipts to Dr. John C. Bragg of Petersburg, Amelia County, and Nottoway Counties, Virginia, for coal, hogs, and bacon supplied to the Confederate Army; payment of his taxes with corn, wheat, molasses, potatoes, peas and beans; and for delivery of iron to Dr. J.C. Bragg. Receipts to the estate of William A. Bragg of Nottoway County for payment of taxes with corn.Collection also includes warants on the treasurer of the Confederate States from James G. Paxton of Lynchburg, Virginia, to M. E. Price, assistant quartermaster, C.S.A. Papers of Green Hill of Petersburg, including a certificate for payment of $300 for Confederate bonds and receipts for payment of taxes on property in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.. Certificates of Confederate bonds to B. B. Arnold, Baughan and Richards in southwestern Richmond, and A. W. Daley of Augusta County, Georgia. Letter, 1860-1865 of John P. and David May concerning the price and availability of swords; a runaway slave; "Mt. Custis," the estate of Thomas Henry Bayly; and the Freedmen’s Bureau. Letter, 12 January 1868, from William Moore to Henry A. Wise concerning payment of a bill.

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EAD Guide
Hart, Lyndon H. Scenes from southern family life: the Ridleys of Rotherwood, Southampton County.
Accession 35653. 1 volume (111 pages). Photocopies.

Transcriptions of letters, 1857-1871, of the Ridley family of Southampton County, Virginia, among the collections of the Virginia Historical Society and Alderman Library at the University of Virginia, made by Lyndon Hart. Topics include family news and health, farming and plantation management at “Rotherwood,” events in Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia, activities and school life at Brookland School in Albemarle County, Virginia, Miss Pegram’s School in Richmond, as well as the University of Virginia, various Civil War troop engagements and movements around Craney Island, near Norfolk, Virginia, camp life, and the hardships incurred during and after the war.

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Hartsook, Daniel J. Papers, 1848-1879 (bulk: 1856-1864).
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4353. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1848-1879, of Daniel J. Hartsook, chiefly relating to his work at the Bank of Howardsville in Albemarle County, Virginia. Hartsook also served as agent and executor for Mary Walker Carter Cabell, wife of Joseph Carrington Cabell (1778-1856), and many letters between them are included. Also included are letters relating to his work as tax collector for the Confederate States, regarding the sale of slave, and a letter describing war conditions in Baltimore, Maryland, 1861.

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Hatcher, Charles S. Recollections of the Civil War, 1861-1865.
Accession 38168. 10 leaves.

Recollections, 1861-1865, compiled by Charles S. Hatcher for his father John Edmund Charles Lewis Hatcher (1843-1937), a Civil War Veteran of Summers County, West Virginia, recalling his service in the Civil War with Company I, 36th Virginia Infantry Regiment, and with Company G, 23rd Virginia Infantry Battalion. Hatcher served mainly in the Shenandoah Valley and what is now West Virginia. His unit also fought at Cold Harbor in Hanover County, Virginia. An introduction containing biographical sketches was written by J. A. Hatcher.

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Hawkins, John T. Parole and oath of allegiance, 10 April 1865.
Accession 24919. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative)

Parole and oath of allegiance, 10 April 1865, of John T. Hawkins (1830-1918) of Company C, 30th Virginia Infantry. The parole is signed by his commanding officer, Robert Chew (1828-1886).

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Hawthorn family. Letters, 1834-1864 (bulk 1834-1841)
Accession 24136. 29 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1834-1864, of the Hawthorn family of Lunenburg County, and Norfolk and Petersburg, Virginia, consisting of correspondence from Ann B. Hawthorn of Lunenburg County to her brother Thomas F. Hawthorn (ca. 1814-1842) containing personal and family news; correspondence from Thomas F. Hawthorn to Mary Lavina Butterworth Hawthorn (1820-1895) written during their courtship and after their marriage and containing personal news and news of his health; letters from T. H. Butterworth to Mary L. Hawthorn and from John W. Butterworth to Thomas F. Hawthorn containing family news; and a letter, 28 April 1864 from Captain Charles E. Waddell (1828-1874), Company H, 12th Virginia Infantry, concerning John William Hawthorn (1840-1898).

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Haynes family. Letters, 1861, 1869
Accession 37690. 20 pages.

Letters, 1861 and 1869, of the Hanes family of Buckingham County, Virginia, including letters from Garland Hanes (1831-1879) to his wife Mary E. Hanes (1837-1897), and from her to him. Letters concern Hanes’ service in the 20th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War and discuss the sending of ammunition to Manassas, troop movements, his tour in New Orleans and Jackson, Mississippi, the loss of prisoners, his impressions of General David Emmanuel Twiggs (1790-1862), and the battles at Rich Mountain and Laurel Hill, West Virginia in early July 1861; Mary Hanes’ visit to her parents; their children, farming activities, and the burning of the Buckingham County Court House.

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Hayward, Albert Morton. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 42185. 12 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, from Albert Morton Hayward (b. ca. 1841) of Company H, 7th Massachusetts Infantry, to his sister Martha L. Hayward (b. ca. 1845) consisting of a letter, 22 November 1862, from camp in Stafford County, Virginia, describing the countryside, the regiment’s march and picket duty, the weather, and dinner; and a letter, 24 May 1863, detailing Hayward’s reaction to fighting during the battle of Chancellorsville, including an injury to a finger, inquiring about his sister’s schooling, and providing news and details about camp life.

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Headley Kate Turner. Application: United Daughters of the Confederacy.
Accession 25691a. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Application form of Kate Turner Headley, daughter of Charles Blackwell Turner, Company C, 9th Virginia Cavalry, for the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

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Heiskell, William K. Telegram, 16 April 1861.
Accession 45572. 1 leaf.

Telegram, 16 April 1861, sent from Richmond, Virginia, addressed to Governor John B. Floyd (1806-1863) or William K. Heiskell (1814-1871) in Abingdon, and transcribed by Connally Trigg Litchfield (1829-1909), stating the number of troops that have landed at Fortress Monroe, the imminent arrival of President Jefferson Davis in Richmond, Governor John Letcher's proclamation that any citizens joining the Federal army will be considered traitors, warships are positioned off of Charleston harbor, and that the secession convention is in secret session. The time of the telegram's arrival in Abingdon is noted at the bottom by Heiskell.

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Henderson, George J. Letters, 1863-1865.
Accession 37639. 46 pages and 1 photograph.

Letters, 1863-1865, from George J. Henderson (b. ca. 1832), 126th Ohio Infantry, to his brother Reverend Samuel McFarren Henderson (1839-1879) discussing troop movements, battles and skirmishes, numbers of captured and those killed, his trip home while on furlough, religious life of the soldiers, the wound he sustained at The Wilderness, and his confinement at Mower Hospital in Philadelphia, health, weather, the destruction of Richmond, and his plans to return to Ohio following the war. Also included is a photograph of Henderson.

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Henderson, James A. Letter, 10 January 1862.
Accession 51182. 2 pages.

Letter, 10 January 1862, from James A. Henderson (b. ca. 1837), Company E, 5th Alabama Infantry, in Prince William County, Virginia, to his sister Malissa A. Henderson (b. ca. 1844) of Belmont, Sumter County, Alabama, writing about his health, his company and its health; asking how she is doing and how her Christmaswas; mentioning he is near the Manassas battlefield and how cold it is; and providing news of relatives and friends, including a death.

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Henderson, James A. Letter, 4 September 1861.
Accession 51308. 3 pages.

Letter, 4 September 1861, from James A. Henderson (b. ca. 1837) of the 5th Alabama Infantry in Fairfax County, Virginia, to his stepmother Obedience Henderson (1810-1881) in Belmont, Sumter County, Alabama, commenting on his and the family's correspondence, his health, and the health of his regiment. He adds news about a friend being thrown from a horse and asks for a coat. Includes an envelope addressed to Henderson's father, Lewis Henderson (1807-1884).

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Hendree, Edward P. Letter, 18 July 1861.
Accession 42024. 4 pages.

Letter, 18 July 1861, from Edward P. Hendree, Richmond, Virginia, to his mother C. P. Hendree, Tuskegee, Alabama. Topics include visits with friends and family in Richmond, touring the Virginia Library, Capitol, and Tredegar Iron Works, and his companies movements.

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Henkel family. Business records, 1838-1903.
Accession 28040. 15 cubic feet.

Business records, 1838-1903, of the Henkel family of New Market, Virginia, including accounts, cash books, daybooks, inventories, ledgers, and minute books. The records document the many business and agricultural interests of the family including a general store in New Market, farms, New Market River Bridge Company, mill in Plains Mills, and scales owned by several family members. General Store records include account books, cash books, day books, and ledgers containing name of customer, quantity of items purchased, amount owed and paid. Plains Mills records include account books, day books, and ledgers containing charges for the milling of corn and wheat and sawing of lumber, profit and loss statements, and wheat, flour, expense and cash accounts; names of workers, work performed, amount of time, and pay. Miscellaneous papers include account books, ledgers, and minutes for various companies that were partly owned by members of the Henkel family or family members served on the boards. Includes a ledger for a grocery run by Henkel and Joseph Tinsinger, in-law; saw mill accounts; scale ledgers; and a minute book of the New Market River Bridge Company.

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EAD Guide
Henkel family. Letters, 1861-1864.
Accession 37886. 5 leaves and 42 pages.

Letters, 1861-1864, of the Henkel family of New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia. Most of the letters are written to Casper Coiner Henkel (1835-1903), a surgeon who served in the 37th Virginia Infantry. Topics deal mostly with the Civil War, including Dr. Casper Henkel’s rank and assignments, his experiences in treating the sick and wounded, as well as comments on troop movements, especially around Winchester, Virginia, the status of the Confederate currency, conscription, the behavior of the Union troops, and reports of the deaths of General McClellan and General Stonewall Jackson. Other subjects include family news, social life, health, and religion.

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Henkel family. Reminiscences, 1862-1864
Accession 43766. 1 leaf. Photocopies.

Reminiscenes, 1862-1864, of the Henkel family of New Market, Virginia, concerning the arrival of Union troops in town. Includes several entries regarding troop arrivals and departures throughout the war, including the burning of barns and mills by General Sheridan’s army in 1864.

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Henkel, John C. Letters, 1898-1909.
Accession 33612. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1898-1909, from John C. Henkel of Waynesboro, Virginia, and L. P. Henkel of Newmarket, Virginia, to John Henry Argabright of Coryell County, Texas, concerning Argabright’s service in the Confederate Army certifying that he served in Company H, 10th Virginia Cavalry, and was wounded and captured at Petersburg, Virginia.

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Henkel, Siram Peter. Journals, 1842-1878.
Accession 50109. 9 volumes.

Journals, 29 April 1842 to 14 January 1878, of Siram Peter Henkel (1809-1878) of Plains Mill, Rockingham County, Virginia. There are nine journals, numbered 8 to 16. Most of the entries relate to Henkel's farming, milling, and sawing activities, most of which were undertaken by hired labor or "hands." Other subjects include attending church services, marriages and deaths of family and friends, social activities, politics, and Civil War skirmishes and battles near his property. The last volume ends shortly after Henkel's Plains Mill property was severely damaged by a flood.

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Henninghausen, C. A. Reminiscences, 24 April 1906.
Accession 25649. 3 leaves. Photostats.

Reminiscences, 24 April 1906, of C. A. Henninghausen (1835-1926) of Richmond, and Company K, 15th Virginia Infantry, describing a march from Yorktown, Virginia, to Williamsburg, Virginia, in June 1861 and commenting on the conditions and the hospitality that he and his comrades found in Williamsburg.

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Henry County (Va.) Circuit Court. Election Records, 1863 and undated.
Accession 40076. 8 pages.

Henry County, Virginia, Election Records, 1863 and undated. Collection contains a poll taken at Irisburg for Delegate to the Virginia Legislature in May 1863; a poll held at Oak Level for Governor of Virginia, May 1863; a poll taken for the House of Delegates for Henry County, undated; and a poll taken for the State Senate for the Patrick, Henry, and Franklin Senatorial District, undated.

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Henry County (Va.) Circuit Court. Provisions for Families of Indigent Soldiers, 1863-1864.
Accession Local Government Records, Henry County. .7 cubic feet.

Henry County, Virginia, Provisions for Families of Indigent Soldiers, 1863-1864, is primarily made up of reports of indigent soldiers’ families. These reports include the names of soldiers and family members, the amount of money or supplies provided to each family, and the use for which the money was intended. Also included are lists of soldiers’ families, receipts for provisions purchased and accounts of overseers demonstrating funds distributed in various county districts and details about the families living in those districts. Information included in the accounts include number and age of children, economic state and health of family (e.g. “she is poor, lives with her father” or “in good condition-dropped from list”) and details about the soldiers. The reports and receipts record that funds were to be used for specific foods such as bacon, wheat, beef, flour and corn.

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Henry County Bicentennial Commission (Henry County, Va.). The Bicentennial collection, 1777-1904.
Accession 34040 Miscellaneous reel 1102, 1103. 26 volumes or 2 reels.

Collection, 1777-1904, of the Henry County, Virginia, Bicentennial Commission consisting of microfilm copies of twenty six volumes arranged roughly by subject. Information was abstracted from Henry County, Virginia, court order minute books and loose papers and information contained in the volumes is summarized as follows: Volume 1 Courthouse, Clerk’s office, jail, Volumes 2-7 county officers; Volume 8 births, vital statistic recapitulations, lunatics; Volume 9 pedlars’ licenses, newspapers, post offices, manufactures, railroads; Volume 10 inns, ordinary rates, places of entertainment; Volume 11 liquor, distillery, soft drink licenses; Volume 12 Bastard and orphan children, overseer of the poor; Volume 13 slave and free black records; Volume 14 crimes and punishments; Volume 15 miscellaneous records; Volume 16 veterans; Volumes 17-19 Civil War; Volume 20 Martinsville officers, and ordinances; Volumes 21-23 Martinsville tax records; Volume 24 Martinsville streets, schools, etc.; Volume 25 Martinsville accounts and assessors reports; Volume 26 Henry County and Martinsville miscellany.

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Henry, Mathis Winston. Confederate record, 28 January 1932.
Accession 20392. 5 leaves.

Confederate record of Mathis Winston Henry (1838-1877) of Bowling Green, Kentucky compiled by Juliette Burwell Henry Jones, 28 January 1832. Record details Henry’s service in the artillery of the Confederate Army, including as a captain in Stuart’s Horse Artillery under Major John Pelham (1838-1863), as a major in Hood’s Artillery, and as a lieutenant colonel serving in the western Confederate army. Henry’s record is drawn from several sources including Jennings Cropper Wise’s (1881-1968) The Long Arm of Lee, Adjutant General Charles Higbee Bridges (1873-1948) of the War Department, Colonel Charles McKnight Loeser (1838-1896), and Susan Randolph Burwell Henry.

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Herndon, Brodie. Letters, 1863-1865.
Accession 25837. 9 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1863-1865, from Brodie Herndon to James Minor consisting of a letter, 12 August 1863, from Johnson’s Island Prison, Ohio, regarding medical advice on a patient of Herndon’s; and a letter, 26 May 1865, containing descriptions of the occupation and burning of Richmond, and the reaction of slaves to the end of the war. Other topics include opinions on the Civil War and the health and location of family members and friends serving with the Confederate Army.

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Hewitt, Charles L. Letter, 8 August 1862.
Accession 50030. 4 pages.

Letter, 8 August 1862, from Charles L. Hewitt (1843-1932) of Company E, 7th Connecticut Infantry, on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, to his parents in Connecticut, discussing camp life, the weather, rations, and other information. He notes that Confederate troops are on nearby islands and comments on soldiers in the company who have been promoted or wounded.

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Heywood, Franklin. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 25724. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1862-1863, from Franklin Heywood, while stationed in Virginia and South Carolina, to his cousins. Topics include camp life, troop movements, health, and family.

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Hibbas, B. H. Letter, 20 October 1864.
Accession 30384. 2 leaves Photostats (negative).

Letter, 20 October 1864, from Nick [-----] to B. H. Hibbas describing a Union raid on the King Salt Works near Saltville, Virginia. Nick also comments on the presidential election of 1864, commenting that he prefers Democratic Party candidate George B. McClellan to Abraham Lincoln, whom Nick believes pays too much attention to African Americans.

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Hickin, Patricia P. Papers, 1978.
Accession 30233. .30 cubic feet.

Papers, 1978, of Patricia P. Hickin (1929-) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of a rough draft of chapters for Fairfax County Virginia: A History, written by Hickin and other authors. Hickin’s draft outlines the history of Fairfax County from 1840 to 1870, and discusses the agricultural, economic, political, and social history of the county. She details the county’s agricultural revival and economic expansion, slavery, religion, and education. Hickin also discusses events in Fairfax County during the Civil War, including its occupation by the Union Army, its role in the Unionist Virginia government led by Francis Pierpont (1814-1899), and raids by Confederates led by John S. Mosby (1833-1916). Hickin concludes with Reconstruction and how it affected Fairfax County. There are also endnotes for the chapters of the draft.

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Hicks, F. Y. Letter, 18 July 1862.
Accession 50837. 1 leaf.

Letter, 18 July 1862, from F. Y. Hicks (1838-1912), Company D, 15th North Carolina Infantry, near Richmond, Virginia, to his father Durham Hicks (b. ca. 1803), Cleveland County, North Carolina, informing them that the Union army is unlikely to advance on Richmond again; that the North Carolina regiments are awaiting the arrival of conscripts; and that he has written many letters home, but han't heard from home. Hicks asks about how the farm is doing.

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Hicks, John F. Letter, 2 January 1865.
Accession 50033. 1 leaf.

Letter, 2 January 1865, from John F. Hicks (ca. 1832-1892), while he was being held prisoner at Point Lookout, Maryland, to his cousin, requesting money.

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Highland County (Va.). Circuit Court. Lists of Families of Indigent Soldiers, ca. 1862-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Highland County. 2 pages.

Highland County, Virginia, Lists of Families of Indigent Soldiers, ca. 1862-1865, are two lists of indigent families whose husbands were in the Confederate Army or who have died or been disabled in the service of the Confederate States of America. Each list includes the name of the head of household (the soldier or widow) and the number of people in the family. The lists are divided by district.

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Hileman, Daniel Jacob. Letter, 6 November 1861.
Accession 39718. 2 pages.

Letter, 6 November 1861, from Daniel Jacob Hileman, camped at Centersville, to his brother, Philip Hileman, describing Stonewall Jackson’s farewell his troops after his assignment to the Army of the Valley. Other topics include camp life, supplies, and finances.

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Hileman, Daniel Jacob. Letter, 4 August 1861.
Accession 43699. 2 pages.

Letter, 4 August 1861, from Daniel J. Hileman (1836-1903), 27th Virginia Infantry, near Centreville, Virginia, to his father Daniel Hileman (1804-1870), Lexington, Virginia. He writes about the destruction in the surrounding area, and using fencing for firewood. Other topics include his health, requests for certain items from home, and finding enemy gun cartridges.

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Hill, D. H. Letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 24825. 17 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1862-1864, from General D. H. Hill (1821-1889) to Robert L. Dabney (1820-1898), chaplain in the Army of Northern Virginia, consisting of letter, 26 March 1862, encouraging Dabney to serve the army as a chaplain and join Hill’s division, criticizing regimental chaplains and surgeons, and commenting on the Valley campaign of General Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863); letter, 7 June 1863, lamenting the recent death of Jackson, commenting on army chaplains, expressing concerning about religious life in the army, and stating his failing optimism for winning the war; letter, 14 July 1864, reminiscing about Stonewall Jackson in the Mexican War and at the Virginia Military Institute; letter, 19 July 1864, concerning Jackson and the battle of Antietam; and letter, 21 July 1864, discussing Jackson and the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

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Hill, D. H. Papers, 1860-1888.
Accession 32032. 5 cubic feet. In part photostats.

Papers, 1860-1888, of D. H. Hill (1821-1889) of North Carolina, Arkansas, and Georgia, who served as a general in the Confederate army during the Civil War. The bulk of the papers contains Hill’s wartime correspondence concerning his participation in the Peninsular Campaign; the battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines); the Seven Days’ battles; the Maryland Campaign of 1862, including the battles of South Mountain and Antietam; the battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga; the Siege of Petersburg; and the battle of Bentonville. Also his commands of a division in the Army of Northern Virginia and a corps in the Army of Tennessee as well as his command of the Department of North Carolina. Papers cover Hill’s dispute with General Braxton Bragg and dismissal from active command after the battle of Chickamauga and his subsequent correspondence with General Samuel Cooper regarding his efforts to be given a new command. Papers contain information on troop movements and strategy; on prisoner exchanges; and on the use of African American labor by the Confederate armies. Hill’s post-war correspondence concerns reminiscences of Hill’s correspondents regarding the Civil War, especially concerning the battles of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) and the Maryland Campaign. Collection also contains depositions regarding William T. Sherman’s March through the Carolinas and the burning of Columbia, South Carolina. Papers consist of correspondence, maps, orders, telegrams, battle reports, and speeches.

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Hill, D. H. Papers, 1816-1945
Accession 37570 Miscellaneous reel 2156-2158.. 3 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1816-1945, of D. H. Hill (1821-1889), of North Carolina, Arkansas, and Georgia, consisting of military papers and correspondence including commissions, orders, troop returns, and maps; academic correspondence and papers from Hill’s time as a professor of mathematics at Washington College (now Washington and Lee University) in Lexington, Virginia, and at Davidson College in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, and from his tenure as president of Arkansas Industrial University (now the University of Arkansas) in Little Rock, Arkansas, and as president of the Georgia Military and Agricultural College in Milledgeville, Georgia; personal correspondence with family, friends, and former collegues of the Confederate army, containing reminscences of service in the Mexican and Civil Wars, and personal business; also includes receipts, articles, clippings, poetry, essays, deeds, drawings (including one of the North Carolina Military Institute), transcripts, subscription lists to Hill’s magazine Land We Love, obituaries (including one of Hill), speeches, reports, and letter books. Also includes correspondence to his son, Joseph M. Hill of Little Rock, Arkansas, concerning his father’s military reputation.

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Hill, Jacob. Abstracts of payments, 1862.
Accession 20872. 9 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Abstracts of payments, March-July 1862, made by Captain Jacob Hill to officers in the 31st Virginia Regiment and other regiments. Abstracts list date, name of officer, rank, regiment, dates pay covers, and amount of pay.

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Hill, James Beverly. Letters, 1864.
Accession 42554. 4 pages.

Letters, 16 October. and 3 November 1864, from James Beverly Hill (d. 1890) of Company D, 53rd Virginia Infantry Regiment, to Mollie Slaughter of King William County, Virginia. In Hill’s first letter, he tells of his company being ordered to Chaffin’s Bluff, Henrico County, Virginia, where they participated in two charges, one involving the re-taking of a fort that had been captured by the Union Army. Having then moved on to Dutch Gap in Chesterfield County, Hill mentions the Union Army’s ongoing construction of a canal nearby, and anticipates “hurting times” ahead. The second letter, also written from Dutch Gap, focuses mainly on news of King William County friends.

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Hill, Rowland. Diary, 1864.
Accession 34279. 1 volume (83 leaves). Photocopies.

Diary, 1864, of Rowland Hill living in Washington D.C., Norfolk, Virginia, and with the Union Army near Bermuda Hundred and Petersburg, Virginia, detailing his life in Washington and Norfolk, including mentioning trips to Baltimore, Maryland; New York, New York; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; describing his eventually successful efforts to secure a position as sutler for various Union regiments; recounting his time as sutler for various regiments near the front lines of Bermuda Hundred and Petersburg; and commenting on fighting between Union and Confederate troops that he witnesses. He mentions frequent visits with his friend Dr. T. M. Hills, staying in Norfolk, then an embalmer for the Union Army, and correspondence with Miss Rosalie F. Davis of New York to whom he gave his property if he died. Also includes a list of goods received of Mr. Wiggins; addresses of his suppliers, other sutlers, and wagonmasters; and the hours of the boat operating between Norfolk and Fort Monroe.

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Hilliard, Louis Daniel. Papers, 1913-1972.
Accession 27714. 4 leaves.

Papers, 1913-1972, of Louis Daniel Hilliard, including his reminiscences of a reunion held at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in 1913, of Confederate and Union soldiers from the Civil War. Also includes a letter, 5 March 1972, from Frances Healy Reinecke, granddaughter of Hilliard, to the state archivist, providing some biographical information on Louis Daniel Hilliard.

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Hill-Tunstall family. Papers, 1797-1895.
Accession 31239. 144 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1797-1895, of the Hill-Tunstall family of Caroline County, Virginia, consisting of correspondence, deeds, estate papers, genealogical notes, poetry, promissory notes, receipts, and scrapbooks. Deeds, 1797-1880, contain deeds for property sold in King William County, Virginia, and deeds for property sold in Caroline County between the Hill and Tunstall families, including the Tunstall home “Elsen Green” and slaves; promissory note, 8 December 1859, to the executor of Henry Hill, deceased; estate records, 12 February 1864, noting that Philip Samuel, trustee for Elizabeth Hill, widow of Edwin Hill, and her children, has received bonds for payment of debts owed by Edwin Hill; receipts for the purchase of a slave by Henry Hill; receipts for the purchase of stock by Richard G. Tunstall; receipt from the Confederate quartermaster to William B. Flournoy for salt pork; and receipts to Archibald Samuel for the payment of taxes in Caroline County in 1889 and 1894. Correspondence, 1820-1863, of the Hill and Tunstall families containing personal, family, and social news, including Henry Hill’s letters to his daughter Jane G. Hill (Tunstall) concerning her education and the purchase of shoes, letters to and from Maria Emily Tunstall while at school, and a letter discussing events in Caroline County during the Civil War. Papers also include genealogical notes on the Hill, Tunstall, and Samuel families, including a sketch of Humphrey Hill; a scrapbook book of Richard G. Tunstall of Richmond, Virginia, containing personal accounts, clippings, poems, and medical and food recipes; and poems.

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Hines, Thomas J. Letters, 1861-1865.
Accession 45435. 73 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1861-1865, from Thomas J. Hines (1826-1912), Company D, 38th Virginia Infantry, to his wife, Nancy Breedlove Hines, on the First Battle of Bull Run; marching in retreat from Manassas, March 1862; engaging in battle at Yorktown and Williamsburg, April and May 1862; advice for managing the family farm and slaves; troop movements, camp life, and the lack of proper nourishment; the Second Battle of Bull Run; and the depressed spirits of the Confederate Army as it becomes clear that they cannot win the war. Also included are a letter, May 1862, to Hines from his wife; his honorable discharge, September 1862; his pass after being paroled at Appomattox Court House, April 1865; a photograph of Hines in uniform, a photograph of his grave; an obituary he wrote for his brother, Henry; clippings; and miscellaneous information about Hines.

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Hines-West family. Papers, 1909-1951.
Accession 42677. .175 cubic. feet.

Papers, 1909-1951, of the Hines-West family of Nottoway County, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1909, from Walter P. Hines (d. 1936) travelling in Europe to his father John H. Hines (d. ca. 1918) describing his travels in London, England, and in Florence and Naples, Italy; letters, 1912-1913, to Martha E. Hines (d. by 1936) of Nottoway County from Beverley Randolph and R. L. Pilkinton of the Avondale Land Company of Richmond, Virginia, concerning commissions from sale of lots; papers,1918-1921, consisting of a letter from Richard B. Owen of Washington D.C. to John H. Hines concerning a patent on a bathing apparatus and an account of John H. Hines’ estate; papers, 1936-1940, concerning the estate and heirs of Walter P. Hines of Atlanta, Georgia; letters, 1951, concerning the distribution of a portion of the estate of Josepha Margaret Kingman to the heirs of of Hortense Wise Hines (d. 1935) through the estate of Walter P. Hines; letter, no date, containing Civil War reminiscences from Highland County, Virginia; article, no date, titled “Trials of a Country Newspaper Correspondent” short stories by Alice Allen Hines; certificate from the Women’s Missionary Union, Southern Baptist Convention, to Mrs. G. M. (Whittier Hines) West; diploma, 18 April 1912, from the National Cooperative Realty Company to John H. Hines; and a copy of the Declaration of Independence.

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Hirsh, Isaac. Diaries, 1861-1863.
Accession 27689, 28104. 18 leaves and 2 volumes (55 leaves). Accession 27689, photoccopies. Accession 28104, photostats (negative).

Diaries and account book, 1861-1863, of Isaac Hirsh. Diaries record the life of a soldier including descriptions of camps and marching, including entries about his experiences in the rear during the First Battle of Bull Run, in the frontline during the Battle of Antietam, and the trip home after the Battle of Antietam. Account book consists of “articles” (supplies and goods) bought by Isaac Hirsh and B. Goldsmith including hardware, drugs and medicine, clothing, food, and “queensware” such as plates, cups, and dishes.

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Historic Crab Orchard Museum (Tazewell, Va.). Papers, 1598[?]-1922.
Accession 34648 Miscellaneou reel 1177. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1598[?]-1922, of the Historic Crab Orchard Museum in Tazewell County, Virginia, consisting of letters, marriage bonds, legal documents and miscellaneous papers concerning individuals primarily in and around Tazewell County. Papers include many Civil War letters of the Harman family including Lieutenant Colonel Edwin H. Harman, Jinnie King Harman and Sallie Banes Harman, and Harriet Fudge; letters of the Preston family, The Tynes family, Jubal A. Early, Wade Hampton, Thomas Hart Benton, Benjamin Watkins Leigh, M. C. Lee, and Isaac Shelby; an 1848 Fourth of July address to the Washington Artillery; a list of owners of rifles in Sullivan County, Tennessee; a ca. 1598 English deed; Tazewell County marriage bonds 1804, 1837; and legal documents including articles of agreement.

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Hite, Ambrose M. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 50971. 6 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, from Ambrose M. Hite (1843-1921) of Company H, 33rd Virginia Infantry, to his father Abraham Hite (1813-1887) of Page County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 5 April 1862, discussing camp life, desertions, General Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863), and the Shenandoah Valley campaign; a letter, 3 January 1863, detailing camp life, desertions, Christmas, stating that Jackson had been arrested, and the battle of Murfreesboro (Stones River); and a letter, 3 February 1863, discussing camp life, military laws, breaking the blockade in South Carolina, and the weather.

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Hite, W. L. Letter, 10 December 1864.
Accession 29319. 5 leaves. In part, photostats.

Letter, 10 December 1864, from W. L. Hite (1824-1919) to his wife Elizabeth Harriet Hite (1829-1894) of Lunenburg County, Virginia, asking her to send some food and advising her to hide what stores she might have as it could be impressed by the government for the army. He asks her to send a coat and some clothes. Hite also comments on individuals and offers his wife advice on farm matters. Transcript of letter gives signature as W. S. Hite, but it is W. L. Hite.

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Hoar, Jay S. The Old Dominion's last boys in gray.
Accession 31491. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

The Old Dominion's last boys in gray by Jay S. Hoar containing information concerning Virginia’s last thirty-nine surviving Civil War veterans, who died from 1940 to 1959, including name, hometown, military unit, death date, and age at death.

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Hodsden, Joseph. Papers, 1835-1864.
Accession 20291, 20292, 20293. 41 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1835-1864, of Joseph Hodsden (1811-1877) of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, consisting of four bonds payable by Isle of Wight County, Virginia, and issued to Hodsden on 6 April, and 5 December 1864; a certificate, 19 March 1864, issued by the Confederate States of America to Hodsden upon receipt of money paid for registered bonds; and two diaries, 29 July-10 December 1835 and 5 September-25 October 1846, detailing trips from Smithfield, Virginia, to Maryville, Tennessee, to visit his brother. He describes the countryside he travels through in Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee, commenting on the landscape and agriculture. There are two distinct copies of the 1846 diary, one which runs 5 September to 25 October and the other only runs to 9 October 1846.

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Hoffman, George W. Letter, 15 August 1864.
Accession 43041. 4 pages.

Letter, 15 August 1864, from George W. Hoffman (b. ca. 1842), 148th New York Volunteers near Petersburg, Virginia, to Reuben Reichenbach (b. ca. 1812), Fayette, Seneca County, New York. Hoffman writes about the delays in receiving mail, his illness and confinement at a military hospital, and he describes the underground mining of Confederate lines, later known as the Battle of the Crater, and the large number of troop losses on both sides. Hoffman also offers his sympathy concerning the death of Reichenbach’s son Philip (ca. 1843-1864).

