A Selected Bibliography of Map Books and Periodicals, Many of Which Relate to Virginia


Library of Virginia Publications 

Gentry, Daphne S., comp. Virginia Land Office Inventory. 1988. 

Hummel, Ray O., Jr., ed. A List of Places Included in 19th Century Virginia Directories. 1960. 

Salmon, John S., comp. Board of Public Works Inventory. 1978. Reprint, 1996. 

Sanchez-Saavedra, E. M. A Description of the Country: Virginia’s Cartographers and Their Maps, 1607–1881. 1977. 

Stephenson, Richard W., and Marianne M. McKee, eds. Virginia in Maps: Four Centuries of Settlement, Growth, and Development. 2000. 

Swem, Earl Gregg. Maps Relating to Virginia in the Virginia State Library and Other Departments of the Commonwealth With the 17th and 18th Century Atlas-Maps in the Library of Congress. 1914. Reprint, 1989. Reprinted in 1999 by Willow Bend Books. 


“An Architect Looks at Richmond: Benjamin Henry Latrobe Made a Valuable Record of Richmond in 1798.” Virginia Cavalcade 16 (Winter 1967): 22–29. 

Ernst, William. “William Barton Rogers: Antebellum Virginia Geologist.” Virginia Cavalcade 24 (Summer 1974): 13–20. 

McKee, Marianne M. “‘Complete in Every Part’: Selected Maps of the City of Richmond.” Virginia Cavalcade 35 (Spring 1986): 162–171. Published under the name Marianne McKee Withers. 

Miller, William J. “‘And Ye Shall Chase Your Enemies’: Jed Hotchkiss, Stonewall Jackson, and the Valley Campaign.” Virginia Cavalcade 43 (Winter 1994): 112–131; (Spring 1994): 148–165. 

Sanchez-Saavedra, E. M. “‘Surveyed and Exactly Drawne’: Virginia’s Cartographers and Their Maps.” Virginia Cavalcade 25 (Winter 1976): 100–109. 

Stephenson, Richard W. “An Unfamiliar Country.” Virginia Cavalcade 48 (Winter 1999): 24–35.

History of Cartography 

Bagrow, Leo. History of Cartography. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964. 

Benson, Guy Meriwether. Exploring the West from Monticello: A Perspective in Maps from Columbus to Lewis and Clark. Charlottesville: Department of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, 1995. 

Brown, Lloyd A. The Story of Maps. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1949. 

Buisseret, David, ed. From Sea Charts to Satellite Images: Interpreting North American History Through Maps. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990. 

George, Wilma. Animals and Maps. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969. 

Greenhood, David. Mapping. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964. Earlier edition issued as Down to Earth: Mapping for Everybody. New York: Holiday House, 1944. 

Harley, J. B. The New Nature of Maps: Essays in the History of Cartography. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. 

Harley, J. B., and David Woodward, eds. The History of Cartography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • Volume 1. Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean.             1987.
  • Volume 2, Book 1. Cartography in the Traditional Islamic and South Asian Societies. 1992.
  • Volume 2, Book 2. Cartography in the Traditional East and Southeast Asian Societies. 1994.
  • Volume 2, Book 3. Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies. 1998. David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis, eds. 

Hughes, Sarah S. Surveyors and Statesmen: Land Measuring in Colonial Virginia. Richmond: Virginia Surveyors Foundation and the Virginia Association of Surveyors, Inc., 1979. 

Miller, William J. Mapping for Stonewall: The Civil War Service of Jed Hotchkiss. Washington, D.C.: Elliott and Clark Publishing, 1993. 

Monmonier, Mark. Drawing the Line: Tales of Maps and Cartocontroversy. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1995. 

Oswald, Diane L. Fire Insurance Maps: Their History and Application. College Station, Tex.: Lacewing Press, 1997. 

Price, Edward T. Dividing the Land: Early American Beginnings of Our Private Property Mosaic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. 

Reps, John William. Tidewater Towns: City Planning in Colonial Virginia and Maryland. Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1972. 

Ristow, Walter W. American Maps and Mapmakers: Commercial Cartography in the Nineteenth Century. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1985. 

_______, comp. A La Carte: Selected Papers on Maps and Atlases. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1972. 

Robinson, Arthur H. Early Thematic Mapping in the History of Cartography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. 

Schwartz, Seymour I. This Land is Your Land: The Geographic Evolution of the United States. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2000. 

Schwartz, Seymour I., and Ralph E. Ehrenberg. The Mapping of America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1980. 

