Governor Spotswood and the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe began their expedition in 1716 from Germanna Forge in Orange County, where they had procured a large quantity of iron horseshoes necessary for the mountainous terrain. At Cuckoo Tavern in Louisa County, Jack Jouett began his ride to warn Governor Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature, temporarily meeting in Charlottesville, of the approach of Colonel Tarleton and his dragoons. From Fredericksburg to the Blue Ridge many Civil War skirmishes and battles were fought to a bloody conclusion, including the Wilderness Campaign and the Battle of Brandy Station, the largest cavalry battle ever fought in North America. The Piedmont also contains many historic homes displaying the evolution of American architecture and decorative arts in the South and generating tourist interest. Between historic sites, agribusiness, and premier humanities and science research facilities such as Monticello, the University of Virginia, and Mary Washington University, the Piedmont continues to serve in the heart of the Commonwealth.
See more images from repositories in the Piedmont region:
University of Virginia Special Collections
University of Virginia Claude Moore Health Sciences Library Historical Collections