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Hoge, Moses Drury. Journals, 1842-1862.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5367. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Journals, 1842-1862, of Moses Drury Hoge. Topics include social life, religion, the weather, sermons, the death of his two daughters and the Battle of Chickahominy (Gaines’ Mill).

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Holden, William Cornelius. Letter, 23 January 1865.
Accession 50257. 2 pages.

Letter, 23 January 1865, from William Cornelius Holden (1841-1901) of the 2nd Iowa Infantry at Savannah, Georgia, to his father John W. Holden, Savannah, Missouri, informing him of the regiment's stay in Savannah, Georgia, and its efforts to move into South Carolina being held up by the rain. Holden speculates on General William T. Sherman's (1820-1891) campaign in South and North Carolina; fall of Richmond, Virginia; and a Sherman-U.S. Grant (1822-1885) campaign against Robert E. Lee (1807-1870). Letter was forwarded from Savannah, Missouri, to Oregon.

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Holdsworth, Frances Ann. Oath of allegiance, 19 October 1865.
Accession 20698. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Oath of allegiance, 19 October 1865, of Frances "Fannie" Ann Holdsworth (1838-1875) of Richmond, Virginia, sworn to the United States after the Civil War. An accompanying note states that she married Aylett R. Woodson (1833-1888) later the same day and that Woodson had been a member of the death watch of John Brown. James H. Dooley (1841-1922), notary public, wrote and attested this oath.

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Holmes, Minnie. Letter, 10 May 1862.
Accession 38204. 4 pages.

Letter, 10 May 1862, to Minnie Holmes of Loudoun County, Virginia, from Nellie [-----] stating that she misses Minnie and the other girls with whom she went to school at Fair Hill Boarding School for Girls in Montgomery County, Maryland. Nellie hopes to be able to visit Minnie some time. She asks Minnie for news of acquaintances.

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Holmes, Minnie. Letters, 1862.
Accession 38470. 6 pages.

Letters, 31 March 1862 and 26 July 1862, to Minnie Holmes of Loudoun County, Virginia from a friend named Eliza and a cousin in Iowa, K. O. Holmes. Eliza writes about friends and that she is unconscious about the war except for the newspapers. K. O. Holmes discusses the settling of his father’s affairs, the legal profession, the differences between Iowans and Virginians, Iowa’s participation at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, the possibility of his joining the army, Minnie’s support for the Union, and his hopes that the Union will be saved.

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Holsinger, Ethel. Papers, 1792-1872.
Accession 21770. 7 leaves and 13 pages.

Papers, 1792-1872, collected by Ethel Holsinger (1897-1981) of Charlottesville, Virginia, consisting of an appointment by Governor James Wood (1741-1813) of justices of the peace for Franklin County, Virginia; a processioners’ return for Franklin County; deed for property in Franklin County, and in Augusta County and Staunton, Virginia; a plat for land in Louisa County, Virginia; voucher and return for hogs supplied to the Confederate army; a receipt for corn supplied to the Confederate army; a letter, including a receipt, discussing the difficulties facing farmers during the Civil War; a railroad pass issued to a Confederate officer allowing him and his servant to travel to Richmond, Virginia, and which is attached to notes on French history and language; and a Democratic ticket for local elections in Albemarle County, Virginia, in 1881.

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Hooper family. Bible record, 1782-1966.
Accession 41341. 12 leaves. Photocopies.

Hooper family Bible records, deed, and correspondence. Areas covered are Henrico County and Richmond and Roanoke, Virginia. Bible printed in 1834. Other surnames mentioned: Birindelli, Burns, Galan, Gatewood, Mallory, Nelson, Price, Schwendeman, and Walker.

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Hopkins family. Papers, 1863-1865.
Accession 20056. 4 leaves and 2 pages.

Papers, 1863-1865, of the Hopkins family of Henrico County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 27 August 1863, from Major N. R. Fitzhugh, headquarters, Cavalry Division, to Captain George Hopkins (1835-1905), Company I, 10th Virginia Cavalry, enclosing a receipt for beef Hopkins acquired for his command earlier and form to be filled out, neither enclosure is extant; a letter, 12 April 1864, from Captain George Hopkins to Joe [Josephine Hopkins] (1830-1896) thanking her for the food and blanket sent and commenting on conditions Captain Hopkins and his company are facing; a promissory note, 28 December 1864, from Edward Martin to Mary K. Hopkins (1812-1874) for the hire of a slave named Lucy; a promissory note, 1 January 1865, from B. E. Meade to Doctor A[ugustus] Hopkins (d. 1889) for the hire of a slave named Willie; and a letter, 12 February 1865, from E[rasmus] H[opkins] (1824-1876), Company E, 30th Virginia Infantry, to Joe [Josephine] [Hopkins?] concerning camp life and family matters.

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Hopkins, Andrew Jackson. Papers, 1864-1910.
Accession 37063. .1 cubic feet.

Papers, 1864-1910, of Andrew Jackson Hopkins, including letters and photographs, and copies of pension records and published sources. Letters and document Hopkins’ imprisonment in Libby Prison in Richmond, and his wife’s efforts to secure his release. Also letters from other soldiers who were also in prison with Hopkins, and who are writing to his wife concerning his welfare. Also material concerning Hopkins’ career after the war, including an engineer’s certificate, a signed petition recommending his reinstatement into his former position at the Norfolk Navy Yard, a letter of reprimand, and notes by him regarding his military service. Also included are photographs of his wife Virginia with their foster son William Tipton Hopkins, and a photograph of Hopkins and his wife. There are also copies of Hopkins’ pension records on file at the National Archives, as well as copies from published sources concerning Libby Prison and the U.S. Army gunboat Smith Briggs on which Hopkins was serving when he was captured.

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Hopkins, William L. Letters of Maria Wilson Hawkins and Henry Milton Hatcher.
Accession 40607. 37 leaves. Photocopies.

Includes photocopies of letters of Maria Wilson Hawkins (d. 1879) and her husband Henry Milton Hatcher (ca. 1833-1862) to friends and family and between themselves from 1860-1861 and 1866-1867. Letters contain family news and information on Henry’s service with the 42nd Virginia Infantry Regiment such as camp life, illness, and his longing for home. Henry eventually succumbed to disease on 7 January 1862 while returning to his regiment. Includes typescripts of several of the letters and a note from the compiler with brief biographical information on Maria Hawkins Hatcher, his familial connection, and his tour of the property that housed the family farm and graveyard.

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Hornsby, George Madison. Letter, 8 February 1863.
Accession 45309. 3 pages.

Letter, 8 February 1863, from George Madison Hornsby (b. 1842), Company A, 40th Virginia Infantry, to a friend, discussing camp life, the opposing Union Army, hopes for furloughs, and general news.

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Hotchkiss-McCullough family. Papers, 1845-1912.
Accession 31005 Miscellaneous reels 824-829. 6 reels. Microfilm.

Hotchkiss-McCullough family papers contains personal, professional and business papers, account books, diaries, and maps of Jedediah Hotchkiss (1828-1899). Includes war letters and diaries of Samuel Thomas McCullough of Annapolis, Maryland, as well as two diaries relating to a tour of Virginia battlefields made in 1878. Also included are letters from Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and correspondence with Dr. Hunter McGuire, a physisian on Jackson’s staff, which record McGuire’s recollection of various events of the Civil War. Contains correspondence of Sarah Comfort Hotchkiss, widow of Jedediah Hotchkisss, and papers relating to Hotchkiss’ daughter Anne H. Howson.

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Howard, Daniel W. Letter, 8 March 1864.
Accession 38771. 4 pages.

Letter, 8 March 1864, from Daniel W. Howard (d. 1864) of Company D, 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment, to Benjamin Mars of Titusville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, discussing guard duty, camp life and the evil influences it offers, the hope for peace and that oppression of men by other men will cease, Judson Kilpatrick’s raid on Richmond, and the company’s duty as the escort of General George Sykes, commander of the Union V Corps.

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Howard, Emory. Letter, 24 October 1864.
Accession 42184. 4 pages.

Letter, 24 October 1864, from Union soldier Emory Howard to his brother and sister. Writing from Strasburg, Virginia, Howard describes in some detail his participation in the 19 October 1864 Battle of Cedar Creek. Letter does not mention the regiment to which Howard belonged, but indicates his proximity to a Vermont brigade during the battle. Other topics include his Christian beliefs and mixed feelings about taking cattle from local families.

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Howard, Philip Francis. Papers, 1856-1865.
Accession 23476m. .10 cubic feet.

Papers, 1856-1865, of Philip F. Howard (b. 1821) of Richmond, Virginia, including correspondence, cancelled checks from the Exchange Bank of Virginia, and receipts. Includes receipts for newspaper advertisements, cloth, kitchen ware, food, and taxes. Correspondence, 1864-1865, includes letters, possibly sent to Howard, regarding a job advertisement and lost luggage.

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Howard, Philip Francis. Papers, 1859-1865.
Accession 37913. 27 pages.

Papers, 1859-1865, of Philip Francis Howard (b. 1821) regarding his administrative activities in the Domestic Missionary Board of Richmond and the Richmond Male Orphan Society. Letters, 1859-1860, concerning Governor Henry Wise; William F. Taylor’s resignation as secretary of the Richmond Male Orphan Society; and concerning an article and other written material. Annual reports, 1860-1864 and no date, of the Richmond Male Orphan Society; obligation, 8 May 1860, signed by B.B. Minor and Thomas P. Crump to clear title on a plot of land in consideration of payment by the Richmond Male Orphan Society; report, 6 April 1863, of Sally D. Saunders concerning the state and character of the Richmond Male Orphan Society’s orphans; financial report, 1863-1864, of the accounts of the Richmond Male Orphan Society; minutes, 28 March 1865, of the Domestic Missionary Board of Richmond on which P.F. Howard served; Also includes a list, no date, of the Richmond Male Orphan Society’s Board of Directors.

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Hubard, Robert Thruston, Jr. Letter, 4 January 1863.
Accession 41467. 6 pages and 7 leaves.

Letter, 4 January 1863, from Robert Thruston Hubard, Jr., to his father, Robert Thruston Hubard, in Buckingham County, Virginia, containing a detailed description of Jeb Stuart’s Dumfries Raid of 26-31 December 1862 in which Hubard participated as a member of Company G, 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Hubard recounts the capture of Union supplies and skirmishes with Union troops. Also includes a transcript of the letter.

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Hubard, William Hedges. Stock certificate, 14 November 1862.
Accession 45237. 1 leaf.

Stock certificate, 14 November 1862, for $3700 worth of stock in the James River and Kanawha Company issued by the Virginia Treasury Office to William Heges Hubbard (1783-1865) of Richmond, Virginia.

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Hughes, Augustine S. War record of A. S. Hughes, Cappahosic, Gloucester County, Virginia, 1861-1865.
Accession 31532. 3 leaves. Photocopies.

Reminiscences of the Civil War service of Augustine S. Hughes (1840-1924) while serving with the 5th Virginia Cavalry. Includes decriptions of cavalry operations during the Peninsular Campaign, Seven Days’ Battles and the Second Battle of Manassas, and in the Shenandoah Valley.

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Hughes-Ware family. Papers, 1836-1933.
Accession 37961. 3.3 cubic feet.

Papers, 1836-1933, of the Hughes and Ware families of Gloucester County and Richmond, Virginia. Includes correspondence, subject files, and oversized items. Correspondence, 1848-1933, concerns family news, schooling, the courtship of Mary E. Hughes and Cincinnatus Ware, social life, recreational activities, the health of family members and acquaintances, and births, marriages, deaths of various individuals, Cincinnatus Ware and his brother William S. Ware serving in the 5th Virginia Cavalry, troop movements, the taking of prisoners, battles and skirmishes around Fredericksburg, Winchester, Culpeper Courthouse, Shepardstown,and Caroline and Spotsylvania Counties, and the death of Cincinnatus Ware at Newtown in 1864. Subject files contain accounts, clippings, deeds, envelopes, financial records, guardian’s accounts, legal papers, memorandum and account books, prommissory notes, receipts, including rental receipts for oyster grounds and tax receipts, and other material. There is also material relating to the 5th Virginia Cavalry, including an affidavit, appointment, a list of money loaned and due William S. Ware while in camp, a morning report, muster roll, and order for detail. Also collection contains horse pedigrees and membership applications.

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EAD Guide
Huidekoper, Arthur Clark. Letter, 4 April 1865.
Accession 41453. 1 page.

Letter, 4 April 1865, from Arthur Clark Huidekoper, near Petersburg, Virginia, to his parents. Topics include the capture of Petersburg and casualties in his company.

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Hummel, Ray O. Southeastern broadsides, 1702-1982 (bulk: 1702-1876, 1965-1974).
Accession 37848. 7.65 cubic feet.

Collection, 1702-1982, of Ray Orvin Hummel, chairman of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries’ Committee on Southern Broadsides, consisting of correspondence, research notes, photocopies of broadsides, lists, invoices, drafts, memos, catalog cards, and other sundry items. Hummel’s correspondence and notes relate to his editorial work on the bibliographies “Southeastern Broadsides Before 1877” and “More Virginia Broadsides Before 1877.” Correspondence discusses the general rules, instructions, and scope of the broadside bibliography project. Additional correspondence solicits participation on ASERL’s Committee on Southern Broadsides to act as state editors. These state editors worked on the bibliography for their own state and transferred catalog cards describing the broadsides. Additional documents include invoices and shipment notices from the Library of Congress’s photoduplication service for broadsides. Drafts of parts of Hummel’s bibliographies can be found in this collection. Collection, however, predominantly contains photocopies of Virginia broadsides indexed in Hummel’s bibliographies “Southeastern Broadsides Before 1877” and “More Virginia Broadsides Before 1877.”

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Hundley, Susie Trigg Campbell. Application for the United Daughters of the Confederacy.
Accession 26173. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Application for the United Daughters of the Confederacy, of Susie Trigg Campbell Hundley, daughter of Edward M. Campbell, surgeon of the 1st Virginia Cavalry and 37th Virginia Infantry, 1861-1862. Also includes pages from William W. Blackford’s War Years with Jeb Stuart, which refer to Edward Campbell.

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Hunt family. Papers, 1865-1909.
Accession 26811. 10 leaves and 16 pages.

Papers, 1865-1909, of the Hunt family of Prince Edward County, Virginia. Includes letters, 1865, from Sallie Hunt to George Hunt while he was held prisoner at Fort Delaware (Delaware); plat for land in Prince Edward County, Virginia; correspondence to Sallie Hunt’s sister Mollie; and correspondence from George to his children. Of note is a resolution by the Prince Edward County School Board praising George Hunt for his work as a school trustee in the Buffalo school district of Prince Edward County, Virginia. Also includes a photograph of Bessie Hunt.

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Hunter, John. Letter, 2 September 1864.
Accession 44128. 1 leaf and 1 pages.

Letter, 2 September 1864, from John Hunter (b. ca. 1835), a Union soldier camped near Weldon Railroad, Virginia to William Rapp at Fort Monroe, Virginia. Hunter discusses his busy life as a soldier or as he terms it a true doughboy’s life, consisting of marching, sleeping on the ground and picket duty. He also details several skirmishes with Confederate troops.

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Hunter, Joshua Soule. Furlough paper, 24 March 1865.
Accession 21924. 6 leaves. In part photostats (positive).

Furlough paper, 24 March 1865, for Joshua Soule Hunter (1844-1927) of Appomattox County, Virginia, signed by his commanding officer, John Peyton Harvey (b. 1830), also of Appomattox County. The furlough is endorsed by his superior officers. There is also a typed transcript of the paper.

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Hunter, R. M. T. Papers, 1807-1916 (bulk: 1820-1860).
Accession 25064. 1.80 cubic feet (plus 1 oversize folder). In part, photocopies.

Papers, 1807-1916, of Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter of Essex County, Virginia, including biographies, correspondence, clippings, legislative acts, notes, and speeches. Topics range from local politics, to national issues such as European politics, custom duties, occupation of California, and events that led up to the Civil War, including the compromise of 1850 and John Brown's raid in 1859. Hunter received numerous letters from his constituents regarding politics, jobs, autographs, letters of introduction, and military land bounties. Papers also relate to his career as the chairman of the Senate finance committe and include legislative acts regarding federal treasury deposits and financial reports on the imports and exports to Europe. A speech Hunter gave before the Democratic mass meeting at Poughkeepsie, New York, on 1 October 1856 defending slavery and speaking out against the Republican party and the increasing anti-South feelings in the country. Also, biographies on John C. Calhoun written by Hunter in the final years of his life and a biography on Hunter’s political career.

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EAD Guide
Hunter, R. M. T. Papers, 1817-1887.
Accession 28691 Miscellaneous reels 3649-3661. 13 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1817-1887, of Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, held at the Special Collections of Alderman Library at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Includes speeches, personal correspondence, political papers, files from Hunter’s service in the U. S. Congress, family papers, and business papers. This collection represents a Virginia family in the period surrounding the Civil War, and also demonstrates Hunter’s political impact before, during and after the Civil War.

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Huntington, Caroline E. Letter, 5 January 1863.
Accession 37140. 4 pages.

Letter, 5 January 1863, from by Caroline E. Huntington, in New York City, requesting a pass to proceed to Fortress Monroe, and then to Norfolk, Virginia, with her sick daughter and granddaughter.

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Hupman, George. Letters, 1862-1864.
Accession 38741. 64 pages.

Letters, 1862-1864, of George Hupman of Company G, 89th New York Infantry, to his parents in Windsor, New York, discussing his health, news of his brothers Charles and Elias, including hearing of Elias’ death; camp life; campaigns in Virginia and South Carolina, including the battle of Fredericksburg, the siege of Petersburg, the Mud March, and shellings of Fort Sumter. He comments on the possibility of reenlisting and his dislike of his company’s captain. He remarks on the need for conscription and criticizes consripts who injure themselves rather than join the army. Also includes letters from family in Windsor, New York, detailing the effects of the Civil War on people in Windsor.

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Hutcheson family. Papers, 1812-1912.
Accession 30739. 19 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1812-1912, of the Hutcheson family of Caroline County, Virginia, consisting of: two copies of the will, 21 November 1812 and codicil 29 November 1812, of John Hutcheson (d. ca. 1812) of Caroline County; plat, 13 September 1821, of 121 1/2 acres in Caroline County belonging to the estate of Edward Y. Butler, deceased; suit papers, no date, consisting of bill of complaint by Richard W. Hutcheson (1825-1887) against Mary Hutcheson (1796-1865), John W. Hutcheson (1818-1902), Ambrose Hutcheson, and Charles Hutcheson, heirs of Richard Hutcheson (1792-1854); and genealogical notes, 1912 and no date, consisting of the War of 1812 service record of Richard Hutcheson and the Civil War service records of Charles E. Hutcheson, Richard W. Hutcheson, and John W. Hutcheson, clipping on the Hutcheson family, and notes on the Page and Chiles families.

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Imboden, George W. Letter, 12 October 1864.
Accession 41948. 4 pages.

Letter, 12 October 1864, from George W. Imboden, Camp Millford, to his wife, Mollie Imboden. Topics include the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, losses sustained by General Thomas L. Rosser, and pillaging by the Union soldiers.

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Inglet, T. W. G. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 50160. 1 leaf and 16 pages.

Letters, 1862-1865, of T. W. G. Inglet (Inglett) (1839-1910) of Company C, 28th Georgia Infantry, to his wife Martha A. Inglet (1843-1916) of Richmond County, Georgia, providing news of himself and the regiment, including service and fighting in Virginia, South Carolina, and Florida; describing the battle of the Crater at Petersburg, Virginia; remarking on the fall of Atlanta; commenting on the deaths of his children; and detailing his wounding and subsequent stays in hospitals. Also includes a letter from William H. Little of the 28th Georgia Infantry to his sister A. D. V. Palmer.

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Ingraham, John James. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 43452. 1 volume (75 pages). Transcriptions. Photocopies.

Letters, 1862-1865, of John James Ingraham, Company D, 121st New York Infantry, to his parents Orsemus Ingraham and Barbara McMullen of Brocketts Bridge, New York (now Dolgeville in Herkimer County), his brothers and sisters, and friends and concern family matters, battles, casualties, military life, camp conditions, troop movement and placement, and the weather. Transcribed by Edward Ingraham of Maryland in 1986. Includes a brief introduction and biography, an inventory of letters, and a subject index.

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Ingram H. M. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 50328. 5 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, from Hugh M. Ingram of Company H, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, to his brother Sanders Montgomery Ingram (1819-1905) of Anson County, North Carolina, discussing the camp life of the regiment, military news, family news, and social news. Ingram also notes that there is the possibility of a religious revival in the army.

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Ingram, E. Renee. Papers, 1862-1998.
Accession 36862. 0.25 cubic feet. Photocopies.

Papers, 1862-1998, of E. Renee Ingram consisting of photocopied research material used for the publication, In View of the Great Want of Labor: A Legislative History of African-American Conscription in the Confederacy. Includes published articles, excerpts of monographs, extracts from the Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865, bills and resolutions passed by the Confederate Congress, military orders, and newspapers clippings. Also, includes microfilm of Register of Free Negroes Enrolled and Detailed, May 1864 - January 1865.

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EAD Guide
Irby family. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 31381. 7 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1862-1863, of the Irby family of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 28 May 1862, from Robert Hubbard to his sister Pheobe Hubbard Irby (1833-1922) detailing the Valley Campaign of 1862; and a letter, 8 November 1863, from Thomas H. Layne of Pittsylvania County to William H. Irby discussing local events and news from Pittsylvania County, as well as crops.

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Irby, Richard. Recollections of men, places, and events, 1845-1900.
Accession 28701, Miscellaneous reel 284. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Recollections, 1845-1900, of Richard Irby (1825-1902) of Nottoway County, Virginia, recalling his farm and notable events in Nottoway County, Virginia. Also included are trips to Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia to sell his crops, his accounts from his student days at Randolph-Macon College, the first conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South (1846), an account of the murder of Adolphus Muir by Dandridge Epes (1846), comments on the presidential election of 1848, and camp meetings at Blacks & Whites, Blackstone, Virginia.

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Irby, William H. Diary and account book, 1860-1865.
Accession 31375. 25 leaves. Photocopies.

Diary and account book, 1860-1865, of William H. Irby (1819-1900) of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, chronicling the various campaigns and movements in which Irby was involved as a member of Company G, 53rd Virginia Regiment, and recording his frequent breakdowns in health. Also contains reminiscences concerning the war’s destructive effect on the southern economy, including bleak descriptions of the loss of money in slaves; the depression of land values and confederate money; the total loss of Irby’s father’s estate through speculation in Confederate banks; and the inability of collecting debts owed to him by a number of solders. Volume also consists of a record of debts owed to Irby.

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Isbell, Robert B. Letter, 29 June [1862?].
Accession 40161. 3 pages.

Letter, 29 June [1862?], from Robert B. Isbell (1836-1921) while stationed in Mechanicsville, Virginia with the 2nd Virginia Cavalry, to his sister Georgianna (Anna) Isbell (1833-1908) of Appomattox County. He writes about his orders to accompany captured prisoners to Richmond, as well as troop movements and the success of his unit in various battle skirmishes.

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Isbell, Robert B. Letter, 14 March 1863.
Accession 41457. 2 pages.

Letter, 14 March 1863, from Robert B. Isbell, camp near Culpeper County, Virginia, to his father. Topics include camp life, the loss of his clothes and efforts to get new clothes, and troop movements.

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Isbell, William E. Letters, 1862.
Accession 40493. 4 pages.

Letters, 28 January and 10 March 1862, from William E. Isbell (1837-1924), 44th Virginia Infantry, at Camp Johnson in Highland County, Virginia, describing the geographic location of his camp and gives a description of it, mentioning that three companies in his regiment have been orderded to Huntersville, writing about the weather, and snowball fights in which they have been engaged; and concerning his reasons for re-enlisting in the army.

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Isbell, William E. Letter, 15 February 1862.
Accession 42559. 4 pages.

Letter, 15 February 1862, from Sergeant William E. Isbell (1837-1924) to his sister Georgeanna (b. ca. 1833), called “Anna.” Writing from Camp Johnson in Highland, Virginia, while serving with the 44th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Company A, Isbell describes in detail his experiences leading a group of ten soldiers through the neighborhood locating and destroying stores of liquor. Isbell also relates a humorous anecdote about a fellow soldier stealing what he thought was a bar of soap, and jokes about his prospects of bringing home a “fat Dutch wife” from among the local women.

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Ivory, Andrew. Pension application file, 1863-1908.
Accession 37872. 33 leaves. Photocopies.

Pension application file, 1863-1908, of Andrew Ivory of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. Includes detailed reports from physicians regarding Ivory’s wounds and requests for increases in pension. Ivory was wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg, 1862.

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J. Henry Brown Monuments (Richmond, Va.). Order books, 1899-1920.
Accession 23985, 24142. 2.75 cubic feet.

Order books, 1899-1920, of J. Henry Brown Monuments, Inc., of Richmond, Virginia, containing sketches of cemetery monuments and headstones, cornerstones, and date stones, with their dimensions, specifications and inscriptions. The name and address of the individual ordering the monument and the charges for the work are also included. Most orders are for Richmond area cemeteries such as Evergreen, Hollywood, Maury, Mt. Calvary, Oakwood, Riverview, and Shockoe. Also includes orders for monuments honoring Union and Confederate soldiers and work for the Jefferson Hotel. An index is available for the tombstone inscriptions contained in all of the volumes, 1899-1920. Many of the individuals listed were born before Virginia began keeping vital statistics in 1853. This index is available by clicking on the Searchable database link.

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EAD Guide
J. Henry Brown Monuments database
Jackson family. Papers, 1861-1875.
Accession 22070. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative)

Papers, 1861-1875, of the Jackson family of Lexington, Virginia, and Charlotte, North Carolina, consisting of a letter, 22 October 1861, from Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (1824-1863) to William Harvie Richardson (1795-1876) and B. Haymond of the board of trustees of Virginia Military Institute, stating that he has joined the Confederate army out of a sense of duty and hoping that he can return to his position at VMI when the war ends; a pass, 13 July 1862, from Jackson for Reverend Moses Drury Hoge (1818-1899) to move through Jackson’s camp; and a letter, 10 November 1875 from Mary Anna Jackson (1831-1915) of Charlotte, North Carolina, to Moses Hoge, sending him letters from her husband’s papers to choose from for a keepsake.

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Jackson, Edgar Allan. Papers, 1860-1863.
Accession 21591. 97 pages.

Papers, 1860-1863, of Edgar Allan Jackson (1845-1863) of Hertford County, North Carolina, consisting of his correspondence with his family in Murfreesboro, North Carolina. His letters describe a trip to Elizabeth City, North Carolina as a printer’s apprentice, sentiments in that town in the early days of the Civil War, and his enlistment in Company F, 1st North Carolina Regiment. Letters also describe army camp life Virginia and North Carolina, as well as some of the battles in which his unit participated: the Peninsular campaign, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and the Battle of Chancellorsville. Also included is a letter from his sergeant Lyman Foster to his parents after Jackson’s death. Transcripts of these letters can be found in Letters of Edgar Allan Jackson: September 7 1860-April 15 1863.

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Jackson, George William. Parole, 3 September 1863.
Accession 41882. 1 leaf.

Parole, 3 September 1863,of George William Jackson of Warrenton, Virginia, from the Union army, pledging that he will not leave his home after dark nor give aid or information to Confederate forces in consideration of being allowed to remain at liberty otherwise.

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Jackson, George. Letters, 1861.
Accession 41446. 2 leaves and 2 pages.

Letters, 1861, from George Jackson (1833-1883), captain commanding cavalry at Monterey Virginia, consisting of letter, 8 September 1861, to Brigadier General Henry Rootes Jackson (1820-1898) reporting on the condition of his troops stationed at Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, and letter, 19 September 1861, to Garnett Andrews (1837-1903) again concerning the condition of his troops and the garrison at Monterey.

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Jackson, George. Report, 15 September 1861.
Accession 42552. 2 pages.

Report, 15 September 1861, from Captain George Jackson (1833-1883), a cavalry commander at Post Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, to Colonel John B. Baldwin (1820-1873), 52nd Virginia Infantry Regiment, giving the number of prisoners and of cavalry under his command. He notes that the second number includes a group of 31 men traveling to Petersburg with a Lieutenant McCoy, but has little information to give about their current status. Jackson also mentions two enclosures, no longer extant, consisting of a group of voluntary statements made by prisoners, and the assistant surgeon’s report on the sick. Collection also includes a typed transcript of the letter, provided by the seller.

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Jackson, Miles M. A free black in 19th century New Kent County, Virginia.
Accession 44081. 7 leaves. Photocopies.

Paper entitled, “A Free Black in 19th Century New Kent County, Virginia,” written by Miles M. Jackson, 2008. Paper contains the story of William Henry Brisby (1831-1916), a free black born in New Kent County, Virginia. Brisby was a blacksmith and was pressed into service by the Confederate Army. After the war he was a politician, serving as a member of the House of Delegates, a Justice of Peace, and on the County Board of Supervisors. Included is a biography and transcript of Brisby’s testimony before Congress for his claim against the Union Army for property confiscated during the war.

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Jackson, Stonewall Letter, 2 May 1863.
Accession 42098. 1 leaf.

Letter, 2 May 1863, from General Stonewall Jackson to General Robert E. Lee containing the last dispatch of Jackson to Lee during the Battle of Chancellorsville.

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Jackson, Stonewall. Letter, 18 April 1863.
Accession 19742c. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 18 April 1863, from Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863) to J. S. M. Curry, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, discussing a letter Curry had sent in which he expresses his views on the importance of not requiring the mail to be transported on Sundays. Jackson also expresses his views on the importance of not violating “Divine Law.”

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Jackson, Stonewall. Letter, 5 August 1861.
Accession 21500. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Letter, 5 August 1861, from Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863), commanding the 1st Brigade, requesting recipient to use his influence to obtain a promotion from Lieutenant Colonel to Colonel for William S. H. Baylor.

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Jackson, Stonewall. Letter, 13 July 1861.
Accession 23929a. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 13 July 1861, from Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863) to Lieutenant Colonel J. T. L. Preston (1811-1890) informing Preston that he has written Governor John Letcher in hopes of having Preston assigned as part of his command.

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Jackson, Stonewall. Letter, 22 July 1862.
Accession 24019c. 1 leaf.

Letter, 22 July 1862, to Dr. John Taliaferro Jones (b. 1825) from Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863), commanding the Valley District, regretting that due to events he and his staff must decline Jones’ invitation to dinner.

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James River and Kanawha Company (Richmond, Va.). Records, 1835-1881.
Accession 36327. 2.35 cubic feet and 17 maps. In part, Photostats and typescripts.

Records, 1835-1881, of the James River and Kanawha Company of Richmond, Virginai, containing an account, 1837-1848, identifying extra charges incurred during construction; letter, 18 March 1865, from Edward Lorraine, company engineer, to the president and directors of the canal, informing them of damage caused by Union cavalry; field note books, 1839-1879, containing surveys, notes, calculations, lists of costs, drawings, and contractors’ names; and journal B, volume 94, 1848-1860, containing expenses, and repairs, tolls, interest, balance sheets, and dividends on loans. Records include promissory notes; acts of the General Assembly; proceedings, 1835-1881, of the president and directors recording construction data, revenue, and wages; company minutes; and maps. Collection also includes North River Navigation Company Records consisting of minutes, 1850-1858, 1866, of the Board of Directors and minutes, 1850-1857, of the stockholders.

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EAD Guide
James, Alexander. Papers, 1839-1862.
Accession 30727. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1839-1862, of Alexander James (1817-1867) of Mathews County, Virginia, consisting of a militia commission, 16 April 1839, as a first lieutenant in the 61st Regiment, Virginia militia, signed by Governor David Campbell (1779-1859), and a bond, 2 December 1862, for $5200 from the Confederate States of America to Alexander James.

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James, George Watson. Notebook, no date.
Accession 25392. 1 volume (47 leaves). Photostats (negative).