Shirley, Rodney W. The Mapping of the World: Early Printed World Maps, 1472–1700. London: New Holland, 1993. 

Simpson, Alan. The Mysteries of the “Frenchman’s Map” of Williamsburg, Virginia. Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1984. 

Skelton, Raleigh A. Maps: A Historical Survey of Their Study and Collecting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972. 

Snyder, John P. Flattening the Earth: Two Thousand Years of Map Projections. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. 

Stephenson, Richard W. “A Plan Whol[l]y New”: Pierre Charles L’Enfant’s Plan of the City of Washington. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1993. 

Thrower, Norman J. W. Maps & Civilization: Cartography in Culture and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. Earlier edition published as Maps and Man: An Examination of Cartography in Relation to Culture and Civilization. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1972. 

Warhus, Mark. Another America: Native American Maps and the History of Our Land. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. 

Wilford, John Noble. The Mapmakers. New York: Knopf, 1981. Revised ed., 2000. 

Wolter, John A., and Ronald E. Grim. Images of the World. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997. 

Woodward, David, ed. Art and Cartography: Six Historical Essays. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. 

_______. Five Centuries of Map Printing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975. 

Map Identification 

Bosse, David. Civil War Newspaper Maps: A Cartobibliography of the Northern Daily Press. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993. 

Brun, Christian. Guide to the Manuscript Maps in the William L. Clements Library. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1959. 

Burden, Philip D. The Mapping of North America: A List of Printed Maps, 1511–1670. Hertfordshire, England: Raleigh Publications, 1996. 

Congressional Information Service. CIS U.S. Serial Set Index, Part XIV, Index and Carto-Bibliography of Maps, 1789–1969. 16 vols. Bethesda, Md.: Congressional Information Service, Inc., 1995–1997. 

Cumming, William P. The Southeast in Early Maps. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998. 3rd ed., revised and enlarged by Louis De Vorsey, Jr. Earlier editions appeared in 1958 and in 1962. 

French, Josephine, ed. Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, A–D. Revised ed. Hertfordshire, England: Map Collector Publications, 1999. 

The Fry & Jefferson Map of Virginia and Maryland. Introduction by Dumas Malone. Princeton: Princeton University Press for the Harry Clemons Publication Fund of the University of Virginia, 1950. 

A Guide to Civil War Maps in the National Archives. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1986. 

LeGear, Clara Egli. United States Atlases: A List of National, State, County, City, and Regional Atlases in the Library of Congress. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1950–1953. 

Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division, Reference and Bibliography Section. Fire Insurance Maps in the Library of Congress: Plans of North American Cities and Towns Produced by the Sanborn Map Company: A Checklist. Introduction by Walter W. Ristow. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1981. 

Lowery, Woodbury. The Lowery Collection. A Descriptive List of Maps of the Spanish Possessions Within the Present Limits of the United States, 1502–1820. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1912. 

Morrison, Russell, and Robert Hanson. Charting the Chesapeake. Annapolis: Maryland State Archives, 1990.

Morrison, Russell, Edward C. Papenfuse, Nancy M. Bramucci, and Robert J. H. Janson-La Palme. On the Map. Chestertown, Md.: Washington College, 1983. 

Nebenzahl, Kenneth. A Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution, 1775–1795. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975. 

Papenfuse, Edward C., and Joseph M. Coale III. The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608–1908. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982. 

Phillips, Philip Lee. A List of Maps of America in the Library of Congress. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1901. 

_______. Virginia Cartography: A Bibliographical Description. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1896. Reprint, Ann Arbor: Arbor Libri Press, 1995. 

Phillips, Philip Lee, and Clara Egli LeGear. A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress. 9 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1909–1992. 

Roberts, Joseph K., and Robert O. Bloomer. Catalogue of Topographic and Geologic Maps of Virginia. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1939. 

Stephenson, Richard W. The Cartography of Northern Virginia: Facsimile Reproductions of Maps Dating from 1608 to 1915. Fairfax County: History and Archaeology Section, Office of Comprehensive Planning, 1981.

_______. Civil War Maps: An Annotated List of Maps and Atlases in the Library of Congress. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1989. 

Tooley, Ronald Vere, ed. The Mapping of America. London: Holland Press Ltd., 1980.

_______, comp. Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers. Hertfordshire, England: Map Collector Publications Ltd., 1979.

_______, comp. Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers. Supplement. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc., and Meridian Publishing Co., 1985. 

Wallis, Helen M., and Arthur H. Robinson, eds. Cartographical Innovations: An International Handbook of Mapping Terms to 1900. Hertfordshire, England: Map Collector Publications Ltd. in association with the International Cartographic Association, 1987. 