Notebook of George Watson James concerning nitre and mining during the Civil War. Includes scientific notations on minerals and chemical formulas for smelting and forming iron.

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Jamieson, William Andrew. Commission, 8 February 1865.
Accession 23773. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Commission, 8 February 1865, signed by Confederate Secretary of War John C. Breckinridge to William A. Jamison [Jamieson], appointing him a lieutenant in Company C, 5th Virginia Cavalry, Provisional Army of the Confederate States of America, as a result of “distinguished valor and skill.”

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Jamison, William Andrew. Commission, 8 February 1865.
Accession 50116. 1 leaf.

Commission, 8 February 1865, for William Andrew Jamison (1841-1919) as 2nd Lieutenant for Company C, 5th Virginia Cavalry. Jamison's promotion dated from 26 January 1865.

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Jeffers, Ira S. Letter, 11 May 1863
Accession 40908. 4 pages.

Letter, 11 May 1863, from Ira S. Jeffers (1843-1932), Company F, 137th New York Infantry, encamped at Aquia Landing in Virginia, to his sister Catherine Jeffers, Binghamton, Broome County, New York, concerning the Battle of Chancellorsville and including descriptions of the battle and wounded men. Also includes a typed transcript of the letter.

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Jervey, Henry. Papers, 1862-1865.
Accession 22677. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1865, of Henry Jervey (1841-1900) of Charleston, South Carolina, and Powhatan County, Virginia, consisting of an appointment, 17 April 1862 and retroactive to 1 February 1862, by Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) of Jervey as an assistant surgeon of the provisional Confederate army, signed by George Wythe Randolph (1818-1867); a marriage certificate, 26 November 1863, for the marriage of Jervey and Helen Louise Wesson (1843-1924) of Northampton County, North Carolina, signed by the Reverend R. A. Castleman; and a permit, 18 May 1865, signed by Major John Jenkins of the Confederate army allowing Jervey to return home.

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Jesse, James. Letter, 30 April 1865.
Accession 38601. 1 leaf.

Letter, 30 April 1865, written to James Jesse in Richmond, Virginia, from an unknown cousin, regarding Jesse’s whereabouts.

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Jobes, Charles A. Letter, 16 November 1864.
Accession 41699. 4 pages.

Letter, 16 November 1864, from Charles A. Jobes, 6th Ohio Cavalry, at camp near Fort Stevenson, Virginia, to his cousin Will, discussing going into winter quarters, the building of his winter shelter, picket duty on the Weldon Railroad, contact with the rebels during picket duty, and Confederate hopes that McClellan was elected.

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Johnson family. Papers, 1844-1865.
Accession 25610. 18 pages.

Papers, 1844-1865, of the Johnson family, including correspondence and an invitation. Includes letter, 22 March 1862, to James Johnson from his sister Bettie, regarding family news and politics in Richmond, Virginia; letter, 12 June 1862, from Samuel Johnson to his parents regarding troop movements of the 21st Virginia Infantry; letter, 3 March 1865, from Samuel Johnson to his parents regarding desertion in his regiment; letter, 14 April 1865, from an unknown correspondent regarding the end of the war and need for reconciliation with the Federal troops; and an invitation, 1864, to a ball given by the citizens of Mecklenburg County, Virginia.

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Johnson, Clarence H. Letters, 1864-1865.
Accession 28544. 117 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 21 September 1864-21 May 1865, from Clarence H. Johnson, 1st New York Light Artillery, to family concerning his experiences while serving with Battery K, and later Battery H, of the 1st New York Light Artillery. Letters describe the trip from New York to Washington D.C., camp life in Forts Whipple, Woodbury, and Ellsworth defending Washington D.C., reaction to the Copperheads and the 1864 Presidential election, artillery pieces, the front lines at Petersburg, the Battle of Fort Stedman, and the Appomattox Campaign.

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Johnson, Ebenezer S. Letter, 19 April 1862.
Accession 42329. 4 pages.

Letter, 19 April 1862, from Ebenezer S. Johnson (b. 1839), 1st Maine Cavalry, Warrenton, Virginia, to his brother Zebediah Johnson (b. ca. 1842). Subjects include the weather, his travels through Pennsylvania, including descriptions of its people and scenery, and scouting patrol and skirmishes with the enemy near the Rappahannock River.

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Johnson, Henry L. Letters, 1861-1864, 1881.
Accession 36804b. 34 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1861-1864, from Henry L. Johnson, stationed with his regiment in Virginia, to his wife Eliza in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, describing camp life and the 1st battle of Bull Run. Also includes letters from Eliza and Gabriel Johnson to Henry Johnson discussing family affairs and how they are affected by the Civil War. Also a transcript of a letter, 1864, from Gabriel Johnson to an unknown correspondent describing a march and a receipt, 24 October 1881, to Gabriel Johnson for purchase of a cow.

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Johnson, Luther A. Letter, 3 March 1865.
Accession 50841. 2 pages.

Letter, 3 March 1865, from Luther A. Johnson to his brother James M. Johnson, who is serving in the military, providing James with family and neighborhood news, including information on those who have died and those who have deserted. Note on the letter says that it was taken from a rebel camp. The letter may be from Fluvanna County, Virginia, or a neighboring county.

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Johnson, W. T. Roster, 1861-1865.
Accession 21301. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative)

Roster compiled by William Thomas Johnson providing the names of soldiers in the Cumberland Troop, which was organized in Cumberland County. The unit also was identified by the following names at various times during the Civil War: Company G, 3rd Virginia Cavalry Regiment; Cumberland Light Dragoons; Capt. Henry R. Johnson’s Company; and Company D, 3rd Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

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Johnson, William O. Reminiscences.
Accession 27549. 5 leaves. Photocopies.

Reminiscences of William O. Johnson, sergeant with the 49th Virginia Infantry, Company H, of the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863.

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Johnson-Pegram family. Papers, 1806-1882 (bulk: 1827-1865).
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4320-4321. 2 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1806-1882, of the Johnson and Pegram families of Chesterfield and Dinwiddie Counties and Richmond, Virginia. The bulk of the collection covers the years 1827-1865. Includes accounts and receipts, agreements, correspondence, deeds, powers of attorney, slave bills of sale, records concerning the firm of Johnson and Duggers, and military records. The majority of the collection consists of letters written to William Ransom Johnson (1782-1849), Mary (Evans) Johnson (1785-1843), and Virginia (Johnson) Pegram (1810-1888). Subjects include the purchase and breeding of horses, miscellaneous family news, the estate of Gen. James W. Pegram (1804-1844) and letters of sympathy upon his death, and the military career of Gen. John Pegram (1832-1865), including letters while he was attending West Point, and afterwards while serving as a military officer on the western frontier. Also included are military commissions, pay rolls, and ordnance, quartermaster, and clothing returns. There are also a few letters written by his brother William Johnson Pegram (1841-1865) to their mother while he was serving in the Confederate Army.

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Johnston family. Papers, 1779-1891.
Accession 24154, 24321. .45 cubic feet.

Papers, 1779-1891, of the Johnston family of Washington County, Virginia, consisting of business records, clippings, commissions, court records, deeds, invoices, land grants, letters, lists, and receipts. Letters often concern political and historical matters of Virginia and the United States, including the American Revolution and the Civil War. Papers include the diary, 1831-1834, of John Floyd (1783-1837), written during his term as governor of Virginia, and gives good insight to the state and national politics of the early 1830s; letters, 1885, from Henry C. Lee trying to rebut speculation that Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) would have chosen Major General William Mahone (1826-1895) as his successor to command the Army of Northern Virginia; data on Truro Parish in Fairfax County, Virginia; data on Fairfax Parish in Alexandria, Virginia; list of governors up to 1885; and clippings concerning the restoration of Arlington to Mary Custis Lee (1807-1873).

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Johnston, Charles F. List of officers and men of the Albemarle Artillery surrendered at Appomattox, 9 April 1865.
Accession 42098. 1 leaf.

List of officers and men of the Albemarle Artillery who were captured at Appomattox Courthouse on 9 April 1865. The list was prepared by Charles F. Johnston, Captain of the Albemarle Artillery in Colonel Poague’s Battalion.

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Johnston, J. Ambler. Echoes of 1861-1961.
Accession WRVA - 615-618. 4 sound discs: digital; 4 3/4 inches.

Narration by J. Ambler Johnston (1885-1974) of his book “Echoes of 1861-1961,” first published in 1970. It includes narratives of chapters in his book, including A Tour Around the Richmond Battlefields, The Battlefield Parks Around Richmond, which includes information on the history of the Battlefield Markers Association and Richmond Battlefield Parks Corporation, Richmond and Chicago Civil War Roundtables, Visiting Dignitaries, The Myth that Rommel Canvassed the Jackson Campaign, Homes Along the Pamunkey, and Footprints. In the preface to the 1970 edition of his book, Johnston mentions that WRVA made this recording of his narrative.

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Johnston, John McMillan. Papers, 1865-1937.
Accession 23962. 8 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1865-1937, of John McMillan Johnston (1820-1892) of Danville, Virginia, consisting of a pardon, 29 August 1865, for Johnston signed by President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875); a letter, 11 September 1865, from Johnston to Colonel [Brigadier General] George Ruggles, Headquarters, Military Division of the Atlantic, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, asking Ruggles to help him receive a pardon so that he can become cashier of a bank, includes an endorsement, 16 September 1865, by Ruggles stating that Johnston had visited Union soldiers in prison in Danville, providing aid and comfort when possible including helping Ruggles’; brother; a letter, 15 September 1865, from Myer Asch of Philadelphia to Ruggles relating how Johnston visited Union prisoners; and a clipping, 13 June 1937, from the Danville Register, concerning the Danville Bank and Johnston.

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Johnston, Joseph E. Papers, 1861-1865.
Accession 29140 Miscellaneous reel 372. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1861-1865, of General Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891) including dispatch books, order books, and letterbooks. Johnston’s dispatches are dated 30 May 1861-15 February 1865. Also included is a copy of the report of Gen. John B. Hood dated 18 July 1864-23 January 1865, regarding the army’s operations in Tennessee while under Johnston’s command, as well as copies of Johnston’s letters made by Benjamin S. Ewell, dated 26 April 1862-28 June 1863.

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Jones family. Papers, 1775-1995.
Accession 44050. 5 cubic feet.

Jones family papers, 1775-1995, consisting of Bible records, biographies, books, business records, clippings, cloth, correspondence, currency and bonds, genealogical notes and charts, land records, magazines, photographs, portraits, and silhouettes concerning the Jones family of Botetourt County and Lexington, Virginia. Papers concern the genealogy of the Jones and related families.

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Jones, Aurelius. Appointment, 1 September 1863.
Accession 20011. 1 leaf.

Appointment, 1 September 1863, for Aurelius A. Jones as first sergeant in Company B, 1st Battalion, Virginia Infantry, Confederate States of America, dating from 1 August 1863. The signature of the commanding officer, Major D. B. Bridgford, is illegible on the document, but has been determined to be Bridgford’s based on examination of other Confederate records.

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Jones, B. M. Papers, 1861-1862.
Accession 26971. 45 pages.

Papers, 1861-1862, of B. M. Jones concerning the land appropriated for Batteries 1-10 around Richmond and include commissioners’ reports and plats of the said areas. Also includes assessment of damage to real estate and crops caused by the erection of the defense works.

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Jones, Eber. Letter, 10 July 1861.
Accession 38868. 4 pages.

Letter, 10 July 1861, from Eber Jones of Plainfield, Pennsylvania, to Sylvester Garrett of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, stating that he has been appointed postmaster of Plainfield by Postmaster General Montgomery Blair (1813-1883) after a hard political battle. Jones comments on the harvesting of the wheat. He describes young boys’ “battles,” emulating the action during the first days of the Civil War. Jones offers a scathing critique of the Southern cause.

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Jones, Edward Valentine. Letter, 12 December 1863.
Accession 29278. 6 pages.

Letter, 12 December 1863, from Edward Valentine Jones (1844-1923) at the Richmond Arsenal in Richmond, Virginia, to his cousin Mary in Wytheville, Virginia, describing his service in a unit sent to Chaffin’s Bluff outside of Richmond, conditions faced, and return to Richmond. Jones discusses social and religious life in Richmond in the winter of 1863. He mentions the collapse of the wall of Crenshaw Woolen Mills near the Tredegar Iron Works. He also comments on the Virginia Bible Society and Reverend Moses Hoge.

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Jones, J. C. Letter, 20 May 1863.
Accession 25215. 1 page.

Letter, 30 May 1863, from J. C. Jones of Yorktown, Virginia, to U. S. General Erasmus D. Keyes. In this letter Jones asks for permission to reopen his store. Jones wrote the letter on behalf of officers in Keyes’ command and the letter contains their signatures. Also contains endorsement note on back from Keyes which indicates when the document was received and what action was taken.

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Jones, J. William. Papers, 1861-1892.
Accession 21294. 28 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1861-1892, of J. William Jones (1836-1909) of Richmond, Virginia consisting of correspondence to Jones in his capacity as secretary of the Southern Historical Society, and discussing aspects of the war and the business of the society.

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Jones, John. Letter, 23 May 1861.
Accession 43329. 4 pages.

Letter, 23 May 1861, from John Jones, Richmond, to William Massie, Nelson County, Virginia, concerning politics and contributing factors surrounding the Civil War. He discusses politicians, such as Winfield Scott, who remained loyal to the North and did not support the Southern cause. He also discusses some financial arrangements with Massie.

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Jones, Joseph A. Letter, 17 October 1863.
Accession 38422. 3 pages.

Letter, 17 October 1863, from Joseph A. Jones of Company A, 2nd Virginia Cavalry, to his father Albert A. Jones of Bedford County, Virginia, informing his father that he is sending his horse home, but has a captured Union mount. He also informs his father of his regiment’s casualties suffered at a fight at Stevensburg in Culpeper County, Virginia, 11 October 1863. Jones adds that he was struck by a shell fragment, although not seriously injured.

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Jones, Joseph P. Letter, 28 December 1863.
Accession 42174. 3 leaves and 4 pages.

Letter, 28 December 1863, from Joseph P. Jones (ca. 1841-1864), Company H, 24th Virginia Infantry, in Hanover County, Virginia, to his sister Mary Lou Jones (b. ca. 1839) of Henry County, Virginia, stating that his captured brother Charlie (b. ca. 1845) is probably better off as a prisoner, adding that men in his regiment were also captured, commenting on his health and camp life, mentioning that he had spent time in Richmond, and asking for and supplying social and family news. Also contains a transcript which is not thorough and attributes the letter to James P. Jones.

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Jones, Maria L. Letter, 30 January 1862.
Accession 43352. 3 pages.

Letter, 30 January 1862, from Maria L. Jones (ca. 1819-1889) of Bedford County, Virginia, to Colonel J. L. Kemper (1823-1895), colonel of the 7th Virginia Infantry asking for a furlough for her sick brother, Edward C. Jones (b. ca. 1820). Edward C. Jones is listed as Edward O. Jones in the Confederate Military Records.

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Jones, Mary A. Receipt, 25 May 1862.
Accession 44957. 2 pages.

Receipt, 25 May 1862, of Mary A. Jones (possibly of Elizabeth City County, Virginia) for payment of $262.50 for purchase on 29 January 1862 of 21,000 pounds of wheat straw from her by Captain Mantilla Clark (b. ca. 1826) of the 14th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

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Jones, William E. Papers, 1845-1865.
Accession 27916. 75 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1845-1865, of William E. "Grumble" Jones, of Washington County, Virginia, including correspondence, photographs, orders, receipts, and copies of Jones’ military service record. Includes transcripts of some of the correspondence and an inventory of the collection.

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Jones, William E. Papers, ca. 1860-1864.
Accession 42040. 10 pages.

Papers, ca. 1860-1864, of William E. Jones of Washington County, Virginia. Includes an article written about the events at Harper’s Ferry and ideas for defending Virginia. Jones suggests establishing more military schools and expanding the standing army in Virginia. Also includes a letter to the editor of an unknown newspaper regarding slavery in the south.

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Jones, William H. Letter, 31 March 1863.
Accession 38821. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 31 March 1863, from Private William H. Jones (1835-1864) of Company B, 19th Virginia Infantry, in a hospital in Petersburg, Virginia, to his wife Eliza D. Jones (1828-1920) of Nelson County, Virginia, letting her know that he is doing well and will soon rejoin his regiment. Includes envelope and transcript of letter.

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Jordan family. Collection, 1752-1992 (bulk: 1830-1930).
Accession 42492, Miscellaneous reels 5399-5400. 28 cubic feet, 2 reels.

Collection, 1752-1992, the Jordan family of Buena Vista and Lexington, and Rockbridge County, Virginia, containing business records and personal papers. Bulk of the collection spans the years 1830-1930, and documents the business activities of Samuel Francis Jordan (1805-1872), and his son Charles Francis Jordan (1837-1922), and the family’s iron manufacturing enterprises, and saddle and harness making business. Includes correspondence, accounts and receipts, subject files, ledgers and account books, Joseph Gilmore Papers, oversize items, and ephemera.

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EAD Guide
Jordan, Daniel P. Collection, 1974-1978
Accession 43019. 79 leaves.

Papers, 1974-1978, of Daniel P. Jordan consisting of four annotated bibliographies titled, "Virginia Since 1789" and "Virginia in the Era of the American Revolution," and "Virginia in the Era of the Civil War" and "Historic Richmond."

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Kasey, Elizabeth. Letter, 19 November 1861.
Accession 40878. 2 pages.

Letter, 19 November 1861, from Elizabeth Kasey, Patrick County, Virginia, to her brother, Berry Saunders, Bedford County, Virginia, regarding family and the health of her sons who had joined the Confederate Army.

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Kavanagh, F. E. Confederate cemetery records: Hopewell, Virginia.
Accession 21107. 3 leaves. Photocopies.

List of Confederate soldiers buried at the City Point National Cemetery in Hopewell, Virginia, compiled by F. E. Kavanagh.

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Keezell, Amanda F. Letters, 1861-1867.
Accession 37847. 40 pages.

Letters, 1861-1867, to Amanda F. Keezell (1815-1890) of Rockingham County, Virginia, from various friends and acquaintances. Topics include the sale and marketing of cheese and butter which she produced, the high prices of goods, as well as the Civil War, including public opinion and the neglect and lack of care of the wounded and dying soldiers.

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Keifer, Joseph Warren. Letter, 9 October 1864.
Accession 42198. 3 pages.

Letter, 9 October 1864, from Union Colonel Joseph Warren Keifer (1836-1932), commanding the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Corps, to Colonel Charles Kingsbury (b. 1836), assistant adjutant general, Middle Military District, complaining that the brigade band and men of 9th New York Heavy Artillery have been nurses in the hospital in Winchester, Virginia, and have been detained improperly by the hospital surgeon despite Keifer’s order for them to return. Keifer requests an order for their return. Letter is endorsed by Kingsbury, General James B. Ricketts (1817-1887) commanding the 3rd Division, and General Horatio G. Wright (1820-1899) commanding the 6th Corps and the troops are ordered to be returned.

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Keiholtz, David. Papers, 1862-1863.
Accession 38833. 4 leaves and 16 pages.

Papers, 1862-1863, of David Keiholtz of Adams County, Pennsylvania, and the 165th Pennsylvania Regiment, consisting of notice, 27 August 1862, informing Keiholtz that he has been enrolled as a citizen of Adams County eligible to be drafted for military service; draft notice, 18 October 1862, informing Keiholtz he has been drafted into military service; letter, 8 January 1863, from Daniel P. Keiholtz to David Keiholtz discussing his brother’s being drafted, commenting on the war and slavery, detailing the makeup of his corps, asking about David’s service with the army near Suffolk, Virginia, stating he has seen a balloon, and commenting on fighting; letter, 21 April 1863, from Daniel Keiholtz to David Keiholtz commenting on the action around Suffolk, the land and people around Fredericksburg, Virginia, and general news, and commenting that there will be heavy fighting in the summer; discharge notice, 28 July 1863, for David Keiholtz of the 165th Pennsylvania drafted militia for reason of expiration of term of service; discharge notice, 25 December 1863, for Daniel Keiholtz of Company K, 65th New York Infantry for reason of reenlistment, he received a bounty for reenlisting; and envelopes for letters to David Keiholtz while in the army serving around Suffolk.

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Keister, Amos. Papers, 1852-1867.
Accession 43005. 3 leaves and 8 pages.

Papers, 1852-1867, of Amos Keister of Shenandoah County, Virginia, including exemption certificate from serving with the 136th Virginia Infantry, surgeons certificate of exemption, oaths, and correspondence to Captain Nelson regarding exemption from military.

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Keister, George A. Petition, 14 March 1862.
Accession 40259. 2 pages.

Petition, 14 March 1862, of George A. Keister (b. ca. 1825) to the Bedford County Board of Exemptions requesting that he be discharged from his unit and exempted from further military service due to asthma.

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Keith, James W. Letter, 18 August 1863.
Accession 23970. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 18 August 1863, from James W. Keith (1807-1884) of Amherst County, Virginia, to his brother Marshall McNeil Keith (b. ca. 1806) of Newton County, Mississippi, concerning the fate of Marshall Keith’s sons Robert (b. ca. 1841) and Thomas (b. ca. 1839), members of the 13th Mississippi, after the battle of Gettysburg. James Keith informs his brother that they may be prisoners of war and that he will continue to search for their whereabouts. Letter also includes some general war news and personal news.

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Kelley, Effie Branch Bowles. Slashes of Hanover County, Virginia; historic, genealogic, topographics and traditional notes, 1929.
Accession 20306. 1 volume.

The Slashes of Hanover County, Virginia, 1930, by Effie Branch Bowles Kelley (ca. 1867-1947) describes the area of Hanover County known as the Slashes, discussing its geology, geography, and history. Kelley describes the native American inhabitants, agriculture, mills, roads, farms and plantations of the region and the county. She comments on the various churches including Slash Church and Winn's Church. Kelley provides details on the various towns in the county, including Ashland and Hanover Court House. Kelley presents genealogical information on prominent families in the county, including the Page and Wickham families, and offers biographical sketches of prominent individuals from the Slashes, including Patrick Henry (1736-1799) and Henry Clay (1777-1852). She discusses Hanover County and the French and Indian War, the American Revolution, and the Civil War, and lists soldiers from Hanover County who served in the War of 1812, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, and World War I. She includes abstracts of marriage records and other county records, letters from Hanover County residents, photographs of Bowles’ Mill, and clippings about the Slash Church.

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Kelly, William Buchanan. Letter, 20 July 1862.
Accession 43101. 2 pages.

Letter, 20 July 1862, from William B. Kelly (1838-1919), 37th Virginia Infantry, at Gordonsville, Virginia, to James Vance (1834-1896) in Abingdon. He writes about his unit’s journey to Gordonsville, enemy movements and strength, the adjutant position that is vacant in his regiment, and his own feeling that it will be filled by James Lowry White (1842-1910). Kelly also laments the death of Colonel James Vance Fulkerson (1822-1862), who had recently died from wounds suffered at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill.

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Kemper, James Lawson. Papers, 1804-1951 (bulk: 1841-1888)
Accession 24692. .65 cubic feet.

Papers, 1804-1951, of James Lawson Kemper (1823-1895) of Madison and Orange Counties, Virginia, consisting of loose papers and letterpress copy books. Loose papers contain circular letters, clippings, deeds, land surveys, letters, obituaries, papers money, photographs, poems, and promissory notes, and cover Kemper's political career in the House of Delegates and as governor of Virginia, as well as personal and business matters. There are two newspapers, The Manassas Journal (28 October 1943) and The Orange Review (25 October 1951). Letterpress copybooks contain copies of letters written during Kemper's term (1874-1878) as governor of Virginia, and are written by him or his secretaries. Correspondence consists of replies to requests for pardons, employment, and other matters of the commonwealth and include letters written to the governors of Maryland and West Virginia, the Secretary of War William W. Belknap (1829-1890), and President Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885).

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EAD Guide
Kennon, Richard Byrd. Papers, 1861-1921.
Accession 14021, 14022, 14023, 14024, 14025, 14026. 6 leaves.

Papers, 1861-1921, of Richard Byrd Kennon (1835-1892) containing a commission, 8 May 1861, signed by Governor John Letcher (1813-1884) promoting Kennon to first lieutenant of the 2nd Brigade, 4th Cavalry Regiment, Virginia militia, and note written and notarized by William P. Burwell on the back of the commission that Kennon took the oath prescribed by law; letter, 21 December 1861, from Confederate Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin (1811-1884) informing Kennon that President Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) has appointed him first lieutenant and adjutant of the 8th Virginia Cavalry; letter, 23 February 1864, from J. E. B. Stuart (1833-1864), Cavalry Corps Headquarters near Orange Courthouse, Virginia, thanking Kennon for a favor, mentioning $200 originally enclosed with the letter, and asking Kennon to give $20 to James S. Clarke of the 12th Virginia Cavalry; special orders number 263, 4 November 1864, assigning Kennon to duty in General Thomas Rosser’s (1836-1910) Brigade; Appomattox Court House parole, 10 April 1865, written for Kennon by Captain N. E. Edmunds, 9th Virginia Cavalry; letter, 18 August 1883, from H. B. McClellan (1840-1904) of Washington D.C. to Kennon, South Gaston(ia), North Carolina, asking Kennon to send reference of his commissions and assignments during the Civil War; and letter, 12 April 1921, from H. R. McIlwaine (1864-1934), Virginia State Librarian, to Clara Vernon Kennon (1878-1963) of Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, concerning Richard Kennon’s military service record.

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Kennon, Richard Byrd. Papers, 1863-1865.
Accession 22744. 7 leaves and 26 pages.

Papers, 1863-1865, of Richard Byrd Kennon (1835-1892) of Brunswick County, Virginia, consisting of military orders concerning Kennon’s reassignment, General Thomas L. Rosser’s brigade and soldiers in it, and General Robert E. Lee’s (1807-1870) General Order No. 9 concerning the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia; correspondence concerning supplies and corn for Rosser’s brigade and reports denying damage done by the brigade to civilian property; a military pass issued to Kennon; a report by Kennon as assistant inspector general of inspection of Rosser’s brigade; a map of military positions in Hanover County, Virginia: and a letter from Douglas Southall Freeman (1886-1953) of Richmond, Virginia, to Clara Vernon Kennon (1878-1963) of Brunswick County, Virginia, concerning this map.

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EAD Guide
Kennon, Richard Byrd. Papers, 1863-1948.
Accession 22995. 21 leaves and 8 pages.

Papers, 1863-1948, of Richard Byrd Kennon (1835-1892) of Brunswick County, Virginia, consisting of an order, 25 September 1863, by Walter Hanson Jenifer (d. 1878) on Chamberlayne and Kennon for $500; a note from Lieutenant Nicholas W. Dorsey to Captain Emitt concerning worn out mounts; passes, 3 and 7 September 1864, issued by H. B. McClellan (1840-1904) to E. Stone, Abraham Zirkle (1845-1930), and John S. Bowman (1834-1906) of H and K companies, 12th Virginia Cavalry, for procuring horses; pass, 23 October 1864, signed by Jubal A. Early to William Givens Payne, Company F, 11th Virginia Cavalry, for procuring a horse; a letter, 25 April 1864[?], from John J. White at Staunton, Virginia, to General Thomas L. Rosser (1836-1910) concerning forage; a postcard, 17 August 1883, from McClellan to Kennon; and reminiscences of Kennon’s service under General Jeb Stuart during the 1st Battle of Bull Run, the Gettysburg campaign and Kennon family genealogy transcribed by Kennon’s daughter Clara Vernon Kennon (1878-1963) in 1948.

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Kent, Joseph F. Notice of impressment, ca. 1861.
Accession 43806. 1 leaf.

Notice of Impressment, ca. 1861, to Joseph F. Kent of Wythe County, Virginia from Captain John H. Gibboney of the Confederate Army. Notice requests the use of “the institute” as a hospital.

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Kepner, John Price. Papers, 1854-1867.
Accession 22890. 47 leaves.

Transcripts of the papers, 1854-1867, of John Price Kepner of Chester County, Pennsylvania and Washington D.C., consisting of correspondence and a diary. Correspondence covers Kepner’s education in Berks County, Pennsylvania, public schools, and Bryant and Stratton’s Mercantile College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; his military service during the Civil War as a medical clerk in Company I, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry, including details of his unit’s movements, 1861-1864; and his work as a clerk in the surgeon general’s office after the war. Letters also contain personal and family news. Kepner’s diary describes his furlough home in February-March 1864; and details his military service as a clerk and his movements with the army in both eastern Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley during that same year.

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Kerlin family. Papers, 1849-1956.
Accession 43886. .9 cubic feet.

Papers, 1849-1956, of the Kerlin family of Shenendoah County, Virginia, including correspondence and subject files of Thomas J. Kerlin (1838-1909) and his son Clarence E. Kerlin (1876-1956). Correspondence dates mainly 1890-1930, but there are letters from earlier, including letter, 1858, from William Anderson Pence (1838-1922), to his uncle Thomas J. Kerlin, while traveling through the state of Ohio; letter, 1860, letter from Samuel R. Bader (1824-1907) in Iowa to Kerlin regarding national politics, and his thoughts on the South seceding from the Union; letter, 1869, from William Kerlin (b. 1790), Wayne County, Indiana, to his niece, Hannah (Kerlin) Fadely, containing genealogical information on his family, a description of Wayne County, and the prices of various crops. Letters also contain family news, health, weather, courtship, farming activities, the death of Fentress Kerlin (1864-1916), and a draft of letter, ca. 1937, to Senator Harry F. Byrd concerning the wage hour bill was pending in Congress. Subject files contain accounts and receipts, two broadsides, estate papers of Jacob Kerlin (1814-1851) and John Kerlin, greeting cards, information on the Kerlin Bending Machine, a patent deed, two unidentified photographs, tax tickets and receipts, and other miscellaneous items.

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Kern, Kate. Letters, 1864-1865.
Accession 30181. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Transcripts of letters, 1864-1865, from Kate Kern to Mrs. Presnell of North Carolina, concerning the wounding and death of her son, C. J. Presnell (d. 1864). Presnell served as an ambulance driver with the 6th North Carolina Regiment until wounded and captured by Union troops during the third battle of Winchester 19 September 1864.

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Kessler, Ferdinand M. Oath of allegiance, 14 June 1865.
Accession 43001. 2 pages.

Oath of allegiance, 14 June 1865, of Ferdinand M. Kessler of Botetourt County, Virginia.

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Kibler, John Allen. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 22155. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1862-1863, from John Allen Kibler (1834-1929) to Margaret A. Kibler (1832-1921), both of Shenandoah County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 31 December 1862 and 1 January 1863; and a letter 30-31 March 1863. Both letters discuss family business and camp life.

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Kilby family. Papers, 1665-1947 (bulk: 1835-1905).
Accession 26674. 4.05 cubic feet.

Papers, 1665-1947, of the The Kilby family of Nansemond County, Virginia, containing accounts, bills of sale, certificates, clippings, correspondence, deeds, estate accounts, genealogical notes, ledgers, marriage records, memoirs, military records, obituaries, plats, postmasters accounts, promissory notes, receipts, sheriff fee and tax books, slave records, surveys, and wills. Includes overseer of the poor records and account books of levies and fees collected by John R. Kilby, as sheriff of Nansemond County, from c. 1840-1870; accounts of the post office of Nansemond County, 1804-1844, when Arthur Smith was postmaster of the county; estate accounts of Nansemond County residents; slave records including names, birth and death dates. Collection also includes military records from the 59th Virginia Militia, 1812, and the 16th Virginia Infantry, Confederate States of America; memoir written by John Kilby describing his experiences in the Revolutionary war and his work with John Paul Jones (1747-1792); and genealogical notes and obituaries on the Blackwell, Glazebrook, Kilby, Riddick, Smith, and Thompson families of Hanover and Nansemond County and Norfolk, Virginia.

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EAD Guide
King and Queen County (Va.) Circuit Court. Court Record, John Ryland's Affidavit of List of Property Lost in the War, February 1865.
Accession 41719. 4 pages

King and Queen County, Virginia, Court Records consisting of John Ryland’s affidavit of list of property lost in the war, February 1865 and a deposition from James Haynes documenting Ryland’s claim against the U.S. army for property taken from him in 1863 and 1864, including three slaves who deserted his plantation for General Sheridan’s army.

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King George County (Va.) Circuit Court. Claims for slaves who escaped during the late war, 1861-1865.
Accession 41899. 1 folder.

King George County, Virginia, Claims for slaves who escaped during the late war, 1861-1865, are lists and affidavits by owners of slaves who either escaped or were taken by Union soldiers during the Civil War. Most lists include slave names and ages and some include a statement as to the date and circumstances of the loss. Some affidavits only provide a number of slaves lost and an amount of money. Many of the lists have notations as to the value of the slave or the tax value. The list of William S. Brown of 1863 includes items other than slaves that he claims Union soldiers also took from him including hay stacks, mules, geese, fodder, and fencing.

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King, C. S. Letter, 21 July 1864.
Accession 38834. 4 pages.

Letter, 21 July 1864, from C. S. King (d. 1864) of Company B, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry to Esther Glidewell (b. ca. 1837) of Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, sending personal news concerning himself and others in the regiment. King also describes the Union siege of Petersburg, Virginia.

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King, Mary Josephine. Papers, 1918-2003.
Accession 42309. 18.55 cubic feet. In part Photocopies

Papers, 1918-2003, of Mary Josephine King (1924-2004) of Chesapeake, Virginia, and Charlotte, North Carolina, consisting of genealogical materials collected in doing research on the King, Smith, and related families, and including genealogical notes and charts, correspondence, and photographs. Genealogical notes include information relating to persons serving in the Civil War and photographs includes photographs of a Confederate Cemetery, Beech Grove, Tennessee. Papers also include King’s personal papers, mainly concerning her education and career as a nursing instructor.

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EAD Guide
Kingsbury, Marcus D. Letters, 1864-1865.
Accession 39055. 5 pages.

Letters, 1864-1865, sent from Marcus D. Kingsbury, Company D, 16th Regiment, Maine Infantry, in Virginia to his father, Thomas R. Kingsbury in Bradford, Maine, concerning his participation in the Siege of Petersburg and the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, in Dinwiddie County, Virginia, 5-7 February 1865. Includes letter, 31 October 1864, from Fort Wadsworth, Virginia, a Union Army installation along the siege line on the southern front of Petersburg. Topics include camp life, location of Union troops and enemy positions, description of trenches and pickets, graves of soldiers, condition of Confederate soldiers, price of food and clothing in Petersburg, and ages of Confederate soldiers. Also contains letter, 12 February 1865, from his Union Army camp following the Battle of Hatcher’s Run including description of the battle and unit casualties suffered.

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Kiracofe, John. Letter, 16 May 1864.
Accession 39194. 4 pages.

Letter, 16 May 1864, from John Kiracofe, New Market, Virginia, to his wife and daughter. Topics include troop movements, news of friends, and the battle of New Market, Virginia.

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Kirker, William H. Papers, 1863.
Accession 20014. .15 cubic feet.

Papers, 1863, of Captain William H. Kirker (1831-1884), assistant quartermaster for the Second Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia, consisting of correspondence, orders, reports, and supplementary records relevant for quartermaster supplies for the artillery units attached to the Second Army Corps. Papers cover 6 January-1 May 1863 when Kirker’s operations base was located at Milford Depot in Prince William County, Virginia.

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Klice, William C. Letter, 4 April 1865.
Accession 42196. 1 leaf.

Letter, 4 April 1865, from William C. Klice (b. ca. 1842) of Company L, 20th New York Cavalry, in Richmond, Virginia, to his parents William Klice (b. ca. 1796) and Eliza Klice (b. ca. 1807) of Steuben County, New York, stating that the Confederates evacuated Richmond, Virginia, and the Union army now occupies it, that he is a guard at regimental headquarters in the city, and that his brother Henry Klice (b. ca. 1845) is well. Klice adds that the Union army occupies Petersburg, Virginia.

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Klipstein, P. A. Letter, 25 February 1865.
Accession 38881. 4 pages.

Letter, 25 February 1865, from P. A. Klipstein (1820-1905) of Company D, 8th Virginia Infantry, to his son Earnest C. Klipstein (b. 1851) of Fauquier County, concerning his mail, informing Earnest of the Union army’s reaction to the news of the fall of Charleston, South Carolina, and Wilmington, North Carolina, giving advice on whether to purchase straw or hay, and describing the sight of Union and Confederate troops swapping prisoners on the James River near Richmond. Klipstein sketched a map of this location. He also offers news of army life.

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Knick, James. Letter, 21 February 1864
Accession 26426. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 21 February 1864, from James Knick, Chaffins Farm, Virginia, to his wife, Nancy, regarding his despondency over conditions existing in the South.

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Knight, Joseph F. Letter, 25 July 1864.
Accession 38836. 4 pages.

Letter, 25 July 1864, signed "Frank" from Joseph F. Knight of Company H, 32nd Maine Infantry, to his sister thanking her for the money she has sent him, noting that Colonel Mark Fernald Wentworth (1820-1897) had joined the regiment, and commenting on camp life. Also includes a postscript, written after 30 July 1864, by Sergeant Edward R. Harmon informing the recipient that her brother is missing and presumed captured by the Confederate army during the battle of the Crater at Petersburg, Virginia.

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Knox, Andrew. Letter, 29 January 1865.
Accession 41187. 4 pages.

Letter, 29 January 1865, from Andrew Knox (b. 1835) of the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Regiment, stationed at Battery #20 near Petersburg, Virginia, to his wife Sarah Knox (b. ca. 1842) in Danbury, Connecticut, telling her how much he loves and misses her and how he hopes to see her soon. Knox also informs her of some of the military activity in front of his regiment. Includes a map of Battery #20.

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Kuykendall, Arthur R. Burials of Virginia Confederate veterans in Florida between 1887 and 1937, 1983.
Accession 31944. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

List, 1983, of burials in of Virginia Confederate veterans in Florida cemeteries between 1887 and 1937 compiled by Arthur R. Kuykendall, Jr. List gives name, regiment, and location of burial.

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Ladd, Thomas. Papers, 1808-1948, (bulk: 1808-1834).
Accession 30712. .1 cubic feet. Photocopies.

Papers, 1808-1948, of Thomas Ladd (1769-1834) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1829, between Ladd and his son Nathan Bell Ladd (b. 1808) in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, discussing manufacturing in both localities, including Nathan’s apprenticeship; religious (Quaker) matters; social; and family news. Also a letter, 26 June 1834, to Nathan Bell Ladd in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, from Ann in Shelbyville, Kentucky, discussing her family’s business plans; a letter, 24 September 1864, from Thomas Mifflin Ladd (1800-1866) to his son Thomas Mifflin Ladd (b. 1843) stating that he was sorry he missed his son when bringing him food and other family news; and correspondence, 1880-1887, to John Bell Ladd (b. 1846) from C. P. Johnson containing personal news, and from the United States patent office regarding a patent for a blind writing machine that Ladd invented. Papers also include a poem, 3 March 1948, by Frank A. Cavedo (1894-1970) concerning religion, and genealogies of the Ladd and Winston families. Papers also contain an account book, 1808-1817, of Thomas Ladd recording his expences for compiling reports of court cases, which included copying depositions and other records.

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Ladies Memorial Association ( Petersburg, Va.). Records, 1866-1912.
Accession 24254. 1 volume (233 leaves). Photostats (negative).

Records, 1866-1912, of the Ladies Memorial Association of Petersburg, Virginia, containing the proceedings of the first meeting held 6 May 1866, as well as minutes, newspaper clippings, and lists of members and concerning the association’s honoring the Confederate dead buried in Petersburg on 9 June annually, as well as other activities. Records contain lists of Confederate soldiers buried in Petersburg, including lists specific to Blandford Cemetery, and lists of buried soldiers by date and by state, some including command and date of death. Records also include a roster of the Petersburg “A” Grays, 4th Battalion, which became Company B, 12th Virginia Regiment.

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Lafever, Daniel. Letters, 1861.
Accession 43845. 3 leaves and 1 page.

Letters, 1861, of Daniel Lafever (b. 1814) who once served as sheriff of Berkeley County, Virginia (now West Virginia), consisting of letter, 11 July 1861, to Thomas Dugan of Berkeley County stating that Lafever presented himself to General Patterson where he asked if he was to be arrested, but not mentioning the charges against him, and noting that another individual, William Sparrow, also gave himself up; letter, 13 July 1861, to Dugan concerning Dugan’s leaving the position of Jailor to which he was appointed by Lafever, Harpers Ferry, Dugan being under the influence of liquor, and slaughtering cattle for Confederate troops; letter, 12 August 1861, to Gentlemen Justices from Lafever containing Lafever’s resignation as Sheriff of Berkeley County stating that he is unable “to comply with the Requisition of the office any longer” as well as comply with the new requisitions laid out by the “would be State authority that is sprung up in Wheeling and recognized by the Federal Government;” and letter, 19 August 1861, to Lafever from J. M. Bennett of the Auditor’s Office in Richmond, Virginia, requesting that Lafever pay monies due to the state. This request may be related to the Internal Revenue Act of 1861, which restored earlier excises taxes and imposed a tax on personal incomes.

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Lamb, John. The Confederate cavalry: Its Wants, Trials, and Heroism, 1898.
Accession 41008, Miscellaneous reel 5228. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Manuscript draft, 1898, of an address by John Lamb entitled “The Confederate Cavalry: Its Wants, Trials, and Heroism.” Lamb discusses the inability of the Confederate government to supply horses to its troops, the reorganization of the cavalry and lack of manpower, arms, and equipment, the cavalry battle at Fleetwood Hill in Culpeper County, Virginia, and he laments on how little has been written concerning the contributions of the cavalry soldier. Address was published in the Southern Historical Society Papers (1898), pp. 359-365.

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Lambert, C. C. Account, 15 March 1865.
Accession 39280. 2 pages.

Final statement, 15 March 1865, of monies received by C. C. Lambert, a private with Company K, 50th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

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Lambert, Perrin. Letter, 7 November 1862.
Accession 44255. 2 pages.

Letter, 7 November 1862, from Perrin Lambert, Montgomery County, Maryland, to S. F. Matthews, describing camp life, desolate plantations encountered, freed blacks, weather, and health of fellow soldiers. The letter is written on 14th Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers letterhead.

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Lancaster County (Va.). Circuit Court. Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Lancaster County. .05 cubic feet.

The Lancaster County, Virginia, Reports of Indigent Soldiers’ Families is primarily made up of reports of indigent soldiers’ families. These reports include the names of soldiers and family members, the amount of money provided to each family, and the use for which the money was intended. Also included are 1862 appointments of overseers to visit and provide for the families and an 1862 list of soldiers’ families including the number of children in each family. The reports record that funds were to be used for specific foods such as salted beef, bacon, pork, ham, flour, meal, corn, coffee, sugar, molasses and household items such as a stone jar, a pitcher, shoes, and material for making clothing.

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Lancaster, William. Letters, 1845-1884 (bulk: 1863-1865)
Accession 24851. 7 leaves and 215 pages.

Letters, 1845-1884, of William Lancaster (1831-1885) of Orange County, Virginia, consisting of letters from his brothers Jonathan Lancaster, Jr., and James L. Lancaster (1823-1893), both of Sumter County, Alabama, and of letters between Lancaster and his wife Adaline T. Lancaster (1837-1912). Letters provide family news and information on Alabama, including information on agriculture, their farms, discussion of the possibility of war with Mexico, description of a Fourth of July celebration, and a newspaper clipping about James L. Lancaster’s patent medicine. Letters between William and Adaline T. Lancaster contain mostly personal and family news and comments on the war, including William Lancaster’s thoughts on hiring a substitute, plans for farming, description of camp life while serving in Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, service in Petersburg, Virginia, rumors that North Carolina was rejoining the Union, and his poor health resulting in stays in hospitals in Petersburg, Richmond, and Lynchburg, Virginia. Also a notice from 1884 for sale of William Lancaster’s property.

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Land, Albert Lewis. Letter, 15 November 1862.
Accession 44378. 2 pages.

Letter, 15 November 1862, from Albert Lewis Land (1828-1873), 41st Virginia Infantry near Culpeper Court House, to his brother-in-law Jesse Harper Shelton (1826-1909) in Sussex County, Virginia. Land requests that Shelton send payrolls and other regimental records to him. He also writes about his unit’s movements, his chances of visiting home, food prices, the likelihood of Gen. William Mahone (1826-1895) losing his command, fears of the Union army being in the vicinity of his family’s home, and rumors that Union troops have abandoned their positions around Warrenton.

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Lane, Edwin A. Letter, 19 May 1863.
Accession 41185. 4 pages.

Letter, 19 May 1863, from Edwin A. Lane (1845-1864), 40th Massachusetts Infantry at West Point, King William County, Virginia, to his aunt. Subjects include the movements of his unit, picket duty, skirmishing near Suffolk, a description of West Point, rations, and constructing breastworks.

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Lard, Almon. Pay voucher, 1864.
Accession 41551. 4 pages.

Pay voucher, 9 December 1864, to Anna Lard, wife of Almon Lard, Company I, 27th Massachusetts Regiment, who was a prisoner of war, for pay from March-August 1864. Includes transcript.

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Latimer, Thomas S. Letter, 5 November 1862.
Accession 24844. 2 leaves.

Letter, 5 November 1862, from Thomas S. Latimer (1839-1906), assistant surgeon and assistant medical purveyor, to Captain George Williamson, adjutant-general, both at Winchester, Virginia. Latimer is having difficulty finding transportation for much needed medical supplies for the Confederate army, and asks Williamson to provide wagons for their transport.

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Law, Evander McIver. Essay, 1890.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5314. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Essay, 1890, by Evander McIver Law entitled “The Confederate Revolution.” Law’s essay encompasses more than the American Civil War to include Colonial history, the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, Louisiana Purchase, and the Continental Congress.

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Lawson, W. Z. T. Letter, 11 November 1861.
Accession 50839. 2 pages.

Letter, 11 November 1861, from W. Z. T. Lawson of Patrick County, Virginia, probably to his brother-in-law Edward Payne regarding a book he is returning and commenting on the war. Lawson notes that about forty soldiers from Patrick County have died.

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Leake, Preston Hildebrand. Life is very unsertain and death is shure: A collection of letters, written mostly during the U.S. Civil War, to and from two brothers, 2001.
Accession 38176. 1 volume (252 pages).

“Life is very unsertain and death is shure: A collection of letters, written mostly during the U.S. Civil War, to and from two brothers,” 2001, edited by Preston H. Leake of Hopewell, Virginia, containing the letters to and from Leroy E. Dunn (ca. 1840-1862) of Company H., 57th Virginia Infantry and Henry Marshall Dunn (ca. 1843-1862) of Company H, 56th Virginia Infantry, both of Albemarle County, Virginia. Majority of letters are to and from their mother, Elizabeth E. Bruce Dunn (1818-1890). Also includes genealogies of the Cox, Bruce, Dunn, and Estes families of Albemarle County; maps; poems; and photographs. Includes an index.

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Leake, Shelton F. Letter, 9 November 1863.
Accession 44029. 1 page.

Letter, 9 November 1863, from Shelton F. Leake (1812-1884) in Charlottesville, Virginia to Lieutenant Colonel J. C. Shields recommending William Lynn Cochran for the position of Conscript Officer for Montgomery County, Virginia.

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Lee Chess Club. Lee Club Gazettes, March 1865.
Accession 22495. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Issues, March 1865, of the Lee Club Gazette consisting of two newsletters devoted to chess and light literature written by Confederate prisoners who were members of the Lee Chess Club. Newsletter, 2 March 1865, issued from Fort Pulaski, Georgia, where the publisher may have been imprisoned first. Newsletter, March 1865, was issued from Fort Delaware. Also included are the regulations of the Lee Chess Club and an article on the Immortal 600.

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Lee family. Letters, 1863-1873.
Accession 23689. 17 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1863-1873, of the Lee family of New Kent County, Richmond and Lexington, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 21, 27 November 1863, from Agnes Lee (1842-1873) of Richmond, Virginia, to Fanny R. Johnston concerning family news, Richmond society, the captivity of Willliam Henry Fitzhugh Lee (1837-1891), Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), and Union General Benjamin Butler (1818-1893); a letter, 23 June 1865, from Mary Custis Lee (1835-1918) to an unidentified correspondent concerning personal and social news; a letter, 8 September 1869, from William Henry Fitzhugh Lee to Mary Sayre Macon (1850-1935) containing personal news; a letter, May 1870, from Mary Custis Lee (1835-1918) to Nora Crena Braxton Macon (1824-1892) containing personal news; a letter, June 1870, from Mary Custis Lee to Nora Macon containing personal news; cover of a letter, 1873, to Nora Macon; a letter, no date, from Mary Custis Lee to Nora Macon concerning personal matters; and a letter, no date, from Mildred Lee (1846-1905) to Fanny R. Johnston concerning a visit to her brother Robert Lee (1843-1916) and other personal news.

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Lee family. Papers, 1722-1892.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reels 1217-1218. 2 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1722-1892, of the Lee family consisting of correspondence, 1765-1780, of Richard Henry, William, Francis Lightfoot, and Arthur Lee discussing political and diplomatic events leading to the American Revolution, including William Lee’s accouts of the debates in London, and family and business affairs, including the family’s tobacco trade, plantations and estates as well as Arthur Lee’s European travels; correspondence of Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee covering the Continental Army and campaigns and battles of the Revolutionary War, particularly the Southern campaign of Nathanael Greene. Some pieces relate to Henry Lee’s service as Governor of Virginia (1793-1795), his work on the Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United States (1812), and his debts. Correspondence and documents of Robert E. Lee and his son George Washington Custis Lee deal with their Civil War careers and presidencies of Washington and Lee University. Also included are materials concerning Lee family history.

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Lee, George Washington Custis. Letter, 12 May 1864.
Accession 41708. 2 pages.

Letter, 12 May 1864, from Brigadier General George Washington Custis Lee (1832-1913) from Camp Lee, Virginia to Colonel John B. Sale (1818-1876) returning a letter concerning the fords on the James River above Richmond. He also informs Sale that a detachment of mounted men has been sent up the James, although it was not the number that was desired.

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Lee, Mary Greenhow. Diary, 1862-1865.
Accession 36210 Miscellaneous Reel 73. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Diary, 1862-1865, of Mary Greenhow Lee (1819-1906) of Winchester, Virginia, containing entries of personal nature and commenting on Civil War battles, on Confederate leaders, and on the situation of the civilian population under Union forces.

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Lee, Mary Randolph Custis. Letter, 19 November 1866.
Accession 40633. 2 pages.

Draft letter, 19 November 1866, to Mary (Randolph) Custis Lee (1807-1873) of Lexington, Virginia, regarding her attempt to regain family property that had been seized or left at Arlington (house) in 1861.

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 24 April 1864.
Accession 19742d. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 24 April 1864, from Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) to his son William Henry Fitzhugh Lee (1837-1891) sending his regrets on the loss of his son’s wife, Charlotte (d. 1863), and mourns her death. However, he reminds his son that the war prevents grieving too long. Contains numerous references to God and documents the extent of Lee’s religious faith.

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Lee, Robert E. Order, 10 April 1865.
Accession 21928. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

General Order No. 9, 10 April 1865, from General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) to his troops announcing the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, 9 April 1865. This is a copy signed by Lee and given to 1st Lieutenant James H. Capers, adjutant, 1st Virginia Battalion Infantry and the provost guard. It also includes a note, 13 April 1929, by Jo Lane Stern (1848-1932) stating that Lee’s signature is authentic.

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Lee, Robert E. Papers, 1834-1884.
Accession 22737a, 25268. 283 leaves. Photostats (positive and negative).

Papers, 1834-1884, of Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) of Alexandria and Rockbridge Counties, Virginia, consisting of his correspondence coverning personal, business, and military matters. Early correspondence, 1834-1853, deals with Lee’s service in the Army Corps of Engineers; correspondence, 1852-1855, covers Lee’s term as the commandant of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York; correspondence, 1855-1861, covers his service as colonel of the 2nd U.S. cavalry regiment in Texas; correspondence, 1861-1865, deals with Lee’s service in the army of Confederate States of America; and correspondence, 1865-1870, covers his presidency of Washington College (now Washington and Lee University) in Lexington, Virginia. There are two miscellaneous items, a letter from George Washington Custis Lee (1832-1913), president of Washington and Lee University, and a letter from Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891).

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 6 October 1862.
Accession 22896. 2 leaves. Photostats (positive and negative).

Letter, 6 October 1862, from General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) to Colonel John D. Imboden (1823-1895) commending him for military operations (2-4 October 1862) at Hanging Rock and the mouth of the Little Cacapon River at the Paw Paw Tunnel, both in Hampshire County, (West) Virginia. A copy of this letter can be found in “Official Records of the War of the Rebellion,” vol. XIX, part 2, p. 25.

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 1 October 1864.
Accession 22904. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Letter, 1 October 1864, from General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), commanding the Army of Northern Virginia, to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), commanding the Union armies, proposing an exchange of prisoners of war.

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 29 August 1861.
Accession 23003a. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative), photographs.

Letter, 29 August 1861, from Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) to Rabbi M. J. Michelbacher (1810-1879) of Richmond, Virginia, repectfully refusing Michelbacher’s request for a general furlough for Jewish soldiers for upcoming Jewish holy days. Lee adds that soldiers who wish to request a furlough for the holiday would have to apply to their commanders.

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Lee, Robert E. Letters, 1863-1866.
Accession 23312. 7 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1863-1866, of Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) consisting of a letter, 12 January 1863, to General Howell Cobb (1815-1868), commanding the District of middle Florida, concerning the possibility of returning Cobb’s Legion to Georgia; a letter, 8 March 1864, to General James Longstreet (1821-1904) discussing possible joint action between Longstreet and General Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891) in Tennessee; a letter, 20 April 1864, to Longstreet concerning the return of Longstreet’s troops to the Army of Northern Virginia from Tennessee and the possible disposition of Union troops; a letter, 22 February 1865, to Longstreet commenting on the lack of gold in the Confederacy and remarking on the movements of armies under Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), William T. Sherman (1820-1891), and John Schofield (1831-1906); and a letter, 25 May 1866, to Longstreet respectfully declining a business proposition.

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Lee, Robert E. Letters, 1862-1865.
Accession 23458 Miscellaneous reel 403, 25786. 1 reel and 67 prints.

Letters, 1862-1865, from General Robert E. Lee to President Jefferson Davis containing information regarding the progress of the Civil War and battle strategies. Included are detailed reports to President Davis on battles, troop movements, issues confronting Lee and his army, and strategic movements of the army. Many items were included in Douglas S. Freeman’s “Lee’s Confidential Dispatches to Davis, 1862-1865” and/or and/or Clifford Dowdey and Louis H. Manarin’s “The Wartime Papers of R. E. Lee.” Several letters are from Lee to individuals other than Davis.

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Lee, Robert E. Letters, 1861-1866.
Accession 25063. 117 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1861-1866, of Robert E. Lee from the collection of the Museum of the Confederacy consisting of military dispatches, telegrams, and special orders written by or on the behalf of General Lee. Topics of the military dispatches include the defense of the South Carolina coast, 1861, and a copy of Special Order no. 17, which divided the South Carolina coast into five military districts; Orders written while headquartered with Jefferson Davis in Richmond, 1862; Dispatches to General J. C. Pemberton regarding the Georgia and South Carolina campaigns, 1862; Copy of military plans for the Peninsular Campaign, 26 June 1862 (General Order no. 75). Also included is a copy of the appointment, 31 August 1861, confirming Lee as a full general in the army of the Confederate States. Of note are letters and orders written to Lee’s commanders during the Battle of New Market, 28-30 September 1864. Letters trace the military tactics and battle plans of the Confederate Army at New Market. Also noteworthy is a letter, 11 January 1865, to Honorable Andrew Hunter of Richmond, concerning the use of slaves in the Confederate Army.

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 16 April 1864.
Accession 25074. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 16 April 1864, from Robert E. Lee to Jeb Stuart. Topics include General Early and grain for the troops horses.

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Lee, Robert E. Papers, 1861-1869.
Accession 25096. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Papers of Robert E. Lee, 1861-1869, including copy of the appointment, 31 August 1861, confirming Lee as a general in the army of the Confederate States. Correspondence Lee includes letter, 16 December 1861, from Charleston, South Carolina, to Honorable D. L. Yulee and General James H. Trapier regarding the defense of the Florida coast; letter, 30 September 1867, from Lexington, Virginia, to Bushrod R. Johnson concerning a watch belonging to the Washington family; and letter, 23 October 1869, from Lexington, Virginia, to Virginia Ritchie regarding churches in Virginia that Lee supported.

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Lee, Robert E. Papers, 1854-1865.
Accession 25331. 5 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1854-1865, of Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) consisting of correspondence, 11 November 1854, from Lee, U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York, to Samuel Cooper, Adjutant General, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C., regarding a summons for James Thompson; photograph of the drawing by Alfred R. Waud of the surrender of General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, on 9 April 1865; and statement, 20 April 1865, by Robert E. Lee regarding the abilities of Walter Husted Stevens.

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 17 September 1864.
Accession 25681. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 17 September 1864, from Robert E. Lee, camp Petersburg, Virginia, to Mrs. Paschal J. Fowlkes, Nottoway County, Virginia, thanking her for cloth she had sent. Includes transcript.

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Lee, Robert E. Order, 10 April 1865.
Accession 25918. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Copy of General Order No. 9, Robert E. Lee's farewell address to the Army of Northern Virginia.

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Lee, Robert E. Message, 9 February 1864.
Accession 27460. 1 page.

Message, 9 February 1864, of Robert E. Lee commenting on the actions of the general officers involved in the attack on New Bern, North Carolina. This appears to be a covering endorsement of a report filed by Major General George E. Pickett; however, his report, as printed, is 15 February 1864. The endorsement has been located only in Douglas S. Freeman’s “Lee’s Dispatches....” Freeman cites the source as “the private collection of Wymberley Jones De Renne of Wormsloe, Georgia,” but it was not included in the part of that collection which was presented to the library by Bernard Baruch.

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 9 April 1865.
Accession 28162. 1 leaf. Facsimile.

Letter, 9 April 1865, from General Robert E. Lee to Lieuenant General Ulysses S. Grant requesting an interview to discuss the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia.

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Lee, Robert E. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 29373. 5 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1863-1864, from Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) to Margaret Stuart (b. 1837) and Caroline Stuart (1844-1872) of King George County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 8 September 1863 from Lee to the Stuart sisters concerning a missed opportunity to visit them and hoping they might be able to visit camp; a letter, 21 November 1863, from Lee to Carrie (Caroline) Stuart thanking her for some clothing she sent and adding he and General Edward Johnson would like to see her; a letter, 19 March 1864, from Lee to Carrie Stuart thanking her for repair work on his coat, mentioning his son Robert and General Edward Johnson; and a letter, 28 April 1864, from Robert E. Lee to Margaret Stuart stating that he will be unable to write to her, but will think of her, and asking that she think of the Army of Northern Virginia; also discussing the possibility of his daughters visiting the Stuarts.

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Lee, Robert E. Papers in the collections of the Library of Congress, 1861-1865.
Accession 36104 Miscellaneous Reel 393. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Letters, 1861-1865, of Robert E. Lee located in the Library of Congress including from Lee to his wife Mary Randolph Custis Lee, and to a few other relatives. Also included is a letter book, April-July 1865, with letters addressed to Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, and to President Andrew Johnson.

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Lee, Robert E. Papers in the collections of Duke University, 1861-1865.
Accession 36105a Miscellaneous Reel 394. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Documents, 1861-1865, of Robert E. Lee located in different collections at Duke University. Includes correspondence, telegrams, and General Order no. 43. Also included are chapters of different publications of General Lee’s memoirs. Among the correspondents are Jefferson Davis, James A. Seddon, George Washington Custis Lee, and Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

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Lee, Robert E. Papers in the Southern Historical Collection of the University of North Carolina, 1861-1865.
Accession 36105b Miscellaneous Reel 394. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Correspondence, 1861-1865 of Robert E. Lee located in various collections at the Special Collections of the University of North Carolina. Correspondents include Stonewall Jackson.

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Lee, Robert E. Papers in the collections of the North Carolina State Dept. of Archives and History, 1861-1865.
Accession 36105c Miscellaneous Reel 394. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Documents, 1861-1865, of Robert E. Lee located in different collections at the North Carolina State Department of Archives and History in Raleigh, North Carolina. Includes telegrams, correspondence, Special Order no. 300, and General Order no. 9, April 10, 1865.

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Lee, Robert E. Letter, 30 May 1864.
Accession 42098. 1 leaf.

Letter, 30 May 1864, from General Robert E. Lee, Headquarters of the Army of Northern Virginia, to Major General J. C. Breckinridge. Lee informs Breckinridge that his line of rifle and artillery pits is too near Totopotomoy Creek and the enemy’s sharpshooters and artillery. He suggests that Breckinridge connect his lines with General Hill and General Anderson.

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Lee, Sydney Smith. Dispatch, 17 July 1863.
Accession 34781. 1 leaf. Photocopies.

Dispatch, 17 July 1863, from Sydney Smith Lee (1802-1869) to Major Francis J. Boggs (1821-1894), concerning Union naval movements near Turkey Island in Charles City County, Virginia.

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Leech, Annie Laurie. Papers.
Accession 37893. 9 leaves and 5 pages. Photocopies.

Papers, no date, of Annie Laurie Leech (b. 1899) of Columbus, Lowndes County, Mississippi, consisting of a self-written obituary, her reasons for joining the Hannah Bushrod chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and miscellaneous genealogical notes on the Leech family.

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Leland, Charles E. Letter, 3 March 1862.
Accession 43099. 4 pages.

Letter, 3 March 1862, from Charles E. Leland (1844-1863), 13th Massachusetts Infantry, in Martinsburg, (West) Virginia, to his father Charles Messinger Leland (b. 1821). He writes about the march from Williamsport, Pennsylvania to Martinsburg, entering town, the firing by another Union regiment, and the resulting confusion. Leland also gives a description of Martinsburg.

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Leland, Charles E. Letters, 1862.
Accession 43795. 2 leaves and 8 pages.

Letters, 5 January-9 May 1862, from Charles E. Leland (1844-1863), 13th Massachusetts Infantry, in Williamsport, Maryland, and Warrenton Junction, Virginia, to his father Charles Messinger Leland (b. 1821) in Boston, Massachusetts. Leland writes about camp life and their position, his trip by canal boat from Williamsport, Pennsylvania to Warrenton Junction, Virginia, the rescue of a runaway slave, capture of a Confederate deserter, the evacuation of Yorktown and McClellan’s pursuing of the Confederate Army. He also writes about the railroad bringing mail and supplies from Alexandria, Virginia, and guerrillas roaming the countryside.

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Letcher, John. Letter, 14 February 1862
Accession 45498. 2 pages.

Letter, 14 February 1862, from citizens of Fincastle, Botetourt County, Virginia, to Governor John Letcher (1813-1884) recommending George W. Wilson (ca. 1805-1878) for a military commission.

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Levan, Charles D. Letter, 11 May 1863.
Accession 43819. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 11 May 1863, from Charles D. Levan at Camp Columbia to Charles Wagner in Washingtonville, Pennsylvania. Levan writes of the lack of sickness in his company, the reward issued for the capture of bushwhackers and of General Hooker crossing the Rappahannock River.

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Lewis, Charlton Thomas. Letter, 18 August 1863.
Accession 40264. 3 pages.

Letter, 18 August 1863, from Charlton Thomas Lewis (1834-1904), Deputy Commissioner of Internal Revenue in Washington, to his wife Nancy Dunlap McKeen (d. 1883) concerning his trip to Alexandria and its occupation by federal troops.

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Lewis, Henry W. A Candid Confederate, 1997.
Accession 35318. 1 volume (178 pages).

“A Candid Confederate,” 1997, by Henry W. Lewis (b. 1916) is a compilation of the letters of Brunswick County, Virginia resident William E. Brodnax (1827-1907) to his brother John Brodnax (1830-1885), written during the war years, 1861-1865. There is additional correspondence of close family relations. The transcribed letters include annotations and comments by the editor, Henry W. Lewis. There is a great deal of information on Confederate camp life, as well as the functioning of society and the economy in a war torn country.

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Lewis, J. W. Letter, 7 September 1862.
Accession 39196. 4 pages.