Wheat, James Clements, and Christian F. Brun. Maps and Charts Published in America Before 1800: A Bibliography. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969. 

County, Census Boundary Sources 

Doran, Michael F. Atlas of County Boundary Changes in Virginia, 1634–1895. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1987. 

Hiden, Martha Woodroof. How Justice Grew. Virginia Counties: An Abstract of Their Formation. Booklet 19. Williamsburg: 350th Anniversary Celebration Corporation, 1957. Reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield Company, 1992. 

Robinson, Morgan Poitiaux. Virginia Counties: Those Resulting From Virginia Legislation. In Bulletin of the Virginia State Library 9, Nos. 1–3. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1916. Reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1992. 

Sims, Edgar B. Making a State: Formation of West Virginia. Charleston: State of West Virginia, 1956.

Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987.

Place-name Resources 

Abate, Frank R., ed. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. 11 vols. Detroit: Omnigraphics, 1990, especially volumes 3 and 10. 

Axelson, Edith F. Virginia Postmasters and Post Offices, 1789–1832. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1991. 

Biggs, Thomas H. Geographic and Cultural Names in Virginia. Information Circular 20. Charlottesville: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1974. 

Cohen, Saul B. The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World. 3 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. 

Gannett, Henry. A Gazetteer of Virginia and West Virginia. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1975. Originally published as A Gazetteer of Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 232, Washington, D.C., 1904; and A Gazetteer of West Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 233, Washington, D.C., 1904.

Martin, Joseph. A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer of Virginia, and the District of Columbia. Charlottesville: Moseley & Tompkins, Printers, 1836. 

Merriam Webster’s Geographical Dictionary. 3rd ed. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 1997. 

Sealock, Richard B., Margaret M. Sealock, and Margaret S. Powell. Bibliography of Place-Name Literature, United States and Canada. 3rd ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 1982. Updated by Margaret S. and Stephen D. Powell, “Bibliography of Place-Name Literature, United States and Canada, 1980-1988.” Names 38 (March–June 1990): 49–141. 

Tatum, Gail V. Researching Virginia Place Names. Richmond: Library of Virginia, Archival and Information Services Division, 2001. 

United States, National Archives and Record Service. Post Office Department Reports of Site Locations, 1837–1950. Microform rolls 602–627, Virginia. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1980. 

United States, Post Office Department. Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1832–September 30, 1971. Microform Rolls 130–135, Virginia. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1973. 

Historical Atlases 

Baist, G. William. Atlas of the City of Richmond, Virginia and Vicinity. Philadelphia: G. Wm. Baist, 1889.

Beers, F. W. Illustrated Atlas of the City of Richmond, Va. Richmond: F. W. Beers, 1876.

Bowman, S. W. Atlas of Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Berkeley, Va., including Lambert Point, Norfolk on the Roads, South Norfolk, Pinner’s Point, West Norfolk, Town of Hampton Roads, etc. Norfolk: S. W. Bowman, 1900. 

Cappon, Lester J., ed.-in-chief. Atlas of Early American History: The Revolutionary Era, 1760–1790. Princeton: Princeton University Press for the Newberry Library and the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1976. 

D. J. Lake & Company. An Atlas of Rockingham County, Virginia. 1885. Reprint, with added maps and index, Strasburg, Va.: GP Hammond, 1995. 

Davis, Major George B., et al. The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War. New York: Gramercy Books, 1983. Reprint of Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1891–1895. 

Eaton, David W. Historical Atlas of Westmoreland County, Virginia. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1942. 

Hale, John S. A Historical Atlas of Colonial Virginia. Verona, Va.: McClure Press, 1978. 

Hopkins, Griffith Morgan. Atlas of the City of Norfolk, Va. and Vicinity, including the City of Portsmouth. Philadelphia: G. M. Hopkins, 1889. 

_______. City Atlas of Alexandria, Va. 1877. Reprint, sponsored by Friends of Local History, Alexandria Library, Special Collections, 2000. 

Hotchkiss, Jedediah. Historical Atlas of Augusta County, Virginia. 1885. Reprint, with added maps and index, Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1980. 

Lathrop, J. M. An Atlas of Frederick County, Virginia. 1885. Reprint, with added maps and index, Strasburg, Va.: GP Hammond, 1997. 

Lathrop, J. M. An Atlas of Shenandoah and Page Counties, Virginia. 1885. Reprint, with added maps, Strasburg, Va.: GP Hammond, 1991. 