Letter, 7 September 1862, from J. W. Lewis, Frederickstown, Maryland, to his father, Samuel Lewis, Bath County, Virginia. Topics include troop movements, health, and the second battle of Bull Run.

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Lewis, John F. Letter,14 May 1863.
Accession 42193. 8 pages.

Letter, 14 May 1863, from John F. Lewis (ca. 1836-1864), Company D, 17th Connecticut Infantry, to his wife Augusta H. Lewis (b. ca. 1839) of Plymouth Hollow, Connecticut, describing the battle of Chancellorsville, including the rout of the 11th Corps to which his regiment belonged by the Confederate Army. Lewis notes that his regiment was part of the only division which fought and retreated only after faced with overwhelming numbers and he sends a newspaper clipping confirming this. He details the fighting which halted the Confederate advance, mentions the wounded and dead, and relates how his lieutenant killed a Confederate sharpshooter. Lewis notes that many soldiers are missing and that many officers are resigning and comments on the marching the army has done since the battle.

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Lewis, M. Receipt, 18 March 1864.
Accession 25646. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Receipt, 18 March 1864, for a $200 bond (bond no. 1009) issued by the Confederate States of America, to Dr. M. Lewis.

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Lewis, Robert Eston. Letters, 1862.
Accession 30717. 5 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1862, from Robert Eston Lewis (1825-1876) of Company C, 1st Virginia Artillery Regiment at Lee’s Mill, York County, Virginia, to his wife Maryetta (Marietta) Louisiana Martin Lewis consisting of a letter, 15 April 1862, describing the skirmishing taking place along the front lines and containing an optimistic view of his service; and a letter, 1 May 1862, again containing news of the fighting along a line from Yorktown, Virginia, to Lee’s Mill and expressing Lewis’ unhappiness and his hopes of somehow getting out of his service, adding a threat that he might desert. Lewis adds that he believes the Union army will never be able to take Richmond, Virginia. There is a typed transcript of the 15 April 1862 letter.

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Lewis, Samuel L. Receipt for troop pay, 27 October 1861.
Accession 20149. 2 pages.

Receipt, 27 October 1861, from Captain Samuel L. Lewis, quartermaster, 3th Brigade, CSA, for $90,000 to Samuel P. Mitchell, Chief Quartermaster, 2nd division, 1st Corps, CSA, Centreville, for pay for the troops of his brigade. Also includes a note on the provenance of the receipt.

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Lewis, William D. Papers, 1862.
Accession 41048 Miscellaneous reel 209. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, March and April 1862, of William D. Lewis, a colonel in the 110th Pennsylvania Infantry who served as post commander during the Union occupation of Winchester, Virginia, from March to mid-April 1862. Consists of documents submitted to Lewis including military correspondence, orders, receipts, reports, a furlough application, and a list of Union men from Winchester, Virginia. Correspondence and reports concern drunkenness and disorder among troops, spies including Joseph R. Jones, Garter Richards, and Hugh McGuire, battles near Winchester, military assistance requests, prisoners, and sick soldiers. Notable correspondents include Ann E. McGuire, General James Shields (1810-1879), Francis Salter, and H. G. Armstrong.

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Leyburn, G. W. Letter, 12 December 1864.
Accession 50843. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 12 December 1864, from Reverend G. W. Leyburn (1809-1875) of Bedford County, Virginia, to General John Echols of the Confederate Army requesting permission to requisition supplies for him and his family outside of Bedford County. Includes a certificate indicating the amount of food that Leyburn is requesting.

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Library of Virginia. Exhibit files of the Library of Virginia, 1589-1961 (bulk: 1954-1960).
Accession 45312. 1.45 cubic feet.

Exhibit files of the Library of Virginia contain photographs, negatives, photostats of original documents, captions, drafts, and exhibit diagrams. These records document exhibits created and displayed at the Virginia State Library probably in the 1950s. In 1961, archivist M. D. Evans created a list of exhibit subjects used by the Archives Division in recent years. Included are files on the Allason Family, Church Records at the Library, Civil War, John Clarke, county clerks, the Declaration of Rights, Presidential Elections, Patrick Henry, Indians, Stonewall Jackson, Thomas Jefferson, Lee-Davis Field Dispatches, John Marshall, George Mason, James Monroe, Edgar Allan Poe, the Public Guard, Tazewell Family, Tredegar Iron Works, U.S. Constitution, Colonial Virginia, The Visitor newspaper, Washington Monument in Capitol Square, and others.

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Liggat, John A. Letter, 6 June 1865.
Accession 50589. 2 pages.

Letter, 6 June 1865, from John A. Liggat (1825-1879), Company E, 8th Virginia Infantry, at Point Lookout, Maryland, prison, to Alfred Stith Lee (1819-1912), of Richmond, Virginia, asking Lee to find out how his sister, Mary M. Liggat Tunstall Brooks (1821-1888) and her family are doing and stating that he's written them and received no response. Letter includes note from Lee to Liggat's brother-in-law J. G. Brooks (b. ca. 1809) regarding the letter.

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Lightfoot, Emmeline Allmand Crump. Papers, 1931-1933.
Accession 38742. 15 leaves. In part photocopies.

Papers, 1931-1933, of Emmeline Allmand Crump Lightfoot (1847-1937) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 29 December 1931, to a cousin sending her a copy of her reminiscences; a copy of her reminiscences about the evacuation of Richmond by the Confederate troops and government and the occupation of the city by Union troops, containing an account of how these events affected her and her family, also reminscences on Robert E. Lee (1807-1870); and a photocopy of this account as it appeared in the Virginia Historical Magazine XLI (July 1933), pp. 215-221, under the title “The Evacuation of Richmond.”

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Lillis, Julian M. Confederate generals buried in Virginia, 1953.
Accession 24058. 2 leaves.

List, 1953, of Confederate Generals buried in Virginia compiled by Julian M. Lillis of Richmond, Virginia.

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Lincoln, Mary Todd. Letter, 18 January 1863.
Accession 23940. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative and positive).

Letter, 18 January 1863, from Mary Todd Lincoln (1818-1882) to Mrs. Henry Barker of Milwaukee, Pennsylvania, replying to a request for an autograph.

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Lindal, Frederick A. Letter, 4 April 1865.
Accession 21947. 1 leaf.

Letter, 4 April 1865, from Frederick A. Lindal (1839-1906), a Union soldier in Richmond, Virginia, to J. L. Bugbee informing Bugbee of the Union occupation of Richmond and sending maps and other souvenirs. These maps, “A General Map of the Known and Inhabited Parts of Virginia” (map accession 438 [1947]) and “Map of the Northern Neck” (map accession 1467 [1952]), were purchased with this letter and returned to Virginia.

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Lindsley, Marvin W. Letters, 1864-1865.
Accession 42190. 8 pages.

Letters, 1864-1865, from Marvin W. Lindsley (1844-1895), 1st New York Dragoons at Shepherdston, (West) Virginia, and Strasburg and White House Landing, Virginia, to his mother Sarah (Bearss) Lindsley in Livonia, New York. Lindsley describes the area, and comments on the weather, troop movements, battles with Gen. Jubal Early’s forces, capturing prisoners and artillery, burning grain and hay, destroying railroads near Charlottesville and Richmond, and damaging the James River and Kanawha Canal.

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Lining, Charles E. Journal, CSS Shenandoah, 1864-1865.
Accession 29287 Miscellaneous Reel 41. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Journal, 1864-1865, of Charles E. Lining, Past Assistant Surgeon, CSN, kept during the entire cruise of the Shenandoah. It adds little to the present information regarding the chief events of the long voyage of the cruiser, but gives many interesting sidelights on the conditions under which the cruise was made, the character of the crew, and the personalities of the officers. The statements regarding the discussion as to the dispostion of the ship are of special interest, as are the ones on the threatening interning of the Shenandoah at Melbourne. James I. Waddell (1824-1886) was the Lieutenant Commanding, of the CSS Shenandoah. Journal includes a list of the crew at the beginning and at the end of the volume.

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Lionberger, J. H. Letter, 28 August 1864.
Accession 41448. 1 leaf.

Letter, 28 August 1864, from J. H. Lionberger (1843-1879), 1st lieutenant, Company C, 39th Virginia Cavalry Battalion, to the father of William Stevens Gibbons (1842-1931) of Harrisonburg, Virginia, informing the senior Gibbons of his son’s capture and providing details. He also asks if Mr. Gibbons could help pay money that William Gibbons owes.

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Lipscomb, Joseph D. Letter, 28 January 1865.
Accession 24370b. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 28 January 1865, to Joseph D. Lipscomb (1847-1886) of Company B, 1st Virginia (Farinholt’s) Reserves, from his sister Prudence G. H. Lipscomb (b. ca. 1842) and his father C. O. Lipscomb (1802-1884) containing family and personal news and admonitions to Joseph Lipscomb to do his soldierly duty.

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Little, John Peyton. Papers, 1836-1870.
Accession 13945. 2 volumes and 10 pages.

Papers, 1836-1870, of John Peyton Little (1818-1873) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of two commonplace books, notes, receipts, newspaper clippings, and correspondence. Volume I of the books contains jokes, puns, anecdotes, and humorous notes written inverted and reverse in one half of a check book of the Greenwood Mining Company in account with the Farmers Bank of Virginia and containing about nine pages of check stubs from 14 November 1836 to 18 October 1838. Volume II contains jokes, puns, anecdotes, and humorous notes, and also contains correspondence consisting of a letter, 17 December 1861, from A. I. Smith to Little concerning the health of Thomas W. Payn[e], a letter, 17 March 1863, from Elizabeth L. Faris to the sergeant of the hospital regarding the death of her husband, and a letter, 15 April 1863, from Martha J. Camden to Little regarding her brother, John J. Clement. Also notes and clippings of humorous incidents, some written on the back of an announcement, June 1870, of a meeting at Dove Lodge No. 51. Also a letter from Edmon Colston to “my dear mistress” complaining of his ill treatment as a hired hand and asks for help through Dr. Little. Also two receipts to John Smith.

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Littlefield, James A. Letters, 1860-1867.
Accession 37899. 94 pages.

Letters, 1860-1867, by James A. Littlefield of Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine while and the 5th Maine Volunteers in Virginia, to his cousin Martha Rice of Waterville, Kennebec County, Maine. Subjects include his plans to enlist, his stay in the hospital, the Battle of Bull Run and General McDowell’s censure after his defeat, Littlefield’s trip home after his term of service expired, his re-enlistment, and subsequent regrets at doing so, comments on General John Charles Fremont, Henry Wise’s defeat at Roanoke Island and the capture of many Confederate prisoners, camp life, including meals taken, target practice, marching, and inspections, troop movements, weather, his viewing of the Monitor at Fortress Monroe, battle strategies, General McClellan’s removal from command, the mistreatment of privates, his opinions on General Joseph Hooker, battles and skirmishes fought, the Battle of Big Bethel, and his encampment near Charlestown and Harper’s Ferry.

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Lloyd, John. Letter, 20 April 1864.
Accession 24155. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 20 April 1864, from John Lloyd of Company C, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves, to his daughter informing her that he and William Lloyd are both fine. He states that there is a possibility of a fight soon against the Army of Northern Virginia. Lloyd also sends greetings to his wife and other daughter.

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Locke, Frederick Thomas. General orders no. 4, 6 July 1862.
Accession 41322. 2 leaves.

General orders no. 4, 6 July 1862, issued by General Fitz-John Porter and written by Captain Frederick Thomas Locke, assistant adjutant general, to the 5th Corps of the Army of the Potomac, congratulating the soldiers under his command for their courage and valor during the Peninsular Campaign of 1862. Order states that regiments and batteries engaged in the fighting are able to inscribe the names of the battles on their battle flags. These battles are: battle and siege of Yorktown, New Bridge, Hanover Court House, Mechanicsville, Chickahominy (Gaines’ Mill), New Market and Turkey Bridge (both White Oak Swamp), and Malvern (Hill). Order also thanks those brigades and divisions from other corps that fought along side the 5th Corps.

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Loeber, Charles. Letter, 9 November 1936.
Accession 21066. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Letter, 9 November 1936, to Charles Loeber of Staunton, Virginia, from Major General E. T. Conley, Adjutant General’s Office, War Department, Washington, D.C., pertaining to the Civil War service of Philip Schafar (b. ca. 1812) in Captain McClanahan’s Company, Virginia Horse Artillery.

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Logan, John B. I. Papers, 1816-1886.
Accession 35830. .45 cubic feet.

Papers, 1816-1886, of John B. I. Logan (1811-1877) of Salem, Virginia, consisting of letters, accounts and receipts, memorandum books, estate papers of Charles L. Barnett and David Shanks, obituaries of Roanoke County residents, tax receipts, legal papers, clippings, Confederate currency, and miscellaneous ephemera. Topics covered in the letters include family news, weather, travel, health, invitations, and legal and financial matters, as well as Logan’s involvement in the Sons of Temperance and the Presbyterian church, including information on meetings, lectures, and group organization. Letters also touch on issues relating to the Civil War, including secession, fatalities, and national politics. Of particular note is a letter, 30 November 1859, written by Logan from Harper’s Ferry, as well as a letter, 23 February 1863, from Stonewall Jackson, concerning the religious faith and spiritual interest of his troops.

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Longest, Younger. Letters, 1864.
Accession 25294. 4 leaves. Photostats (negatives).

Letters, 1864, from Younger Longest, Petersburg, Virginia, to his brother and sister in King and Queen County, Virginia. Longest gives detailed accounts of some of the carnage he had witnessed, including the Battle of the Crater, Petersburg. He also writes about the weather, high prices and scarcity of supplies at Petersburg.

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Loomis, Richard B. Letter, 25 June 1864.
Accession 40891. 4 pages.

Letter, 25 June 1864, from Richard B. Loomis, Petersburg, Virginia, to his brother, Austin D. Loomis, Amherst, Massachusetts. Topics include troop movements, camp life, health, and the siege at Petersburg.

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Loring, William Wing. Papers, 1862.
Accession 13869. 1 volume (320 pages) and 10 pages.

Papers, 1862, of Major General William Wing Loring (1818-1886), commander of the First Division, Department of Norfolk until the evacuation of Nofolk and of the Department of Southwest Virginia. Includes Loring’s letterbook while serving in those departments during 1862 and containing correspondence and orders to other military officers. Also includes loose letters concerning orders, deserters, and Loring’s campaign in the Kanawha River Valley in western (now West) Virginia.

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Loring, William Wing. Papers, 1862.
Accession 22525. 3 leaves and 2 pages.

Papers, 1862, of the Department of Southwestern Virginia (Confederate) commanded by General William Wing Loring (1818-1886), consisting of charges and specifications for desertion against Private Thomas J. Phillips (1834-1901) and against Private John C. Combs (1839-1913), both endorsed as approved by W. B. Myers for General Loring; letter, 24 August 1862, from Major J. Floyd King, Headquarters, Department of Southwestern Virginia, to Colonel Henry Fitzhugh (b. ca. 1810), assistant adjutant general, stating that the firing of guns by Captain Bryan was an act of indiscretion and not willful disobedience and asking that Captain Bryan be released from house arrest and charges withdrawn; and letter, 24 August 1862, from Allen T. Caperton (1810-1876), Provost Marshall for Monroe County (West) Virginia, to Major General Loring, commenting on the disposition of property of disloyal citizens who have fled to the enemy.

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Louisa County (Va.) Circuit Court. Muster Roll of Louisa County in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Louisa County, Louisa County reel 118. 1 reel.

Louisa County, Virginia, Muster Roll of Louisa County in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865, consists of two muster rolls compiled in 1905 and 1910 from roll lists, ordinance reports and participants’ memory of men from Louisa County who served in the Civil War. Muster rolls contain information about Company D, 13th Virginia Infantry, Early’s Brigade, Stonewall Jackson Corps; and Company G, 23rd Virginia Infantry, Company G, known as the Fredericks Hall Grays. Notes in the muster roll state that Company D, 13th Virginia was organized in 1860. Notes about the Frederick Hall Grays state that the company was organized at Fredericks Hall about 1 April 1861, and mustered in Richmond about 1 May 1861, where they were attached to the 23rd Virginia as Company G. Information recorded includes names, when and where mustered, by whom, when company was mustered in, and remarks such as when and where killed, deserted, wounded, etc. Lists are arranged with officers first and then all others alphabetically by surname. Also includes roll of William Kean Camp of the United Confederate Veterans of Louisa County, Virginia, compiled by G. D. M. Hunter, Agent. Information given includes name, company, regiment, infantry or cavalry or other, and remarks that usually relate to rank. Roll is arranged alphabetically by surname.

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Louisa Railroad Company. Records, 1846-1869.
Accession 29294a-b Miscellaneous reel 42. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Records, 1846-1869, of the Louisa Railroad Company consisting of a minute book, 1850-1869, containing records of the meeting of the board of directors and stockholders, statements on the financial condition of the company, appointment of agents, reports on accident investigations, and information on operating the railroad during the Civil War; and executive letter book, 1846-1851, of the company’s president Edmund Fontaine recording both incoming and outgoing correspondence concerning the company’s relationship to the RF&P Railroad, and financial matters. Includes letter and drawing of rail specifications.

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Louthan, Carter McKim. Correspondence, 1864.
Accession 22513. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Transcripts of correspondence, 1864, of Carter McKim Louthan (1838-1913) of Clarke County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 31 January 1864, from J. Clinton Carter of Bloomington, Indiana, to Louthan, imprisoned at Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio; and a letter, 12 February 1864, from Louthan to Carter. Each gives his view on the war and why he supports his cause.

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Louthan, Henry Thompson. Correspondence, 1898.
Accession 22232. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Correspondence, 1898, of Henry Thompson Louthan (1866-1953) of Virginia, consisting of a letter, 14 March 1898, from William Preston Johnston (1831-1899), president of Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, recounting a meeting between Joseph Walker Taylor (1826-1889) and Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) to discuss the kidnapping of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865); and a letter, 31 July 1898, from Virginia Taylor of Louisville, Kentucky, concerning an article Louthan was writing about her father Walker Taylor and his plan to kidnap Lincoln; also includes a note, 1903, by Louthan directing attention to his article in the April 1903 issue of Confederate Veteran.

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Loving, Edwin Baker. Reminiscences, 1861-1865.
Accession 21478. 1 volume (63 pages).

Civil War reminiscences, 1861-1865, of Edwin Baker Loving (1837-1913) of Richmond, Virginia, detailing his service in Company I, 1st Virginia Infantry, part of Kemper’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, which served in most of the major battles and campaigns which occurred in Virginia and Maryland, until most of its members were captured at the battle of Sayler’s Creek 6 April 1865. Also includes a roster of Company I. After the Civil War, Loving gave his reminiscences to his brother William Monroe Loving (1825-1885), who transcribed the account.

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Lowery, Addison. Letter, 23 August 1864.
Accession 41452. 2 pages.

Letter, 23 August 1864, from Addison Lowery, Charles Town, West Virginia, to his mother. Topics include troop movements, skirmishes outside of Charles Town, West Virginia, and camp life.

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Lucas family. Papers, 1861-1864.
Accession 25778. 29 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1861-1864, of the Lucas family, including correspondence and a commission of Robert A. McConnell as second lieutenant, 179th Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division Virginia Militia. Letters were written to John England and Clementine England of Caroline County, Virginia, and correspondents include W. G. Coyle, Maria England, Martha England, and Oscar Lucas. Topics include camp life, troop movements, family, health, and campaigns. Letter, 4 September 1861, from Martha and Maria England, Caroline County, Virginia, to their brother John, include descriptions of the 1st battle of Bull Run; letter, 8 May 1863, from Oscar Lucas, includes a description of the battle of Chancellorsville; and letter, 18 September 1864, from W. G. Coyle, Petersburg, to Clementine England, includes descriptions of the seige of Petersburg, Virginia.

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Lucas, Daniel Bedinger. Papers, 1859-1893.
Accession 42000 Miscellaneous reels 5980-5988. 4.9 cubic feet or 9 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1859-1893 (bulk 1862-1864), of Daniel Bedinger Lucas while serving on the staff of General Henry A. Wise. Includes correspondence, deserters reports, guard reports, maps, monthly and morning reports, muster rolls, orders, surgeons’s reports and report of sick, and tri-monthly reports documenting the various regiments that served with the Wise Legion (or Wise Brigade).

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EAD Guide
Lucas, Robert R. Papers, 1861-1865.
Accession 29765. 9 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1861-1865, of Robert R. Lucas (1842-1907) of Jefferson County, (West) Virginia, and a member of Company F, 1st Virginia Cavalry, consisting of his Confederate service record which notes a controversy over whether he was a prisoner of war or a political prisoner; letter, 24 February 1864, from commissioners examining Lucas’ situation to General H. H. Lockwood stating that Lucas should be classified as a prisoner of war; and an anecdote concerning a violin purchased by Lucas and others while at Fort Delaware prison, stating that the last of the prisoners to leave would keep the violin. Lucas was that prisoner.

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Luke, Granville Gratiott. Autograph book, 1861-1862.
Accession 28681. 58 leaves.

Autograph book, 1861-1862, containing signatures of fellow prisoners collected by Granville Gratiott Luke while a prisoner of war at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor, Massachusetts. The signatures include unit names, circumstances surrounding arrest or capture, and comments.

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Luke, J. C. Letter, 3 October 1861.
Accession 43586. 1 leaf.

Letter, 3 October 1861, from J. C. Luke, Wilcox County, Georgia, to James Culberth. Topics include a story he heard about soldiers and munition arriving in Savannah from England; Culberth's crops in Georgia and news of his wife; and asking about mutual friends.

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Lukens, F. B. Letter, 29 August 1861
Accession 50260. 4 leaves and 4 pages.

Letter, 29 August 1861, of F. B. Lukens (1843-1863) of Company E, 3rd New Jersey Infantry, in Fairfax County, Virginia, to his parents Chilion Lukens (1800-1872) and Sarah Lukens (1802-1882) of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, describing a skirmish that the New Jersey Brigade fought in the morning hours of August 28. He also comments on the Army's new commander General George B. McClellan (1826-1885) and on other events. Includes transcription and analysis of the letter.

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Lumsden family. Papers, 1818-1872.
Accession 30180. 35 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1818-1872, of the Lumsden family of Petersburg, Virginia, consisting of correspondence, tax records, receipts, summonses, lodge records, poems, and telegrams. Correspondence includes a letter, 27 March 1818, from Charles Learmenth and Agnes Learmenth of Scotland to William Lumsden of Duchess County, New York, discussing personal news; a letter, 22 April 1862, from T. D. Lumsden, of Mathews County, Virginia, to [William C.?] Lumsden discussing efforts to sell cotton, the Peninsular Campaign, and family and personal news; a letter, 8 January 1868, from Daniel S. Tompkins of Washington D.C. to [?] Lumsden discussing the recent war, politics, and personal news; and a letter, 28 August 1872, from William C. Lumsden (ca. 1822-1886) in Glasgow, Scotland, to his wife Anna Lumsden (ca. 1828-1894), Petersburg, discussing his trip to Scotland and describing Glasgow. Tax receipts are for the payment of state and local taxes paid by William C. Lumsden, J. L. Gilbert, Robert Wright, and Julia A. Goodwin. Receipts are for groceries purchased by William C. Lumsden and his wife, and well as receipts for the purchase of property by William C. Lumsden. Telegram, 18 October 1872, from David Lumsden to Robert Lumsden, both of Scotland, concerning their cousin William Lumsden of Petersburg, Virginia. Summons, 15 May 1845, ordering William C. Lumsden to appear in the Richmond, Virginia, court. Papers are minutes of the Appomattox Lodge of freemasons. Poem is an anonymous work.

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Lundy, William. Letter, 13 May 1861
Accession 26246. 2 pages. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 13 May 1861, from William Lundy, Richmond, Virginia, to J. W. Cook. Lundy was in Richmond seeking arms and equipment for a company of militia in Greensville, Virginia. Topics include Lundy’s military duty and public opinion regarding the Civil War.

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Lunenburg County (Va.). Circuit Court. Proceedings of the Board of Exemption, 1862-1864.
Accession 42852. 27 leaves and 27 pages.

Lunenburg County, Virginia, Proceedings of the Board of Exemption, 1862-1864. Minutes document the board’s ruling on petitions for exemption from military service in the Confederate army. Most petitions were made on the grounds of permanent bodily infirmity or having furnished a substitute. Also included are 28 signed petitions.

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Lunenburg County (Va.). Circuit Court. Lists of property lost by result of war, 1865-1868.
Accession Local Government Records, Lunenburg County. 3 items.

Lunenburg County, Virginia, Lists of property lost by result of war, 1865-1868, are lists by owners of slaves who were taken by Union soldiers during the Civil War. Lists include slave names and ages. List of M. A. Wilson includes items other than slaves that he claims Union soldiers also took from him including a mule, a mare, and one mile of fence.

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Lunenburg County (Va.). Circuit Court. Court Records, 1825-1886.
Accession Local Government Records, Lunenburg County. .11 cubic feet.

Lunenburg County, Virginia, Court Records, 1825-1886, consist of records arranged into the following series: court records, free negro and slave records, health and medical records, and military and pension records. Court records consist of communications with the Freedmen's Bureau and Military District of Virginia officials about county and court business, 1867 and 1869. Subjects include setting up a military court in Lunenburg in lieu of the county court, payment for government horse shoeing, and a situation in which two African Americans had been murdered. Free negro and slave records consist of the sale of runaway slave Jack (1825) and the registration of free negro Drury Cooper after the destruction or loss of his original papers (1855). Health and medical records consist of reports on cases of smallpox in the county (1862-1863) and a committee formed to visit battlefields and hospitals to attend the wounded of the county (1863-1864) which includes the names of wounded soldiers and details about their injuries. Military and pension records include reports about monies received to furnish and clothe volunteer county military companies (1861-1684) which mainly are accounts of items purchased and their cost, but also contains a lengthy 1862 report from the captain of the Pryor Rifle Company that gives a report of their military activities and details loss or damage to supplies. Also included are Reports of indigent families of soldiers from 1864 who would be supported by the county, and the Confederate pension application of Marion J. Moore from 1886 including affidavits supporting his service claims.

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Lydick, Irvin. Letter, 10 May 1864.
Accession 38431. 4 pages.

Letter, 10 May 1864, from Irvin Lydick of the 3rd Pennsylvania Artillery to his parents John and Eve Lydick of Indiana County, Pennsylvania sending news that while he is still in the hospital, he is fine, informing them that the regiment to which he belongs, the 188th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, has been in a severe fight, and asking how every one is doing at home.

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Lyne, Cassie Moncure. Scrapbook, 1945.
Accession 31832. 1 volume

Scrapbook, 1945, of Cassie Moncure Lyne (1875-1955) of Virginia, consisting of brochures, clippings, letters, manuscript materials, and maps on Virginia history, including the Civil War; Jamestown, Virginia; Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826); Robert E. Lee (1807-1870); Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809); George Washington (1732-1799); and Douglas Southall Freeman (1886-1953) and “Lee’s Lieutenants.” Scrapbook also contains genealogical information on the Lee, Lyne, Moncure, and Washington families of Virginia. Volume is titled “Clippings by Cassandra Moncure, 1845-1934.”

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Lyne, Cassie Moncure. Scrapbook, 1943.
Accession 32709. .1 cubic feet.

Scrapbook, 1943, of Cassie Moncure Lyne (1875-1955) of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of articles, clippings, pamphlets, and poems concerning Cassandra Oliver Moncure [Lyne] (1845-1934) and Memorial Day; Robert E. Lee (1807-1870); Stonewall Jackson (1824-1863); William T. Sherman (1820-1891); William McKinley (1843-1901); battles of Chancellorsville and Vicksburg; the Lee Mansion National Memorial; and the George Washington Birthplace National Monument. Includes three issues of “Confederate Veteran” containing articles by Cassie Lyne. Also contains Cassie Lyne’s handwritten notes concerning the Floyd family of Virginia; General John Pershing; William T. Sherman and Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891); and her parents Cassandra Oliver Moncure Lyne and William Lyne (1843-1887).

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Lyons family. Papers, 1772-1886 (bulk: 1820-1880).
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4252-4260. 9 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1772-1886, of the Lyons family of Hanover County and Richmond, Virginia. The bulk of the collection covers the years 1820-1880, and consists of letters to James Lyons (1801-1882) and his son William Henry Lyons (1830-1867). Collection includes correspondence, agreements, receipts, court documents, bonds, deeds, depositions, answers, decrees, clerk fee bills, legal opinions, and drafts of legislative petitions submitted to the Virginia General Assembly. Collection also includes correspondence to James Lyons as a member of the Confederate States of America House of Representatives; and a draft of Lyons' eulogy of Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett. Draft of a letter by Lyons for Governor Francis H. Pierpont to President Andrew Johnson complaining of abuses by federal marshals in Richmond; letters relating to Lyons' service as rector of the Board of Visitors of The College of William and Mary; and letters of sympathy to Lyons upon the death of his son William Henry Lyons, as well as resolutions of respect from the Richmond City Council, and a newspaper account of his funeral. Letters to William Henry Lyons relate to his work on the bench of the Richmond Hustings Court.

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Magruder family. Letters, 1856-1865.
Accession 21150. 71 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1856-1865, of the Magruder family of Albemarle County, Virginia, consisting of: a letter, 27 March 1856, from John Bowie Magruder (1839-1863) to his sister Evy [Eva] M. Magruder describing life at the University of Virginia; letters, 1862-1863, from John Bowie Magruder to his father Benjamin Henry Magruder (1808-1885) and his sister Evy providing news of his Civil War experiences while serving with the 57th Virginia Infantry from service in Suffolk, Virginia, to the days before the battle of Gettysburg; and letters, 1862-1864, from George Shelton Magruder (1842-1864) to his cousin Evy M. Magruder commenting on his service with the 13th Virginia Infantry. Also includes a letter, 12 May 1863, from Eva M. Magruder to John Bowie Magruder concerning the war in Albemarle County; a letter, 8 August 1863, James W. Magruder (1839-1864) to Eva M. Magruder commenting on the probable death of John Bowie Magruder at Gettysburg and on the war; a letter, 29 June 1864, from Eva M. Magruder DeJarnette to her father Benjamin Henry Magruder concerning Union raids in Caroline County, Virginia; a letter, 14-20 March 1865, from Henry Magruder (1845-1891) to his sister Eva M. Magruder DeJarnette concerning Union raids in Albemarle County; and a letter, n.d., from Eva M. Magruder to her sister Julia Magruder Tyler (1837-1873) detailing the death of their brother John Bowie Magruder at the battle of Gettysburg. Also contains a letter, 25 April 1863, from Robert Johnston (1830-1902) for General George Pickett (1825-1875) commending Magruder and the 57th Virginia for actions during a skirmish.

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Magruder family. Letters, 1859-1863.
Accession 21243. 74 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1859-1863, of the Magruder family of Albemarle and Fluvanna Counties, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1859-1863, from John Bowie Magruder (1839-1863) to his brother, Henry Minor Magruder (1845-1891), commenting on family matters, business, education, and details of the campaigns John Magruder participated in; a letter, 20 December 1862, from John Magruder to his father Benjamin Henry Magruder discussing military actions and describing the battle of Fredericksburg; letter, 9 March 1862, from John Bowie Magruder to Evy [Eva] M. Magruder describing Fort Dillard and the surrounding Gates County, North Carolina, countryside; letter, 27 May 1863, from John Bowie Magruder to Julia Magruder Tyler commenting on a fight his command was in, its march to Richmond, Virginia, and plans for a Pennsylvania invasion; and letters, 1861-1863, from Henry Minor Magruder to John Bowie Magruder discussing business, family and personal matters. Also included are biographical notes on members of the Magruder family, including E. J. Magruder, George Shelton Magruder, John Hillery Magruder, James Watson Magruder, and E. T. H. Warren.

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EAD Guide
Magruder, George A. Papers, 1862-1870.
Accession 27169. 5 leaves.

Papers, 1862-1870, of George A. Magruder containing special orders concerning Magruder’s military assignments with the Confederate States, the appointment of Magruder as a major, an order to go to London, England, and Paris, France, with certain communications, and a letter of recommendation by Robert E. Lee, written after the war, from Washington College.

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Mahone family. Papers, 1866-1900.
Accession 22178. 313 pages.

Papers, 1866-1900, of the Mahone family of Petersburg, Virginia, consisting mainly of correspondence to and from William Mahone (1826-1895) concerning military events from the last year of the Civil War, including the Siege of Petersburg and the surrender of the Confederate army at Appomattox, Virginia. Also contains articles, pamphlets, and magazines concerning the same issues, including articles from the “Historical Magazine,” June 1870 and July 1871. Papers also contain the appointment of Robert Butler Mahone as Consul of the United States at Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, and correspondence from Mexican officials to Mahone.

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EAD Guide
Makely family. Papers, 1859-1865.
Accession 27034, 25829. .90 cubic feet.

Papers, 1859-1865, of the Makely family of Alexandria, Virginia consisting of letters between Wesley and Catherine Makely, while Wesley was in prison at Johnson’s Island, Ohio, and Catherine is addressed by her nickname, Kate, and Wesley by his nickname, Nessa. Topics include family, health, care packages, jewelry made by camp prisoners, attempts to obtain a parole for Wesley, weather, and prison regulations. Day book, 1863-1865, kept by Wesley at Johnson’s Island containing an alphabetical list of prisoners held at Johnson’s Island, including their name, rank, regiment, residence, place captured and date. Day book also includes lists of prisoners who died at Johnson’s Island, lists of generals, lieutenant generals, major generals, and brigadier generals of the Confederate army, a sketch of the prison compound, and poetry written by prisoners. Collection also includes a deed, 1859, for land in Fairfax County, Virginia, receipts for money transfers, telegrams, business cards, photographs, envelopes, loyalty oath, 9 May 1865, of Wesley, and prison visitor passes for Kate Makely.

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EAD Guide
Mann family. Paroled prisoner's passes, 10 April 1865.
Accession 25298. 2 leaves. Photostats (negatives).

Paroled prisoner’s passes, 1865, for members of the Mann family, consisting of paroled prisoner's passes for Emmett J. Mann, Company I, 6th Regiment, Virginia Infantry, and Samuel A. Mann, Captain John W. Drewry’s Company, Virginia Artillery. Both were issued 10 April 1865 at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

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Mann family. Papers, 1862-1865.
Accession 32493. 7 leaves Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1865, of the Mann family consisting of a list of names, 6 October 1862, of soldiers in the Southside Artillery, including Samuel A. Mann, as well as other citizens of Chesterfield County, Virginia; special orders no. 41, 18 April 1863, promoting Emmett J. Mann to the rank of 1st lieutenant for Company A, 6th Virginia Infantry; roster, August 186[-], of Drewry’s company, S. A. Mann, first sergeant; and paroles, 10 April 1865, for Emmett J. Mann and Samuel A. Mann.

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Mann, William Wilberforce. Papers, 1825-1897 (bulk: 1848-1872).
Accession 26673. 3.6 cubic feet.

Papers, 1825-1897, of William Wilberforce Mann of Georgia, documenting his career as author, editor, and journalist in Georgia, New York, and France. The collection is arranged alphabetically by folder title and includes accounts, clippings, correspondence, literary manuscripts, poems, scrapbooks, and speeches. Main focus of the collection are twenty-two scrapbooks containing the published copies of Mann’s literary contributions to newspapers and magazines, in addition to clippings relevant to political topics of the day. Topics include issues of American nationalism and sectionalism during the 19th century, constitutional debates on taxes and tariffs, woolen bill of 1827, the U.S. national bank, 1856 presidential election, Civil War, tobacco trade and slavery, European politics, society, and government.

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EAD Guide
Mann, William Wilberforce. Poem, 23 November 1865.
Accession 50122. 2 pages.

Poem, 23 November 1865, by William Wilberforce Mann (1809-1885) entitled "Tribute to a Hero" comparing Union General William T. Sherman (1820-1891) unfavorably with Confederate General Wade Hampton (1818-1902). Printed part of poem had been cut and pasted to the back of the page of a journal and had been edited and new lines added.

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Manson, Joseph R. Letter, 27 July 1862.
Accession 41183. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 27 July 1862, from Joseph R. Manson (1831-1918), Greensville County, Virginia, to his mother in Brunswick County, Virginia. Topics include supplies, kindness of the local townsmen, health of the troops, and his thoughts on ending the war.

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Manson, Joseph R.. Diary, 1864-1865.
Accession 35292. 43 leaves. Photocopies.

Typed transcript of the Civil War diary, 27 October 1864-9 March 1865, of Joseph R. Manson (1831-1918), captain, Company I, 12th Virginia Infantry. Diary consists of the spiritual thoughts and prayers of Manson during the seige of Petersburg, Virginia. There is little, if any, documentation of specific battles or movements of the 12th Virginia Infantry.

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Marshall, Charles. Charles Marshall Graves and Laura Spencer Porter essay, 1908.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Essay, 1908, by Charles Marshall Graves and Laura Spencer Porter, on Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s love for his horse, Traveller. Note in the record states that the essay was read by Mrs. John G. Harrison, historian of the Stonewall Jackson Chapter [organization not specified], at the Camp Nicholls Soldiers’ Home in New Orleans, Louisiana, on 19 January 1909.

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Marshall, D. Porter. Letter, 26 December 1864.
Accession 41549. 1 leaf. Photocopy.

Transcript of a letter, 26 December 1864, from D. Porter Marshall, Petersburg, Virginia, to Reverend Thomas M. Elder. Topics include the march to Petersburg, pillaging, the treatment of citizens, and promotions in the company.

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Marshall-Parrish family. Papers, 1862-1864.
Accession 25608. 14 pages.

Papers, 1862-1864, of the Marshall and the Parrish family of Lunenburg County, Virginia. Includes special order, 4 November 1862, discharging John J. Parrish from Captain Allen’s Heavy Artillery Company, and oath administered to Parrish’s substitute, B. W. Wilkes. Also includes correspondence from Benjamin and William Marshall, Church Flat, South Carolina, to Jim (?), 1863-1864, and William Marshall, Petersburg, Virginia, to his family, 1864. Topics include troop movements and financial matters, including the placement of slaves and settlement of the family estate.

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Marsteller, Samuel Arell. Letter, 22 March 1864.
Accession 50596. 4 pages.

Letter, 22 March 1864, from Samuel Arell Marsteller (1793-1869) of Prince William County, Virginia, to Aclpfar Arell Marsteller (1844-1904), 4th Virginia Cavalry (also known as the Black Horse Cavalry), providing family news including news about two of his sons imprisoned at Point Lookout, Maryland. Marsteller also comments on the Union troops occupying the area and on Union spies, including a one-armed African American who reported on John S. Mosby's movements.

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Martin, J. T. Letter, 2 July 1861.
Accession 43347. 2 pages.

Letter, 2 July 1861, from J. T. Martin, Petersburg, Virginia, to a friend named John, commenting on events in Petersburg in the early days of the Civil War. He mentions troops passing through Petersburg, including Hampton’s Legion, Petersburg’s vigilance committee, possible spies, and other news.

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Martin, John K. Records, 1777-1907.
Accession 12. 18 cubic feet.

Records, 1777-1907, of John K. Martin, a pension agent for military veterans of the Revolutionary War, Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, War of 1812, Indian Wars, Mexican War, Civil War. Records contain pension claim files for individual veterans and their spouses relating to their military service. The pension claim files principally consist of correspondence and notes concerning land warrants and military service, but there are also wills, deeds, and even Bible records and genealogical notes proving linkeage of an heir to the veteran or land ownership. Correspondence within the pension files is between Martin, other pension agents and the pension office in Washington, D.C., and veterans and their family members.

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EAD Guide
Martin, John T. Papers, 1838-1993.
Accession 41866. .45 cubic feet. In part Photocopies.

Papers, 1838-1993, of John T. Martin of James City County, Virginia, consisting of account books, accounts, appraisements, clippings, correspondence, diaries, genealogical notes and charts, judicial records, notes, photographs, promissory notes, oaths, receipts, stamps, and wills. Account book, 1838-1868, of John T. Martin, containing his income from livestock and crop sales, school tuition, bonds, and slave hires, and his expenditures for groceries, dry-goods, clothing, repairs, school tuition, medical care, schoolbooks for his students slave hires, and donations for missionary work. Diaries, 1845-1880, of John T. Martin detailing his planting and harvesting of crops; describing the weather; remarking on his school, his religious life, his business life, and on social events and deaths in James City County; and commenting on the effects of the Civil War and movements of the Confederate and Union armies through the county. Correspondence, 1838-1930, of members of the Martin family discussing family and social news, business concerns, and other matters, and including poems, essays, and a eulogy on Charles B. Martin. Papers, 1844-1879, containing accounts and appraisements of estates administered by John T. Martin; accounts for groceries, dry-goods, and other services purchased; judicial records and receipts for court fees; promissory notes; oath and parole for John T. Martin; and other documents relating to the Martin and Wilkinson families. Photographs contains photographs of members of the Martin family, relatives, and friends. Genealogical information on the Cocke, Haley, Martin, McCandlish, Power, Taliaferro, and Wilkinson families; transcripts of the wills of Richard Taliaferro (d. 1789), Richard Taliaferro (1769-1792), Rebecca Taliaferro (d. 1810), and William Wilkinson (d. 1800); childhood memories of Hannah Elizabeth Haley Glass (1916-); and information on Hickory Neck Church, Powhatan Plantation, and La Grange, all in James City County, Virginia.

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Martin, Roger. Letter, 7 April 1865.
Accession 42195. 4 pages.

Letter, 7 April 1865, from Roger Martin (1830-1900), elder, and John W. Rison and Matthew Blair (d. 1876), deacons of Second Presbyterian Church of Richmond, Virginia, offering the use of their church as a place of worship for their brethren of the United Presbyterian Church in Richmond in the aftermath of the fall of the city to Union troops.

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Martin, Sarah. Letter, 23 November 1863.
Accession 38758. 1 leaf.

Letter, 23 November 1863, from the Treasury Department of the Confederate States of America to Sarah Martin of Pickens County, South Carolina, stating that her “application for the arrears of pay due James E. Martin [her husband]” has been received and will be considered as soon as possible.

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Mason, Edgar Eilbeck. Receipt, 1 October 1863.
Accession 41580. 1 leaf

Receipt, 1 October 1863, from Edgar Eilbeck Mason (ca. 1837-1907), lieutenant, Corps of Engineers, to Sheriff William H. Preas (1820-1881) of Bedford County, Virginia, for a slave named Green sent to Lynchburg, Virginia, to work on fortifications at Lynchburg. Green’s owner was Joseph W. Burroughs of Bedford County, Virginia.

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Mason, H. Norton. Papers, 1793-1968 (bulk: 1952-1968).
Accession 27922. 4.475 cubic feet.

Papers, 1793-1968 (bulk 1952-1968), of H. Norton Mason (1880-1978) including brochures, clippings, correspondence, editorials, medals, newsletters, pamphlets, photographs, postcards, programs, and publications relating to segregation, integration, conservative and liberal issues, Confederate veterans groups, Civil War history, and Virginia history.

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EAD Guide
Mason, Robert F. Pass, 30 December 1864.
Accession 37719. 1 leaf.

Pass, 30 December 1864, written by Robert F. Mason, Adjutant General, on behalf of General Fitzhugh Lee (1835-1905), granting permission to Charles H. Gill (b. ca. 1826), a private in the 2nd Virginia Cavalry, to go to Bedford County to procure a fresh horse.

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Mason, Thomas. Letters, 1862.
Accession 36804a. 10 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 6 October and 9 October 1862, from Thomas Mason (b. ca. 1827) of Illinois to his wife Anna Mason (b. ca. 1830) describing military life and campaigning in Kentucky during October 1862. The letters also have typescript copies.

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Matheny, Jacob. Letter, 15 November 1861.
Accession 25693. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 15 November 1861, from Jacob Matheny, Camp Barton, Virginia, to his brother Levi Matheny, concerning camp life, health, and family news.

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Mathews County (Va.). Circuit Court. Roster of Ex-Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Living in the County of Mathews, Virginia, made by J. Frank Billups, Commissioner of the Revenue, 1898.
Accession 43168. 6 leaves.

Mathews County, Virginia, Roster of Ex-Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Living in the County of Mathews, Virginia, made by J. Frank Billups, Commissioner of the Revenue, 1898, is six leaves that record the name of the soldier, age, rank, company, regiment to which attached or in which he served, date of enlistment, lengh of time in service, and a remarks column which notes things like if held as a prisoner of war, if honorably discharged, if was present at the surrender, and so forth. The roster includes the names of “colored” men. This is not an exhaustive roster of everyone who served in the Civil War from Mathews County but is only of those still living in the county in 1898. The text of the 1898 Act of Assembly is printed on the reverse of each form. The roster is arranged alphabetically and there is no index.

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Maughmer, S. D. Letter, 15 April 1861.
Accession 38818. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Letter, 15 April 1860 [1861], from S. D. Maughmer in Washington County, Maryland, to David Speilman of Hagerstown, Maryland, concerning war fever in western Maryland and western Virginia during the early days of the Civil War. He writes that 1500 secessionists are guarding the bridge at Shepherdstown, (West) Virginia, and 2000 secessionists at Harper’s Ferry, (West) Virginia, ready to blow up the bridge there. Maughmer also writes that he had been in Washington D.C. and that it was full of soldiers. He states that one of his fellow boatmen, a secessionist, went to Cumberland, Maryland, where he was told to leave town. There is a typescript of the letter.

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Maupin, William G. Notes, 1865.
Accession 28374r. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Notes, 1865, from a little Bible in which William G. Maupin recorded the names of fellow prisoners at Camp Hamilton near Fort Monroe. Some of the names include the units in which they served and native states. The names are almost illegible.

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Maury family. Papers, 1755-1910.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4331. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1755-1910, of the Maury family of Virginia and Washington D.C. consisting of mainly of correspondence concerning business, legal, and personal matters of various members of the family. Of interest are correspondence of Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873) concerning his scientific and naval career; correspondence of Dabney Herndon Maury (1822-1900) regarding his military service during the Mexican War and the Civil War his post-Civil War career in insurance and as United States consul to Colombia, his role as founder and member of the Southern Historical Society, and the Virginia Historical Society; correspondence of William A. Maury (d. 1918) regarding his legal practice, career as an assistant United States attorney-general, and the Virginia Historical Society. Papers include correspondence concerning the Civil War, including G. T. Beauregard’s (1818-1893) assessment of William T. Sherman (1820-1891), an article on Nathan B. Forrest (1821-1877), and an account of the battle of the Staunton River Bridge. Papers also concern the Confederate Memorial Literary Society, the Confederate Museum, and a proposed national university. Also letters regarding sale of tobacco in Liverpool, England, the Scottish Meteorological Society, and the collapse of a floor in the Virginia State capitol, as well as Bible records for the family of Matthew Fontaine Maury.

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Maury, John Minor. Letter, 21 April 1862.
Accession 42039. 2 pages.

Letter, 21 April 1862, from John Minor Maury, Fort Huger, Virginia, to Lieutenant Colonel Fletcher Harris Archer, Smithfield, Virginia, regarding conditions at the fort and requesting more authority and control of the garrison.

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Maury, Matthew Fontaine. Letters, 1848-1861.
Accession 18769. 6 leaves and 40 pages.

Letters, 1848-1861, of Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873) of Washington D.C. and Albemarle County, Virginia, discussing ocean and wind currents; charts and maps of the ocean currents; sailing directions; his efforts to improve recordation of meteorological observations, both on land and at sea; navigation and its improvements as aid to commerce; weather patterns in eastern Tennessee and western Virginia, specifically the Shenandoah Valley; agricultural education; the Transatlantic Cable; possible lecture appearances in Chicago, Illinois; and nitric acid.

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EAD Guide
Maury, Matthew Fontaine. Catalog of medals, decorations, etc. in honour of Lieut. Matthew Fontaine Maury, U.S. Navy, 1853-1947.
Accession 28714 Miscellaneous reel 222. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Catalog and scrapbook, 1853-1947, of Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873) concerning medals, decorations, etc. (1853-1865) and the scrapbook, which contains letters, photographs of medals and awards (through 1947) are intended to acknowledge Maury’s honors and the contributions that his services rendered to commerce, navigation and science, primarily through his written articles and books.

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Maury, Susan Elizabeth Crutchfield. Letters, 1861-1862, 1870.
Accession 38286, 38540. .225 cubic feet.

Letters, 1861-1862, and 29 June-18 September 1870, from Susan Elizabeth Crutchfield Maury (1842-1911) to her husband Richard Launcelot Maury (1840-1907). The 1861 and 1862 letters were written before they were married and are addressed to him while he was serving in the 24th Virginia Infantry. Topics include their courtship, her religious faith, her disappointment over the postponement of their marriage due to his not being granted leave, family news, her daily activities, visits from friends and relatives, as well as the impending war and the poor health of her brother Stapleton Crutchfield, Jr. (1835-1865), who returned from the front, but was to resume his teaching position at the Virginia Military Institute. 1870 letters were written to her husband while he was a law partner with Governor John Letcher in Lexington, Virginia. Subjects include her daily activites, as well as those of their son Matthew, her pastimes, including sewing, pickling, and visiting with friends and relatives, her health, a trip to Fredericksburg aboard a steamboat, the election of Fredericksburg’s mayor, and the death of General Edwin Lee (1835-1870).

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Maynard, Mander A. Letter, 4 November 1862.
Accession 45070. 4 pages.

Letter, 4 November 1862 from Mander A. Maynard of Company F, 7th Rhode Island Infantry, to his father Moses Williams Maynard of Worcester, Massachusetts, discussing camp life, including meals and camp sites, and noting the possibility of a fight soon.

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McAerney, John. Memoirs of Colonel John McAnerney, CSA: his youth, the War Between the States, his business, family, and offspring.
Accession 31140. 17 leaves. Photocopies.

Memoirs of Colonel John McAerney (1838-1926) of the Confederate States of America, reciting events from his military and business career, and including vital information concerning his wife and family. Includes descriptions of the battle between the Monitor and Merrimac, the Seven Days' Battles, the repulse of Dahlgren's Raid, the evacuation of Richmond, and the final days of the Confederacy.

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McAllaster, Oliver R. Letter, 25 April 1862.
Accession 42030. 8 pages.

Letter, 25 April 1862, from Oliver R. McAllaster, Fredericksburg, Virginia, to his mother, Nancy Stowell McAllaster, New York. Topics include troop movements, his encounters with former slaves and Union sympathizers, along with meeting a former New York family friend, and description of skirmishes around Fredericksburg.

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McAlpine, Charles R. Letter, 11 May 1862.
Accession 42035. 2 pages.

Letter, 11 May 1862, from Charles R. McAlpine, Smithfield, Virginia, to Colonel Archer, regarding munitions and the recent elections for Company G, 41st Virginia Infantry.

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McArtor-Poston family. Diaries, 1851-1907.
Accession 41854. 1 volume (185 pages). Photocopies.

Diaries, 1851-1907, of the McArtor and Poston families of Fauquier County, Virginia, Shepherdstown, West Virginia, and Washington D.C. including diary, 1862-1863, of John Robert McArtor (1842-1863) of Company B, 8th Virginia Infantry, detailing camp life, and commenting on the Peninsular Campaign, the Seven Days’ battles, second battle of Manassas, the Maryland Campaign, the battle of South Mountain, the battle of Fredericksburg, and campaigning in northeastern North Carolina; diary, 1864-1877, of Olivia Jane McArtor (1840-1912) of Fauquier County commenting on military activity in Fauquier and Loudoun Counties, including those of John S. Mosby’s command, weather in Fauquier County, a trip to Texas to visit her sister and brother-in-law, and other social and family news; diaries and notes, 1851-1907, of Benjamin Franklin Poston (1851-1907) of Fauquier County, Shepherdstown, and Washington, commenting on his religious life, his work as a builder, carpenter, and handyman, weather, and other social and family news; and diaries, 1895-1898, of Elizabeth Gertrude McArtor Poston (1853-1921) of Fauquier County and Washington D.C. discussing religion, her husband Benjamin Poston’s work, her daughter’s work as a seamstress, weather, and other social and family news. Also includes a genealogy of the McArtor and Poston families, as well as photographs of family members and an index.

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McCabe, James D., Jr. Military passes, 1861-1865.
Accession 42098. 3 leaves.

Military passes, 1861-1865, for James D. McCabe, Jr., to travel to Grist’s Station, North Carolina, signed by S. Bassett French, ADC, on 13 August 1861. Also included is a pass for D. McCabe’s friend to visit Richmond signed by T. D. Jeffress, Captain and Provost Marshal at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 10 December 1862. Lastly, there is a pass for Dr. Sill and son to travel to Columbia, South Carolina, signed by J. A. Fuqua, Captain and Provost Marshal at Salisbury, North Carolina, on 19 February 1865.

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McCann, Matthew. Letter, May 1864.
Accession 38747. 3 leaves.

Letter, 5 and 14 May 1864, from Matthew McCann of Company F, 152nd New York Regiment, to his wife Eliza in Herkimer County, New York, informing her on 5 May that his regiment was moving, and on 14 May describing the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House, stating the number of wounded and killed from his company, and thanking God that he was uninjured. Also includes the letter’s envelope.

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McCarley, John J. Letter, 20 November 1862.
Accession 50842. 3 pages.

Letter, 20 November 1862, from John J. McCarley, Company A, 19th Georgia Infantry, to Jessee Chambers in Georgia, written shortly after McCarley was exchanged as a prisoner. McCarley writes that he hopes his uniform and possessions have been sent with the company when it left Warrenton, Virginia. He provides news of friends in the army and asks for news about friends at home. He recommends that Chambers, who is probably serving in a state guard unit, remain at home.

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McCauley, William. Letter, 25 December 1861.
Accession 41109. 4 pages.

Letter, 25 December 1861, from William McCauley (1837-1908), Company E, 42nd Virginia Infantry Regiment, while he was sick in hospital in Staunton, Virginia, to his mother. Concerns his admission to the hospital for jaundice, his subsequent rest and stay at a boarding house in Staunton, the loss of his clothing and need for more, and family matters. He also mentions in the letter that George P. Airheart (b. 1838) and Joseph B. Edington (1837-1862), both of Company E, accompanied him to the hospital. McCauley also writes an anecdote concerning James Pleasant Edington (1833-1865) of Company E.

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McChesney, James Zechariah. Papers, 1862-1909.
Accession 50683. 8 leaves and 34 pages.

Papers, 1862-1909, of James Zechariah McChesney (1843-1922) of Rockbridge County, Virginia, and Charleston, West Virginia, consisting of an autobiography of McChesney; letters to James Z. McChesney from his sister Mary McChesney (1841-1915) regarding family news and from A. C. L. Gatewood regarding the Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee Camps no. 887 of the United Confederate Veterans in West Virginia; a letter from Sallie G. Gatewood (1837-1882) to Union General William Averall regarding her brother George Henry Moffett (1845-1912) who is a prisoner of war; accounts of the battle of Moorefield, Hardy County, West Virginia on 7 August 1864, by James McChesney and by E. E. Bouldin; photographs of James McChesney and his wife Lucy Johnson McChesney (1844-1933); writings of an unidentified woman reflecting on Parson Brownlow (1805-1877), womanhood and war, books, family, and religion; and a recipe book.

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McChesney, James. Letter, 14 November 1864.
Accession 39195. 2 pages.

Letter, 14 November 1864, from James McChesney, Mt. Sidney, Augusta County, Virginia, regarding his health and the escape of Granville J. Reger of Company C, 14th Virginia Cavalry, in Moorefield, West Virginia.

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McCown, James. Letter, 29 September 1864.
Accession 23929b. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letter, 29 September 1864, from James McCown (1845-1922) imprisoned in Fort Delaware, to his sister commenting on conditions in the prison and asking her to take care of his possessions.

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McDaniel, Isabell. Letter, 24 March 1865.
Accession 44142. 2 leaves and 2 pages.

Letter, 24 March 1865, from an unknown Union soldier in Winchester, Virginia, to his sister Isabell McDaniel in Somerville, Maine. The author discusses his fondness for Winchester, the various military parades, and the different styles of General Sheridan and General Hancock. He also discusses his preaching of sermons and attending church services, temperance meetings, and the distribution of supplies to soldiers.

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McDougle, W. T. Letter, 25 January 1864.
Accession 38863. 2 pages.

Letter, 25 January 1864, from W. T. McDougle of Company K, 126th Ohio Infantry, stationed at Brandy Station, Virginia, to Mollie thanking her for her letter, informing her that his health is good, and that he has heard from friends of his serving in the 114th Ohio in Louisiana. McDougle states that Virginia offers them nothing; they receive all food and supplies from the United States government. He mentions that he received a package for Christmas and reminisces about their last Christmas with friends before enlisting. McDougle states that there will be a big dance at division headquarters and that President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) will be in attendance. He also states that the soldiers have built a church.

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McDowell family. Papers, 1863-1911.
Accession 26594. 10 leaves.

Papers, 1863-1911, of the McDowell family of Hanover County and Richmond, Virginia. Includes military records of Olin Fisk McDowell, including orders to report to duty, 1863, and pay and clothing account, 1865. Also of note are several Richmond city tax receipts of Adelaide and Olin, 1906. Also includes correspondence, 1911, from the War Department regarding Olin’s military service.

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McGee, William. Letter, 18 April 1861.
Accession 32207. 4 pages.

Letter, 18 April 1861, from William McGee (1821-1891), a Methodist minister in Hampton, Virginia, to his sister-in-law Jennie Winfree[?] describing the early war preparations in Hampton and in Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia. McGee notes the rumors swirling about and states that war preparations hinder church business.

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McGehee, Jacob. Letter, 27 February 1865.
Accession 41039. 4 pages.

Letter, 27 February 1865, from Jacob McGehee, to his sister, describing an execution he witnessed of two soldiers for desertion and containing his opinions of the war.

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McGehee, Junius. Letter, 2 July 1864.
Accession 38885. 1 leaf.

Letter, 2 July 1864 from Junius McGehee (1845-1915) of Company F, 10th Virginia Cavalry, to his sister Edmonia McGehee (1839-1875) of Louisa County, Virginia, informing her that he was hit by a spent shot or piece of shell during a fight at Sappony Church, Sussex County, Virginia, a few days previous on 28 June 1864, but is all right. He informs her that Joseph R. Giles (d. 1864) was killed and William W. Goodwin (d. 1864) was wounded in the fight.

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McGeorge, Thomas J. Military pass, 10 April 1865.
Accession 20748. 1 leaf. Photostats (negative).

Military pass, 10 April 1865, issued to Thomas J. McGeorge (1844-1927), 55th Virginia Infantry regiment, after being paroled at Appomattox Court House.

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McGinnet, Charles Z. Letter, 16 January 1863.
Accession 38770. 4 pages.

Letter, 16 January 1863, from Charles Z. McGinnet of Company G, 127th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, to William Marse, containing a brief description of the Battle of Fredericksburg and commenting that he wishes he was home attending school.

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McGowan, Samuel. Report, 9 February 1863.
Accession 41456. 1 leaf.

Incomplete report, 9 February 1863, from Brigadier General Samuel McGowan, at Camp Gregg, to Major N. C. Morgan. In his report, McGowan comments on the leadership changes, troop movements, and the crossing of the Rappahannock.

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McGuire, Hunter Holmes. Letters, 1861-1871.
Accession 24207. 34 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1861-1871, of Dr. Hunter Holmes McGuire (1835-1900) concerning the first battle of Manassas including a map sketch; a visit to the troops by Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), McGuire’s health, and Stonewall Jackson’s (1824-1863) thanks to McGuire’s mother for grapes; Jackson’s health; Jubal Early’s (1816-1894) post-war activities and opinion on articles by former Confederates concerning the war; thanks from Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) for a package; Confederate morale; and Turner Ashby (1828-1862). Papers also include a letter, 26 February 1862, from Stonewall Jackson to General Daniel Harvey Hill’s (1821-1889) position at Harper’s Ferry, and a letter, 29 March 1864, from General Robert E. Lee to his son General George Washington Custis Lee (1832-1913) concerning a promotion for G. W. C. Lee and war news.

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McKnight, Charles H. Letter, 19 November 1864.
Accession 43591. 2 pages.

Letter, 19 November 1864, from Charles H. McKnight (1840-1916) in Richmond, Virginia, to his brother William P. McKnight (1838-1927), while he was serving with the 17th Virginia Infantry near Petersburg. He writes about his duties as a clerk for the military affairs committee of the Confederate Congress, informs his brother how to get a letter to him through the blockade, and writes about the rumors of an impending battle south of Richmond. He also mentions the illness of a mutual acquaintance, and he asks his brother his opinion of the war, and his hopes for peace, since the election of Lincoln.

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McLaughlin, William. Letters, 1862-1863.
Accession 29883. 12 pages.

Letters, 1862-1863, to Major William McLaughlin (1828-1898) of Lexington, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 20 December 1862, from R. M. Catlett in Staunton, Virginia, concerning his efforts to get a furlough extension from General John Echols (1823-1896) and General J. R. Jones (1827-1901), his efforts to get cloth for a uniform for McLaughlin, and the battle of Fredericksburg; a letter, 13 February 1863, from J. W. Barclay of Lexington to McLaughlin discussing McLaughlin’s political ambition to be elected to the state senate, efforts to get military supplies, material for McLaughlin’s uniform, and local news; a letter, 27 February 1863, from William Dold (1825-1881) of Lexington to McLaughlin containing political news and military news, information on William “Extra Billy” Smith’s (1797-1887) political chances, and a discussion of the war and its political ramifications north and south; a letter, 5 April 1863, from John D. Moore to McLaughlin discussing conditions in the army including the difficulty of getting supplies; and letter, 7 April 1863, from C. J. Harris (1828-1896) of Lexington to McLaughlin discussing Harris’ interest in the professorship of Latin at the University of Virginia, and McLaughlin’s possible campaign for the state senate.

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McMillan, P. D. Letter, 13 March 1863.
Accession 44960. 4 pages.

Letter, 13 March 1863, from P. D. McMillan (1832-1918), lieutenant and quartermaster of the 15th Vermont Infantry, at Fairfax Station, Virginia, to Henry A. Hazen (1832-1900) of Plymouth, New Hampshire, discussing regimental news, the capture of General E. H. Stoughton (1838-1868) by Mosb’s Rangers, and McMillan’s wife Helen (ca. 1833-1867).

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McMullan, Francis Marion. Papers, 1861-1866.
Accession 21153, 21154, 21155. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1861-1866, of Francis Marion McMullan (1830-1905) consisting of a commission, 11 May 1861, from Virginia Governor John Letcher (1813-1884) appointing McMullan as captain of riflemen in the 155th Regiment, Virginia militia, with an affidavit of a Greene County, Virginia, justice attesting that McMullan has taken the required oaths; letter of recommendation, 10 December 1862, from General James Kemper (1823-1895) to General Samuel Cooper (1798-1876) concerning Captain Francis Marion McMullan and his command of Company F, 7th Virginia Infantry; order, 27 January 1864, for Lieutenant Francis McMullan of the 4th Virginia Heavy Artillery to meet with the Board of Survey at Adams Run the next day; and letter, 27 January 1866, from McMullan to a Captain Robinson of Campbell County, Virginia, concerning his recuperation at Robinson’s home near the end of the war, his trip to his own home, and his health since the war. Also included is an order, 27 January 1864, for McMullan to meet members of a survey board.

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McMurran, Joseph. Diary, 1864.
Accession 22076, Miscellaneous reel 1316. 1 volume (68 pages), 1 reel. Microfilm.

Diary, 4 May-17 August 1864, of Joseph McMurran (1829-1902) of Jefferson County, Virginia, recording his service in the 4th Virginia Infantry, part of the famous Stonewall Brigade. McMurran records events and battles during a 14 week period, including the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Courthouse, Bethesda Church, Monocacy Junction, Snicker’s Ferry, Kernstown, Newtown, and Winchester (17 August). He lists part of the roster of the 4th Virginia and all the battles the Stonewall Brigade participated in from 1st Manassas to Appomattox. He also lists clothing issued. There are also 2 pages of religious meditation.

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McNair, Enoch. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 25720. 12 pages.