Marshall, Douglas W., and Howard A. Peckham. Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of Manuscript Maps. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1976. 

Martin, Lawrence. The George Washington Atlas. Washington, D.C.: United States George Washington Bicentennial Commission, 1932. Reprinted 1995 by the Virginia Surveyors Foundation. 

Nebenzahl, Kenneth. Atlas of the American Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974. 

Purcell, W. E., Jr., Co. Atlas of a Portion of the Annexed Section to the City of Richmond, Va. Richmond: W. E. Purcell, Jr. Co., 1919. 

Showalter, Noah Daniel. Atlas of Rockingham County, Virginia. Harrisonburg, Va.: Noah D. Showalter, 1939. 

Map Librarianship, Conservation, Map Use and Collecting 

American Association for State and Local History. Maps in the Small Historical Society: Care and Cataloging. Technical Leaflet 111. History News 34 (January 1979). 

Andrew, Paige G., and Mary Lynette Larsgaard. Maps and Related Cartographic Materials: Cataloging, Classification, and Bibliographical Control. New York: Haworth Information Press, 1999. 

Clarke, Suzanne M., Mary Lynette Larsgaard, and Cynthia M. Teague. Cartographic Citations: A Style Guide. Chicago: Map and Geography Round Table, American Library Association, 1992. 

Ehrenberg, Ralph E. Archives & Manuscripts: Maps and Architectural Drawings. SAA Basic Manual Series. Chicago: Society of American Archivists, 1982. 

Farrell, Barbara, and Aileen Desbarats. Guide for a Small Map Collection. 2d ed. Ottawa: Association of Canadian Map Libraries, 1984. 

Larsgaard, Mary Lynette. Map Librarianship: An Introduction. Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1998. Earlier editions printed in 1978 and 1987. 

Manasek, Francis J. Collecting Old Maps. Norwich, Vt.: Terra Nova Press, 1998. 

Muehrcke, Phillip C., Juliana O. Muehrcke, and A. Jon Kimerling. Map Use: Reading, Analysis, and Interpretation. 4th ed. Madison, Wis.: JP Publications, 2001. 

Sheppard’s International Directory of Print and Map Sellers. 4th ed. Surrey, England: Richard Joseph Publishers Ltd., 1999. 

Map Collections 

Cobb, David A., comp. Guide to U.S. Map Resources. 2d ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 1990. 

Ehrenberg, Ralph E. Scholars’ Guide to Washington, D.C., for Cartography and Remote Sensing Imagery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987. 

Loiseaux, Oliver, comp. and ed. World Directory of Map Collections. 4th ed. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions Publications 92/93. Munchen: K. G. Saur, 2000. 

Lowenthal, Mary Alice, ed. Who’s Who In the History of Cartography. Hertfordshire, England: Map Collector Publications Ltd. for Imago Mundi Ltd., 1998. 


base line. American Library Association, Map and Geography Round Table. Six issues per year. 

Bulletin. Special Libraries Association, Geography and Map Division. Published 1947–1997. 

The Map Collector. Map Collector Publications Ltd. Quarterly. Published 1977–1996. 

Mapline. The Hermon Dunlap Smith Center, The Newberry Library. Quarterly newsletter. 

Mercator’s World. Aster Publishing Corporation, Eugene, Oregon. Bimonthly. 

Meridian. American Library Association. Published 1989–1999. 

The Portolan. Washington Map Society. Three issues a year. 

www.mapforum.com. Published online since 1999 to promote the interest and study of old maps. 

For Younger Readers 

Hartman, Gail. As the Roadrunner Runs: A First Book of Maps. New York: Bradbury Press, 1994.  

_______. As the Crow Flies: A First Book of Maps. New York: Scholastic, 1991. 

Kuennecke, Bernd, Susan L. Woodward, and Steven K. Pontius. An Atlas of Virginia: The 17th, 18th, and Early 19th Centuries. [S.l.]: Virginia Geographic Alliance, 1989. 

La Pierre, Yvette. Mapping a Changing World. New York and Charlottesville, Va.: Thomasson-Grant and Lickle Publishing Inc., 1995. 

Smith, A. G. Where Am I?: The Story of Maps and Navigation. Toronto: Stoddart Kids Publishing, 1997. 

Sweeney, Joan. Me on the Map. New York: Crown, 1996. 

Taylor, Barbara. Maps and Mapping: Geography Facts and Experiments. New York: Kingfisher Books, 1993.

Weiss, Harvey. Maps: Getting From Here to There. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1991.  

Compiled by Marianne M. McKee
Revised November 2001 

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