Letters, 1863-1864, from Enoch McNair, while stationed in North Carolina and Virginia, to his father, James McNair, and brother. Topics include camp life, food, and health. Three letters, June-December 1864, were written from Petersburg and contain descriptions of the siege of Petersburg, Virginia, the reelection of Lincoln, and the enlistment of black soldiers.

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McNiven, Thomas. Recollections.
Accession 33673. 5 leaves and 7 photographs. Photocopies.

Recollections, no date, of Thomas McNiven (1835-1904) of Richmond, Virginia, transcribed by McNiven’s grandson, Robert W. Waitt, containing McNiven’s recollections of his abolitionist and espionage activities in Richmond during the Civil War. He discusses his working relationships with Elizabeth Van Lew, Mary Elizabeth Bowser (a black woman who worked in Jefferson Davis’ house), Christopher Taylor (McNiven’s free black employee), and a prostitute named Clara, as well as their espionage network. Photographs are included in this collection: two of an espionage identification emblem made from a peach seed (obverse and reverse, greatly enlarged), two of Thomas McNiven, one of Thomas McNiven and his brother James, one of an unidentified female espionage agent, and one of a reunion of Union espionage agents at Richmond’s A. P. Hill monument.

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McP., J. Letter, 31 July 1862.
Accession 38479. 4 pages.

Letter, 31 July 1862, from J. McP., a Union soldier at Harrison Landing, Virginia, to his brother detailing the retreat of the Army of the Potomac after the battle of Malvern Hill; discussing another soldier’s running away at the battle of White Oak Swamp; commenting that if army had had another 100,000 men it would have captured Richmond; and mentioning rumors that the Union camp might be attacked by Confederate iron clads. He also mentions the loss of men in the 3rd New Jersey and comments on the poor treatment the sick and wounded are receiving in the artillery hospital. He also comments on his personal health. He regrets his enlistment while underage and wonders if he might be able to get out of the army.

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McVicar, Charles William. Papers 1862-1865.
Accession 29910 Miscellaneous reel 606. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1862-1865, of Charles William McVicar of Winchester, Virginia, consisting of diaries, accounts, lists, poems, recipes and cures, rosters, and sketches. Diaries, 1862-1865, detail McVicar’s service in Chew’s battery and Thomson’s battery as part of Stuart’s Horse Artillery and the Virginia Horse Artillery and describes camp life, skirmishes and battles with Union troops, weather, supplies, and McVicar’s experiences. He recounts the battles of Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Mine Run, New Market, Trevilian Station, Cedar Creek, and Appomattox, as well as the Gettysburg campaign, the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign, and the siege of Petersburg. McVicar traces his routes through the Shenandoah Valley and the Virginia mountains, as well as through Culpeper, Louisa, and Orange Counties, and Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia. Accounts, 1862-1865, include records of monies McVicar loaned to fellow soldiers and note the purchase of a horse. Papers also contain poems and songs relating to the war and to romance; a roster of Chew’s battery; a list of names of members of Chew’s battery who attended a reunion in 1890; sketches drawn by McVicar; recipes for soup; cures for various illnesses; and a list of McVicar family names.

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McVicar, Charles William. Diary, 1862-1865.
Accession 29971. 1 volume (108 leaves).

Diary, 1862-1865, of Charles William McVicar (b. 1841) of Winchester, Virginia, edited by his granddaughter Ada Bruce Desper Bradshaw of Hampton, Virginia, in 1978. Diary details McVicar’s service in Chew’s battery and Thomson’s battery as part of Stuart’s Horse Artillery and the Virginia Horse Artillery and describes camp life, skirmishes and battles with Union troops, weather, supplies, and McVicar’s experiences. He recounts the battles of Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Mine Run, New Market, Trevilian Station, Cedar Creek, and Appomattox, as well as the Gettysburg campaign, the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign, and the siege of Petersburg. McVicar traces his routes through the Shenandoah Valley and the Virginia mountains, as well as through Culpeper, Louisa, and Orange Counties, and Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia.

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Mecklenburg County (Va.). Circuit Court. Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1863-1864.
Accession Local Government Records, Mecklenburg County. .05 cubic feet.

The Mecklenburg County, Virginia, Reports of Indigent Soldiers’ Families, 1863-1864 is made up primarily of the reports of funds paid to soldiers’ wives, widows and other family members in districts throughout Mecklenburg County. The reports include the names of the agents distributing funds as well as the names of soldiers’ family members receiving funds. In some cases, more detailed information about the family is provided, such as the number of children and their ages. Some of the reports specify what funds were spent on, including bacon, beef, corn and flour. Also included is a small amount of correspondence concerning relief of indigent soldiers and their families.

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Michelbacher, Maximillian J. The Prayer of the C. S. soldiers, 186-?
Accession 28850. 1 leaf. Photostat (negative).

Prayer, 186-?, of the C. S. soldiers by Rabbi Maximillian J. Michelbacher (1810-1879) of Richmond, Virginia, is a broadside with a prayer for Confederate States soldiers by Rabbi Michelbacher. Also includes a card signed by Rabbi Michelbacher.

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Mickle, Joseph E. Letter, 17 May 1863.
Accession 41799. 1 leaf.

Letter, 17 May 1863, from Joseph E. Mickle, 8th Alabama Infantry, being held prisoner near Richmond, to his brother about his confinement there, and in Washington, D.C., and the treatment he is receiving.

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Mickle, William H. Letter, 31 March 1863.
Accession 50680. 4 pages.

Letter, 31 March 1863, from William H. Mickle (b. 1839), Company I, 134th New York Infantry, in Stafford County, Virginia, to his mother and family in Schenectady County, New York, thanking his family for the fresh food sent to him, discussing the likelihood of a furlough, mentioning his promotion to lieutenant and his move to Company I, discussing his uniform as a lieutenant, mentioning his colonel and religion, and mentioning the arrival of Spring in Virginia. Mickle also discusses family news.

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Mickle, William. Letter, 3 August 1863.
Accession 50590. 4 pages.

Letter, 3 August 1863, from William Mickle, artillery headquarters, XI Corps, Union Army, at Catlett's Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, to his parents Henry Mickle (b. ca. 1813) and Elsie Maria VanWormer Mickle (b. ca. 1815) of Schenectady County, New York, regarding his new position as assistant adjutant general at artillery headquarters, his health, slavery, his hiring of an African American, and his family.

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Miles, Lorenzo Dow. Letter, 22 April 1862.
Accession 45068. 6 pages.

Letter, 22 April 1862, of Lorenzo Dow Miles (1838-1923) of Company E, 3rd Vermont Infantry serving with Battery F, U.S. Regulars, to his mother Eunice Miles of Orleans County, Vermont, concerning the Union army siege of Yorktown, Virginia, and the battle of Lee’s Mill. He mentions camp life, a swap of prisoners with the Confederate army, and family news. Miles praises the 3rd Vermont Regiment and states he believes the Confederate army will retreat.

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Military Order of the Stars and Bars. Virginia Society. Records, 1938-1939.
Accession 40044. 16 pages.

Records, 1938-1939, of the Virginia Society of the Military Order of the Stars and Bars, including blank membership application forms and membership letters which include the constitution and list of officers and committees.

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Miller, J. Wright. Letter, 18 February 1865.
Accession 45074. 3 pages.

Letter, 18 February 1865, from J. Wright Miller, medical department, 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry, to his aunt Chattie Wright, Washington County, Pennsylvania, detailing his regiment’s camp complete with sketch, describing fighting at Hatcher’s Run, and commenting on the prospect of peace. Includes addressed envelope.

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Miller, W. E. Reminiscences.
Accession 44540. 2 leaves. Typescript.

Reminiscences, no date, of W. E. Miller of Wytheville, Virginia, and North Carolina, regarding his Civil War military service in Company E, 51st Virginia Infantry.

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Miller-Henkel family. Papers, 1761-1907.
Accession 40780 Miscellaneous reels 177, 180-181, 185-191. 10 reels. Microfilm.

Papers, 1761-1907, of the Miller and Henkel family primarily residing in Frederick and Shenandoah Counties, and Winchester, Virginia, but with lines also living in King William, Roanoke and Washington Counties, Virginia; and Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and West Virginia. Henkel and Miller family members were prominent book printers and publishers, dentists, merchants, Lutheran ministers, pharmacists, and physicians. Principally consists of account books, accounts, business cards, correspondence, a diary, a Miller-Schultz family genealogy, letters of recommendation, school notebooks, and receipts. Topics of correspondence include family matters including health and education, book publishing and printing, medical advice and the sale of pharmaceuticals, dentistry, general store business, Lutheran Church history and sale of Lutheran literature, western migration from Shenandoah Valley, pioneer women, and Appalachian life and customs.

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Millner, Thomas B. Petition, 17 March 1862.
Accession 51183. 2 pages.

Petition, 17 March 1862, of Thomas B. Millner (ca. 1837-1898) of Bedford County, Virginia, to the Bedford County Board of Exemptions asking to be exempt from military duty to to having a deformed chest and already being rejected from the volunteer service. Reverse contains a note from Robert A. Clement M.D. (ca. 1812-1883) and H. W. Moseley (ca. 1802-1869) stating that Millner has contracted chest and heart disease.

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Miner, Henry. Letters, 1864-1865.
Accession 32490. 28 pages.

Letters, 1864-1865, from Henry Miner of Company K, 4th United States Regular Infantry, at City Point (Hopewell) and Richmond, Virginia, to his family residing in New York discussing military life, social news, and family matters. Miner offers a favorable opinion of General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885); comments on the election of 1864, including noting that if the soldiers have the vote Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) will easily defeat George B. McClellan (1826-1885); expresses concern about his father’s health and job as well has his fears that his father might be drafted; notes that Secretary of State William H. Seward’s (1801-1872) son is paymaster; and mentions various letters and packages expected from home, some of which have not been received. Miner also provides a brief synopsis of the Appomattox campaign from the fall of Petersburg, Virginia, to Robert E. Lee’s (1807-1870) surrender at Appomattox Court House.

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Minor family Papers, 1863- 1992.
Accession 34268. 2 leaves. In part, photostats (positive).

Papers, 1863-1992, of the Minor family of King and Queen County and Richmond, Virginia, consisting of a Confederate military discharge paper of Thomas W. Minor (b. 1837) of Company I, 26th Virginia Infantry, and a genealogical note on the family of John H. Minor (1792-1868) and his children, including Thomas W. Minor.

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Minor, James Madison Oath, 3 July 1865.
Accession 25784. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Oath of allegiance, 3 July 1865, of James Madison Minor of Hanover County, Virginia. Includes prison release, 5 June 1865 of Minor from Elmira, New York.

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Minor, Robert Dabney Papers, 1862-1863.
Accession 20194. 16 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1863, of Robert Dabney Minor (1827-1871) consisting of a telegram, 9 March 1862, to his wife Landonia Randolph Minor (1830-1912) informing her of the Confederate ironclad “Virginia’s” victory over the Union ironclad “Monitor” and telling her that he was slightly wounded; and a letter, 24 February 1863, also to his wife giving a detailed account of conditions in Fredericksburg and the results of recent severe battles there. He describes the positions of the two armies, the countryside, shallow graves of dead Yankees and unburied corpses, and the destruction in town. He notes that President Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) has proposed to send Minor’s brother George (1808-1879) to Selma, Alabama, to take charge of the National Foundry there.

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Mitchell, Henry H. Letter, 27 March 1864.
Accession 44257. 4 pages.

Letter, 27 March 1864, from Henry H. Mitchell (b. ca. 1839) at Point Lookout, Maryland, to Mary Texana Whitehurst (b. ca. 1845) of Norfolk, Virginia, professing his love for her and hoping that she will marry him.

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Mitchell, Wallace. Letter, 4 May 1863.
Accession 43238. 4 pages.

Letter, 4 May 1863, from Wallace Mitchell (1845-1931), 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry, at Hartwood Church, Stafford County, Virginia, to an unknown recipient. Mitchell writes primarily about his regiment’s skirmishes with the enemy in Culpeper and Orange Counties, near Kelly’s Ford and the Rapidan River.

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Mitteldorfer family. Papers, 1860-1940.
Accession 33593. 90 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1860-1940, of the Mitteldorfer family of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of letters, 1861-1864, from Marx Mitteldorfer (1842-1898) of the Fayette Artillery and of Company G, 1st Virginia Cavalry to his parents, brothers Charles and David, sisters Rosalie and Carrie, and cousin Moses Mitteldorfer[?] sending personal news and accounts of fighting during the Peninsular campaign of 1862 and the Shenandoah campaign of 1864; letters, 1862, from Charles and David to their family; a letter in Yiddish or German from Charles Hutzler to his uncle and aunt Mitteldorfer; a letter from G. B. Mill informing Mitteldorfer’s family about where he is stationed; and letters, 1863, from William Lovenstein, Gustavus Kann, an Salomon O. to Hannah Wasserman [Mitteldorfer] concerning personal matters. Papers also include a Confederate $100 bond bought by Hannah Wasserman; 6 October 1866 marriage contract between Marx Mitteldorfer and Hannah Wasserman; membership card for Marx Mitteldorfer as a member of R. E. Lee Camp No. 4; a letter, 9 June 1898, from Marx to his son LeRoy sending a flag and other goods; a letter, 14 September 1898, from E. L. Torsch of Baltimore, Maryland, to Hannah and LeRoy Mitteldorfer expressing condolences on the death of Marx; an engraved invitation to LeRoy’s 15th wedding anniversary in 1914, a letter of reference, 4 April 1916, by E. H. Gunst of Straus, Gunst, and Company for LeRoy Mitteldorfer; a letter, 24 September 1924, from Mrs. R.H. Lawrence of the Confederate Memorial Literary Society thanking LeRoy for donating his father’s books; and an 18 cent check to LeRoy Mitteldorfer Cigar Company in 1940.

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Mohler, Reuben Albert. Papers, 1862-1926
Accession 45244. .225 cubic feet.

Papers, 1862-1926, of Reuben A. Mohler (1846-1927) of Akron, Ohio, relating to his service in the 143rd Ohio Infantry during the Civil War. Includes billfold, clipping, discharge, drawing of the cemetery at Fort Pocahontas, GAR transfer card, song lyrics, pension papers, real photo postcard, gravestone receipt, and a copy of "Service for the Use of the Grand Army of the Republic" (1894).

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Moncure, Eustace Conway. Reminiscences of the Civil War, 1913.
Accession 32349. 28 leaves. Dittos.

Civil War reminiscences, 1913, of Eustace Conway Moncure (1836-1921) of Caroline County, Virginia, and an officer in Company B, 9th Virginia Cavalry, recounting his ride with General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) after the battle of Spotsylvania Court House; his scouting trips into Caroline County and northern Virginia for General Wade Hampton (1818-1902); his meeting David E. Herold (1844-1865) and George Atzerodt (1835-1865) as they fled with John Wilkes Booth (1838-1865) after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865); and battles and skirmishes in which Moncure participated as a member of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, including the Peninsular Campaign, Stuart’s Ride around McClellan, the Seven Days’ battles, Brandy Station, and the Siege of Petersburg.

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Montague, Robert Latane. Papers, 1844-1880.
Accession 21401. 51 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers of Robert Latane Montague (1819-1880) of Middlesex County, Virginia, including personal and political correspondence to and from family, friends, and politicians. Also contains political broadsides, circular letters, electoral tickets, and position papers. Includes a military order, military pass, a letter from Montague to President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) requesting amnesty, and certification that Montague had taken the oath of allegiance after the Civil War. Also includes account information and a stock certificate.

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Montgomery County (Va.) Circuit Court. Marriage Register and Crush and Wade Expense Accounts, 1850-1865.
Accession Local Government Records, Montgomery County Reel 52. 1 volume or 1 reel. In part, microfilm.

Montgomery County, Virginia, Marriage Register, 1850-1861, is the first section of a volume dedicated to two different record types. This register is a list of marriage licenses issued by the county court clerk. For the most part, this section follows a chronological arrangement. The listings indicate the day, month and year when the license was issued as well as the full names of both parties. Second section, 1862-1865, records expense accounts from a local retail firm of James E. Crush and James M. Wade, better known as “Crush and Wade.” Accounts indicate that the business dealt to some degree with the military--grinding and polishing sabers and polishing dress swords. Also included in this volume is an inventory for a finishing shop and individual customer accounts. Unlike the first section, found on Microfilm Reel 52, this section was not microfilmed. There are some loose accounts , 1862-1864, found in the volume but not recorded in its pages.

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Montgomery, Robert G. Letter, 14 July 1862.
Accession 31716. 6 pages.

Letter, 14 July 1862, from Robert G. Montgomery of Greensville County, Virginia, to Laura Gains of Arkansas concerning news of the death of his son in Arkansas while in military service. Montgomery expresses his grief and attempts to reconcile himself to the news through his religious beliefs. He invites Gains to come to Virginia if she needs to get away from events in Arkansas. Montgomery discusses the war in Virginia including the end of the Peninsular Campaign in the Seven Days Battles. Montgomery also provides family and personal news.

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Moore, Alfred Cleon. Papers, 1861-1863.
Accession 41369. 22 leaves.

Papers, 1861-1863, of Alfred Cleon Moore (1805-1890) of Wythe County, Virginia, and colonel of the 29th Virginia Infantry around Abingdon. Includes telegrams, letters, an ordnance invoice and requisition, general orders, and a morning report. This accession also includes a metal document box, shaving kit, and an unidentified daguerreotype of an individual in military dress.

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Moore, Franklin. Letter, 15 July 1861.
Accession 44033. 2 leaves and 1 page.

Letter, 15 July 1861, from Franklin Moore (b. 1837), a Union soldier, at Bunker Hill, Virginia, to his mother, Ann Hutchinson Moore (ca. 1802-1880) in Woodbridge, New Jersey, concerning his march from Martinsburg, (West) Virginia, to Bunker Hill. Moore also discusses the next day’s march to Winchester, Virginia, where he expected to see fighting. He also writes of his belief that the war will not go on much longer and mentions four soldiers who were put in the guardhouse for stealing a sheep.

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Moore, James Miles. Papers, 1863-1867.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 4343. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Papers, 1863-1867, of James Miles Moore (d. 1905) of Washington D.C. and an officer in the Quartermaster’s Department, consisting of correspondence, lists, requisitions, and reports relating to Moore’s duties in the Quartermaster’s Department. Correspondence and requisitions concern requests for wood and coal fuel, stoves, lumber, stationery, office equipment, and other supplies for barracks, military offices, military prisons, and military hospitals in the District of Columbia, including the Old Capitol Prison, the Freedmen’s Hospital, and the Army Medical Museum. Correspondence also concerns delivery of coal to Harewood General Hospital, selling of military buildings and fencing, possible purchase of property in Norfolk, Virginia, whiskey and tools for the Burial Corps in Richmond and City Point, Virginia, a delivery of shingles, and a request to purchase lumber by the National Base Ball Club of Washington D.C. so that the club can construct a building in which to meet and store equipment.

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Moore, James W. Letter, 12 June 1863.
Accession 42713. 2 pages.

Letter, 12 June 1863, from James W. Moore, New Kent County, Virginia, to his sister, regarding the drowning of a soldier in his unit, possibly J. T. Walker (1845-1863), and family news.

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Moore, L. M. Letter, 22 August 1861.
Accession 26195. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 22 August 1861, from L. M. Moore, White House, Mecklenberg County, Virginia, to his brother Baldwin Moore. Moore recounts his company’s march to Manassas, Virginia, and describes the aftermath of the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Virginia.

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Moore, L. Robert. Letters, 1863-1865.
Accession 31131. 14 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1863-1865, from L. Robert Moore (b. ca. 1839) to his parents in Halifax County from various places in Virginia and North Carolina, containing references to the Petersburg campaign, to camp life, and to activities concerning his brother, Branch Moore, who also served in the Army.

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Moore, R. Walton. Papers, 1865, 1927.
Accession 19888. 273 pages.

List of Confederate soldiers remaining in the United States Military Prison (Libby Prison), Richmond, Virginia, as of 10 April 1865; House Resolution 13482, 69th United States Congress, 2nd Session; House Report 2087, 69th United States Congress, 2nd Session; Congressional Record, Vol. 68, No. 65, February 26, 1927; and Congressional Record, Vol. 68, No. 67, February 28, 1927. List identified numerous soldiers as deserters, prompting Robert Walton Moore, U.S. Representative from Virginia, to draft legislation authorizing and directing the Secretary of War to receive evidence concerning these desertion charges. The various Congressional documents pertain to Moore’s efforts.

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Moore, Samuel H. Letter, 30 June 1863.
Accession 43336. 4 pages.

Letter, 30 June 1863, from Samuel H. Moore, Richmond Defense Battery No. 10, to his sister, Sarah Ann Moore, Stonewall Mills, Appomattox County, Virginia. Topics include the defense of Richmond, health, and the threat of Union troops.

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Moore, Samuel P. Letter, 27 November 1862.
Accession 38079. 2 pages. Photocopies.

Letter, 27 November 1862, from Samuel P. Moore (1813-1889), Surgeon General for the Confederate States of America, to Dr. Monro Banister (b. 1818) concerning a smallpox scare in Amelia, Virginia, vaccination against the disease, and the use of the Amelia County Courthouse as a hospital. Banister was the head surgeon at the Amelia County Courthouse hospital.

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Moorman, Marcellus. Reminiscence, 15 November 1902.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Reminiscence, 15 November 1902, of Marcellus N. Moorman (1835-1904), of the events leading up to the mortal wounding of Confederate General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson (1824-1863) at the Battle of Chancellorsville on 2 May 1863. Moorman, a former student of Jackson’s at the Virginia Military Institute, was one of the last people to speak with the general. Also included is a letter, 22 November 1902, from Randolph Barton (1844-1921), stating that he believed Moorman’s account to be accurate. Barton was a captain in the adjutant general’s department, assigned to the Stonewall Bridgade.

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Mordecai, Ellen. Papers, 1811-1885.
Accession 28685. 4 volumes and 53 items.

Papers, 1811-1885, of Ellen Mordecai (1790-1884) including four scrapbook volumes, and letters and miscellany. The scrapbooks (located in oversize) contain newspaper articles, pictures and sketches, handbills, letters, and other mementos Mordecai collected throughout her life. Topics covered include current fashions, poetry, short stories, politics, memorials to famous individuals, obituaries, and “curious” news. Newspaper clippings range from reports on the death of Jefferson and Adams to an article about sword swallowing and a brief notice about a meeting John Ross, a Cherokee chief, called to raise money for Scotland. Some of the items in the scrapbooks have been removed for conservation reasons and filed separately in folders which indicate the scrapbook from which they were removed. Each item is also numbered, which corresponds to numbered bookmarks in the volume marking the page from which the item was removed. The separated items folders are located in oversize. Letters and miscellany consist of bills of exchange, correspondence relating to family news and the Civil War, envelopes, newspaper clippings concerning the execution of John Brown, the Civil War, and the death of Robert E. Lee, and printed items including an engraving of stautue of Carlo Borromeo d’Arona, a magazine cover, and broadside about morse code.

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Morgan, William Thomas. Letter, 28 July 1861.
Accession 41962. 2 pages.

Letter, 28 July 1861, from William Thomas Morgan (b. 1841) of Petersburg, Virginia, to the Volunteer Cockade Cadets (later Company E, 41st Virginia Infantry), stating that he had hoped to be elected an officer for the company, but was defeated. Martin had determined to stay with the company, but in light of subsequent events is resigning from the cadets.

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Morris, Francis B. Correspondence, 1933-1946.
Accession 22582. 2 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Correspondence, 1933-1946, of Francis B. Morris of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 16 November 1933, from Major-General James F. McKinley (1880-1941), adjutant-general's office, to Mrs. H. F. Ames of Norfolk, Virginia, concerning the Civil War service record of Leroy C. Bulman (1830-1890) of Company E, 5th Virginia Cavalry, and the Revolutionary War record of Eugene Bulman; and a letter, 4 November 1946, from Major-General Edward F. Witsell (1891-1969), adjutant-general's office, to Francis B. Morris of Richmond, Virginia, concerning the Civil War service record of John E. Bray (b. 1817) of Company B, 9th Virginia Infantry.

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Morris, Laura Chappell. Letters, 1860-1864.
Accession 31374. 7 leaves Photocopies.

Letters, 1860-1864, to Laura Chappell Morris (b. 1842) of Amelia County, Virginia, consisting of a letter, 8 March 1860, from M. L. Blord of Dedham, Maine, reminiscing about teaching her in school in Amelia County and informing her of his current position as a teacher in Dedham; and a letter, 28 January 1864, from Van Buren Flippin, in Young’s Battery, Bogg’s Battalion, stationed at Smithville, North Carolina, professing his love for her and briefly describing his location in North Carolina.

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Morrison, J. H. Order, 25 July 1861.
Accession 37729. 1 leaf.

Order, 25 July 1861, from Lieutenant J. H. Morrison (1839-1910) on behalf of Brigadier General John Clifford Pemberton (1814-1881), directing James R. Dunn (1831-1885), an Army surgeon, to proceed to Norfolk to procure supplies and stores for a general hospital to be established in Smithfield, Virginia.

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Mosby family. Papers, 1863-1924.
Accession 40382. 13 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1863-1924, of the Mosby family of Powhatan County, Virginia; and Kansas. Includes biographical notes on John Singleton Mosby (1833-1916), transcripts of correspondence from John Singleton Mosby, 1863-1864, and a record of the funeral of Lincoln Mosby (1865-1924) of Kansas.

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Mosby, John Singleton. Letters, 1861-1886.
Accession 21767 Miscellaneous Reel 1. 1 volume (39 items). Microfilm.

Letters, 1861-1886, of John Singleton Mosby consising of reports from the battlefield to General Jeb Stuart and instructions from Stuart to Mosby. There also are letters to his wife and official correspondence from the Adjutant General’s office.

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Mosby, Philip Samuel. Letter, 15 May 1862.
Accession 42335. 2 pages.

Letter, 15 May 1862, from Philip Samuel Mosby (b. ca. 1826) in Charles City County, Virginia, while serving with the Hanover Light Artillery, to his mother and sisters. He writes about his regiment’s march from Yorktown towards Bottoms Bridge, rations, their retreat from Yorktown and the supplies they lost, the lack of mail, and his dissatisfaction with military service.

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Moseley, Albert. Letter, 9 July 1864.
Accession 50037. 7 pages.

Letter, 9 July 1864, from Albert Moseley, Company B (veteran), 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, to James Moseley of Portland, Maine, providing James with information about Company D, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, since he mustered out, including its combination with Company B. Moseley also talks about the siege of Petersburg and mentions Thomas Parker, a future Medal of Honor winner. Letter is incomplete, one page is torn.

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Mount Hebron Cemetery (Winchester, Va.). Records, 1843-1976.
Accession 40809 Miscellaneous reels 182-184. 3 reels. Microfilm.

Records, 1843-1976, of Mount Hebron Cemetery located in Winchester, Virginia, consisting of minute books, 1843-1975, of the Board of Mount Hebron Cemetery Company, interment registers, 1844-1976, and lot registers, 1844-1959. There is also a copy of A Roster of Confederate Soldiers Buried in Stonewall Cemetery (1962) by Lucy Fitzhugh Kurtz and Benny Ritter. Stonewall Cemetery is contained within the grounds of Mount Hebron Cemetery.

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Mullen, J. M. Address, 25 November 1890.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5363. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Address, 25 November 1890, made by J. M. Mullen before the A. P. Hill Camp of Confederate Veterans in Petersburg, Virginia, regarding Mullen’s experiences as part of Confederate Brigadier General Laurence S. Baker’s (1830-1907) command during the two weeks preceding General Joseph Johnston’s (1807-1891) surrender near Durham, North Carolina, in April 1865.

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Mullins, Samuel J. Letter, 7 February 1865.
Accession 43590. 6 pages.

Letter, 7 February 1865, from Samuel Jesse Mullins (1831-1888) in Richmond, Virginia, to Dr. Randal Duke Hay (1827-1877) in Patrick County. Mullins writes about financial matters, including the buying and selling of notes for Dr. Hay, and their fluctuating price, and he also mentions the high cost of goods in Richmond, and a visit to the 24th Virginia Infantry. Mullins includes a confidential postscript on a separate sheet, and writes about the hopelessness of the Confederate cause, the danger in visiting Richmond, and the price of gold.

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Mundell family. Papers, 1832, 1890.
Accession 40358. 3 pages.

Papers of the Mundell family of Harrison County, (West) Virginia; and Kansas. Includes a deed, 18 March 1832, between Thomas and Lucinda Read and James Mundell, all of Harrison County, (West) Virginia, and an affidavit, 17 July 1890, of the Adjutant General’s Office in Topeka, Kansas, attesting to the enrollment of Joseph Mundell into the Kansas Volunteer Militia on 9 October 1864.

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Munford Thomas Taylor. Letter, 26 July 1905.
Accession 25696. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Incomplete letter, 26 July 1905, from Thomas Taylor Munford, Lynchburg, Virginia, to Charles Irving, regarding the battle of Five Forks, Virginia. Munford describes the battle and includes a diagram.

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Munford, George Wythe. Certification, 5 December 1864.
Accession 45417. 1 leaf.

Certification, 5 December 1864, by George Wythe Munford (1803-1882), Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia, stating that Samuel W. Thomas had been elected to represent the 33rd Senatorial District (Frederick, Clarke, and Warren Counties) in the state senate.

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Munford-Merrill family. Papers, 1765, 1818-1998 (bulk: 1860-1950).
Accession 39628. 7.55 cubic feet.

Papers, 1765-1998 (bulk 1860-1950), of the Munford and Merrill families of Chesterfield and Hanover Counties and Richmond, Virginia. Includes correspondence, deeds, estate records, genealogical notes, photographs, publications, and scrapbooks. The bulk of the collection consists of the Photographs and Scrapbooks Series. The photographs include numerous carte de visites, cabinet cards, and a few tintypes from Richmond photographic studios. Included are photographs of family members, African Americans, buildings, college, pets, and vacations and travels. Scrapbooks include clippings of poetry and fiction stories, genealogy, local news, Civil War, historic Richmond homes, and college.

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EAD Guide
Murdock, Alexander. Letters, 1863-1864.
Accession 38769. 15 pages.

Letters, 12 April 1863-13 July 1864, from Alexander "Sandie"; Murdock to his nephew and brother, William, from various camps in Virginia while serving with the 2nd Regiment, North Carolina State Troops during the Civil War. These letters discuss family news, the upcoming campaign against Hooker in May of 1863, the execution of deserters, camp life, and the religious revivals occurring in camp. The last letter is from E. N. Peterson, Sandie’s father-in-law, to William Murdock, informing him of Sandie’s death of typhoid in a hospital in Staunton, Virginia.

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Murphrey-Suggs family. Papers, 1768-1900.
Accession 34243. 73 leaves and 22 pages. Photocopies.

Papers, 1768-1900, of the Murphrey and Sugg families of Dobbs and Greene Counties, North Carolina, consisting of a variety of family materials collected and transcribed by William L. Murphy of Raleigh, North Carolina, including the reminiscences of Martha Sugg Dixon (1827-1904) of “Sandy Lawn” in Greene County concerning the Murphrey, Aldridge, and Sugg families, including their connections in Virginia. There is a baptismal record (1757-1770) of the Sugg family in Charles City County, Virginia; letters of the Murphrey family concerning family and social news, the American Revolution, and other matters; transcriptions of a petition to the vestry of St. Patrick’s Parish; a subscription list for the construction of and a plan for the chapel, known as “Little Goshen Chapel;” a transcription of a 1776 chancery suit for the division of the estate of John Murphrey (d. 1776); an inventory of his estate; and the will of his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth Harrison Murphrey (d. 1788).

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Murray family. Papers, 1861-1900.
Accession 27084. 147 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers of the Murray family of Powhatan County, Virginia, including correspondence, poetry, and genealogy. Most of the letters are from John William Murray to his wife Mary Ellen, while he served with the 4th Virginia Cavalry, 1861-1863. Topics include troop movements, camp life, political issues, health of soldiers, food supplies, battles, home and family matters. Also includes correspondeonce from Mary’s sister, Becky; an agreement between Judith Murray and Albert Royal, 24 September 1866, regarding wood cutting on Murray’s property; correspondence from Lawrence Wilson to Lily Murray Davis regarding the burial ground of her father, John William Murray; a tribute to Julius F. Murray; poetry; and genealogical information on the Murray family.

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Murray, William Elbert. Diary, 1862-1863.
Accession 45231. 17 leaves and 69 pages. Transcriptions and photocopies.

Diary, 1862-1863, of William Elbert Murray (1834-1920), Company C, 19th Indiana Infantry, transcribed and annotated by John W. Green (d. 1991), detailing Murray’s service in Company C from 1 January 1862 to 5 March 1863. Collection also contains biographical sketches of Murray; field guide to part of the battle of Second Manassas (Bull Run); an account of the 19th Indiana Infantry; Murray’s testimony, 4 October 1878, before the Schofield Commission concerning General Fitz John Porter’s (1822-1901) 1862-1863 court martial; and photographs of Murray and Nelson Pegg (ca. 1834-1931). Dairy contains transcriptions of Murray’s Pitman shorthand entries in his diary made by Dorothy Roberts of Greeley, Colorado. Also Green, in editing the diary, inserted a parallel column that contains information on what was happening during the war at the same time as Murray’s entries.

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Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia. General Business Records, 1795-1965.
Accession 28135. 68.1 cubic feet.

The Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia General Business Records are housed in 141 boxes and arranged into six series. Series have been designated for I. Administrative Records; II. Correspondence, Incoming; III. Correspondence, Outgoing; IV. General Accounts; V. Inspection Reports; and VI. Collection lists and Town and Country Quotas. The records include account books, bylaws, checkbooks, claims, collection lists, constitutions, correspondence, deeds, inspection reports, journals, minutes, notices to withdraw insurance, receipts, town and country quotas, vouchers, and wills. These records document the history of one of the earliest insurance agencies in Virginia. Many notable Virginians such as Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, and Bushrod Washington held policies with the company.

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EAD Guide
Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia. Declarations and revaluations of assurance, 1796-1966.
Accession 30177. 281 volumes and 24 reels.

These records consist of 259 volumes of individual applications- called declarations and revaluations of assurance- dating from 1796 to 1966. Each printed form is numbered and is designated as a new policy or a revaluation. Policies include the name of the insured, place of residence, location of the insured property (with references to contiguous property), the name of the occupant of the property, a description and estimated value of each structure insured, and the date and the signature of the insured. An appraiser's statement regarding the value of the property is also included on each policy. At the bottom of each policy appears a sketch of the insured property. In most instances the sketches are rough outlines of the buildings as if viewed from above. The roofing material and distance from streets and from other structures are also noted. Agents sketched and compiled structural details about many of the great houses owned by Virginia's wealthy planters and entrepreneurs, but they also documented modest cottages, urban slave-quarters, and a variety of rural and urban outbuildings. Revaluations of insured property were required every seven years (or whenever additions were made to a policy), so succeeding declarations often showed additions to the original building, new outbuildings, and new uses for old buildings.

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EAD Guide
Mutual Assurance Society Policies, 1796-1865
Myers, William Linzy. Letters, 1861-1865.
Accession 39383. 40 pages.

Letters, 1861-1865, from William Linzy Myers, 48th North Carolina Infantry, in South Carolina and Virginia, to his wife, Susan B. Myers, in Davidson County, North Carolina. Topics include provisions, health, troop movements, names of soldiers from his company hurt, wounded, or deserted, his stay in a hospital for measles, the battle of Antietam, and the siege of Petersburg, Virginia.

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Nauk, Charles G. Map of the battlefield of Chickamauga.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5206. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Map of the Chickamauga Battlefield covering Georgia and Tennessee. Shows Chattanooga, “Chicamauga Station,” railroads, waterways, landmarks, and names of people. Drawn by Charles G. Nauk.

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Neal, James M. Papers, 1865, 1875.
Accession 24227. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Papers, 1865 and 1875, of James M. Neal (1845-1907) consisting of his certificate of release as a prisoner of war and his oath of allegiance, 2 June 1865, and his certificate, 28 October 1875, as a member of the Association of the Army of Northern Virginia. The upper left corner of this certificate is missing.

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Neese, George M. Papers, 1859-1921.
Accession 13994. .225 cubic feet.

Papers, 1859-1921, of George M. Neese (1839-1921) of Shenandoah County, Virginia, consisting of the manuscript text for his book “Three Years in the Confederate Horse Artillery,” published by the Neale Company in 1911. Manuscript details his Civil War service as a member of Chew’s Artillery in Stuart’s Horse Artillery in the Army of Northern Virginia, and recounts his service from his enlistment in 1861, through the engagements he served in, his capture by Union troops, his imprisonment, to his release from Point Lookout, Maryland. Collection also includes the seven diaries upon which Neese based his manuscript and which cover his military service. Diaries contain more day-to-day information on camp life and the weather than does the manuscript and also includes some poems. Also contains loose diary entries from 1863; letter to the editor, 29 June 1911, from Elise Kelleher of Seattle, Washington, to the New Market newspaper concerning “Three Years in the Confederate Horse Artillery,” including a reply from both the editor and from Neese; a letter, 19 March 1913, from Nelson Doubleday (1862-1934), the publisher, regarding a subscription to a magazine; and an obituary, 14 April 1921, for Neese. Also includes: a rebus puzzle; passes; a Confederate 50 cent note; list of items for the horse artillery; and an account, 1859-1861, for items purchased, monies received, and some diary entries.

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Nelson County (Va.). Circuit Court. Register of Free Negroes and Civil War Claims, 1853-1867.
Accession Local Government Records, Nelson County (Va.) Reel 50.. 1 reel.

Nelson County, Virginia, Register of Free Negroes and Civil War Claims, 1853-1867. Collection contains a Free Negro Register, 1853-1865, and three Civil War Claims with lists and valuations of slaves, 1866-1867. Free Negro Register documents the name and age of free negroes who registered with the county court from 1853 to 1867. Each entry also includes a brief physicial description and a reference to whether the person was born free, and where, or the circumstances of the person's emancipation. Additional information, such as names of spouses or parents or county of birth, is sometimes included. Also included in the register are affidavits of James L. Hubbard, Seaton H. Loving, and William Gordon listing property lost during the the Civil War. Hubbard’s affidavit contains a list of 94 slaves owned in the vicinity of Nelson County, on the Upper Quarter of his Tye River Estate, valued at an estimated total of $57,000.00 in 1861. Hubbard also testified that several houses he owned were burned by the Northern army. The list of Hubbard’s slave property includes name, age, and the estimated value of each slave in 1861. Seaton Loving’s affidavit contains a list of 8 slaves, with name, age, date of birth, and estimated value of each slave in 1861. William Gordon’s affidavit lists 43 slaves, with name, age, and estimated value of each slave in 1861.

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Nelson, Mann P. Letter, 12 February 1862.
Accession 44260. 2 pages.

Letter, 12 February 1862, from Mann P. Nelson, Middleway, [West] Virginia, to an unidentified recipient, regarding the death of his son Mann P. Nelson (ca. 1847-1862). Also includes information on patients with typhoid fever and measles.

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Nevins, Edward M. Papers, 1981-1986.
Accession 37026. 0.45 cubic feet. Photocopies.

Papers, 1981-1986, of Edward M. Nevins consisting of historical data compiled for the Virginia Military History Program initiated in 1982 by Virginia’s Department of Military Affairs, Adjutant General’s Office. Includes program guidelines, historical data on Virginia Army National Guard units, including unit lineage, lists of battles and campaigns, and lists of decorations and citations. Of note is material relating to the history of the Alexandria Light Infantry. Also, consists of information about Virginia National Guard units mobilized for the Spanish-American War, World War I, and World War II, a list of medals and ribbons Virginia awards its National Guardsmen, and material on Rockbridge County’s military history.

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EAD Guide
New Kent County (Va.). Circuit Court. Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1863.
Accession Local Government Records, New Kent County. .1 cubic feet.

The New Kent County, Virginia, Reports of Indigent Soldiers’ Families, 1861-1863 is made up of reports of indigent soldiers’ families, including names of the soldiers and family members, number of children per family, the amount of money provided to each family and for what use. The reports record that funds were to be used for provisions, and list the kinds and amount of food that were purchased or donated to the families. Families were not only provided with money but also with sugar, coffee, corn and other items.

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New, Charles R. Obituary, 1862.
Accession 13935. 2 pages.

Obituary, 1862, of Charles R. New, corporal of Company H, 1st Virginia Infantry, who was killed at the battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) 31 May 1862.

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Newlon family. Letters, 1861-1863.
Accession 29386. 75 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1861-1863, of brothers George W. Newlon (ca. 1841-1862), James M. Newlon (ca. 1840-1863), and Thomas M. Newlon (ca. 1844-1862), serving in Company B, 8th Virginia Infantry, to their family in Fauquier County, Virginia, detailing their experiences in the Civil War. The brothers describe camp life; picket duty; their health and stays in hospitals; need for new clothing; and local, family, and personal news. The also describe the first battle of Manassas (Bull Run) and the Peninsular Campaign, including the battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks). George W. Newlon informs his parents of the death of Thomas M. Newlon, while James M. Newlon mentions his capture and brief imprisonment by the Union army, as well as an excursion to forage in North Carolina. Collection also includes a letter from the Newlons’ aunt Ann Cockrill of Chesterfield County, Virginia, to James Newlon concerning George Newlon’s health and the amputation of his arm, as well as family news.

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Newman, J. S. Diary, 1861.
Accession 24035. 40 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Diary, 18 April-21 October 1861, of J. S. Newman (1836-1910) of the Gordonsville Grays and of Company C, 13th Virginia Infantry, describing soldiering and camp life in the first months of the Civil War. He discusses campaigning in the Shenandoah Valley in the days before the first battle of Manassas and the movements of his company and regiment from April to October. Includes a discription of the Manassas battlefield from October 1861.

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Newton, Wiley K. Letters, 1864.
Accession 39054. 3 leaves. Photocopies.

Letters, 1 June 1864 and 19 July 1864, from Wiley K. Newton to his wife, Phebe Newton, in Tazewell County, Virginia, regarding family, health, and troop movements.

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Norbury family. Papers, 1865-1870.
Accession 32667. 23 pages.

Papers, 1865-1870, of the Norbury family of Fredericksburg, Virginia, consisting of letters from friends and relatives residing in Manchester, England, stating that they are glad the Norburys made it through the Civil War and that the mail will improve. Letters contain news of family and friends, including deaths. Papers also include a draft of James Tongue’s (1806-1885) claim against the United States government for damages suffered in 1862 and 1863. Claim states that Tongue, who resided with the Norburys, came from England in 1848, began working as an architect and builder, and suffered during the Union occupation of Fredericksburg during the Civil War.

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Norfleet, Elisha. Papers, 1862-1866.
Accession 22679. 6 leaves. Photostats (negative)

Papers, 1862-1866, of Elisha Norfleet (1800-1869) of Nansemond County, Virginia, consisting of a memorandum, 1 November 1862, issued by A. Blair, captain and provost marshall of the United States army at Suffolk, Virginia, listing what furniture Elisha Norfleet can have in his residence; a form letter, 23 December 1865, signed by Norfleet and sent to William H. Seward (1801-1872), United States Secretary of State, acknowledging that he had received and signed his pardon; tax receipt, 17 October 1865, to Norfleet from William H. Singleton, clerk of the court in Suffolk, Virginia, for taxes paid; certification, 2 Janaury 1866, signed by Seward acknowledging that Norfleet’s oath had been deposited in the Department of State; and an account, no date, of damages done to Norfleet’s property by Union soldiers under the command of J. K. F. Mansfield (1803-1862) and John J. Peck (1821-1878).

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Norfleet, Virginia. Recollections.
Accession 26316. 16 leaves. Photocopies.

Memoirs of Virginia Norfleet of Franklin, Virginia, including information on family genealogy, childhood during the Civil War, relationships between slaves and owners (including the Nat Turner insurrection, 1831), making hand-made clothes and shoes, education, and growth of the town after the Civil War.

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Northumberland County (Va.) Circuit Court. Military and Pension Records, circa 1785-1919.
Accession 43283. 0.2 cubic feet.

Northumberland County, Virginia, Military and Pension Records, circa 1785-1919, consist of applications, 1882-1886, for commutation money and artifical limbs; applications, ca. 1888-1908, for pensions; a bond, 1877, from Northumberland County to the widows and minor children of Confederate soldiers and sailors; Confederate pension board minutes and appointments, 1900-1915; a declaration, no date, of Revolutionary War military service; exemptions, 1862, from military service; General Assembly resolutions, 1788, regarding money and property expended during the Revolutionary War; lists, 1906-1919, of applications for pensions; certification of pensioners, 1785-1791, 1902; militia officer qualifications, 1804; the muster roll, 1850, of infantry attached to the 2nd battalion of the 3rd regiment; a petition, 1862, for an exemption from military duty; records, 1836-1858, regarding soldiers’ heirs and bounty warrents; reports, 1862-1865, of indigent families of soldiers; and salt agents’reports, 1864-1865.

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Nottingham family. Bible record, 1862-1864.
Accession 35023, MBRC 39. 15 leaves. Photocopies.

Nottingham family Bible records include official enlistment forms, certificates of volunteer enlistments and a list of slaves belonging to Leonard B. Nottingham. List of slaves, 1863, includes slaves who left Nottingham’s home and those who left to join the Union Army during the Civil War; also included is a typed transcript. Area covered is Northampton County, Virginia. Other surnames mentioned: Bonain[?], Booker, Brown, Glazier, Snead, Tyson, and Warren.

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Nuckols, Samuel Reuben. Letter, 17 May 1864.
Accession 42336. 3 pages.

Letter, 17 May 1864, from Samuel Reuben Nuckols (1834-1903), 4th Virginia Cavalry, to an unknown individual, concerning the welfare of an acquaintance in another unit who has been taken prisoner. He also mentions the status of two other soldiers, William H. Woodson of the 15th Virginia Infantry, and Martin A. Waldrop, who was also serving in the 4th Virginia Cavalry.

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Nunnally, John W. Will, 22 April 1861.
Accession 24652. 4 pages.

Will, 22 April 1861, of John W. Nunnally (ca. 1836-1862) of Chesterfield County, Virginia, containing bequests to his family, his slaves and to the mission boards of the Southern Baptist Convention. This will was recorded in Chesterfield County Court 12 July 1862 and can be found in Chesterfield County Will Book 22, pp. 708-710.

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Nuttall, James. Letter, ca. 1923.
Accession 26244. 8 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, ca. 1923, from James Nuttall, to Mrs. Smith, recounting his military service during the Civil War. Topics include camp life, battle of Drewry’s Bluff, the siege of Petersburg, imprisonment at Point Lookout (Md.) , and release in 1865.

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Odgen, Dewees. Papers, 1862-1863.
Accession 22026. 15 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1862-1863, of Dewees Ogden (d. 1863) of New York and Mississippi, consisting of a letter, 21 September 1862, from Dewees Ogden to his Aunt Mary discussing his recent service in the Virginia State Line and how he is awaiting the formation of a cavalry unit he will command; a letter, 24 December 1862, to his Uncle Sam requesting that his sisters, orphans living in New York, be sent south; a letter, 3 March 1863, to Mary L. Wiggins of Mississippi, stating that hs will join an artillery unit (Richmond Howitzers) soon; a letter, 22 April 1863, to Samuel G. Ogden (ca. 1805-1877) of New York, commenting on the estranged relations between himself and his friends and relatives; a letter, 27 July 1863, from Robert Emmett Robinson (1811-1865) of Petersburg, Virginia, to Mary, commenting on the death of Ogden and including a transcript of a letter from Joseph Bernard Lambert (1836-1904) of the Richmond Howitzers to William Foushee Ritchie (b. 1813) of Richmond; a letter, 25 September 1863, from Virginia Ritchie (1829-1903) of Richmond to Mrs. Dewees, discussing Ogden’s death and stating that she hopes to find the location of his body; and obituaries, 1863, for Ogden, the papers are unknown.

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Olinger, John C. Letter, 29 August 1861.
Accession 32823. 6 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 29 August 1861, from John C. Olinger, Jr. (1832-1917), Company A, 50th Virginia Infantry, in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia, to his father John C. Olinger, Sr. (1790-1863), detailing a skirmish that his regiment fought in; asking after his brother; and discussing his hopes for his home and the war. Includes a transcript of the letter.

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Orr, James Wesley. Recollections of the War between the States, 1861-1865.
Accession 25780. 1 volume (22 leaves).

Civil war reminiscences of James Wesley Orr of Lee County, Virginia, detailing his service with Company E, 37th Virginia Infantry Regiment, part of Stonewall Jackson’s forces during his campaign in the Shenandoah Valley. Topics include troop movements, health, camp life, and supplies. Includes descriptions of the battles of Kernstown, Cedar Mountain, 2nd battle of Bull Run, and Antietam. Orr was wounded at the battle of Antietam in September 1862 and was assigned to the recruiting service in Lee and Scott Counties, Virginia. While on duty he participated in some small skirmishes in Jonesville, Virginia, and witnessed the destruction of several of the town’s buildings. Orr also includes a brief description of his career after the war and a copy of the poem, “The Old Willow Tree,” by Samuel Stone, a Virginia soldier.

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O'Sullivan, T. Letters, 1865.
Accession 50681. 5 pages.

Letters, 27 January and 2 March 1865, from Timothy O'Sullivan of Company K, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery, at Petersburg, Virginia, to his mother and sister in New Haven County, Connecticut, concerning his efforts to get a furlough, his request for items to be sent to him, and his pay. He says that Petersburg is a disagreeable place and that the paymaster is drunk.

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Otey family. Letters, 1834-1862.
Accession 23404. 12 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1834-1862, of the Otey family of New Kent County, Virginia, consisting of letters, 19 September 1834, 2 December 1839, and 10 February 1841, from James F. O. Griffith of Marengo County, Alabama, to his uncle James G. Otey (ca. 1796-1853) of New Kent County, Virginia, containing family and personal news, informing Otey of the profit to be made growing cotton, and encouraging Otey to come to Alabama; and letters, 24 October 1861, 9 March 1862, and 18 April 1862, from William Richard Otey (1840-1862) to his mother Sarah W. Otey (1803-by 1870), sending her personal news, informing her of his health, and providing news on the Merrimack and on the Peninsular campaign.

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Ott, John. Letter, 22 June 1861.
Accession 38757. 16 pages.

Letter, 22 June 1861, from John Ott (1834-1895) of Richmond, Virginia, to William Massie (1795-1862) of Nelson County, Virginia, commenting on the early days of the Civil War. Ott discusses the North’s preparation for the war and believes that the North will be unable to finance and conduct a long war. He thinks that the Federal government overestimates the size of Southern Unionists. Ott believes that the South has the advantage in the war and will gain its independence regardless of its duration. Ott also informs Massie that he is comptroller of the treasury in the Confederate government and provides personal news about his wife and children.

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Owen, Henry Thweatt. Papers, 1822-1929.
Accession 28154. 0.45 cubic feet.

Papers, 1822-1929, of Henry Thweatt Owen (1831-1921), Company C, 18th Virginia Infantry, and of Richmond, Virginia, containing letters, 1856-1924, concerning Owen's military service, his desire for historical accuracy regarding the role of Pickett's Division in the Gettysburg campaign, postwar Virginia politics, and his career in the Second Auditor's Office; military papers, 1862-1864, including letters, orders, and receipts, some concerning Union prisoners assembled for exchange at City Point; lists of casualties and units at Gettysburg including estimates of Union strength, company rosters, and lists of officers killed and wounded in Pickett's Charge; .diary, 10 February - 10 July 1863, tracing the movements of the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment from Petersburg through the retreat from Gettysburg; and reminiscences Owen's service during the Civil War, Pickett's division, the Battle of South Mountain, and Pickett's Charge. Papers also include will, 29 April 1822, and estate inventory, 28 November 1825, of Ann Owen of Prince Edward County; land records, 1894-1929, of E. O. Whiteside, Prince Edward County, and Owen's compilation of two oversized plat books of surveys and plats of patents and grants issued for Prince Edward County, 1728-1783 and 1880-1900; James Whiteside papers, 1863-1893, including a discharge from the 46th Pennsylvania Militia Regiment, survey and plat of land in Charlotte County, receipts, and accounts; maps including a railroad map of the United States with an emphasis on distances between San Francisco and Richmond, a plat of Old Point Comfort; plats, surveys, and notes concerning early settlers in Prince Edward County; plats and maps of property in and near the town of Virso, Prince Edward and Lunenburg Counties; and a map of the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Collection includes broadsides consisting of "To the Survivors of Pickett's Division," and "Garnett's Brigade," The lists of coupons issued under Acts of 1871, 1879, 1892 and paid into the Second Auditor's Office are printed forms, filled in.

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EAD Guide
Owen, John M. Papers, 1864-1865.
Accession 25252. 4 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Papers, 1864-1865, of John M. Owen consisting of military order, 27 October 1864, relating to John Owen's service as lieutenant in Company E, 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment, Local Defense Forces, in Richmond, Virginia. Also includes Owen’s oath of allegiance, 27 April 1865, to the United States in Richmond, Virginia.

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Owen, Robert Latham. Papers, 1861-1937.
Accession 21381. 3 leaves. Photostats (negative), typescript letter.

Papers, 1861-1937, of Robert Latham Owen (1825-1873), president of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad containing an order, 11 July 1861, from Leroy Pope Walker (1817-1884), Confederate Secretary of War, Montgomery, Alabama, to Major Hugh Lawson Clay (1823-1890) at Lynchburg, Virginia, ordering him to furnish twenty-five muskets to Colonel R. L. Owen, President of the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad; a receipt, 17 July 1861, from Owen acknowledging delivery of the muskets by Captain Thomas K. Jackson; a letter, 10 November 1937, from Major General E. T. Conley (1874-1956), U. S. Adjutant General, to Annie R. C. Owen, concerning records relating to R. L. Owen in the United States War Department.

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Pace, William A. Letter, 10 March 1865
Accession 37227. 2 pages.

Letter, 10 March 1865, from William A. Pace (b. 1831) to his wife Maria E. Pace (1836-1912) while he was stationed near Richmond. He writes about the drunkenness of an acquaintance in the Army, as well as his own welfare and that of his wife.

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Paddock, Zachariah, Jr. Letters, 1864.
Accession 42344. 7 pages.

Letters, 5 and 18 July 1864, from Zachariah Paddock, Jr. (b. ca. 1832), 48th New York Infantry at Petersburg, Virginia, to his father concerning receiving letters from the family and where they should be directed, and he gives his opinions as to how much longer the war will last, heavy troops losses for the Union, the resignation of Salmon P. Chase (1808-1873) as Secretary of the Treasury, skirmishes around Petersburg, his health and that of the family, his use of a captured horse, his recent promotion, and how his duties as quartermaster will benefit him in the future.

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Padgett, James A. Certificate, 15 March 1862.
Accession 38865. 1 leaf.

Certificate, 15 March 1862, rejecting James A. Padgett for military service because of "inabilities that render him unfit for the duties of a soldier." Signed by Hugh Nelson, captain commanding Company F, 28th Virginia Infantry.

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Page family. Papers, 1871-1923.
Accession 25260a, 26834, 26970, 27513. .45 cubic feet. In part, photocopies.

Papers, 1871-1923, of the Page family of Hanover County and Richmond, Virginia, including certificates, correspondence, deeds, literary manuscripts, promissory notes, and poetry. Includes marriage agreement between Thomas Nelson Page and Florence Lathrop Field; deeds for land in Lexington, Virginia; and certificates for plots in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia. Also includes dividend and stock certificates, dated 1880-1903, for a number of companies including, Richmond and St. Paul Land and Improvement Association; Old Dominion and Duluth Land and Improvement Association; and Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical Society. Of note are a number of literary manuscripts by Rosewell Page, and possibly Thomas Nelson Page. Unfortunately many of the manuscripts are unidentified. Includes the autobiography entitled, “When I was a Little Boy,” an unfinished comic opera, “The Groom of Scak-Posset,” and poetry by Rosewell Page.

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Page, Richard Channing Moore. Diary, 1864-1865.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5262. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Diary, October 1864 - May 1865, of Major Richard Channing Moore Page, describing his duties as Chief of Artillery in the District of Southwestern Virginia. The diary details equipment inspections, lists number and names of officers present for duty, battles in Tennessee and western Virginia, and troop movements. Also includes a description of his return home and oath of allegiance after the war had ended.

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Paine, Edwin B. Letters, 1864
Accession 43342. 8 pages.

Letters, 1864, of Edwin B. Paine, 4th New York Cavalry, at camp near Washington, D.C., and Smithfield, Virginia, Topics include troop movements, capture of prisoners, picket duty, and battles around Smithfield and Petersburg, Virginia.

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Painter family. Papers, 1767-1886.
Accession 30017. 3 leaves and 2 pages.

Papers, 1767-1886, of the Painter family containing a register of the family of Mathias Painter (1767-1842) of Wythe County, Virginia, as well as a prayer written by William Liddle, Jr. (ca. 1842-1912), 7 January 1864, for James Draughton Painter (b. 1844) and his brother Leicester E. Painter (1842-1923), who were taken prisoner while serving in the 45th Virginia Infantry. There is also a presidential pardon, 1866, of Abraham Painter (1804-1886).

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Painton, G. B. Letter, 18 January 1864.
Accession 44837. 2 pages.

Letter, 18 January 1864, from G. B. Painton (b. 1831), 1st sergeant in Company L, 2nd United States Cavalry, stationed at Mitchell’s Ford, Virginia, to his cousin John concerning the company’s duty as provosts in Culpeper, Virginia, and as pickets along the Rapidan River. Painton writes about a Union soldier killed and still lying along the banks of the river, as well as about numerous Confederate desertions.

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Palmore, George W. Letter, 20 April 1861.
Accession 41958. 2 pages.

Letter, 20 April 1861, from George W. Palmore on behalf of Ludlam and Meincken, New York, to Flood and Crumpton, Lynchburg, Virginia. Topics regard the sale of tobacco and worries about blockades due to war.

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Palmore, Wesley W. Letter, 4 December 1863.
Accession 26343. 2 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 4 December 1863, from Wesley W. Palmore, camp near Pisgah Church, Orange County, Virginia, to his grandmother, Maria Bosher. Topics include camp life, family, weather, and health.

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Park, Robert Emory. Diary, 1863.
Accession 41008 Miscellaneous reel 5262. 1 reel. Microfilm.

Diary, 28 January-1 July 1863, of Robert Emory Park Captain, Company F of the 12th Alabama Infantry, including descriptions of camp life, troop movements, advances into Maryland and Pennsylvania, and the battles of Chancelorsville and Gettysburg. Included are detailed descriptions of camp life, scenery and inhabitants of towns, destruction and pillaging by Northern troops, and battle scenes. Transcripts of these entries, along with later entries, are available in Volumes I, II, III, and XXVI of the Southern Historical Society Papers.

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Parker, Ely Samuel. Letter, 23 September 1864.
Accession 26255. 4 leaves. Photocopies.

Letter, 23 September 1864, from Ely Parker, City Point, Virginia, to Charles Faulkner, Martinsburg, W. Virginia. Topics include Parker’s appointment as military secretary to Grant and the progress of the war.

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Parker, Lula Jeter. History of Bedford County, 1938, 1954
Accession 42696. 37 pages. Photocopies.

History of Bedford County, Virginia, written in 1938 by Lula Jeter Parker (1873-1954) and republished by the Bedford Democrat 28 January 1954. Account contains information on the history including the Civil War, politics, religion, and social life of Bedford County, as well as information on geography, towns, prominent homes and prominent citizens. Account includes updates made by the newspaper to Parker’s original account.

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Parker, W. W. Letter, 27 October 1867.
Accession 50677. 4 pages.

Letter, 27 October 1864, from W. W. Parker with the Union X Corps in Henrico County, Virginia, to his wife stating that he will have to stay with the army for a while as it appears it is about to move, possibly on Richmond. Parker describes the destruction of the country home of the man who owned Libby Prison and sees it as payment for owning slaves. Parker notes skirmishing in the area and adds that Confederates say that they've broken through Union lines.

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Parkhill, Charles. Papers, 1865.
Accession 19791. 1 leaf and 2 pages.

Papers, 1865, of Charles Parkhill of Richmond, Virginia, consisting of a paroled prisoner’s pass, 10 April 1865, issued to Private Charles Parkhill of Third Company, Virginia Light Artillery, Hardaway’s Battalion, by Lieutenant Colonel R. A. Hardaway; and an oath of allegiance, 24 May 1865, signed by A. Parkhill of Company B, 26th Virginia Infantry. Charles Parkhill and Private A. Parkhill may be the same individual.

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Parmenter, Alfred A. Letters, January 1862.
Accession 38864a. 8 pages.

Letters, January 1862, from Alfred A. Parmenter, Company F, 26th Massachusetts Infantry, to his parents in Massachusetts consisting of letter, 10 January 1862, stating that he hasn’t heard from his parents yet, but expects a letter when the U.S.S. Constitution arrives; that the “Black Prince” has arrived but had lost 148 of 153 horses it was transporting; that his company saw its first rebel prisoners; that there had been a “deserter” caught trying to destroy ammunition; that Massachusetts politician Caleb Cushing might arrive in Mississippi which was not a good idea; and asking how long his parents thought the war might last; and letter, 26 January 1862, stating that the regimental musicians were going to petition to the Secretary of War asking that they be discharged and complaining about officers including General Benjamin Butler. There is an abstract of the 26 January letter.

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Parsons, Wililam Letters, 1861-1865.
Accession 27939, 39226, 41676. 32 leaves. Photostats (negative).

Letters, 1861-1865, from William Parsons, Company K, 12th Virginia Cavalry, to his wife, Martha Ann Clarke Parsons. Topics include family, health, troop movements, and his imprisonment. Also included are transcripts.

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Patteson family. Papers, 1743-1906 (bulk: 1820-1889).
Accession 24295. 4.15 cubic feet.

Papers, 1743-1906 of the Patteson family of Buckingham County, Virginia, consisting of account books, accounts, agreements, Bible records, bonds, broadsides, correspondence, deeds, envelopes, estate records, genealogical notes, insurance policies, judicial records, memorandums, military commissions, minute books, passports, plats, powers of attorney, promissory notes, receipt books, receipts, reports, scrapbooks, surveys, tax records, and wills. Topics covered are the family histories of the David Patteson family of Buckingham County and the David Patteson family of Amherst County, Virginia; history of Buckingham and Amherst Counties; education of the Patteson children; Patteson family business interests; African Americans and slavery; Virginia politics and government; Patteson property in Mississippi; Buckingham County militia; the Civil War; railroads; overseers of the poor; and other matters.

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EAD Guide
Patteson, Samuel. Account book, 1805-1808.
Accession 20864. 1 volume (214 pages).

Account book, 1805-1808, of Samuel Patteson (1781-1832) of Buckingham County, Virginia, containing an alphabetical listing of land and personal property taxpayers in Buckingham County, Virginia. Personal property tax is paid mainly on horses and slaves. The method of payment is also noted. There are several pages of personal accounts to Patteson. Also eight newspaper clippings dated 1863 and 1864 and concerning the Civil War are included in the ledger.

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Paul, Alfred. Reports, 1860-1861.
Accession 22992. 22 leaves and 66 pages.

Reports, 1860-1861, of Alfred Paul, French Consul at Richmond, Virginia, to Edouard Thouvenel (1818-1866), Minister of Foreign Affairs, Paris, France, describing the political situation in Virginia in the days between Abraham Lincoln’s (1809-1865) election as president and his inauguration, stating that Virginia will side with the South in any potential confrontation. Paul comments on the 1860 election, South Carolina’s secession, Governor John Letcher’s (1813-1884) hopes for compromise, slavery, Fort Sumter, the Virginia state convention, Virginia’s efforts at compromise, the likelihood of Virginia’s secession, and the inevitability of Civil War. The reports are written in french, but there are transcript translations into english.

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EAD Guide
Paxton, John C. Papers, 1896-1898.
Accession 32486. 5 leaves. Photocopies.

Papers, 1896-1898, of John C. Paxton of Botetourt County, Virginia, consisting of a notebook containing some personal accounts and lists of Company F, 4th Battalion Virginia Reserves; and a letter, 30 December 1898, from Duncan C. Lyle of McDonogh, Maryland enclosing a corrected and annotated list of the roster of Company F.

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